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without cost to the Sts te condemned Army horses which are no longer fit for service but may still be suitable for purposes of instruction, the same to be sold as now proviried by law when the latter purpose has been served."

2622. Care of animals and material.--Funds allotted by the Secretary of War for the support of the National Guard shall be available for the purchase and issue of forage, bedding, shoeing, and veterinary services, and supplies for the Government animals issi to any organization, and for the compensation of competent help for the care of the material, animals, and equipment thereof, under such regulations as the Secretary of War may prescribe: Provided, That the men to be compensated, not to exceed five for each organization, shall be duly enlisted therein and shall be detailed by the organization commander, under such regulations as the Secretary of War may prescribe, and shall be paid by the United States disbursing officer in each State, Territory, and the District of Columbia. Sec. 90, act of June 3, 1916 (39 Stat. 205), as amended by sec. 16, act of June 4, 1920 (41 Stat. 783).

2623. Arms, ammunition, and equipment for home guards.-That the Secretary of War during this existing emergency be, and he is hereby, authorized, in his discretion, to issue from time to time to the several States and Territories and the District of Columbia for the equipment of such home guards having the character of State police or constabulary as may be organized by the several States and Territories and District of Columbia, and such other home guards as may be organized under the direction of the governors of the several States And Territories and the Commissioners of the District of Columbia or other State troops or militia, such rifles and ammunition therefor, cartridge belts, haversacks, canteens, in limited amounts as available supplies will permit, provided that the property so issued shall remain the property of the United States and shall be receipted for by the governors of the several States and Territories and Commissioners of the District of Columbia and accounted for by them under such regulations and upon furnishing such bonds or security as the Secretary of War may prescribe, and that any property so issued shall be returned to the United States on demand when no longer needed for the purposes for which issued, or if, in the judgment of the Secretary of War, an exigency requires the use of the property for Federal purposes: Act of June 14, 1919 (40 Stat. 181).

CHAPTER 39.

MILITARY TRAINING OF CIVILIANS.

Reserve Officers' Training Corps :

Organization, 2624.
Units
First Corps Cadets, National Guard

of Massachusetts, 2625.
Qualifications of members, 2626.
Cominutation of subsistence, 2627.
Credit for training at different insti-

tutions, 2628.
Pay during training, 2629.
Courses of training, 2630.

Training camps :
Reserve Officers' Training Corps, 2631.

Traveling expenses, 2632.
Civilians and soldiers, 2033.
Courses of instruction and instructors,

2634.
Traveling expenses, 2635.
Rifle practice by civilians :

Federal support, 2636.-
Transportation of teams, 2637.

2624. Reserve Officers' Training Corps.—The President is hereby authorized to establish and maintain in civil educational institutions a Reserve Officers' Training Corps, one or more units in number, which shall consist of a senior division organized at universities and colleges granting degrees, including State universities and those State institutions that are required to provide instruction in military tactics under the Act of Congress of July 2, 1862, donating lands for the establishment of colleges where the leading object shall be practical instruction in agriculture and the mechanic arts, including military tactics, and at those essentially military schools not conferring academie degrees, specially designated by the Secretary of War as qualified, and a junior division organized at all other public and private educational institutions, and each division shall consist of units of the several arms, corps, or services In such number and such strength as the President may prescribe: Prorided, That no such unit shall be established or maintained at any insti. tution until an officer of the Regular Army shall have been detailed as professor of military science and tactics, nor until such institution shall maintain under military instruction at least one hundred physically fit male students, except that in the case of units other than infantry, cavalry or artillery, the minimum number shall be fifty : Prorided further, That except at State institutions described in this section, no unit shall be established or maintained in an educational institution until the authorities of the same agree to establish and maintain a two years' elective or compulsory course of military training as a minimum for its physically fit male stndents, which course, when entereel upon by any student, shall, as regards such student, be a prerequisite for graduation unless he is relieved of this obligation by regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of War. See, 49, act of June 3, 1916 (39 Stat. 191), as amended by sec. 33, act of June 1, 1920 (41 Stat, 1976–777).

The above topic was treated also by secs. and 42, act of June 3, 1916, (33 Stat, 191), which were stricken out by sec. 33, act of June 4, 1920, above cited. 2625. First Corps Cadets, National Guard of Massachusetts.

