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A LIST of those who have been declared Bankrupts

during the Month of January.

Yonathan Cowling, late of Tower-Hill, London, Corn Factor.
J Simon Parker, late of the City of Worcester, Vintner.
William Flower, late of Andover in Hampshire, Merchant.
Robert Tate, late of Goudburst in the County of Kent, Clothier..
Thomas Sheepy, of the Borough of Leicester, Hosier."
Edward Evans, of Henley upon Thames in Oxfordshire, Innholder and Dealer.
Richard Brooke, of the City of Worcester, Mercer.
Fohn Hogg, of the City of Bristol, Chapman.
Robert Meadows, of Colchester in Effex, Merchant.
Francis Nixon, of the Parish of St. Leonard Poster-Lane, London, Glover and

Henry Plaistow, of the Parish of St. Clement's Danes in Middle fex, Haber-

dasher of Hats. James Holt, late of Bury in Lancashire, Chapman. John Parsons, of Spittle-fields in Middlesex, Silk-man and Silk-thrower. George Vickery, of Great Queen-street in St. Giles's in the Fields in Middle sex,

Coach and Coach-Harness Maker. Pilkington Robinson, late of Charles-street, Weftminster, Chapman." John Ball, of Horton-street, in the Parish of St. Clement's Danes in Middlesex,

Pawnbroker. James. Angleras, of London, Merchant. George Airey, late of Gateshead in the County of Durham, Mercer. William Howard, of Great James-street, in the Parish of St. Andrew's Holborn

in Middle fex, Baker and Cornchandler. Benjamin Peele, late of Manchester in Lancashire, Shopkeeper...-.2 9 . Peter Priest, of Colchester in Essex, and late of London, Goldsmich... ..? John Bowen, of Leigh in Essex, Victualler. ; 22:17, 2:6 Abraham Baker, of Falkingham in Lincolnshire, Mercet. Ifaac Bedford, of Hampstead in Middlesex, Carpenter. Henry Wood, of Whitecross-street in the Parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate,

in Middle fex, Vintner. . Thomas Par fons, late of Lincoln's-Inn Fields in Middlesex, and since of Holborn,

Distiller. Richard Marryott, of Market-street in the Parish of St. James in Middlesex,

Ironmonger. John Arnold, of the Parish of St. Bride, alias Bridget, London, Apothecary. Owen Williams and Joseph Bolton, of St. John-street in Middlesex, Whalebone

Cutters and Partners. Thomas Wild, of the City of Norwich, Worsted-Weaver. John Mills, late of the Parish of St. Giles in the Fields in Middlesex, Corn

chandler.' Yoseph Huntman, of Bishop/gareftreet, London, Mealman.


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For the Month of JANUARY, 1725-6.

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divert and to instruct are the Ends every new Writer promises the Publick to purfue; but the great Difficulty lies in the Manner of doing it: Our Minds are generally unapt to be taught, especially by any one who assumes a magisterial Air; and on the other Hand, we foon consider those Works as trifling and impertinent, which are only calculated to please our Imaginati

ons, without conveying proper Instructions. As the Authors of the Universal Mercury therefore are fatifa fied, that the Generality of Mankind' are foon weary of any one Thing, however amiable or useful in it self; they design to entertain their Readers with Variety, and to be as unconfin'd in their Subjects as in their Title. The Learned, in the Course of this Work, will meet with Philosophical Transactions, Memoirs of Literature, Physical Controversies, and Lists of Books, printed both at Home and Abroad ; the Gay Part of the Town shall have News from the Court, the Park, the Masquerade,



the Opera, and the Play-Houses; the Mechanick may often find useful Discoveries in his way, nor shall the Tradesman have reafon to complain that his Interest is forgot.

