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Jacob and his sons are carried into Canaan to be buried.
Stephen proceeds, in his discourse before the Sanhedrim, to enumerate
several other facts in the Jewish history, all tending to the purpose of his own vindication, and their conviction. Acts VII. 15--36.
Acts VII. 15.
ACTS VII. 15. SECT: STEPHEN, while he stood before the council SO Jacob went down
with the radiancy of countenance iaken no- died, he and our fa
tice of above, procceded in his discourse, and thers. VII. 15. said, I have observed to you, brethren, and fa
thers, how Jacob went down into Egypt; and
fathers also, the patriarchs his children, ended
16 And were car
ried over into Sythe war, they were solicitous not to be buried
chem, and laid there; but as Jacob was immediately brought the sepulchre that up, with solemn funeral pomp and procession, Abraham bought for to be buried in the cave of Machpelah with a sum of money of Abraham and Isaac, (Gen. xlix. 30, so the patri. archis also, having been embalmed and put into coffins in Egypt, (Gen. 1. 26,) were, at the return of Israel from thence, carried over to Sychem, and were laid in the sepulchre which was made in that field which Jacob bequeathed to Joseplı as a peculiar legacy; he having first, as
Abraham had done in a like case, purchased it for a sum of money ?, that is, for an hundred
a Which Abraham purchased, &c.] It is when compared with such a designed prea so evident from Gen. xxxiii. 19. and varication. But, without supposing eiJosh. xxiv. 32, that the field at Sychem ther, I apprehend with Beza in his admior Shechem, in which the bones of Jo- rablc note on this text, that Luke proseph (and, as it should seem from this bably wrote only which he (that is, as the passage; and from what is asserted by Je- connection fixes it, Jacob) bought, &c. rom, Epiaph. Paulē, those of the other which was the exact truth; and some of patriarchs,) were buried, was purchased, ficious transcriber, who fancied the verb not by Abraham, but by Jacob, and also wanted a nominative case, and thought he that Abraham's sepulchre was purchased, remembered the purchase of Abraham, not of Emmor, or Hamor, le former (which it is plain he did not exactly disproprietor of Jacob's ground, but of E. tinguish,) put in his name. This solution, phron the Hittile, (Gen. xxiii. 10, & seg.) which is advariced by the learned Boa that it seems demonstrable, that this pass chart (Hierozoic. Part I. lib. ii. cap. 43.) sage has suff red something by the addi- Dr. Benson, and others, is so natural, tion or omission of transcribers; for to that I will not trouble the reader Fith the suppose, that Stephen or Luke designedly mention of several others, which may be used the name of Abraham for Jacob, is, I scen in Dr. Whitby, Sir Norton Knaichthink, , one of the grossest affronts that bull, and Brennius; but shall only obcan be offered to the character of either, scrve, that, if this be not allowed, (which A real slip of memory would be a trifle, has indeed no copy to support it, the ea.
The Israelites are cruelly oppressed in Egypt.
579 the sons of Emmor tie pieces of silver, of the sons of Emmor (the father] father of Sychoin.
of Sychem, from whom in particular, the place
promise, which accordingly happened.
multiplied in such a small beginning, grew very numerous; Egypt ;
16 Till another king and multiplied exceedingly in Egypt : And 18 arose, which knew not they coutinued there for many years in very Joseph :
comfortable circumstances, till another king a-
former, who knew not Joseph, and had no re-
entreued ing crafty and treacherous designs against our cast out their young kindred, lest they in time shonld grow to be children, to the end too powerful, treated our fathers most injuriousthey might not live.
ly, and cruelly contrived to cut them off from
rish, and be quite extinct. (Exod. i. 22.)
