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on station in the navigable channels of the Canal Zone, the signals to be given by vessels desiring to pass such equipment, and the signals to be given by the Canal equipment to authorize the vessels to pass. A vessel failing to give the prescribed signals, or disregarding such signals, and causing damage thereby to Canal equipment shall be liable therefor, and proceedings against the vessel at fault will be taken in the District Court of the Canal Zone.

REGULATION 61.1. Canal Equipment Moored with Maneuvering Lines: Any piece of Canal floating equipment that is operated by maneuvering lines, shall carry, when the lines are taut, a black ball on each side in some conspicuous place at least 8 feet above the deck, and near the positions of the maneuvering lines; at night these balls shall be replaced by a red light which shall show all around the horizon and be plainly visible at a distance of at least one mile.

REGULATION 61.2. When a steamer wishes to pass such equipment at a point where it might foul its maneuvering lines, it should so signify by whistle signals, as provided in these regulations, and the piece of equipment concerned shall immediately lower its line on the side asked for by the steamer, indicating its fulfillment of this by, in the daytime, lowering the ball, or, in the night, extinguishing the red light.

REGULATION 61.3. If the craft is unable to lower its maneuvering lines, or should it consider it dangerous for the steamer to pass on the side asked for, it will blow the danger signal, when the steamer will stop until the ball is lowered or light extinguished.

REGULATION 61.4. Whenever a suction dredge pipe line is laid in navigable waters, it shall be marked at night by red lights at intervals of 200 feet. The lights marking the limits of the gate shall be a vertical display of a white and a red light, the white light to be over the red light and not less than 4 feet above it. These lights shall show all around the horizon and shall be visible at least one mile.

RULE 62. Use of Search Lights: No vessel shall use a search light for navigating purposes in Canal Zone waters; and under no circumstances shall the rays of a search light be directed toward the pilot house or navigating bridge of another vessel.

RULE 63. Lights for Self-Propelled Vessels 65 Feet or More in Length: Self-propelled vessels of 65 feet or more in length, when under way, shall carry the following lights:

(a) Side Lights: On the starboard side, a green light, and on the port side, a red light, each so placed and screened as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon from right ahead to two points of the compass abaft the beam on starboard and port sides, respectively, and so that neither side light can be seen across the bow from

the opposite direction. These lights shall be of such power as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.

(6) Masthead Light: On or in front of the foremast, or, if the vessel has no foremast, then in the fore part of the vessel, a bright white light, so placed and screened as to show ahead an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 20 points of the compass, 10 points on each side of the fore and aft line of the vessel, and of such power as to be visible at a distance of at least 5 miles.

(6) Range Light: An additional white light fixed astern of, in fore and aft line with, and at least 15 feet higher than the masthead light, the difference in elevation of these two lights always being less than their horizontal distance apart. This light shall be of the same construction and character and show over the same arc of the horizon as prescribed for the masthead light.

(d) Stern Light: A white light, so placed and screened as to show astern over an unbroken arc of the horizon of 12 points of the compass, 6 points on each side of the fore and aft line of the vessel ; fixed at a height about the same as that of the side lights; and of such power as to be visible at a distance of at least one mile.

RULE 64. Lights for Self-Propelled Vessels from 26 Feet to 65 Feet in Length: Self-propelled vessels of this class shall carry, when under way, the following lights:

(a) Side Lights: On the starboard side, a green light, and on the port side, a red light, each so placed and screened as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon from straight ahead to 2 points abaft the beam on the starboard and port sides, respectively, and so that neither side light can be seen across the bow from the opposite direction. The glasses or lenses in these lights shall be fresnel or fluted, and have an area of not less than 25 square inches each for vessels 40 to 65 feet in length, and of not less than 16 square inches each for vessels of 26 to 40 feet in length.

(6) Forward Light: A bright white light in the fore part of the vessel, as near the stem as practicable, so placed and screened as to show ahead an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 20 points of the compass, 10 points on each side of the fore and aft line of the vessel. The glass or lens of this light shall be fresnel or fluted, and have an area of not less than 31 square inches for vessels 40 to 65 feet in length, and not less than 19 square inches for vessels 26 to 40 feet in length.

(c) After Light: A bright white light aft to show all around the horizon, and to be visible for a distance of at least one mile.

REGULATION 64.1. A white light with fresnel or fluted lens not less than 3 inches in diameter will be considered as complying with light mentioned in Rule 64 (c).

RULE 65. Lights for Motor Boats Less than 26 Feet in Length: This class of vessels shall carry, when under way, the following lights:

(a) Side Light: A combined lantern in the fore part of the vessel, fixed lower than the after light, showing green to starboard and red to port, so constructed and placed as to show each light from straight ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side, and of a power to be visible at a distance of at least one mile.

(6) After Light: A white light aft, to show all around the horizon, and to be visible for a distance of at least one mile.

REGULATION 65.1. A white light with fresnel or fluted lens not less than 3 inches in diameter will be considered as complying with light mentioned in Rule 65 (6).

RULE 66. Lights for Sailing Vessels: A sailing vessel when under way shall carry the side lights but not the white lights prescribed by the preceding Rules for self-propelled vessels of the same length. A sailing vessel being overtaken by another vessel shall show from its stern to the overtaking vessel a white light or flare-up light, of such power as to be visible at a distance of at least a mile. When, for sailing vessels of 30 feet length or under, the green and red lights can not be kept in position because of rough water, these shall be kept at hand, lighted and ready for use, and shall, when another vessel is seen to be approaching, be exhibited to the approaching vessel on their respective sides, so as to show as nearly as practicable the green light from directly forward to two points abaft the beam on the starboard, and the red light over a similar arc on the port side.

