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Roads were so bad, and the Frost that begun that Dày so very great, that' his Majesty was forced to continue there till Friday the 7th; and on Sunday the gth of the Month, his Majesty reach'd the Palace of St. Yames about 10 a-Clock at Night. He was congratulated the same Night on his happy Arrival by the Prince, and the next and following Days by the Prime Ministers, the Nobility, the Bishops, and by the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen, on which Occasion the Recorder made the following Speech.
May it please Your Majesty, The Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen of the City of L01t
I don, most humbly intreat Your Majesty's Permission to congratulate your safe Return to Great Britain; ..
These Your Majesty's moft faithful and dutiful Subjects, have a just Sense of the many Blessings they enjoy under Your Majesty's mild, prudent, and aufpicious Reign;
They beg Leave to express their Satisfaction in observing that Your Majesty's Cares (while Abroad) have been extended, not only for the Welfare of your Subjects of this Realm, but that Your Majesty has shewn a generous Benevolence for the Relief of the Injured, and for the Protection of the Distressed: That Your Majesty has espoused the Cause of Liberty and the Protestant Religion, and exerted your Vigilance and Zeal for preserving the Tranquillity of Europe.
These Your Majesty's laudable Endeavours for the Benefit of Mankind, proclaim Your Majesty's Goodness and Humanity, and will be lasting Monuments of your Glory.
Your Majesty's most tender and fatherly Indulgence to your own People, will be always esteemed their peculiar Happiness, will be always attended with their most grateful Acknowledgments, with their fincere Affection to Your Majesty's Person, their hearty Endeavours for the Support of Your Government, and with their most ardent Wishes for the Continuance of Your Majesty's Health and Prosperity..
· To which His Majesty was pleased to return the following
. molt gracious Answer. I take very kindly this Mark of your Duity and Affection to Me: Toil may asire your selves, That My Endeavours Noall never be wantF 2
ing to promote the Trade, Prosperity and Happinefs of the City of London.
And his Majesty was at the same time pleased to confer the Honour of Knighthood on Francis Porteen, Esq; Alderman of Aldo gate Ward, and Jeremiah Murden, Esq; the present Sheriffs.
On the 20th the Parliament met at Westminster, pursuant to the Proclamation issu'd out for that Purpose by the Lords Justices ; and the King going to the House of Lords, and being attended by the Houfe of Commons, open’d the Sessions with the following moft gracious Speech.
My Lords and Gentlemen, I HAVE had such frequent Experience of the Wisdom and Zeal
of this Parliament on many important Occasions, that it is with Pleasure I now meet you again, and I make no doubt but that your Endeavours for the Good and Service of your Country will be as successful, as they have hitherto been.
The distressed Condition of some of our Protestant Brethren abroad, and the Negotiations and Engagements entred into by fome Foreign Powers, which seem to have laid the Foundation of new Troubles and Disturbances in Europe, and to threaten my Subjects with the Loss of several of the most advantageous Branches of their Trade, obliged Me, without any Lofs of time, to concert with other Powers fuch Measures, as might give a Check to the ambitious Views of those, who are endeavouring to render themselves Formidable, and put a Stop to the farther Progrefs of such dangerous Designs. For thefe Ends I have entred into a Defensive Alliance with the most Christian King, and the King of Prusia, to which several other Powers, and particularly the States General, have been invited to accede, and I have not the least Reason to doubt of their Concurrence. This Treaty Thall in a short time be laid before you.
By these Means, and by your Support and Aslistance, I trust in God, I fhall be able not only to secure to my own Subjects the Enjoyment of many valuable Rights and Privileges long since acquired for them by the most folemn Treaties, but effectually to preserve the Peace and Balance of Europe, the only View and End of all My Endeavours.
Gentlemen of the House of Commons, I have order'd the Estimates for the Service of this Year to be prepared and laid before you, which, from an Unwillingness I alo ways have to put My Subjects to an extraordinary Expence by any unnecessary Precautions, are form’d upon the foot of employing no greater Number of Forces, than was thought necessary the last Year; for which, if the Supplies you give shall be fully and effectually raised, I shall be enabled to have a strong Fleet at Sea early in the Spring: If the Posture of Affairs shall at any time make it necessary to augment our Maritime Force, I confide fo entirely in the Zeal and Affection of My Parliament, that I assure Myself you will enable Me to make such an Addition to the Number of Seamen, as shall be found requisite.
My Lords and Gentlemen,
It is not to be doubted but the Enemies to My Government will conceive Hopes, that some favourable Opportunity for renewing their Attempts, may offer from the Prospect of New Troubles and Commotions : They are already very busy by their Instruments and Emiffaries in those Courts, whose Measures feem moft to favour their Purposes, in folliciting and promoting the Cause of the Pretender; but I persuade Myself, notwithstanding the Countenance and Encouragement they have received, or flatter thenselves with, the Provision you shall make for the Safety and Defence of the Kingdom, will effectually secure Us from any Attempts from Abroad, and render all such Projects vain and abortive..
