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or otherwise provide, storage facilities for such supplies; and he shall ascertain and pay a just compensation therefor. If the compensation so determined be not satisfactory to the person entitled to receive the same, such person shali be paid seventy-five per centum of the amount so determined by the President, and shall be entitled to sue the United States to recover such further sum as, added to said seventy-five per centum will make up such amount as will be just compensation for such necessaries or storage space, and jurisdiction is hereby conferred on the United States District Courts to hear and determine all such controversies: Provided, That nothing in this section, or in tlie section that follows, shall be construed to require any natural person to furnish to the Government any necessaries held by him and reasonably required for consumption or use by himself and dependents, nor shall any person, firm, corporation, or association be required to furnish to the Government any seed necessary for the seeding of land owned, leased, or cultivated by them. Sec. 10, act of Aug. 10, 1917 (40 Stat. 279).

Notes of Decisions.

Jury trial.---The suit authorized by this section is a part of what is in effect a condemnation proceeding, iustituted by the requisition and taking possession of the

property, and upon the question of just compensation, the owner is entitled of right to trial by jury. Filbin Corp. v. U. S. (D. C. 1920), 263 Fed. 354.

2967, Purchase and sale of cereals, beans and potatoes.-That the President is authorized from time to time to purchase, to store, to provide storage facilities for, and to sell for cash at reasonable prices, wheat, fiour, meal, beans, and potatoes : Provided, That if any minimum price shall have been theretofore fixed, pursuant to the provisions of section fourteen of this Act, then the price paid for any such articles so purchased shall not be less than such minimum price. Any moneys received by the United States from or in connection with the disposal by the United States of necessaries under this section may, in the discretion of the President, be used as a revolving fund for further carrying out the purposes of this section. Any balance of such moneys not used as part of such revolving fund shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. Sec. 11, act of Aug. 10, 1917 (40 Stat. 279).

2968. Commandeering of distilled spirits.-That the President is authorized and directed to commandeer any or all distilled spirits in bond or in stock at the date of the approval of this Act for redistillation, in so far as such redistillation may be necessary to meet the requirements of the Government in the manufacture of munitions and other military and hospital supplies, or in so far as such redistillation would dispense with the necessity of utilizing products and materials suitable for foods and feeds in the future manufacture of distilled spirits for the purposes herein enumerated. The President shall determine and pay a just compensation for the distilled spirits so mandeered; and if the compensation so determined be not satisfactory to the person entitled to receive the same, such person shall be paid seventy-tive per centum of the amount so determined by the President and shall be entitled to sue the United States to recover such further sum as, added to said seventy-five per centum, will make up such amount as will be just compensation for such spirits, in the manner provided by section twenty-four, paragraph twenty, and sertion one hundred and forty-five of the Judicial Code. Sec. 16, act of Aug. 10, 1917 (40 Stat. 282).

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2969. Operation by the Government of factories, mines, pipe lines, etc. That whenever the President shall find it necessary to secure an adequate suppls et necessaries for the support of the Army or the maintenance of the Narr, e for any other public use connected with the common defense, he is authoriza! to requisition and take over, for use or operation by the Government, ang ik: tory, packing house, oil pipe line, mine, or other plant, or any part thereof, in e through which any necessaries are or may be manufactured, produced, prepared or mined, and to operate the same. Whenever the President shall determine the the further use or operation by the Government of any such factory, mine, et plant, or part thereof, is not essential for the national security or defense, the same shall be restored to the person entitled to the possession thereof. The United States shall make just compensation, to be determined by the Presidert, for the taking over, use, occupation, and operation by the Government of any such factory, mine, or plant, or part thereof. If the compensation so deter

: mined be unsatisfactory to the person entitled to receive the same, such pe?" son shall be paid seventy-five per centum of the amount so determined his the President, and shall be entitled to sue the United States to recover such further sum as, added to said seventy-five per centum, will make up such amount as will be just compensation, in the manner provided by section twentyfour, paragraph twenty, and section one hundred and forty-five of the Judicial Code. The President is authorized to prescribe such regulations as he 149 deem essential for carrying out the purposes of this section, including the operation of any such factory, mine, or plant, or part thereof, the purchase, sale, or other disposition of articles used, manufactured, produced, preparech or mined therein, and the employment, control, and compensation of employees. Any moneys received by the United States from or in connection with the use or operation of any such factory, mine, or plant, or part thereof, mas, ir the discretion of the President, be used as a revolving fund for the purpose of the continued use or operation of any such factory, mine, or plant, or part thereof, and the accounts of each such factory, mine, plant, or part thereof, shall be kept separate and distinct. Any balance of such moneys not used as part of such revolving fund shall be paid into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. Scc. 12, act of Aug. 10, 1917 (40 Stat. 279).

