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Mr. Bow. What is the difference in your profit and loss operations insofar as the House cafeteria and House dining room is concerned ! From where does your loss come?

Mr. ZMAYUSKI. All of the loss comes from the dining room.
Mr. Bow. The loss comes from the dining room at the Capitol ?
Mr. ZMAYUSKI. Yes, sir.

Mr. Bow. That dining room is used by both Members and employees?

Mr. ZMAYUSKI. Yes, sir. Mr. Bow. Do you make a profit on the cafeteria ? Mr. ZMAYUSKI. Yes, sir, we do; overall. Mr. Bow. How much is your profit over there? Mr. Roof. In the first 6 months of this fiscal year it was $10,766. Mr. Bow. When will the committee rooms be ready for occupancy? Mr. STEWART. In the New House Office Building? Mr. Bow. No, in the East front of the Capitol. Mr. STEWART. That will come along around September of next year. This year we will move as fast as we can to get it finished.

Mr. Bow. Do you think we will be able to move some of the Appropriations subcommittees in by then?

Mr. STEWART. I would say so. It all depends—and there is no way I can anticipate how much of a drag there will be on this work with the inauguration going on. On the interior work, I do not worry about carrying on the work itself; but getting material and equipment into the building during the construction and removal of the inaugural stands is the real problem.

Mr. Bow. Thank you very much.

Mr. NORRELL. Are there any further questions? If not, we appreciate your coming before us and thank you so much.

Mr. STEWART. Thank you, Mr. Chairman, for the courteous hearing you have accorded us.

Mr. NORRELL. The committee will stand adjourned until 10 o'clock Monday morning.

APRIL 25, 1960.

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

WITNESSES

L. QUINCY MUMFORD, LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS
RUTHERFORD D. ROGERS, CHIEF ASSISTANT LIBRARIAN OF CON-

GRESS
LEWIS C. COFFIN, ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, PROCESSING DEPARTMENT
ROY P. BASLER, DIRECTOR, REFERENCE DEPARTMENT
LAWRENCE KEITT, LAW LIBRARIAN
ROBERT C. GOOCH, DIRECTOR, ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENT
HUGH L. ELSBREE, DIRECTOR, LEGISLATIVE REFERENCE SERVICE
HELEN NEWMAN, LIBARIAN, U.S. SUPREME COURT
WILLIAM W. ROSSITER, BUDGET OFFICER

Mr. NORRELL. The committee will come to order.

We have with us today Dr. Mumford and his associates to discuss the budget for the fiscal year 1961 for the Library of Congress.

Before you begin we will insert pages 2, and 3 of the justification book.

(The pages referred to follow :)

TABLE I.Comparative summary of appropriations and appropriation estimates

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1 Includes $266,400 in H. Doc. 382.

TABLE II.-Summary of budgeted positions 1959, 1960, 1961

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Includes 7 positions in H. Doc. 382.
YOTE.-The total number in each instance includes the full-time equivalent of part-time positions.

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TABLE III.-Summary of increases and decreases, requested, fiscal year 1961

To meet increased workload, to

strengthen service, and to reduce
arrearages:

Salaries, new positions.-
Group life insurance, new positions.
Retirement contributions, new posi-

tions.
Temporary staff..
Additional telephone facilities and

extensions...
Additional reference and research

materials to strengthen collections.
Additional materials for exchange use.
Microfilming current newspapers.
Printing of motion-picture cumula-

tive catalog-.-
Summer uniforms for guard force.....
Books in raised characters..
Sound reproduction records (talking

books)...

43, 000

13,000

Replacement of talking book ma

ohines.. Braille review and talking book

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Additional extra day (leap year)...
Replacement of truck...-

Total decreases.....
Net increases regular appropria-

tions....

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topics..
Rental of space....
Moving costs (nonrecurring)
Additional truck (nonrecurring)..

Subtotal.

Total increases.

DECREASES

Total...

2, 811, 400

Collection and distribution of library materials (special foreign currency program)..

3, 812, 410

Mr. NORRELL. Do these figures include the special foreign currency item?

Mr. MUMFORD. No, sir.

Mr. NORRELL. They should be included; otherwise they are not complete. You may proceed with your general statement at this time.

GENERAL STATEMENT OF LIBRARIAN Mr. MUMFORD. Gentlemen, I appreciate this opportunity to discuss the needs of the Library for 1961. Realizing that the Congress is working at an ever-increasing tempo, I shall be as brief as possible.

The Library has many needs, and it has been, and continues to be, my policy to present budgets intended to meet them gradually. The confidence manifested by the committee in approving last year's request has caused me to redouble my efforts to bring to you only our most pressing requirements. This approach is further dictated by the Library's very serious space problem which will not permit the adding of any but the most urgently needed personnel.

This year's estimates propose an increase of roughly 5 percent, or $734,610, of which amount over 40 percent is for the new health insurance program, price increases, ingrade increases, and reallocations, wage-board increases at the Government Printing Office, and for more adequate telephone facilities.

SALARIES AND EXPENSES (GENERAL) Under the appropriation "Salaries and expenses, Library of Congress," we are now seeking 20 positions. Eleven of these are not new positions, but have been variously supported up until now by the Free Europe Committee and the National Science Foundation, which agencies have notified us of their intention to withdraw their support. These positions are concerned with service in such essential fields as foreign law, technical reports, and Slavic research where it would be highly inadvisable to suspend operations. Although these positions do not represent a net addition to our work force, it is most important that they be continued. Eight of the other nine positions are urgently needed to improve loan service to the Congress, to handle increasingly complex book acquisitions problems, and to improve the organizing and servicing of Federal looseleaf reports, photographs, and Chinese publications. The remaining position is needed to assure full continuation of the Library's extended hours of service authorized by the committee for 1960. In this connection, I am happy to report that this additional service has been quite beneficial to the scholarly community in carrying on important research, particularly in the field of science and technology. In the first 5 months for which statistics are available, during the hours of extended service only, 31,000 readers were served, over 51,000 call slips were received, and some 4,700 reference questions were answered.

COPYRIGHT OFFICE

For the Copyright Office, we are asking $9,600 on a non recurring basis in order to print a 10-year cumulation of the "Motion Picture

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