When the World shall see that you will not suffer the Britis Crown and Nation to be menaced and insulted, those who most envy the present Happiness and Tranquillity of this Kingdom, and are endeavouring to make Us fubfervient to their Ambition, will consider their own Interest and Circumstances; before they make any Attempt upon só Brave a People, strengthened and supported by prudent and powerful Alliances, and, though desirous to preserve the Peace, able and ready to defend themselves against the Efforts of all Aggressors. Such Resolutions, and such Measures, timely taken, I am fatisfied are the most effectual Means of preventing a War, and continuing to Us the Blesfings of Peace and Profperity.
The next Day, the House of Lords presented the following Address to his Majesty.
Most Gracious Sovereign, TVE Your Majesty's most Dutiful and Loyal Subjects, the Lords
W Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament assembled, humbly beg Leave to return Your Majesty our most hearty Thanks for Your most gracious Speech from the Throne, and,, with Hearts full of inexpressible Joy, to congratulate Your Majesty upon Your happy: Return in Safety to Your Kingdom.
We cannot without the highest Satisfaction reflect upon Your Majesty's Concern for our distressed Protestant Brethren abroad;
our most zealous Endeavours shall never be wanting, that Your · Majesty's pious Interposition for them may produce the most defias red Effects.
We thankfully acknowledge Your Majesty's exceeding Goodness and Condefcension, in acquainting us with the Defensive Alliance lately made by Your Majesty for preventing the ill Consequences, which might otherwise attend the Negotiations and Engagements entred into by other Potentates, to the apparent Prejudice of this, Kingdom ; and for Your Majesty's Gracious Assurance, that it, should be soon laid before us. Nothing can be more vain, than for any Foreign Powers to entertain the Hopes of rendring themselves Formidable to Britain; Your Majesty having strengthened Yourself by such powerful Alliances, the Resolution and Fidelity of Your Subjects being so well known, and the late Marks of their Valour not yet worn out. We most humbly entreat Your Majesty to believe, that our Lives are not dearer to us, than Your Majesty's Honour; and that Your Majesty may at all Times with Certainty depend upon our strongeit Efforts, to maintain and defend it against all Powers whatsoever, who can so far delude. themselves, as to imagine that they may with Safety infuit or menace the British Crown or Nation.
It is no. Surprize to us, that the Enemies to Your Majesty's Pcrfon and Government are labouring to disturb the Peace of this Kingdom, if they can flatter themselves with the Prospect of any new Troubles or Commotions in Europe.
We.can easily believe, that at such a Juncture new Schemes and Sollicitations are daily making, by the most profligate and aban
doned of them, to revive the expiring Caufe of the Pretender ; all which, we assure our selves; can have no other Effect, than to hasten his Destruction, and the utter Ruin of all his perjured Adherents.
Your Majesty's constant and unwearied Endeavours to perpetuate to us the Blessing of that happy Tranquillity we now enjoy, and to maintain the general Peace and Balance of Europe, to preferve the Trade of this Nation, and to secure to Your People the many valuable Rights and Privileges, to which they are entitled by the most folemni Treaties ; oblige us to all imaginable Returns of Duty and Gratitude, and leave us no room to doubt, when we consider the prudent Measures Your Majesty has taken for attaining those great Ends, but that all Your Majesty's Endeavours will, by the Blessing of God thereupon, 'notwithstanding any Attempts to the contrary, be crowned with Succefs.
To which His Majesty was pleased to return the following ..
most gracious Answer. · My LORDS
I beartily thank you for this very affectionate and Loyal Address; the World may be convinced by it, how fix'd and immoveable all your Purposes and Resolutions are to maintain My Honour, and promote the true Interest of your Country : You may be assured of My constant Endeavours to support the Protestant Religion, to preserve the Peace and Balance of Power in Europe, to prevent any Encroachment on, the Trade of My Subjects, and on all Occasions to increase their Hape , piness.. .
And on Saturday the House of Commons presented the following most humble Address to His Majesty.
9 . ?
Most Gracious Sovereign, W e Your Majesty's most Dutiful and Loyal Subjects, the Com
mons of Great Britain in Parliament assembled, beg Leave most unfeignedly to congratulate Your Majesty's fafe' and happy Arrival in these Kingdoms : Nothing can equal the Dread and Anxiety which fill'd the Breast of Your good People, whilft Your Majesty's Sacred Person was exposed to the Perils of tempeftuous