2970. Ores and minerals declared to be necessaries. That by reason of the existence of a state of war, it is essential to the national security and defense, and to the successful prosecution of the war, and for the support and mainte1:ance of the Army and Navy, to provide for an adequate and increased suppls

, to facilitate the production, and to provide for an equitable, economical, and better distribution of the following-naned mineral substances and ores, minerals, intermediate metallurgical products, metals, alloys, and chemical coltpounds thereof, to wit: Antimony, arsenic, ball clay, bismuth, bromine, cerium, Chalk, chromium, cobalt, corundum, emery, fluorspar, ferrosilicon, fullers' earth, graphite, grinding pebbles, iridium, kaolin, magnesite, manganese, mef

. cury, mica, molybdenum, osmium, sodium, platinum, palladium, paper clay, phosphorus, potassium, pyrites, radium, sulphur, thorium, tin, titanium, tuos sten, uranium, vanadium, and zirconium, as the President may, from time to time, determine to be necessary for the purposes aforesaid, and as to which there is at the time of such determination, a present or prospective inade quacy of supply. The aforesaid substances mentioned in any such determination are hereinafter referred to as necessaries. Sec. 1, act of Oct. 5, 1918 (40 Siat. 1009).

2971. Control of metals, minerals, etc., by the President.--That the President is authorized from time to time to purchase such necessaries and to enter into, to accept, to transfer, and to assign contracts for the production or purchase of same, to provide storage facilities for and store the same, to srovide or improve transportation facilities, and to use, distribute, or allocate said necessaries, or to sell the same at reasonable prices, but such sales made during the var shall not be at a price less than the purchase or cost of production thereof: Provided, That no such contract of purchase shall cover a period longer than two years after the termination of the war.

Sec. 2, act of Oct. 5, 1918 (40 Stat. 1009).

For joint resolution providing that certain statutes, the operation of which is contingent upon the existence of a state of war, shall be construed as if the World War had ended on Mar. 3, 1921, see 2835, ante.

2972. Requisition of metals, minerals, etc., by the President.--That the President is authorized to requisition and take over any of said necessaries and to use, distribute, allocate, or sell the same; and also to requisition and take over any undeveloped or insufficiently developed or operated idle land, deposit, or mine, and any idle or partially operated smelter, or plant, or part thereof, producing or, in his judgment, capable of producing said necessaries, or either of them, and to develop and operate such mine or deposit or such smelter or plant, either through the agencies hereinafter mentioned, or under lease or royalty agreement, or in any other manner, and to store, use, distribute, allocate, or sell the products thereof: Provided, That no ores or metals, the principal money value of which consists in metals or minerals other than those specifically enumerated in section one hereof, shall be subject to requisition under the provisions of this Act. Whenever the President shall determine that the further use or operation by the Government of any such land, deposit, mine, smelter, or plant, or part thereof, so acquired, is no longer essential for the objects aforesaid, the same shall be returned to the person, firm, or corporation entitled thereto. The United States shall make just compensation, determined by the President, for the taking over, use, occupation, or operation by the Government of any such necessaries, or any such land, deposit, mine, smelter, or plant, or part thereof. If the compensation so determined be unsatisfactory to the person, firm, or corporation entitled thereto, such person, firm, or corporation shall be paid seventy-five per centum of the amount so determined and shall be entitled to sue the United States to recover such further sum as added to said seventy-five per centum will make up such amount as will be just compensation, in the manner provided by section twenty-four, paragraph twenty, and section one hundred and forty-five, of the Judicial Code. Scc. 3, act of Oct. 5, 1918 (40 Stat, 1010).

For joint resolution providing that certain statutes, the operation of which is contingent upon the existence of a state of war, shall be construed as if the World War had ended on Mar. 3, 1921, see 2835, ante.

2973. Voluntary service and cooperation in the conservation of necessities.That in carrying out the purposes of this Act the President is authorized to enter into any voluntary arrangements or agrecments, to create and use any agency or agencies, to accept the services of any person without compensation, to cooperate with any agency or person, to utilize any department or agency of the Government, and to coordinate their activities so as to avoid any preventable loss or duplication of effort or funds. Scc. 2, act of Aug. 10, 1917 (40 Stat. 276).

