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do, différ in various persons, but the prominent points are the same in all: like the form and features of the human countenance, which, liowever infinitely diversified, are sufficiently characteristic in every one, to indicate the species to which it belongs.
First-The nature of the Holy Spirit, and the promise of his coming.
Nevertheless, I tell you the truth. It is expedient for you that I go away; for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you: but if I depart, I will send him unto you. John xvi. 7.
But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive ; for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified. John vii, 39.
What! know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost, wbich is in you, which ye bave of God?. 1 Cor. vi. 19.
But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, be that raised up Cbrist from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit which dwelleth in you.
Therefore, brethren, we are debtors; not to the flesh, to live after the flesh:
For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die; but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.
For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.
For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye bave received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God.
And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ: if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together. Rom. viii. 11-17.
Now, if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. Rom. viii. 9.
But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God; for they are foolishness unto him: neither can be know them; because they are spiritually discerned. 1 Cor. ii. 14.
Besides referring back to the former article concerning this Almighty Lord, it may be proper to subjoin some of the names and offices by which God the Holy Ghost is known in Scripture. I say some, for to bring forward all, is perhaps beyond the power or the province of man. Our blessed Lord, over and above the sacred names the Holy Ghost bath in common with the Father and the Son, in the essence of the Godbead, bath graciously taught bis Church the special titles and appellations by wbich the Lord the Spirit is known. He is called the Spirit of Truth by Jesus, that leads his Church into all truth. John xiv. 17. Jesus speaks of him as a witness to testify of bim. John xv. 26. And bis servant, the apostle Paul, following the steps of his divine Master, calls the Holy Ghost by the same name. See a beautiful account of the Almighty Spirit to this amount, Rom. viii. 1-16. As the Holy Ghost the Comforter, the Lord Jesus most blessedly describes him, John xiv. 16. 26. Indeed, this is his great work; for, under wbatever divine operations the Lord the Spirit brings the people of God, the first and ultimale design of the whole is for consolation. Hence Paul prays for the communion and fellowship of the Holy Ghost to be with the Church, 2 Cor. xii. 14. And it is most blessed to every child of God, when brought into the feHowship and communion of the Holy Ghost, to discover how that Spirit opens a communication between Christ and the soul, and keeps it open by the exercises of his grace; so that, while the person of the Father, or the Son, is coming forth to bless the soul, he draws forth and leads out the actings of the soul's faith and love upon the glorious Persons of the Godhead, and gives a joy unspeakable and full of glory.
The Lord Jesus also points to the person and office of the Holy Ghost, as a leader and guide to his chosen, Jobn xvi. 13.; as a glorifier of Jesus, John xvi. 14.; as the remembrancer of Jesus, John xiv. 26. And, as the prophet Isaiah had been commanded to tell the Church of this sovereign Lord, under bis almigbty offices, as acting with a spirit of judgment, and with a spirit of burning, Isa. iv. 4. the Lord Jesus more fully opens the nature of these beart. searching works of the Holy Ghost, in showing that it consists in convincing of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment. John xvi. 8 to 11. In short, so many, so diversified, so constant, and so unremitting are the operations of the Holy Ghost on the hearts and minds of the Lord's people, that it must with truth be said, that he, and be only, is the almighty minister in the Church of Christ, and to him alone the whole efficiency of the gospel, both in work and blessing, is committed.
And, indeed, the beautiful order in the covenant of grace, and the economy of redemption, makes it necessary so to be. For, at the whole three persons of the Godhead all concurred in the vast design, and all guaranteed to each other concerning the several offices in the departments of grace, so it became essential, that in the carrying on and completing the work, each almighty person should be engaged in it, in his own specific office and character, The Father gave the Church, the Son redeemed the Church, and God the Holy Ghost sanctifies the church. God the Father appeara in the Old Testament dispensation, holding forth the promised Sam viour with all his blessings, as coming for salvation; God the Son takes
up the wonderful subject under the New Testament dispensation, as thus coming and finishing all that was promised in the Old; and now, that the Son of God hath finished transgression, made an end of sin, and is returned unto glory, God the Holy Ghost is como down, ayreeably to Jesus's and his Father's promise, to render ef. fectual the whole purpose of redemption, by bis divine offices in the hearts of the redeemed. And thus the church is taught to give equal and undivided praise and glory to the united source of all ber mercies, in the Father's love, the Son's grace, and the Spirit's fellowship.