Provided, That the Secretary of War, in his discretion, is authorized to designate the First Corps Cadets of the National Guard of Massachusetts as a unit of

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the Senior Division of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps: Provided further,
That the First Corps Cadets shall be subject to such rules and regulations as
miay be prescribed under the provisions of the National Defense Act of June
thiril, nineteen hundred and sixteen, or amendments thereto, relating to the
Reserve Officers' Training Corps: Provided further, That the drill and instruc-
tion, including indoor target practice, required of the First Corps Cadets as a
National Guard organization is hereby waived: And provided further, That the
privileges and benefits extended by existing laws to National Guard organiza-
tions, including those organizations provided for in section sixty-three of the
National Defense Act of June third, nineteen hundred and sixteen, be contin-
ued in full force and effect. Act of May 12, 1917 (40 Stat, 71).

2626. Qualifications of members of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps.-Eligi-
bility to membership in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps shall be limited to
students of institutions in which units of such corps may be established who are
citizens of the United States, who are not less than fourteen years of age, and
whose bodily condition indicates that they are physically fit to perform military
duty, or will be so upon arrival at military age. Sec. 14, act of June 3, 1916 (39
Stat. 192),

Provided further, That any reserve officer who is also a medical, dental, or veterinary student may be admitted to such Medical, Dental, or Veterinary Corps unit for such training, under such rules and regulations as the Secretary of War may prescribe :

Sec. 47c, added to the act of june 3, 1916, by sec. 3), act of June 4, 1920 (41 Stat, 779).

2627. Commutation of subsistence for senior members of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps.--When any member of the senior division of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps has completed two academic years of service in that division, and has been selected for advanced training by the president of the institution and by the professor of military science and tactics, and has agreed in writing to continue in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps for the remainder of his course at the institution, devoting five hours per week to the military training prescribed by the Secretary of War, and has agreed in writing to pursue the course in camp training prescribed by the Secretary of War, he may be furnished at the expense of the United States commutation of subsistence at such rate, not exceeding the cost of the garrison ration prescribed for the Army, as may be fixed by the Secretary of War, during the remainder of his service in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, not exceeding two years: Provided, That any medical, dental, or veterinary student may be admitted to a Medical, Dental, or Veterinary Corps unit of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps for a course of training at the rate of ninety hours of instruction per anrum for the four collegiate years, and if at the end of two years of such training he has been selected by the professor of military science and tactics and the head of the institution for advanced training, and has agreed in writing to continue in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps for the remainder of his course at the institution, and has agreed in writing to pursue the course in camp training prescribed by the Secretary of War, he may be furnished, at the expense of the United States, with commutation of subsistence at such rate not exceeding the cost of the garrison ration prescribed for the Army, as may be fixed by the Secretary of War, during the remainder of his service in the Reserve Omcers' Training Corps, not exceeding two years:

Sec. 47c, added to the act of June 3, 1916, by scc. 3), act of June 4, 1920 (41 Stat. 778–779): Quartermaster supplies and so forth, Reserve Oficers' Training Corps.

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for the payment of commutation of subsistence to members of the senior division of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, at such rate, not exceeding the cost of the garrison ration prescribed for the Army, as authorized in the Act of Congress approved June 3, 1916,

*. Act of june 5, 1920 (41 Stat. 966), making appropriations for the support of the Army.

The above topic was treated by sec. 50, act of Jupe 3, 1916 (39 Stat. 193), which has been stricken out by sec. 34, act of June 4, 1920, above cited.

2628. Credit for military training received at different institutions by a member of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps. That in the interpretation and execution of section fifty of the Act of Congress approved June third, nineteen hundred and sixteen, credit shall be given as for service in the senior division of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps to åny member of that division for any period or periods of time during which such meniber has received or shall have received at an educational institution under the direction of an officer of the Army, detailed as professor of military science and tactics, a course of military training substantially equivalent to that prescribed by regulations under this section for the corresponding period or periods of training of the senior division, Reserve Officers' Training Corps. Joint Resolution of Sept. 8, 1916 (39 Stat. 853). 2629. Pay of Reserve Officers' Training Corps.

Provided further, That members of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, or other persons authorized by the Secretary of War to attend advanced course camps, shall be paid for attendance at such camps at the rate prescribed for soldiers of the seventh grade of the Regular Army. Sec. fic, added to the act of June 3, 1916, by se 31, act of June 4, 1920 (41 Stat. 779).

