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technical, or special services;
for office furniture and fixtures, machinery, motor trucks, and unforeseen expenses, $11,600. Act of June 5, 1920 (41 Stat. 951), making appropriations for the support of the Army: Coast Artillery School.
The Artillery School was established at Fortress Monroe, Va., in pursuance of General Orders, No. 18, Adjutant General's Ofice, of Apr. 5, 1824. It ceased to exist in 1835 by reason of tbe transfer of the troops composing the school to other duties. reestablished by General Orders, No. 9, Adjutant General's Office, of Oct. 30, 1856. A code of regulations and plan of instruction was approved by the Secretary of War and published to the Army in General Orders, No. 5, Adjutant General's Office, of May 18, 1858. The school was again discontinued at the outbreak of the War of the Rebellion in 1861. It was reorganized by General Orders, No. 99, Adjutant General's Office, of Nov. 13, 1867. Although not created by statute, its existence has been recognized and the courses of study pursued have been sanctioned by Congress in several acts of appropriation. See the various acts of appropriation from that of June 20, 1878 (20 Stat. 223). It was first appropriated for as the “Coast Artillery School" in the act of Mar, 3, 1909 (35 Stat. 733).
2149. Engineer School.--Equipment and maintenance of the Engineer School, including purchase and repair of instruments, machinery, implements, models, boats, and materials for the use of the school and to provide means for the theoretical and practical instruction of Engineer officers and troops in their special duties as sappers and miners; for land mining, pontoniering, and sig. naling; for purchase and binding of scientific and professional works, papers, and periodicals treating on military engineering and scientific subjects, textbooks, and books of reference for the library of the United States Engineer School; for incidental expenses of the school, including chemicals, stationery, hardware, machinery, and boats; for pay of civilian clerks, draftsmen, electricians, mechanics, and laborers; compensation of civilian lecturers and pay. ment of tuition fees of student officers at civil technical institutions; for unforeseen expenses ;
Act of June 5, 1920 (41 Stat. 969), making appropriations for the support of the Army: Engineer School.
The United States Engineer School was established by Executive order, but has been recognized in the several acts of appropriation from the act of Mar, 3, 1873 (17 Stat. 546). It was originally located at Fort Totten, Willets Point, N. Y., but was removed in 1902 to Washington Barracks, D. C. See General Orders, 155, A. G. 0, Nov. 27, 1901.
21491. General Staff College.--For expenses of the General Staff College, being for the purchase of the necessary stationery; typewriters and exchange of same; office, toilet, and desk furniture; textbooks, books of reference, scientific and professional papers and periodicals; printing and binding; maps; police utensils; the necessary fuel for heating the General Staff College Building and for lighting the building and grounds; employment of temporary technical or special services and expenses of special lectures; and for all other absolutely necessary expenses, including $25 per month additional to regular compensation to chief clerk for superintendence of the General Staff College Building; also for pay of a chief engineer at $1,400, an assistant engineer at $1,000, a carpenter at $1,000, four firemen at $720 each, an elevator conductor at $720; in all, $25,000. Act of June 5, 1920 (41 Stat. 949), making appropriations for the support of the Army: General Staff College,
The Army War College was established in accordance with the act of May 26, 1900 (31 Stat. 209), which made an appropriation "* for contingent expenses incident to the establishment of the Army War College, baving for its object the direction and co. ordination of the instruction in the various service schools, extension of the opportunities for investigation and study in the Army and Militia of the United States, and the collection and dissemination of military information,
Appropriations were made therefor annually thereafter, ending with the act of July 9, 1919 (41 Stat. 105). By virtue of paragraphs 192 and 193, Special Orders No. 141-0, W. D., June 17, 1919, and of a letter dated June 18, 1919, from The Adjutant General of the Army to the commanding officer, Washington Barracks, D. C., the name Army War College was changed to General Staff College. The objects of the General Staff College are set forth in General Orders No. 112, W. D., 1919, and the above appropriation was made therefor.
2150. Indian Scouts.-The President is authorized to enlist a force of Indians not exceeding one thousand, who shall act as scouts in the Territories and Indian country. They shall be discharged when the necessity for their service shall cease, or at the discretion of the department commander. R. S. 1112.
That so much of the arniy appropriation act of twenty-fourth July, eighteen hundred and seventy-six, as limits the number of Indian scouts to three hundred is hereby repealed; and sections ten hundred and ninety-four and eleven hundred and twelve of the Revised Statutes, authorizing the employment of one thousand Indian scouts, are hereby continued in force: Provided, That a proportionate number of noncommissioned officers may be appointed.
Act of Aug. 12, 1876 (19 stat. 131).