See note to 2972, ante,

2974. Interest of agents or employees of the Government in contracts restricted.—That no person acting either as a voluntary or paid agent or emploset of the United States in any capacity, including an advisory capacity, shall solicit, induce, or attempt to induce any person or officer authorized to execute or to direct the execution of contracts on behalf of the United States to make any contract or give any order for the furnishing to the United States of irort, labor, or services, or of materials, supplies, or other property of any kind of character, if such agent or employee bas any pecuniary interest in such courriet or order, or if he or any firm of which he is a member, or corporation, jointstock company, or association of which he is an officer or stockholder, or in the pecuniary profits of which he is directly or indirectly interested, shall de a party thereto. Nor shall any agent or employee make, or permit any colis mittee or other body of which he is a member to make, or participate iu making, any recommendation concerning such contract or order to any counci, board, or commission of the United States, or any member or subordinat? thereof, without making to the best of his knowledge and belief a full am complete disclosure in writing to such council, board, commission, or subordinate of any and every pecuniary interest which he may have in such contract or order and of his interest in any firm, corporation, company, or association being a party thereto. Nor shall he participate in the awarding of such cul tract or giving such order. Any willful violation of any of the provisions of this section shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $10,000, or bị imprisonment of not more than five years, or both: Provided, That the pru visions of this section shall not change, alter or repeal section forty-one of chapter three hundred and twenty-one, Thirty-fifth Statutes at Large. Sec 3, act of Aug. 10, 1917 (40 Stat. 276–277).

2975. Exemption from draft of employees.-That the employinent of any per. son under the provisions of this Act shall not exempt any such person from military service under the provisions of the selective draft law approved May eighteenth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, Sec. 20, act of Aug. 10, 1919 (40 Stat. 283).

That employment under the provisions of this Act shall not exempt any person from military service under the provisions of the selective draft law approved May eighteenth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, or any Act ameix atory thereto. Sec. 11, act of Oct. 5, 1918 (40 siat, 1012).

CHAPTER 50.

STATUTES-ARMY REGULATIONS-ARMY REGISTER. Revised Statutes :

Statutes at Large-Continued. First edition

As evidence, 2988. Publication, 2976.

Little & Brown's edition, 2989. As evidence, 2977.

Definitions of terms, 2990. Contents

Laws in effect in Hawaii, 2991.

Laws in effect in Porto Rico, 2992,
Titles of sections, 2978.

Laws in effect in Alaska, 2993.
Scope, 2979.

Laws in effect in Philippine Islands, 2984.
Repealing section, 2980.

Laws in effect in Canal Zone, 2994).
Accrued rights reserved, 2981, Compilations :
Aets passed after Dec. 1, 1873, Concerning the military establishment,
not affected, 2982.

2995. Second edition, 2983.

Revision, 2996. Supplement of 1891, 2984.

Concerning river and harbor improveAs evidence, 2985.

ments, 2997. Siatutes at Large :

Rules for military forces, 2997). Pamphlet edition, 2986.

Army Regulations, 2998. Preservation, 2987.

Official Army Register, 2999.

2976. Publication of the Revised Statutes, first edition. That the Secretary of State is hereby charged with the duty of causing to be prepared for printing, publication and distribution the revisel statutes of the United States enacted at this present session of Congress; that he shall cause to be completed the headnotes of the several titles and chapters and the marginal notes referring to the statutes from which each section was compiled and repealed by said revision; and references to the decisions of the courts of the United States explaining or expounding the same, and such decisions of State courts as he may deem expedient, with a full and complete index to the same. And when the same shall be completed, the said Secretary shall duly certify the same under the seal of the United States,

Sec. 2, act of June 20, 1874 (18 Siai. 113).

That the revision of the statutes of a general and permanent nature, with the index thereto, shall be printed in one volume, and shall be entitled and labeled "Revised Statutes of the United States;" and the revision of the statutes relating to the District of Columbia; to post-roads, and the public treaties in force on the first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-three, with a suitable index to each, shall be published in a separate volume, and entitled and labeled "Revised Statutes relating to District of Columbia and Post-Roads, Public Treaties." Sec 3, act of June 20, 1874 (18 Stat. 113),

By sec, 1, act of June 27, 1866 (14 Stat, 74), the President was authorized] "to appoint three commissioners to revise, simplify, arrange, and consolidate all statutes of the United States, general and permanent in their nature." Act of May 4, 1870 (16 Stat. 96), provided that the work and revision should be completed within three years from the date of its passage. The act of March 3, 1873 (17 Stat. 579), authorized the appointment of a joint committee of Congress to accept the druft of the revision of laws, so far as the same was completed at the expiration of the time designated for that purpose (May 4, 1873). The same statute autorized the existing joint committee to con

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