"The Politician naturally claims a confiderable Share in this Work; but our Readers may be assured we shall very rarely fpin out a Paragraph, or fill the Page with impertinent Reflections there being na Danger of our wanting Matter of Consequence enough to fill up Six Sheets, which is the Size of the Book we propofe. We shall therefore be as concise in our News as we can, without becoming obscure, or omitting fuch Facts as actually deserve to be recorded ; and we fatter our selves, that the Obfervations we shall make will not be thought unnecessary. Nor will we prostitute our News, and fall into those Meannesses fo many Writers are guilty of: A Person who never de ferved a good Character whilst living, shall not have one bought here at his Deceafe; and a Woman of mean Extraction may venture to marry, without being under the dreadful Apprehensions of feeing her Name in our Matrimonial Lift; nay, the Man whose Memory is famous for nothing but the Money he leaves behind him, may die in peace, and without fear of our disturbing his Alhes, by a Recital of the Funeral Pomp and Magnificence with which he was interr'd : Such Lifts shall be, as they were originally designed, only for the People of Quality and Distinction, or for Perfons of uncommon Note and Merit ; and we fhall of ten, at the Death or Marriage of People of Fafhion, take an opportunity of inferting the Genealogy of their Families; which may be of double Service, by putting the World in mind of the Respect due to their Births, and by reminding them how much the World expects from them and their Succeffors; for as a long Race of Ancestors is, the highest Honour to those who tread in their glorious Paths, and strive to emulate their Virtues, fo it is the utmost Disgrace to those, who degenerate from their - Examples, or only copy their Vices. · The Ladies, to whom we shall always laew a particular Regard, will not only have the Benefit of that part of our Work which is calculated for the Gay, but may ever and anon expect an Instructive Novel, and to be entertained with such Poems and Songs as were never publifhed, or those which are only handed about by the Curious.

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We shall never appear Dogmatical but when we assume the Part of Criticks, and take upon us to reform Abuses in our publick Diversions, which very often ftand in need of fuch Reformations. But then we shall to the best of our Power act the part of true Criticks, and be as ready to point out Beauties, as to expose Faults; nor will we ever be respecters of Persons, or spare even a Pluto or Mercury, or any other Deity, when they fall fa meanly debase themselves, as to assume the Form of a Modern Harlequin.

Thus have our "Readers a small Sketch of the Work propofed ; and fhould it happen to hit the Taste of the Town, a short time will produce Variety of Circumstances to make it more useful and entertaining; tho it cannot be expected it will appear in its utmost Perfection for the first fix Months ; for as there are several Correspondences of necessity to be settled in foreign Countries, ås well for Political as Learned Intelligence, till - we fee how our Mercury is receivid, 'twould be a Foliy to pursue fo chargeable a Method of Instruction ; but if it be attended with the Approbation of the Polite and Judicious, the Society of Gentlemen by whom 'tis undertaken, are determined to Spare no Cost or Pains, but to make their work as agreeable and ferviceable to the Publick aš they possibly can. In the mean time, thofe who are willing to contribute to fo good a Design, by corresponding with the Authors, are defired to enclose their Letters in a Wrapper, directed to Mr. Roberts, near the Oxford- Arms in Warwick-Lane.

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Two Letters from M. Capperon, ancient Dean of St. Max

ent, to a Friend, concerning those. Plants, various Shells, Tongues, Teeth, and other Parts of Serpents, Fifbes, and of divers Animals, which are often found, preserved, and. Sometimes petrified in Mountains, Quarries, and otber Parts of the Earth; and of the several Impressions left by

them on Stones and Pebbles. The first dated from Eu in the Upper Normandy, May the

: 20th, 1724. V ou may very well remember, Sir, that as we have fre

quently discoursed on Physical Subjects, you have talked to me of Plants and Shells, and petrified Animals, which you have met with in the Closets of the Curious ; as well as of feveral Impressions of these things which you have observ'd upon Stones, Pebbles, and pieces of Marble. As you informed me at the same time, that they were ever and anon to be found in Mountains, Quarries, and even in common Lands and Grounds; I thought, that if I would give my self the trouble of seeking after them, I might eafily enough find such things ; and indeed, after a little Search I have met with several of them, which you may see in my Study whenever you please ; and in the mean time, I thought you would be glad to have a particular Account of them.

There are amongst these Curiosities which I found, feveral Shells of different kinds, which we met with in our Mountains, amidst the rough Stone and Shards which we dig there, whether it be actually in the deepest Quarries, or when we fmk Wells ; for in this Province, dig where we will, we are always fure of finding Stone ; and these Shells have often been difcovered Twenty or Thirty Fathom deep in the Earth, some of them filled with Shards, others quite petrified. We have found fome Pebbles


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