2630. Courses of training for Reserve Officers' Training Corps.--The Secretary of War is hereby authorized to prescribe standard courses of theoretical and practical military training for units of the Reserve Ofiicers' Training Corps, and no unit of such corps shall be organized or maintained at any educational institution the authorities of which fail or neglect to adopt into their curricu. lum the prescribed courses of military training or to devote at least an average of three hours per week per academic year to such military training, except as provided in section 47c of this Act. Sec. 40a, added to the act of June 3, 1916, by sec. 33, act of June 4, 1920 (41 Stat. 777).

The above topic was treated by sec. 43, act of June 3, 1916 (39 Stat. 192), which was stricken out by sec. 33, act of June 4, 1920, above cited.

2631. Training camps for the Reserve Officers' Training Corps.--The Secretary of War is hereby authorized to maintain camps for the further practical instruction of the members of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, no such camps to be maintained for a longer period than six weeks in any one year, except in time of actual or threatened hostilities;

to use the troops of the Regular Army, and such Government property as he may deem necessary, for the military training of the members of such corps while in attendance at such camps; and to prescribe regulations for the government of such camps. Sec. 479, added to the act of June 3, 1916, by sec. 3), act of June 4, 1920 (41 Stat. 778).

The above topic was treated by sec. 48, act of June 3, 1916, (39 Stat. 193), which has been stricken out by sec. 34, act of June 4, 1920, above cited.

Appropriation for the maintenance of the above camps is regularly made in the support of the Army acts,

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2632. Traveling expenses of Reserve Officers' Training Corps.—The Secretary of War is hereby authorized

to transport members of such corps to and from such camps at the expense of the United States so far as appro. qviations will permit, to subsist them at the expense of the United States while traveling to and from such camps and while remaining therein so far as appropriations will permit, or in lieu of transporting them to and from such camps and subsisting them while en route, to pay them travel allowances at the rate of 5 cents per mile for the distance by the shortest usually traveler route from the places from which they are authorized to proceed to the camp and for the return travel thereto, and to make the payment of travel allowances for the return journey in advance of the actual performance of the same.

Sec. 479, added to the act of June 3, 1916, by sec. 34, act of June 4, 1920 (41 Stat. 778).

and for transporting members of such corps to and from such camps, and to subsist them while traveling to and from such camps and while remaining therein so far as appropriations will permit:

Provided, That so much of section 48 of the Act of June 3, 1916, entitled “An Act for making further and more effectual provisions for the national defense, and for other purposes," as relates to the transportation of members of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps attending summer camps be, and the same is hereby amended so as to provide that such members of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps shall be paid as traveling allowances 5 cents per mile for the distance by the shortest usually traveled route from the places from which they are authorized to proceed to the camp and for the return travel thereto: Provided further, That the payment of travel pay for the return journey may be made in advance of the actual performance of travel.

Act of June 5, 1920 (41 Stat. 966–967), making appropriations for the support of the Army: Quartermaster supplies and so forth, Reserre Oficers' Training Corps.

The above topic was treated by sec. 48, act of June 3, 1916 (39 Stat. 193), which was stricken out by sec. 34, act of June 4, 1920, above ciied.

2633. Training camps for civilians and soldiers.-The Secretary of War is hereby authorized to maintain, upon military reservations or elsewhere, schools or camps for the military instruction and training, with a view to their appointment as reserve officers or noncommissioned officers, of such warrant ofiicers, enlisted men, and civilians as may be selected upon their own application; to use for the purpose of maintaining said camps and imparting military instruction and training thereat, such arms, ammunition, accoutrements, equipments, tentage, field equipage, and transportation belonging to the United States as he inay deem necessary; to furnish at the expense of the United States uniforins, subsistence

and medical attendance and supplies to persons receiving instruction at said camps during the period of their attendance thereat, to authorize such expenditures, from proper Army appropriations, as he may deem necessary for water, fuel, light, temporary structures, not including quarters for officers nor barracks for men, screening, and damages resulting from field exercises, and other expenses incidental to the maintenance of said camps, and the theoretical winter instruction in connection therewith; and to sell to persons receiving instructions at said camps, for cash and at cost price, plus 10 per centum, quartermaster and ordnance property, the amount of such property sold to any one person to be limited to that which is required for his proper equipment. All moneys arising from such sales shall remain available throughout the fiscal year following that in which the sales are made, for the

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