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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1966

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BEFORE A

HEARINGS

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SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS u. 4
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES pt.a
EIGHTY-NINTH CONGRESS

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FIRST SESSION

SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND RELATED

AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS

JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi, Chairman
WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky

ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois
W. R. HULL, JR., Missouri

ODIN LANGEN, Minnesota
THOMAS G. MORRIS, New Mexico

Ross P. POPE, staf Assistant to the Subcommittee

PART 2
AGRICULTURE RESEARCH SERVICE
COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH SERVICE
EXTENSION SERVICE
FARMER COOPERATIVE SERVICE
ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE

Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1965

46-138 0

COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas Chairman ALBERT THOMAS, Texas

FRANK T. BOW, Ohio MICHAEL J. KIRWAN, Ohio

CHARLES R. JONAS, North Carolina JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi

MELVIN R. LAIRD, Wisconsin GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama

ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan JOHN J. ROONEY, New York

GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California JOHN E. FOGARTY, Rbode Island

JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida

WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio OTTO E. PASSMAN, Louisiana

ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee

SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts ODIN LANGEN, Minnesota WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky

BEN REIFEL, South Dakota DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania

GLENN R. DAVIS, Wisconsin WINFIELD K. DENTON, Indiana

HOWARD W. ROBISON, New York TOM STEED, Oklahoma

GARNER E. SHRIVER, Kansas GEORGE E. SHIPLEY, Illinois

JOSEPH M. McDADE, Pennsylvania JOHN M. SLACK, JR., West Virginia

MARK ANDREWS, North Dakota JOHN J. FLYNT, JR., Georgia NEAL SMITH, Iowa ROBERT N. GIAIMO, Connecticut JULIA BUTLER HANSEN, Washington CHARLES S. JOELSON, New Jersey JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York JOHN J. McFALL, California W. R. HULL, JR., Missouri D. R. (BILLY) MATTHEWS, Florida JEFFERY COHELAN, California THOMAS G. MORRIS, New Mexico EDWARD J. PATTEN, New Jersey CLARENCE D. LONG, Maryland JOHN O. MARSH, JR., Virginia KOBERT B. DUNCAN, Oregon SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois BILLIE 8. FARNUM, Michigan KENNETH SPRANKLE, Clerk and Staf Director

(II)

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE APPROPRIATIONS

FOR 1966

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 24, 1965. AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE

WITNESSES DR. N. C. BRADY, DIRECTOR, SCIENCE AND EDUCATION DR. G. W. IRVING, ADMINISTRATOR, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH

SERVICE DR. H. A. RODENHISER. DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR FOR FARM RE

SEARCH, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE DR. O. W. HERRMANN. DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR, MARKETING

RESEARCH, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE DR. F. R. SENTI, DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR, NUTRITION, CONSUMER,

AND INDUSTRIAL USE RESEARCH, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH

SERVICE DR. R. J. ANDERSON, DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR, REGULATORY AND

CONTROL, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE DR. G. E. HILBERT, DIRECTOR, FOREIGN RESEARCH AND TECHNI

CAL PROGRAMS DIVISION, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SEVICE E. STEPHENS, DIRECTOR, PROGRAM EXAMINATION AND BUDGET

DEVELOPMENT DIVISION, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE CHARLES L. GRANT, BUDGET OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRI

CULTURE Mr. WHITTEN. The committee will come to order. We come now to the Agricultural Research Service.

We should like to have pages 1 through 10 and page 60 of volume I of the justifications included in the record at this point. (The pages follow:)

PURPOSE STATEMENT The Agricultural Research Service was established by the Secretary of Agri. culture on November 2, 1953, under the authority of the Reorganization Act of 1949 (5 U.S.C. 1332-15), Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953, and other authorities. It conducts farm, utilization, marketing, and nutrition and consumer use research, plant and animal disease and pest control and eradication activities, and provides Federal meat inspection services.

The program of the Agricultural Research Service is organized under two major areas of activity as follows:

1. Research is conducted under four major categories : (a) farm research (research on crops and livestock and their diseases and pests, soil and water conservation, and agricultural engineering); (b) utilization research and development; (c) nutrition and consumer use research; and (d) marketing research

(1)

2. Regulatory activities are conducted under four major categories: (a) plant disease and pest control; (6) animal disease and pest control; (C)

pesticides regulation; and (d) meat inspection. The Service carries out emergency programs, when necessary, for the control and eradication of animal diseases, such as foot-and-mouth disease, and for the control of emergency outbreaks of insects and diseases.

