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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND RELATED
JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi, Chairman
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois
ODIN LANGEN, Minnesota
Ross P. POPE, staf Assistant to the Subcommittee
Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1965
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas Chairman ALBERT THOMAS, Texas
FRANK T. BOW, Ohio MICHAEL J. KIRWAN, Ohio
CHARLES R. JONAS, North Carolina JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi
MELVIN R. LAIRD, Wisconsin GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama
ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan JOHN J. ROONEY, New York
GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California JOHN E. FOGARTY, Rbode Island
JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida
WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio OTTO E. PASSMAN, Louisiana
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee
SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts ODIN LANGEN, Minnesota WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
BEN REIFEL, South Dakota DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania
GLENN R. DAVIS, Wisconsin WINFIELD K. DENTON, Indiana
HOWARD W. ROBISON, New York TOM STEED, Oklahoma
GARNER E. SHRIVER, Kansas GEORGE E. SHIPLEY, Illinois
JOSEPH M. McDADE, Pennsylvania JOHN M. SLACK, JR., West Virginia
MARK ANDREWS, North Dakota JOHN J. FLYNT, JR., Georgia NEAL SMITH, Iowa ROBERT N. GIAIMO, Connecticut JULIA BUTLER HANSEN, Washington CHARLES S. JOELSON, New Jersey JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York JOHN J. McFALL, California W. R. HULL, JR., Missouri D. R. (BILLY) MATTHEWS, Florida JEFFERY COHELAN, California THOMAS G. MORRIS, New Mexico EDWARD J. PATTEN, New Jersey CLARENCE D. LONG, Maryland JOHN O. MARSH, JR., Virginia KOBERT B. DUNCAN, Oregon SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois BILLIE 8. FARNUM, Michigan KENNETH SPRANKLE, Clerk and Staf Director
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE APPROPRIATIONS
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 24, 1965. AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE
WITNESSES DR. N. C. BRADY, DIRECTOR, SCIENCE AND EDUCATION DR. G. W. IRVING, ADMINISTRATOR, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
SERVICE DR. H. A. RODENHISER. DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR FOR FARM RE
SEARCH, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE DR. O. W. HERRMANN. DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR, MARKETING
RESEARCH, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE DR. F. R. SENTI, DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR, NUTRITION, CONSUMER,
AND INDUSTRIAL USE RESEARCH, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
SERVICE DR. R. J. ANDERSON, DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR, REGULATORY AND
CONTROL, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE DR. G. E. HILBERT, DIRECTOR, FOREIGN RESEARCH AND TECHNI
CAL PROGRAMS DIVISION, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SEVICE E. STEPHENS, DIRECTOR, PROGRAM EXAMINATION AND BUDGET
DEVELOPMENT DIVISION, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE CHARLES L. GRANT, BUDGET OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRI
CULTURE Mr. WHITTEN. The committee will come to order. We come now to the Agricultural Research Service.
We should like to have pages 1 through 10 and page 60 of volume I of the justifications included in the record at this point. (The pages follow:)
PURPOSE STATEMENT The Agricultural Research Service was established by the Secretary of Agri. culture on November 2, 1953, under the authority of the Reorganization Act of 1949 (5 U.S.C. 1332-15), Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953, and other authorities. It conducts farm, utilization, marketing, and nutrition and consumer use research, plant and animal disease and pest control and eradication activities, and provides Federal meat inspection services.
The program of the Agricultural Research Service is organized under two major areas of activity as follows:
1. Research is conducted under four major categories : (a) farm research (research on crops and livestock and their diseases and pests, soil and water conservation, and agricultural engineering); (b) utilization research and development; (c) nutrition and consumer use research; and (d) marketing research
2. Regulatory activities are conducted under four major categories: (a) plant disease and pest control; (6) animal disease and pest control; (C)
pesticides regulation; and (d) meat inspection. The Service carries out emergency programs, when necessary, for the control and eradication of animal diseases, such as foot-and-mouth disease, and for the control of emergency outbreaks of insects and diseases.
The Service directs research beneficial to the United States which can be advantageously conducted in foreign countries through agreements with foreign research institutions and universities. This program is carried out under the authority of sections 104 (a) and (k) of Public Law 480, the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1945, as amended.
The Service maintains a central office in Washington, D.C., and operates the 10,378-acre Agricultural Research Center at Beltsville, Md. However, most of the Service's work is conducted at approximately 930 other locations in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands and at several locations in foreign countries. Much of the work is conducted in cooperation with the State agricultural experiment stations, State departments of agriculture, and with other agencies, both public and private.
Available funds and man-years, 1964 and estimated, 1965 and 1966
Agricultural Research Service:
$226,573,000 1 19.089 / $225,757,000 1 19.830 Transfer from sec. 32..Transfer from CCC. 16,000,000
---Salaries and expenses (special foreign currency program).
1,250,000 | 19 | 2,000,000 20 4,000,000 20 Total.
219, 358, 685 17, 432 240, 348, 000 19, 109 254, 357,000 19, 860 Deduct allotment to Office of the Becretary...---
..----- -260,000 -4 -250,000 -6 Net..---
219, 358, 685 | 17, 432 245 mg, 000 19, 105 254, 107,000 19,844 Obligations under other USDA appropriations: Agricultural Marketing Service:
Technical assistance on nutrition
problems in the national school
116, 045 12 110,000 L 10
storage and conditioning of
80, 662 5
at the fertilizer laboratory,
18,300 Foreign research and translation pro
grams under Public Law 480" for
7, 400 Miscellaneous activities....
(219, 773, 391 | 17,471 240, 465, 309 | 19, 137 284, 366, 468 19,869 Working capital fund:
Maintenance and operation of facili
ties and services at the Agricultural
4,214, 498 384 4,337, 386 For other than USDA agencies... 584, 238
655, 502 60674, 616
Available funds and man-years, 1964 and estimated, 1985 and 1966—Continued
Funds appropriated to the Presi
dent-Translation of publications
and scientific cooperation.......... 665, 503 Office of Civil Defense: Department
of Defense-Investigations of process. ing and production of wheat wafers and development of food adjuncts
to utilize basic shelter wheat ratios.. 63,800 Office of Emergency Planning: Emergency prepredness functions.....
3,000 Department of State: Plant quaran
tine inspection services, Australia and New Zealand......
5, 250 International Agricultural Develop
ment Service for personnel detail. 4,665 Department of Commerce-Area Re
development Administration, technical assistance. -------------
15, 382 Technical services and research prin
cipally for Defense, Interior, HEW, AEC, and AID....
1,748, 976 Import-export services runder plant
and animal disease and pest control and sale of equipment....
1.034, 377 Packer overtime and services under meat inspection...
10, 064, 702 Miscellaneous reimbursable services. 115, 602
Total, other funds.. ............. 18, 226.259
242, 340, 200
Salaries and expenses—Proposed change in activity structure, 1966 estimates Present structure (1965 budget)
Proposed structure 1. Research :
1. Research : (@) Farm research
(a) Farm research (0) Utilization research and
(6) Utilization research and development
development (0) Nutrition and consumer use
(0) Nutrition and consumer use research
research (d) Construction of facilities
(d) Marketing research (e) Contingencies
(e) Interdepartmental pesti
cides coordination (1) Construction of facilities (0) Contingencies