It would be little less than the brief recapitulation of the Bible, to go over all that might be brought forward concerning the agency of God the Holy Ghost in the Church. Froin the first awakenings of grace in the heart, until grace is consummated in glory, believers are taugbt to look to that holy and eternal Spirit, for his leadings and influences in and through all.
The regeneration by the Holy Ghost, in the first motions of the spiritual life, John iii. 3. the baptisms of the Spirit, so essential in the spiritual life, 1 Cor. xii. 13. the illuminations of the Spirit
We come now, in the third place, to consider the work of the Holy Spirit, or trace his influence in the new creation : "For we are his workmanship, created anew in Christ Jesus unto good works." Eph. ii. 10.
When I review the long train of evidence, the examidation of which we have gone over, both from scripture and men of sterling ierit, the whole that we bave been able to trace forms no more than the outline of the subject.
I stand amazed in the contemplation, and know not, whether to admire more, the infinite greatuess of the Being as he is in Himself, or the infinite humility which he has manifested, in his attention towards us. What a marvellous condescension was it in the Son of God, wben, for the purpose of human redemption, he took upon bimself our pature and submitted to tbat series of humiliation and suffering which is related of him in the Gospel, and which excited, as indeed it well might, the desire even of the angels to look into it! But how does the plan of mercy continue to affect us by its sublimity, when we go on to behold the Eternal Spirit directing his atten, tion to the same mysterious purpose! It was not sufficient, that the Son of God should redeem mankind by bis blood, but also the efficacy of that high oblation must be imparted to every believer's breast, by the operation of the Eternal Spirit. In the ministry which he exercised on the minds of men, from the very beginning of the world, by prophecies, visions, and miracles, all preparatory to our Lord's advent, wbich we trace through the Old Testament; and in the immediate offices of his divine agency, revealed of him under the New, in regenerating our fallen nature, and taking the human heart for his temple; what an astonishing subject does the wbole open to the contemplation of the mind of man; and what an awfulness and importance does it give to the scheme of salvation !
Whether the evidence adduced may have proved sufficiently satisfactory, so as to obtain the unreserved conviction of the persons, whom I had in view in this address; or whether either of those different characters may have condescended to attend at all to what hath been advanced, or bave accompanied me thus far in the work, I know not. Earnest as I am, that the whole should not be lost upor
them, I can do no more, than in an impartial and unimposing manner, offer the proof of these great doctrines, as they arise from Scripture, to their consideration, and pray, that they may be rendered effectual to the purpose intended, under the divine blessing. To propose fair reason and argument, and to intreat a candid attention, are all that, upon such occasions, belong to the duties of man. To fasten conviction on the heart, is the province of God. And we have authority to conclude, that where a due regard to this first and predisposing cause of all, is kept up in the mind upon all subjects of doubtful nature, the humblest endeavours of human means become sufficient to bring about the purposes of the divine will. “The secret of the Lord is with them that fear bim: and he will show them his covenant,” Ps. xxv. 14. But where this is wanting, the most powerful evidences lose their efficacy of persuasion. The vineyard, of which we read, though planted with the choicest vine, and situated on the most fruitful hill, and altogether in the highest state of cultivation ; yet brougbt forth no fruit; because, after long expecte ation in vain of its produce, under all the advantages which it pose sessed, the clouds were at length commanded to "rain no rain upon it.” Isa, v, 1-6.
is alter that it
But whatever the event shall be, to the inattentive, or to the unbeliever, I would fain persuade myself, that the humble Christian hath received, under divine assistance, the most ample satisfaction as to the truth of the doctrines, from the evidence which hath been produced. And having his understanding convinced, he is anxious to be led on to the inward conviction of the same, and to the practical effects resulting therefrom. Once convinced that the efficient ministry of the Blessed Spirit is exercised in the hearts of all true believers, to the great purposes of salvation; it is impossible to be indifferent or unconcerned in the examination of the personal interest which every man has in it. For howsoever satisfied he may be of the agency of the Holy Ghost, generally considered; and that it is by his operations that the Redeemer's merits are applied to the sinner's necessities; yet, if he have no evidence of such effects in his own heart; how great and important soever the doctrine may be in itself, it ceaseth to be so to bim. All knowledge
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