The Service directs research beneficial to the United States which can be advantageously conducted in foreign countries through agreements with foreign research institutions and universities. This program is carried out under the authority of sections 104 (a) and (k) of Public Law 480, the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1945, as amended.

The Service maintains a central office in Washington, D.C., and operates the 10,378-acre Agricultural Research Center at Beltsville, Md. However, most of the Service's work is conducted at approximately 930 other locations in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands and at several locations in foreign countries. Much of the work is conducted in cooperation with the State agricultural experiment stations, State departments of agriculture, and with other agencies, both public and private.

Available funds and man-years, 1964 and estimated, 1965 and 1966

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110,000

Agricultural Research Service:
Salaries and Expenses:
Appropriation...--

88,608,685

$226,573,000 1 19.089 / $225,757,000 1 19.830 Transfer from sec. 32..Transfer from CCC. 16,000,000

---Salaries and expenses (special foreign currency program).

1,250,000 | 19 | 2,000,000 20 4,000,000 20 Total.

219, 358, 685 17, 432 240, 348, 000 19, 109 254, 357,000 19, 860 Deduct allotment to Office of the Becretary...---

..----- -260,000 -4 -250,000 -6 Net..---

219, 358, 685 | 17, 432 245 mg, 000 19, 105 254, 107,000 19,844 Obligations under other USDA appropriations: Agricultural Marketing Service:

Technical assistance on nutrition

problems in the national school
lunch program.------

62,000
-

16

42,086
-

42,086
Examination of meat and meat
food products.....

116, 045 12 110,000 L 10
Agricultural Stabilization and Con.
servation Service:
Developing improved methods for

storage and conditioning of
CCC-owned an controlled
grain...--------------

116, 700

80, 662 5
Analyzing conservation materials

at the fertilizer laboratory,
Beltsville, Md.----

18, 038

18,300 Foreign research and translation pro

grams under Public Law 480" for
other agencies of the Department.. 9,766

11,807

11, 807
Soil Conservation Service Research
on water yields and other soil con-
servation problems...

18, 766
16, 299

7, 400 Miscellaneous activities....

74, 391

88, 165
il

---

88,186
Total, other USDA appropriations 414, 706 39 367, 309 32 259, 468
Total, agricultural appropriation
bill.....----------

(219, 773, 391 | 17,471 240, 465, 309 | 19, 137 284, 366, 468 19,869 Working capital fund:

Maintenance and operation of facili

ties and services at the Agricultural
Research Center:
For USDA agencies........

3,758, 312

353

4,214, 498 384 4,337, 386 For other than USDA agencies... 584, 238

655, 502 60674, 616

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Available funds and man-years, 1964 and estimated, 1985 and 1966Continued

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Funds appropriated to the Presi

dent-Translation of publications

and scientific cooperation.......... 665, 503 Office of Civil Defense: Department

of Defense-Investigations of process. ing and production of wheat wafers and development of food adjuncts

to utilize basic shelter wheat ratios.. 63,800 Office of Emergency Planning: Emergency prepredness functions.....

3,000 Department of State: Plant quaran

tine inspection services, Australia and New Zealand......

5, 250 International Agricultural Develop

ment Service for personnel detail. 4,665 Department of Commerce-Area Re

development Administration, technical assistance. -------------

14,900
Funds received from States, local
organizations, and others for
Inspection and grading of farm
products

2,046, 089
Feeding and attending animals
in quarantine.----

61,049
Research plant nest control 81
quarantine activities...

975, 891
National Science Foundation-Re-
Search on rice blast fungus.......

15, 382 Technical services and research prin

cipally for Defense, Interior, HEW, AEC, and AID....

1,748, 976 Import-export services runder plant

and animal disease and pest control and sale of equipment....

1.034, 377 Packer overtime and services under meat inspection...

10, 064, 702 Miscellaneous reimbursable services. 115, 602

Total, other funds.. ............. 18, 226.259
Total, Agricultural Research Serv-

242, 340, 200

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Salaries and expensesProposed change in activity structure, 1966 estimates Present structure (1965 budget)

Proposed structure 1. Research :

1. Research : (@) Farm research

(a) Farm research (0) Utilization research and

(6) Utilization research and development

development (0) Nutrition and consumer use

(0) Nutrition and consumer use research

research (d) Construction of facilities

(d) Marketing research (e) Contingencies

(e) Interdepartmental pesti

cides coordination (1) Construction of facilities (0) Contingencies

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