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does himself find out this way, to raise us out of the abyss of misery, into a state of happiness again, that be“ so loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, but have everlasting life." John jii 16.

Allen on the Two Covenants- 1683.

The whole chain of our salvation, from the beginning to the end, arises and proceeds all the way from the free grace of God, through the mediation of his Son, Jesus Christ. God must have the glory, and pride must be hid from man for ever. Are we chosen, are we called, are we justified and sanctified, and at last advanced to beaven? It is all by the mercy of the Father, by the mediation of the Son, by the power and grace of God and his Spirit exerting themselves in all the stages of our salvation, before time began, and when time sball be no more. Grace and Christ run through all, and triumph through the whole scheme of our bappiness, from the very foundation of it; and when the top-stone of this blessed building shall be laid in heaven, the inhabitants of that world shall join all their voices, and shout together to the honour of Christ and grace.

I am persuaded there will be many holy souls there, whose voices shall join in this triumph, and this song of glory to electing love, who bad not learned this doctrine till they came to heaven, nor knew the eternal spring of their own salvation, till they were made possessors of the blessing.

Dr. Watts. Our salvation, from first to last, is altogether of grace. As sinners and rebels against God, we have all forfeited his favour for ever, and made ourselves justly obnoxious to his eternal wrath and indignation.

If God pardons and restores to bis favour such guilty and apostate sinners, his motives must originate from himself, since they never could take their rise from any desert in us.

If we trace up our salvation to its prime source, in the eternal purpose of God, which he purposed in himself, we behold the election of grace. If we fix our eyes upon Christ, the channel through which all the blessings of salvation flow unto us, as given

grace, which

of the Father, and as giving himself for us, we can discover nothing less than free, rich, and boundless grace. If we consider the first rise of the divine life in our souls, the apostle informs us, that God hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose

and was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began. 1 Tim. i. 9. Are we in justification brought into a state of actual acceptance with God, and entitled to all future blessings ? We are justified freely by his grace; we have a good hope through grace; eternal life is the reward, not of debt, but of grace. In whatever light a believer views his present state and privileges, or his future hopes and blessings, he may take up the apostle's language, and assert, respecting all, “ By the grace of God, I am what I am.”

So law appears imperfect, and but given
With purpose to resign them in full time
Up to a better covenant, disciplin'd
From shadowy types to truth, from flesh to spirit,
From imposition of strict laws to free
Acceptance of large grace, from servile fear
To filial, works of law to works of faith.

MILTON'S PARADISE Lost, The covenant of grace is nothing else but a collection of promises exceedingly great and precious, whereby God bath condescended to bind himself to bestow on such and such persons the most important blessings of time and eternity. “ For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their heart, and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people, &c.” Heb. viii. 10. The men of the world, who have their portion in this life, love to be thinking and talking of their eartbly treasure ; and it should be the highest entertainment to gracious souls to contemplate the infinitely richer blessings of which this covenant is fall-pardon of sin, an enligbtened understanding, a new heart, a tender conscience, spiritual affections, victory over death, and eternal life and blessedness.

This covenant may be termed everlasting, in respect of its cono #ivance, continuance, and advantage.

Lavington: He that with serious eye looks on the dreadful spectacle, lapsed angels lying in chains of darkness for ever, and that for one sin, may very well stand and wonder at the salvation of men! In which worms are as it were angelized, and little lumps of corrupted dust are first refined by grace, and then transfigured into glory.

The pure origin of this great work is no other than the divine grace and love, which have so fairly portrayed and limped out themselves upon every piece of it, that all the saints above and be Jow may read the characters thereof, and have reason to cry out, Grace! Grace! Indeed, heaven and earth too should ring with the praises of it; and eternity itself will be short enough to bebold and admire it in.


What pearl is that, which rich men cannot buy,
Which learning is too proud to gather up-
But which the poor, and the despis’d of all,
Seek and obtain-and often find unsought ?
Which, while it gives us worth in God's account,
Depreciates and undoes us in our own?
God never meant that man should scale the skies
By strides of human wisdom. In his works
Though wond'rous, he commands us in his word
To seek him rather—where his mercy shines.
The mind, indeed, enlighten'd from above
Views him in all; ascribes to the grand Cause
The grand effect: acknowledges with joy
His manner, and with rapture tastes his style.