A force of Indian scouts, not exceeding 1,000, was authorized by R. S. 1094, as well as by this section. The Army appropriation act of July 24, 1876 (19 Stat. 97), provided payment for only 300 Indian scouts. But the implied limitation was repealed, and the provisions of R. S. 1094, 1112, authorizing the employment of 1,000 Indian scouts, were continued in force, and other provisions relating to such scouts were made by act of Aug. 12, 1876 (19 Stat. 131). " Indian scouts as now authorized by law" were included in the composition of the Army by sec. 1, act of Feb, 2, 1901, but were omitted from the composition of the Regular Army by sec. 2, act of June 3, 1916. Indian scouts are included in sec. act of June 4, 1920, ante, 2118. The enlistment of natives of the Philippine Islands, to be organized as scouts, was autborized by sec. 36 of that act, 2151, post. But see 2995, post.
Notes of Decisions.
2151. Organization of Philippine Scouts.—That when in his opinion the conditions in the Philippine Islands justify such action the President is authorized to enlist natives of those islands for service in the Army, to be organized as scouts, with such officers as he shall deem necessary for their proper control, or as troops or companies, as authorized by this Act, for the Regular Army. The President is further authorized, in his discretion, to form companies, organized as are companies of the Regular Army, in squadrons or battalions, with officers and noncommissioned officers corresponding to similar organizations in the cavalry and infantry arms. The total number of enlisted men in said native organizations shall not exceed twelve thousand.
Sec. 36, act of Feb. 2, 1901 (31 Stat, 757).
"The President is authorized to form the Philippine Scouts into such branches and tactical units as he may deem expedient, within the limit of strength prescribed by law, organized similarly to those of the Regular Army, the officers to be detailed from those authorized in section 4 hereof.
Nothing in this Act shall be construed to alter in any respect the present status of enlisted men of the Philippine Scouts.” Sec. 22a, added to the act of June 3, 1916, by sec. 22, act of June ", 1920 (41 Stat. 770).
By sec. 56, act of reb. 2, 1901, ante, 1633, it was provided that the pay and allow ances of provisional officers. of pative organizations should be the same as for officers of like grade in the Regular Army.
But see 2995, post.
2151). Slavie Legion.—That, under such regulations as the President may prescribe, a foree of volunteer troops in such unit or units as he may direct may be raised to be composed of Jugo-Slavs, Czecho Slovaks, and Ruthenians (Ukranians) belonging to the oppresseul races of the Austro-Hungarian or German Empire resident in the United States but not citizens thereof nor sulject to the draft. Such force shall be known as the Slavie Legion or by such other description as the President may prescribe. No man shall be enlisted in it until he bas furnished satisfactory evidence that he will faithfully and loyally serve the cause of the United States and that he desires to fight the Imperial governments of. Germany and Austro-Hungary, and the allies thereof. The force so raised and duly sworn into the service may be equipped, maintained, and trained with our own troops or separately as the President may direct and thereafter may be transported to such field of action as the President may direct to be used against the common enemy in connection with our own troops or with those of any nation associated with the United States in the present war; and the several items of expense involved in the equipigent, maintenance, training, and transportation of such force may be paid from the respective appropriations herein mude or from any subsequent appropriations for the same: Provided, That American citizens of Austrian or German birth, or who were born in alien enemy territory, who have passed the necessary examination and whose loyalty is unquestioned, may, in the diseretion of the Commander in Chief of the Armıy and Navy, be commissioned in the United States Army or Navy. Act of July 9, 1918 (40 Stat. 868). 2152. Voting in Territories.---
Third. No officer, soldier, seaman, mariner, or other person in the Army or Navy, or attached to troops in the service of the United States, shall be allowed to vote in any Territory, by reason of being on service therein, unless such Territory is, and has been for the period of six months, his permanent domicile.
R, S. 1860. 2153. Laundresses not to accompany troops.--That hereafter women shall not be allowed to accompany troops as laundresses:
Sec. 5, act of June 18, 1878 (29 Stat. 150).
This section superseded R. S. 1:10.
A further provision of this section, authorizing the retention of any laumress, being the wife of a soldier, then allowed to accompany troops, until the expiration of his term of enlistment, is omitted here, as temporary only.
2154. Cooperation by the Coast and Geodetic Survey with the War and Navy Departments.
The Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of Commerce shall jointly prescribe regulations governing the duties to be performed by the Coast and Geodetic Survey in time of war, and for the cooperation of that service with the War and Navy Departments in time of peace in preparations for its duties in war, which regulations shall not be effective unless approved by each of the said Secretaries, and included therein niay be rules and regulations for making reports and communications between the officers or bureaus of the War and Navy Departments and the Coast and Geodetic Survey. Sec. 16, act of May 22, 1917 (40 Stat. 88). 2155. Personnel of the Coast and Geodetic Survey under military jurisdiction
Nothing in this Act shall reduce the total amount of pay and allow. ances they were receiving at the time of transfer.
