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Which covenant he made with Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac; and confirmed the same unto Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant. Psalın cv. 6-11.
Saying, My merey will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him.
His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven. Psalm 1xxxix. 28, 29.
He sent redemption unto his people; he hath remembered his covenant for ever; holy and reverend is his name. Psalm. ci. 9.
And bath raised us up together, and made us sit together in beavenly places in Christ Jesus :
That in the ages to come he might show the exceeding riches of his grace, in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus,
For by grace are ye saved, through faith ; and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God: not of works, lest any man should boast. Eph. ii. 6–9.
Now since we are said to be “ saved by grace," and that the grace of God; and since also we find in the word, that in the Godhead there is Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, we must conclude, that it is by the grace of the Father, Son, and Spirit, that we are saved; wherefore, grace is attributed to the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, distinctly.
1. Grace is attributed to the Father, as these scriptures testify: Rom. vii. 25. 1 Cor. i. 3. 2 Cor. i. 2. Gal. i. 3. Eph. i. 2. Phil. i. 2. Col. i. 2. 1 Thess, i. 1. 1 Tim. i. 2. Tit. i. 4. Phil. 3.
2. Grace is also attributed to the Son; and I first manifest it by all those texts above-mentioned, as also by these that follow: 2 Cor. vħi. 9. xiji, 14. Gal. vi. 18. Pbil. iv, 23. 1 Thess. v. 28. 2 Thess. jii. 18, Pbil. 25, Rev. xxii. 21.
3. It is also attributed to the Holy Ghost, Zech, xii. 20. Heb. xii. 19. Now be is here called the Spirit of grace, because he is the author of grace as the Father and the Son. So, then, it remainoth
that I show you,
First, How we are saved by the grace of the Father.
Of the Father's Grace. First, How we are saved by the grace of the Father. Now this I will open you
thus : 1. The Father by his grace hath bound up them that shall go to beaven in an eternal decree of election, and here, indeed, is the beginning of our salvation; 2 Tim. i. 9. and election is reckoned not the Son's act, but the Father's: “ Blessed be God and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who bath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ, according as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world.” Epb. i. 4. Now this election is counted an act of grace: “ So then, at this present time also, there is a remnant according to the election of grace.” Rom. xi. 5.
2. The Father's grace ordaineth and giveth the Son to undertake for us our redemption. The Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world, “ In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace; that in the ages to come be might show the exceeding riches of his grace in his kinduess to usward, through Christ Jesus. John iii. 16. vi. 32, 33. xii. 47.
3. The Father's grace giveth us to Christ, to be justified by his righteousness, wasbed in his blood, and saved by his life. This Christ mentioneth, Jobn vi. 37. and tells us, it is his Father's will that they should be safe-coming at the last day, and that he had kept them all the days of his life, and they shall never perish. John vi. 38, 39. xvii. 2, 12.
4. The Father's grace giveth the kingdom of heaven to those that he bath given to Jesus Cbrist; “ Fear not, little flock; it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom.” Luke xii. 32,
5. The Father's grace provideth and layeth up in Christ, for those that he bath chosen, a sufficiency of all spiritual blessings, to be communicated to them at their need, for their preservation in the faith, and faithful perseverance through this life: “ Not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus, before the world began.” 2 Tim. i. 9. Eph. i. 3, 4.
Of the Grace of the Son.
I come now to speak of the grace of the Son; for as the Father putteth forth his grace in the saving of the sinner, so doth the Son put forth his. For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be made rich. 2 Cor. viii. 9.
Here you see also, that the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ is brought in as a partner with the grace of his father, in the salvation of our souls. Now this is the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ; he was rich, but for our sakes be became poor, that we through his poverty might be made rich.
To enquire then into this grace, this condescending grace of Christ, and that by searching out how rich Jesus Christ was, and then how poor be made himself, that we through his poverty might have the riches of salvation:
First, flow rich was Jesus Christ?
First, generally. He was rich as the Father: All things that the Fatber hath are mine. Jesus Christ is Lord of all; God over all, blessed for ever. He thought it no robbery to be equal with God, being naturally and eternally God, as the Father; John xvi. 15. Acts x. 36. Phil. ij. 6. Rom. ix. 4,5. John x, 30. but of his Gode head he could not strip himself,
Secondly, Jesus Christ had glory with the Father, yea, a manifold glory with him, which he stript bimself of.
