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Cara monturzec
པས ' ''' ། ས

men" a" teran
*1- Smus sanI-II. JI. Chairman of the Senate Sub-

INTurana. Fugtis 10 Elon Melvin R.

a celesti, anito April 6, 1972, regarding 3. Termne mi 2SS: inch. ** enforcement... Tamo gde Imer Kuznurd. Jeneza. Counsel, Department of

in Senat Sun E-VI. JI., Chairman, Senate Sunn.n. 11s 0 LINII UTHMa Fuchis, aated April 26, 1972, 1 ?** 11 ifte i AICI 972

sur un I-TII. I. Chairman of Senate Sub21.n. 15 U LINTL.a. iiic.is, K Ejn. James R. Schlesmat Sa Dienst asies Jutt å, 1973, regarding ****** tint ir raumestir mtelligence--

UNIT SA I-II. . C'han, Senate Subcomn. RATNIH I İ IS, TI 51 lames R. Schlesinger,

Hae asieci ut 30. 1973. conisining inquiries minimum amNJE mieliigan me Dons.

ut Serretary of Deiense,
But Str. 13. STIISensie Subcommittee

IN "varia inha, asire Narender & 1973, in reply
HII KIT AUT 31. 18-

Snur Sšarm. I. II, Senate Subcom-
Ti NATIJIN. -Dulis, M: 2.0. Cooke, Deputy
RNM mine aures December 10, 1973,
Ti$21. 116

01.z mili teilgence activities in
N 1.1
SS.NET CLOTL Senate Subcom-

23.1 N. Hts. Hi Nason W. Gant III,
varu

eru. Ten Treutve Service, dated
en on DeTICAnons of security
ama mjan Sistem za Cout. Disior, Defense In-

A103:20. NUT SIII Istin Jr., Chairman,
San.nl. 72

NiDuas his dated January 2,
Ten wire 19.3....

Sosis isminin, Soommittee on
Prototis si :20 Lace Depurr Assistant
SYT EN MODT 1974 regarding the
Date einer be case of People
Ini :: IN ANSIINI Secretary of Defense,

St Samal ajal oncommittee on
COSTI. Sis. ein N19.4, in reply to

riv
L 9144. Minikouir Awit Salary of Defense,
10 na Sentinin it an Sooommittee on
Constitutions. This haid Nur 9:4. regarding replies

cap the lions Trani in se se questions of journal-
List, Mindade huir Assistant Secretary of Defense,

fenator Ssand. En oman boummittee on Con-
stitutnal Richts das March 14, 19:4, regarding replies of

che Idense Hapurins in restauestains of journalists.
Letter, Mr. D. O Case Neuer Assistant Secretary of Defense,

w Senator Sam J. Ervin, jr., Chairman, Senate Subcommittee
on Constitutional Righis dated April 3, 1974. regarding the

Chairman's opening statement ar saldummittee hearing..
Letter, Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr., Chairman, Senate Subcommit-
tee on Constitutional Rights to Mr. D. 0. Cooke, Deputy
Assistant Secretary of Deiense, dared Mar 6, 1974, in response

to Cooke letter of April 23, 1974... Department of Transportation:

Letter, Rodney E. Eyster, General Counsel, to Senator Sam J.

Ervin, Jr., Chairman, Senate Subcommittee on Constitutional
Rights, dated May 13, 1974, regarding departmental comments
on S. 2318..

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Other Materials:
Materials relating to military surveillance prior to 1970:

Memorandum for the Secretary of the Army, “Subject: Review of

Civil Disturbance Intelligence History," prepared by Robert E.
Jordan III, General Counsel, Department of the Army (un-

dated)---
Memorandum for Record (draft), "Subject: Army Civil Disturb-

ance Intelligence Activities,” prepared by Milton B. Hyman,
Office of the General Counsel, Department of the Army,
January 23, 1971..
Message from Department of the Army to major subordinate

commands regarding the use of Army Security Agency person-
nel in civil disturbances, dated 30 March 1968_
Memorandum for record, “Subject: The Background of the Inter-

departmental Action Plan for Civil Disturbances of 1 April
1969,” prepared by Robert E. Jordan III, General Counsel,

Department of the Army, March 22, 1971.-
Evidentiary Materials Regarding Military Surveillance of Civilians
in West Germany:
West Berlin..
Heidelberg-
8th Infantry Division Regulation (USAREUR) No. 381-25,

“Subject: Counterdissidence Program,” dated 23 July 1973
(partial)-

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U.S. SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS
OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice at 10:10 a.m., in room 2228, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr. (Chairman), presiding.

Present: Senator Ervin.

Also present: Lawrence M. Baskir, chief counsel; and Britt Snider, counsel.

Senator ERVIN. The subcommittee will come to order.

OPENING STATEMENT OF THE CHAIRMAN

The subcommittee begins 2 days of hearings this morning on S. 2318, a bill I introduced last November with the co-sponsorship of 34 Senators. A copy of this bill will be inserted at the conclusion of my statement.

The bill provides that military personnel shall not be used to conduct surveillance of the political activities of civilians or civilian organizations except in those limited situations where the military actually has a need for such information to further a lawful objective.

The bill is, at bottom, privacy legislation. It seeks to shield the expression of one's political views from the eyes and ears of Government. It seeks to protect one's associations from the perpetuity of a Government computer. And, it seeks to preserve the promise of a free society where men are not entrapped by their past.

As I contemplate this computerized society we have entered upon, I am reminded of the passage in Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking Glass where the king raves: “The horror of that moment... I shall never, never forget it.” “You will, though," says the Queen, "if you don't make a memorandum of it.”

A democratic society must be compassionate as well as just. It must be willing to forget past indiscretions and allow its citizens to begin again. But the queen is right. Beginning anew is much more difficult when there are "memorandums” of the past to live down and contend with.

It is no accident that most of the so-called "privacy” bills before Congress today focus upon limiting the “memorandums” that Gov

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