RULE 67. Lights for Vessels Equipped with Both Sail and Power Propulsion: A vessel equipped with both sail and power propulsion shall, when being propelled by sail alone, be lighted as prescribed for sailing vessels; and, when being propelled by power and sail combined, or power alone, shall be lighted as for self-propelled vessels.

RULE 68. Lights for Towing Vessels: Any vessel engaged in towing other craft shall carry the side lights prescribed by the preceding rules for vessels of its length; and in lieu of the white lights prescribed in such rules the vessel shall carry on or in front of the foremast, or, if the vessel has no foremast, then in the fore part of the vessel, two bright white lights in a vertical line one above the other and not less than three feet apart; and an additional white light three feet above or below the other two if a second vessel is being towed and the total length of the tow from the stern of the towing vessel exceeds six hundred feet. Each of these white lights shall be of the same construction

and power and shall show over the same arc of the horizon as the light prescribed by Rule 63 (b). The towing vessel may also carry a small white light abaft the funnel or aftermast, or at the stern, for the towed vessel to steer by, but such light shall not be visible forward of the beam.

RULE 69. Lights for Vessels being Towed: (a) Self-propelled vessels and sailing vessels, when being towed, shall carry the side lights but not the white lights prescribed by the preceding Rules. If towed alongside the towing vessel, the vessel being towed shall also display a bright white light on the outer bow and another on the outer stern. (6) Tows made up of barges, scows, etc., when being towed by a hawser in tandem, shall each carry a white light on the bow and another on the stern; and when such tow is made up of two or more craft abreast a white light shall be carried on each corner of such tow. Tows made up of barges, scows, etc., when towed alongside the towing vessel, shall display a white light on the outer bow and another on the outer stern. The white lights required under (a) and (b) of this Rule shall be of such power and so placed as to be visible for at least one mile.

RULE 70. Lights for Fishing Vessels: When under way fishing vessels shall carry the lights prescribed by the preceding Rules for vessels of their class; and when drifting with fishing lines out, or when drawing nets or trawls when under way, shall carry in some part of the vessel where they can best be seen a red and a white light, each of such power and so placed as to be visible all around the horizon for a distance of at least one mile. The red light shall be above the white light, and at a vertical distance of between 6 and 12 feet from it; and the horizontal distance between them, if any, shall not exceed 10 feet.

RULE 71. Lights for Row Boats, etc.: Row boats and cayucos, whether under oars or sail, shall carry a white light of such power and so placed as to be visible all around the horizon at a distance of at least one mile.

RULE 72. Lights for Rafts: Rafts, whether at anchor, being towed, or drifting, shall carry one white light at each corner, of such power and so placed as to be visible all around the horizon for a distance of at least one mile.

RULE 73. Day and Night Signals for Dangerous Cargo: All vessels having a specially dangerous cargo, such as explosives or oils of any kind, shall fly a red flag at the masthead by day and show a red light at night visible all around the horizon at a distance of at least one mile.

RULE 74. Night and Day Marks for Vessels at Anchor: A vessel 150 feet in length when at anchor shall carry forward where it can best be seen a white light at a height not exceeding 20 feet above the hull; and

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a vessel of 150 feet or more in length shall carry forward at a height between 20 and 40 feet above the hull a white light and another at or near the stern of the vessel not less than 15 feet lower than the forward light. These white lights shall be of such power and so placed as to be visible all around the horizon for a distance of at least one mile.

REGULATION 74.1. Lights for Vessels Moored Alongside: Each vessel or barge that is moored alongside of another vessel or barge, or to the side of the Canal, or to any wharf, shall display between the hours of sunset and sunrise, two white lights—one on the outer bow and one on the outer stern, of such power and so placed as to be visible at least one mile.

REGULATION 74.2. Lights for Ferryboats: Ferryboats shall carry the range lights and the colored side lights required for self-propelled vessels 65 feet or more in length, as described in Rule 63; except that double-end ferryboats shall carry a central range of clear, bright, white lights showing all around the horizon, placed at equal altitudes forward and aft, also on the starboard side a green light, and on the port side a red light, of such a character as to be visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere at a distance of at least two miles, and so constructed as to show a uniform and unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 10 points of the compass, and so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on their respective sides.

(As added, effective January 1, 1942, by Governor's Regulation September 17, 1941.)

REGULATION 74.3. Lights for Self-Propelled Suction Dredges Under Way With Their Suction on the Bottom: Self-propelled suction dredges under way with their suction on the bottom shall display by day two black balls not less than two feet in diameter and carried not less than 15 feet above the deck house and so placed to be visible all around the horizon.

By night they shall carry, in addition to the regular running lights, two red lights of the same character as the masthead light, the red lights to be not less than 3 feet nor more than 6 feet apart and the upper red light to be not less than 4 feet and not more than 6 feet below the white masthead light, and on or near the stern two red lights in the same vertical plane not less than 4 feet nor more than 6 feet apart, to show through 4 points of the compass; i. e. from right astern to 2 points on each quarter.

(As added, effective January 1, 1942, by Governor's Regulation September 17, 1941.)

RULE 75. A self-propelled vessel at anchor shall display by day, for. ward where it can best be seen, one black ball not less than two feet in diameter.

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