siest sense seems to be that which Mr. Taxud is Mary the mother of James : (Luke
580 Moses is born, and educated in the court of Pharaoh.
born, and he was so exceeding beautifulb, that and nourished up in
his parents were struck with a peculiar desire of his father's house three VII. 20. preserving him; and that they might, if pos- months :
sible, secure him from the exi cution of the bar-
they laid him in the flags upon the brink of the
exposed, the providence of God so ordered it, was cast out, Pharaoh's
and took him upe and nourished him, with a pur-
dom of the Egyptians,
mighty is within the system of the celebrated wisdom and words, and in deeds. philosophy of the Egyptians d. And such was
b Erceeding beautiful.] This our trans whom he takes to have been Joseph, bis
When forty years old, he goes to visit his brethren. 581
his remarkable proficiency, that he was mighty
polite and justly renowed nation.
in the knowledge of his real descent, and in
out going in person to take a survev of their
spirit was not able to brook it ; but he defend-
tal wound, he at once rescued and avenged him 25 For he supposed that was oppressed. (Exod. ii. 11, 12.) And 25) have understood, how as he did this action by a special impression that God by his hand from God on his mind, intimating the important would deliver them; work for wbich he was intended, so he supposed but they understood
that his brethren, observing the remarkable cir-
e Mighty in discourses.] It may seem f And in actions.] Archbishop Tillotson difficult to reconcile this with what Moses (in his work, Vol. II. p. 23.) and many himself says of his own want of eloquence, others think, that this refers to a story (Exod. iv. 10.) Some have attempted mentioned by Josephus, (antig. lib. ii. to do it by explaining this expression, as cap. 10. al. 5.) that, when Moses dwelt importing the wisdom of the laws he gave in Pharaoh's court, the Ethiopians invadas they explain the next clause, mighty in ed Egypt, and Moses, being made general actions, of the miracles he wrought. But in the war against them, gave them a lotal Stephen seems rather to refer to what he defeat, and drove back the small remainwas in the court of Pharaoh, than to what der of their forces in confusion to their he afterwards proved. I conclude there. Own country. fore, that it expresses such a weight and g lle supposed that his brethren rould have solidity in his counsels and speeches, as may understood, &c.) They might have be very consistent with the want of a fiorc- known, that the time drew near which God ing elocution, and the remarkable calmness had prefixed in his promise to Abraham, in of his natural temper would render him a prediction which might probably be demore entirely master of himself on great livered down by tradition, and which occasions, rather than others of rcadier would be more likely to be remembered speech with warmer passious.
under their oppression, as the patriarchs diad 4 D 2
27 But he that did
They slight him, and he flies into the land of Midian. were so exceeding stupid, that they did not understand it. And the next day he shewed him 26 And the next day
self again to two of them, as ihey were quarrel- he shewed himself unVII.26. ling together, and would huve interposed be- and would have set
tween them, and have persuaded them to live in them one again, peace and friendship, saying, Men, my friends, saying, Sirs, ye are breconsider you are brethren, descended from thren; 'hy do ye wrong
one to another? Jacob our
common ancestor, and now too joined in affliction as well as in religion, which
ought doubly to cement your affections to each 27 other, why then do ye injure one another ? But
he that injured his neighbour, unable to bear his neighbour wrong, with bis plain and faithful reproof, insolently ing, who made thee thrust him away', saying, What hast thou to do a ruler and a judge with this controversy ? Who hast made thee a over us ?
ruler and a judge over us? Wilt thou kill me, 28 Wilt thou kill 28 as I know thou didst yesterday slay the Egyp- me, as thou didst the tian? His blood may cost thee dear enough
Egyptian yesterday? without adding mine to the account. (Exod. 29 ii. 13, 14.) Then Moses, as he found the 29 Then fied Moses
matter was discovered, and was apprehensive at this saying, and was
and Eliezer. 30 And when forty years more were fulfilled, in 30 And when forty which Israel had continued under this bondage, there appeared to bim
were expired, and Moses had been trained up in that humble in the wilderness of and retired life for the great work for which mount Sinai, an angel God had intended him, the angel of the Lord
of appeared to him in a flame of fire in the midst of
in dependance upon it directed, that their his, to enter into some treaty with him re-