The doctrines of grace are utterly repugnant to the pride of our Arminian nature ; yet done forsake the doctrines, ibo bave gained a clear sight of them. They are abused by some, as every good thing is; but are abandoned by none. Arminians, who have received a ray of gospel light, desert their ranks frequently; but a Calvinist will never leave his standard-he dies at the foot of his colours. A clear sight of grace is so exceeding glorious, it keeps the Leart steady to the doctrines.

Berridge. Prize the covenant of grace, which is a better covenant and founded upon better promises, than that which Adatn broke. The covenant of works said, “ Do, and live: sin, and die.” The covenant of grace says, “ I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sips and their iniquities will I remember no more.” The covenant of works insisted on a perfection of personal obedience : the covenant of grace provided and accepts the perfect atonement and righteousness of Christ, as ours.

Toplady. This word bath a variety of meanings in the word of God, as it relates to the divine power, and as it relates to man. When we speak of grace in relation to God, it hath a vast comprehension of meaning. The whole gospel is called the grace of God. And the application of it, in any individual instance of its saving power, is called the grace of God.

“ By grace ye are saved (saith the Apostle) through faith ; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God.” Eph. ii. 8. The grace of God is free, like the light, or the dew of heaven. Grace acts from itself to itself; nothing of human power or merit disposing to it, nor of unworthiness keeping from it. So that every thing by Christ is grace; and to suppose any one pre-disposing act in the creature, or any merit in the creature, would altogether alter and destroy the very property of grace, .

Dr. Hawker.
Contingency, I leave for infidels :
A term degrading to redemption's scheme.
Lord, let thy secret be reveal’d to me;
Shew me the cou'nunt heavenly wisdom plann'd;
Order'd in every part, confirm’d with oaths,
And, like thyself, IMMUTABLE!
Mindful of that grand cov’nant scheme,
Engaging all the attributes of God,
In one firm compact to redeem my soul,
I cast away my doubts, abhor my sins,
And feel myself, in Christ, secure for heaven.
Yes, all is well, though foes and friends wage war,
The pledge of cov'nant love is life divine,
That lives on Christ, the Cov'nant Head, by faith,
And pants for nearness to a Cov'nant God.

Yea, grace

The bounds of my abode are wisely fix'd,
My days all number'd in my Father's plan,
And rich provision made for all my wants;
Each trial measur’d, every comfort weigh’d;
All gospel blessings labell'd with thy name;

and glory made for ever sure.
This everlasting cov'nant don't depend
On man's obedience, nor on man's free will;
Were that the case, no sinner could obtain
A single blessing from its holy store.
“I will, "-"they shall,"'-are all the terms it knows.
Firm as the throne of God its sacred bonds;
The Cov'nant Head is girt with faithfulness,
And rolling ages open its designs.
Amazing wisdom ! love uparallel'd!
What condescension ! what almighty power!
Pause, O my soul, and wonder and adore !
Till every thought, and every mental power,
Become engaged, absorb'd in cou'nant love.

If any thing ought to be accounted worthy of the most attentive consideration, it is indeed the covenant of grace. Here a way

is shown unto a better paradise than the earthly, and to a more certain and more stable happiness than that from wbich Adam fell. Here new hopes shine upon ruined mortals, which by so much ought the more to be acceptable, by how much it came more unexpected. Here conditions are offered, to which eternal life is annexed; conditions not again by us to be performed, which would cause the mind to despond; but by him, who departed not this life, before he had truly said, It is finished.


That we may proceed with greater clearness and certainty in our following enquiries, it is necessary to consider wbat is implied in the term Grace. The primary and principal sense of the word is free favour, undeserved kindness. In this sense it is used most frequently in the inspired volume. Grace, in the writings of Paul, stands in direct opposition to works and worthiness—all works and worthiness of every kind and degree. This appears from the fol

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