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men" a" teran
INTurana. Fugtis 10 Elon Melvin R.
a celesti, anito April 6, 1972, regarding 3. Termne mi 2SS: inch. ** enforcement... Tamo gde Imer Kuznurd. Jeneza. Counsel, Department of
in Senat Sun E-VI. JI., Chairman, Senate Sunn.n. 11s 0 LINII UTHMa Fuchis, aated April 26, 1972, 1 ?** 11 ifte i AICI 972
sur un I-TII. I. Chairman of Senate Sub21.n. 15 U LINTL.a. iiic.is, K Ejn. James R. Schlesmat Sa Dienst asies Jutt å, 1973, regarding ****** tint ir raumestir mtelligence--
UNIT SA I-II. . C'han, Senate Subcomn. RATNIH I İ IS, TI 51 lames R. Schlesinger,
Hae asieci ut 30. 1973. conisining inquiries minimum amNJE mieliigan me Dons.
ut Serretary of Deiense,
IN "varia inha, asire Narender & 1973, in reply
Snur Sšarm. I. II, Senate Subcom-
01.z mili teilgence activities in
23.1 N. Hts. Hi Nason W. Gant III,
eru. Ten Treutve Service, dated
A103:20. NUT SIII Istin Jr., Chairman,
NiDuas his dated January 2,
Sosis isminin, Soommittee on
St Samal ajal oncommittee on
cap the lions Trani in se se questions of journal-
fenator Ssand. En oman boummittee on Con-
che Idense Hapurins in restauestains of journalists.
w Senator Sam J. Ervin, jr., Chairman, Senate Subcommittee
Chairman's opening statement ar saldummittee hearing..
to Cooke letter of April 23, 1974... Department of Transportation:
Letter, Rodney E. Eyster, General Counsel, to Senator Sam J.
Ervin, Jr., Chairman, Senate Subcommittee on Constitutional
Memorandum for the Secretary of the Army, “Subject: Review of
Civil Disturbance Intelligence History," prepared by Robert E.
ance Intelligence Activities,” prepared by Milton B. Hyman,
commands regarding the use of Army Security Agency person-
departmental Action Plan for Civil Disturbances of 1 April
Department of the Army, March 22, 1971.-
“Subject: Counterdissidence Program,” dated 23 July 1973
Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice at 10:10 a.m., in room 2228, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr. (Chairman), presiding.
Present: Senator Ervin.
Also present: Lawrence M. Baskir, chief counsel; and Britt Snider, counsel.
Senator ERVIN. The subcommittee will come to order.
OPENING STATEMENT OF THE CHAIRMAN
The subcommittee begins 2 days of hearings this morning on S. 2318, a bill I introduced last November with the co-sponsorship of 34 Senators. A copy of this bill will be inserted at the conclusion of my statement.
The bill provides that military personnel shall not be used to conduct surveillance of the political activities of civilians or civilian organizations except in those limited situations where the military actually has a need for such information to further a lawful objective.
The bill is, at bottom, privacy legislation. It seeks to shield the expression of one's political views from the eyes and ears of Government. It seeks to protect one's associations from the perpetuity of a Government computer. And, it seeks to preserve the promise of a free society where men are not entrapped by their past.
As I contemplate this computerized society we have entered upon, I am reminded of the passage in Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking Glass where the king raves: “The horror of that moment... I shall never, never forget it.” “You will, though," says the Queen, "if you don't make a memorandum of it.”
A democratic society must be compassionate as well as just. It must be willing to forget past indiscretions and allow its citizens to begin again. But the queen is right. Beginning anew is much more difficult when there are "memorandums” of the past to live down and contend with.
It is no accident that most of the so-called "privacy” bills before Congress today focus upon limiting the “memorandums” that Gov