Provided further, That any of the personnel of the Coast and Geodetie Survey who may be transferred as herein provided shall, while under the jurisdiction of the War Department or Navy Department, have proper inilitary status and shall be subject to the laws, regulations, and orders for the government of the Army or Navy, as the case may be, in so far as the same may be applicable to persons whose retention permanently in the military serv. ice of the United States is not contemplated by law:
Sec. 16, act 01 May 22, 1917 (40 Stat, 88).
2156. Cooperation of the Lighthouse Service with the War Department.- The Seeretary of the Navy, the Secretary of War, and the Secretary of Commerce shall jointly prescribe regulations governing the duties to be performed by the Lighthouse Service in time of war, and for the cooperation of that service with the Navy and War Departments in time of peace in preparation for its duties in war, and this may include arrangements for a direct line of communication between the oflicers or bureaus of the Navy and War Departments and the Bureau of Lighthouses to provide for immediate action on all communications from these departments. Act of Aug. 29, 1916 (39 Stat. 602). 2157. Personnel of the Lighthouse Service under military jurisdiction.-
Provided further, That any of the personnel of the Lighthouse Service who may be transferred as herein provided shall, while under the jurisdiction of the Navy Department or War Department, be subject to the laws, regulations, and orders for the government of the Navy or Army, as the case may be, in so far as the same may be applicable to persons whose retention permanently in the military service of the United States is not contemplated by law. Act of Aug. 29, 1916 (39 Stat. 602).
2158. American National Red Cross attached to the Army in time of war.That whenever in time of war, or when war is imminent, the President may deem the cooperation and use of the American National Red Cross with the sanitary services of the land and naval fortes to be necessary, he is anthorized to accept the assistance tendered by the said Red Cross and to employ the same under the sanitary services of the Army and Navy in conformity with speh rules and regulations as he may prescribe. Sec. 1, act of April 24, 1912 (37 Stat. 90). 2159. Emergency forces organized like the Regular Army.- * Third.
Provided, That the organization of said force shall be the same as that of the corresponding organizations of the Regular Army:
Scc. 1, act of May 18, 1917 (40 Stat. 76).
The above is emergency legislation and no longer operative.
2160. Units of the emergency forces to be composed of men from the same locality.-* * Organizations of the forces herein provided for, except the Regular Army and the divisions authorized in the seventh paragraph of section one, shall, as far as the interests of the service permit, be composed of men who come, and of officers who are appointed from, the same State or locality. Sec. 2, act of May 18, 1919 (40 Stat. 78).
* Provided, That all persons enlisted or drafted under any of the provisions of this Act shall as far as practicable be grouped into units by States and the political subdivisions of the same:
Sec, 79, act of May 18, 1917 (40 Stat. 81).
The above is emergency legislation and no longer operative.
2161. Training units for the emergency forces.
Fifth. To raise by draft, organize, equip, and officer, as provided in the third paragraph of this section, in addition to and for each of the above forces, such recruit training units as he may deem necessary for the maintenance of such forces at the maximum strength.
Sec. 1, act of May 18, 1917 (40 Stat. 77). The above is emergency legislation and no longer operative.
2162. Ammunition batteries and artillery parks for the World War.- * * Sixth. To raise, organize, officer, and maintain during the emergency such number of ammunition batteries and battalions, depot batteries and battalions, and such artillery parks, with such numbers and grades of personnel as he may deem necessary. Such organizations shall be officered in the manner provided in the third paragraph of this section, and enlisted men may be assigned to said organizations from any of the forces herein provided for or raised by selective draft as by this Act provided.
Sec. 1, act of May 18, 1917 (40 Stat. 77).
The above is emergency legislation and no longer operative.
2163. Special and technical troops raised for the World War.- * vided, That the President is authorized to raise and maintain by voluntary enlistment or draft, as herein provided, special and technical troops as he may deem necessary, and to embody them into organizations and to officer them as provided in the third paragraph of section one and section nine of this Act.
Sec. 2, act of May 18, 1917 (40 Stat, 78), The above is emergency legislation and no longer operative.
2164. Emergency forces subject to military laws and regulations.-- * All persons drafted into the service of the United States and all officers accepting commissions in the forces herein provided for shall, from the date of said draft or acceptance, be subject to the laws and regulations governing the Regular Army, except as to promotions, so far as such laws and regulations are applicable to persons whose permanent retention in the military service on the active or retired list is not contemplated by existing law, and those drafted shall be required to serve for the period of the existing emergency unless sooner discharged: * Sec. 2, act of May 18, 1917 (40 Stat. 78). The above is emergency
ion and no lor berative, See notes to 2239, post,