First, He had the glory of dominion; he was Lord of all the creatures : they were under him upon a double account.
1. As he was their Creator, Col. i. 16.
Secondly, Therefore the glory of worship, reverence and fear, from all creatures was due unto him; the obedience, subjection and service of angels was due unto him; the fear, honour, and glory of kings, and princes, and judges of the earth, was due unto him; the obedience of the sun, moon, stars, clouds and all vapours was due anto him; all dragons, deeps, fire, bail, snow, mountains and bills, beasts,
cattle, creeping things, and flying fowls; the service of them all, and their worship was.due unto bim. Psal. cxlviii.
Thirdly, The glory of the heavens themselves was due unto him; in a word, heaven and earth was his.
Fourthly, But above all, the glory of communion with his Father was bis; I say, the glory of that unspeakable communion that be had with the Father before his incarnation, which alone was worth ten thousand worlds, that was ever his.
But again, As Jesus Christ was possessed with this, so besides he was Lord of Life. This glory also was Jesus Christ's. In bim was life; therefore he is called the Prince of it; because it was in bim originally, as in the Father, Acts iii. 15. He gave to all life and breath and all things; angels, men, beasts, they all had their life from him.
Again, as he was Lord of Glory, and Prince of Life, so be was also Prince of Peace; Isa. ix. 6. and by him was maintained that harmony and goodly order which was among things in heaven, and things on earth.
Take things briefly in these few particulars:
Now this heaven he forsook for our sakes, be came into the world to save sivners. 1 Tim. i. xv.
He was made lower than the angels for the suffering of death. Heb. i.9.
Wben be was born, he made bimself, as he saith, a worm, or one of no reputation, he became the reproach and byword of the people, he was born in a stable, laid in a manger, earned his bread by bis labour, being by trade a carpenter, Psal. xxii. 6. Pbilip. ii. 7. Mark vi. 3.
When he betook himself to his ministry, he lived upon the charity of the people; when other men went to their own houses, Jesus went to the Mount of Olives. Hear what himself saith for the clearing of this! “ Foxes have holes, and birds of the air bave nests, but the Son of Man hath not whereon to lay his head.”
But perhaps some may say, What need was there that Jesus Christ should do all this? Could not the grace of the Father save us without this condescension of the Son ?
Ans. As there is grace, so there is justice in God: And man having sinned, God concluded to save him in a way of righteousDess; therefore it was absolutely necessary, that Jesus Christ should put bimself into our very condition, sin only excepted.
Now by sin we had lost the glory of God, therefore Jesus Christ lays aside the glory that he had with the Father. Rom. iii
, 23. John xvii. 5.
Man by sin had shut himself out of an eartbly paradise, and Jesus Christ will leave his heavenly paradise to save him. Gen. iii. 24. 1 Tim, i. 15, Jobn vi. 38, 39.
Man by sin bad made himself lighter than vanity, and this Lord God, Jesus Christ, made himself lower than the angels, to redeem him. Isa, xl, 17. Heb. ii, 7.
Man by sin lost bis right to the creatures, and Jesus Christ will deny bimself of a whole world to save bim. Luke ix. 58.
Man by sin had made himself subject to death, but Jesus Christ will lose his life to save him. Rom. vi, 23.
Man by sin had procured to himself the curse of God, but Jesus Christ will bear that corse in his own body to save him. Gal. iii. 13.
Man by sin bad lost peace with God, but this would Jesus Christ lose also, to the end man might be saved.
Man should have been mocked of God, therefore Christ was mocked of men.
Man should bave been scourged in hell, but to hinder that Jesus was scourged on earth.
Man should have been crowned with ignominy and shame, but to prevent that Jesus was crowned with thorns.
Man should bave been pierced with the spear of God's wratb, but to prevent that Jesus was pierced both by God and man,
Man should have been rejected of God and angels, but to prevent that Jesus was forsaken of God, and denied, hated, and rejected of
I might thus enlarge, and that by authority from this text, " He