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RULE 27. Pilotage Charges: Pilotage for vessels in transit through the Canal is free; but should any vessel, while in Canal waters, discharge or receive freight or passengers, or remain for the purpose of effecting repairs, or make either terminal a port of call, such vessel shall be liable for the port pilotage charge.

RULE 28. Vessels in Distress: A vessel in danger or distress is not prohibited from entering a terminal port at any time; but such vessel should, when practicable, give due notice in advance, by radio or otherwise, and obtain a pilot, if possible. Such vessel shall, except in an emergency, anchor in the anchorage area designated by the Governor.

RULE 29. Pilotage beyond the Atlantic Breakwaters: Should a vessel desire a pilot to meet it outside the Atlantic breakwaters, such vessel will remain there and make signal to that effect.

RULE 30. Status and Function of Pilot: The pilot assigned to a vessel shall have control of the navigation and movement of such vessel.

(As amended by E. O. No. 9227 of August 19, 1942 (7 F.R. 6629), promulgated by the President under authority of section 9 of title 2 of the Canal Zone Code.)

CHAPTER V

Requirements Concerning Officers, Crew, Equipment, and

Passengers (See 3, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10.1, 12, 12.1, 13.) Rule 31. Vessels to be Fully Manned: Each vessel navigating the waters of the Canal Zone shall be sufficiently manned in officers and crew for the safe handling of the vessel; and the Governor may deny transit of the Canal, or clearance papers for departure from either of the Canal Zone ports, to any vessel which, in his opinion, is insufficiently manned as to officers and crew.

REGULATION 31.1. Colors and House Flags: During daylight, vessels in Canal waters, whether they be in the terminal ports or in transit through, will keep their colors and house flags flying.

RULE 32. Discharge of Members of Crews: No member of the crew of any vessel shall be discharged in the Canal Zone except with the permission of the Canal authorities.

REGULATION 32.1. Discharge, or Signing on, of Crew Members: As to members of the crew of vessels of United States registry, see Regulation 152.2. No member of the crew of any vessel, other than a vessel of United States registry, shall be discharged in the Canal Zone without the consent of the quarantine officer at the port. Before such consent is given the quarantine officer shall be furnished a memorandum in triplicate showing the name, age, nationality, and rating of the crew member discharged. When crew members are signed on a vessel, other than a vessel of United States registry, at a Canal Zone port, a similar memorandum in triplicate shall be furnished to the chief of customs at the port.

(As added by Governor's Regulation September 9, 1939, and amended by Governor's Regulation March 15, 1945.)

REGULATION 32.2. Members of Crew Failing to Depart from Canal Zone: Masters of vessels departing from the Canal Zone shall promptly report to the quarantine officer at the port any member of the crew who fails to depart on the vessel and who was not discharged in accordance with Regulation 32.1. In cases where a vessel has left port when the absence of a member of the crew is discovered the report shall be made by radio if possible, or, if it is not possible to

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make such report by radio, then it shall be made by mail from the first port of call. The making of the report required hereby shall not relieve the master of a vessel of United States registry of the duty to make the report required by Regulation 152.7.

(As added by Governor's Regulation September 9, 1939.)

RULE 33. Officers to be on Duty: When a vessel is entering or leaving a lock, getting underway, anchoring, shifting berth, or is underway in Gaillard Cut, the master shall be on the bridge and all other officers shall be at their regular stations. Deck officers shall, in addition, remain at their stations while the vessel is in the locks.

RULE 34. In addition to the regular engineer officer of the watch, the chief engineer of a vessel shall remain on duty in the engine room during the approach to and while passing through the locks, and until the lockage shall have been completed and the vessel is clear of the lock walls. He shall also be in the engine room when the vessel is passing through Gaillard Cut, and when getting under way, anchoring or shifting berth. A full head of steam shall be maintained on such occasions.

RULE 35. At other times when a vessel is moving in Canal Zone waters, the master of the vessel, or his qualified representative, shall be present at all times on the bridge, to keep the pilot informed in regard to the individual peculiarities in the handling of the vessel, so that the pilot may be better able to give advice in regard to safely navigating it.

RULE 36. Crew on Watch: When under way in Canal Zone waters, when in a lock, or when moored temporarily in transit through the Canal, a vessel shall keep a full watch on deck and in the engine room. When anchored, moored, or lying at wharf in Canal Zone waters, a vessel shall at all times have on board a sufficient number of men to take care of it.

RULE 37. Unauthorized Persons on the Bridge: While a vessel is under

way in Canal waters, no one shall be allowed on the bridge or in the pilot house except the pilot and other representatives of the Canal, and the master and such officers and crew of the vessel as may be necessary for its management, direction and safety.

RULE 38. Injury to Passengers: The master and officers of a vessel shall require all passengers and all other persons not engaged in working the vessel to keep well clear of lines, bitts, chocks, winches and other gear being used in connection with the lockage. The Panama Canal shall not be responsible for any injury caused to a passenger or other person when such injury has resulted from the nonobservance of this Rule.

RULE 39. Boarding Vessels in Transit: While transiting the Canal no vessel shall take on board any person except the officers, agents, owners and crew of such vessel, and such other persons as may be authorized to board the vessel by the Canal authorities.

RULE 40. Boarding Vessels at the Locks: Except when specially authorized by the Canal authorities, no person shall embark upon or disembark from a vessel while it is in a lock. The Governor is hereby authorized to prescribe regulations under which permits for embarking or disembarking at the locks may be issued, but such permits shall be granted only with the express understanding that The Panama Canal will not be responsible for any injuries to persons or damage to vessels which may result from the exercise of this privilege.

REGULATION 40.1. Permits for embarking and disembarking at the locks will be issued only in an emergency, and such permits will be issued by the Port Captains, and under the understanding specified in Rule 40.

RULE 41. Towing Lines, Mooring Lines, Chocks, and Bitts: Vessels are towed through the locks by electric locomotives, using steel wire towing lines, and the Governor is hereby authorized to prescribe regulations as to the number of such locomotives required for vessels of different sizes; as to what type of chocks and bitts are required to be installed upon vessels before they are permitted to enter the Canal; and as to the number of Canal deck hands to be placed on board vessels to assist crews in handling towing lines at locks.

REGULATION 41.1. Readiness of Vessels in Transit: Before beginning the passage of the Canal, vessels will be required to have hawsers, lines, and fenders ready for passing through the locks, for warping, towing, or mooring as the case may be; and will have both anchors ready for letting go. The master shall assure himself, by actual test, of the readiness of his main engines, steering gear, engine room telegraphs, rudder and engine indicators, and anchors. During the passage, at all times while the vessel is under way or moored against the lock walls, its deck winches, capstans or other power for handling lines, as well as its mooring bitts, deck chocks, cleats, hawse pipes, etc., shall be ready for handling ship, to the exclusion of all other work.

REGULATION 41.2. Chocks and Bitts: For each towing wire used the ship shall be fitted with a heavy closed chock and a heavy pair of bitts, capable of withstanding a strain of 50,000 pounds on the towing wire at any angle, and a straight clear lead shall be provided from each chock to securing bitts. The most suitable installations for the bow and stern towing chocks are large chocks set thwartships

right in the stem and stern, respectively. These to be double the size and strength given above. Both bow wires and both stern wires are run through such chocks. For 6-locomotive ships there shall be a chock on each side forward of amidships, and for 8-locomotive ships, two additional chocks on each side, one about one-third the ship's length abaft the bow and the other the same distance forward of the stern.

(As amended, effective January 1, 1942, by Governor's Regulation September 17, 1941.)

REGULATION 41.3 Number of Locomotives: The number of locomotives to be used for the lockage of any vessel is dependent upon its length, weight, list, trim, and special construction; and the number required will be determined by the Port Captain of the terminal at which the ship enters. He shall inform the pilot and the locks of the locomotive assignment, and shall assume responsibility therefor, and shall place upon the ship the necessary number of line handlers.

RULE 42. A vessel shall keep at least one boat ready for lowering, for the purpose of handling lines.

RULE 43. Disabling Engines: Except when specifically authorized by the Canal authorities, no vessel at any dock or mooring within Canal Zone waters shall have its engines disabled or otherwise be rendered inoperative.

RULE 44. Vessels at Fuel Berths: A vessel at a fuel berth shall keep up steam and be ready to move on short notice unless special authority to the contrary has been obtained from the Canal authorities.

RULE 45. Protection against Fire: A vessel lying at any wharf in the Canal Zone shall at all times keep a satisfactory watch for fire and have suitable fire fighting apparatus ready for immediate use.

RULE 45a. Gangway watch on vessels at piers in wartime: In time of war in which the United States is engaged, and during any other period when ordered by the Governor subject to the provisions of section 8 of title 2 of the Canal Zone Code, the master of a vessel lying at any wharf or pier in the Canal Zone, or his representative, shall cause to be maintained a continuous and competent gangway watch which shall check the identity of all persons going on board or attempting to go on board such vessel, or leaving or attempting to leave such vessel, shall prevent unauthorized persons from going on board such vessel, and shall, through the master of such vessel or his representative, promptly report all cases wherein unauthorized persons board or attempt to board or leave or attempt to leave such vessel. The report hereinbefore required may be made to any Canal Zone police or customs officer, or to any member of the military guard or naval shore patrol

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