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338 And that they might be sanctified through the truth. SEÇT. able pleasure; and these swords) of this prayer world, that they might I speak thus openly in the hearing of my dis- have my joy fulfilled in

John ciples, while I as yet am with them in the world,
XVII.13 that they who now hear me, and those too for

whose benefit it may be afterwards recorded,
may have my joy, even that holy consolation of

which I am the author and support, abundantly
fulfilled in them. And it indeed becomes me 14 I have given them

to be this solicitous for their comfort and hap- thy word; and the
piness; for I have given them thy word, which world bath hated them,
they have faithfully received: and in conse- the wor'd, even as I
quence of this, though they are indeed the am not of the world.
greatest friends and benefactors of mankind, yet
the world has ungratefully hated them, and will
be sure to persecute them with the utmost vio-
lence, because they are not of the same spirit with
the world, even as I myself, in whose cause they

are engaged, am not of the world, so as to con15 form to it in my temper and conduct. Since 15 I pray not that therefore for my sake they stand thus exposed them out of the world,

thou shouldest take to hatred, injury, and oppression, I most affec- but that thou shouldes: tionately bear them on my heart before thee, () keep them from the my heavenly Father! yet I do not pray that thou evilo shouldest take them immediately out of the world, bad as it is; since I know the purposes of thy glory, and their own improvement and usefulness, will require their longer continuance in it; but I pray that thou wouldst preserve them from being either corrupted or overwhelmed by the evil which perpetually surrounds them, and that the subtilty and malice of the evil one may never 16 overpower them. For I well know that they 16 They are not of will meet with many trials which will bear hard the world, even as I

ain not of the world. upon them ; because (as I have said) they are not of a temper suited to the common sentiments and practice of the world, even as I, their Lord and

Master, am not of the world. 17 To arm then therefore against so formidable 17 Sanctify them

an attack, and to maintain and cultivate this holy through they truth : thy
temper in them, I would entreat thee to com-
plete the work that is so happily begin, and to
sanctify them more and more through ihy trutha:
and as thy word and gospel which they are to


a Sanctify them through thy truth.] I see formed and purified by it.-To sanctify sig. no reason to conclude, with Mr. Mede, that nities in general to set apart to any approsv on aantalu must be put for saç TYY «An- priate use; and is used with peculiar proDelcy, that is, for the service of the gospel. priety with reference to a sacrifice : which That was indeed the remote end which our seems to be the sense in which our Lord Lord had in view; but the more immedi- applies it to himself in ver. 19. Compare ale was that their own souls might be trans- Exod. xiii. 2. xxix. 1, and Lev. xxii. 2.

b That


He prays that all believers might be one in them.

339 preach is the great system of sanctifying truth, sect. whereby real holiness is to be for ever promoted, may these thy servants feel more and more of its

John vital energv on their own souls, to qualify them XV11.17 18 As thou hast sent for the office of dispensing it to others. For 18 me into the world, even as thou hast sent me into the world to be the Mes. so have also sent

senger of this grace, I also have sent them into them into the world.

the world on the same errand, to publish and 19 And for their proclaim what they have learnt of me.

And 19 sakes | sanctify myself, that they also

it is in some measure for their sakes, as well as might be sanctificd for the salvation of all my people, that I now through the truth. sanctify myself, or set myself apart as an offering

holy to thee; that they also, taught by my exam-
ple, and aniinated by my dying love, inay be
truly sanctified through the truth, and completely

fitted for their important office. 20 Neither pray I

And in presenting these petitions for them, 20
for these alone, but
for them also which I am not chiefly influenced by the personal at-
shall believe on me tachment of private friendship, but I consider
through their word ;

them under their public character ; nor do I
pray for these my apostles alone, or offer myself
merely for them; but for them also who shall
hereafter believe on me through their word, whe-
ther it be preached or written ; even for those

who are yet unborn, and on whom the ends of
21 That they all the world shall come : That, being animated by 2Į
may be one, as thou
Father, art in me, and the same Spirit, and inspired with the same
1 in thee: that they love, they all may be truly and intimately one,
that the world may be: as thou, Father, sart] in me, and I in thee; that
lieve that thou hast they also may in friendship and happiness be one

in us, united to us and to each other, and de-
riving from us the richest supplies of Divine
consolation ; that so the world, seeing their be-
nevolence, and charity, and holy joy, may be-
lieve that thou hast sent me, and that a religion

productive of such amiable fruits is indeed of 22 And the glory Divine original b. And the glory which, by 22 which thou gavest me, the coven nt of redemption, thou gavest unto I have given them : that they may be one, me, I have, as authorized by thee, given unto eren as we are one : them, by my faithful and invariable promise,

as the great encouragement of their faith and
hope "; that they may all be one, even as we are

sent me.


That the world may believe that thou world, who does not see what fatal adhast sent me.) This plainly intimates that vantage they have given to infidels to mis. dissentions among Christians would not only represent it as a calamiiy, rather than to be upcomfortable to themselves, but would regard it as a blessing to mankind. May be a means of bringing the truth and ex we be so wise as to take the warning, be. cellence of the Christian religion into ques- fore we are quite destroyed one of another ! tion: and he must be a stranger to what (Gal. v. 15.) hath passed, and is daily passing, in the © The glory which thou gavest me I have


Vov. VI!,

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340 And that they might be with him to behold his glory.
SECT; one, and, in consequence of such a blessed

union, may dwell together with us, and with

each other, in eternal felicity : Thus therefore 23 I in them, and John XVII. 23 may it ever be, I dwelling in them, and thou thou in me, that they

in me ; that they who now enjoy the first be- in one, and that the ginnings of this happy state, may at length be world may know that made completely perfect in one, and be united thou hast sent ine, and

hast loved them, as in the most cordial love, without any jarring thou hast loved me. affection, or the least mixture of sorrow and complaint; that so the clearest demonstration may be given of the efficacy of thy grace, and that the world by this means may know that thou hast sent me, while they perceive them under my forming care to become visibly and justly the favourites of heaven ; and it may thus be mani. fest to all that thou hast loved them, as thou hast loved me, and hast extended this mercy to them for my sake.

24 Father, I will 24 But no improvements, either in holiness or thae they also whom

comfort, in this world, can completely answer thou hast given me, the purposes of my love, and the promises of my be with me where i grace to them ; and therefore, my Father, bebold

am ; that they may

my glory permit me to say, that I will, that is, I importu- which thou hast given nately ask it, and, in consequence of the mutual me: for thou lovedst transactions between us, I am bold to clain it as

me before the founda.

tion of the world.
matter of right, that they also whom thou hast
graciously given me, even all thy chosen and
sanctified people, may at length be with me
where I am, in that heavenly world to which I
am now removing ; that they may there behold
and contemplate, with everlasting delightful
admiration, my glory which thou hast by thy
sure appointment given med, and art just ready
to bestow ; for thou hast loved me before the
foundation of the world, and didst then decree
for me that mediatorial kingdom with which thou

art now about to invest me.

And herein thou wilt not only be merciful, ther, the shared hata but faithful and just too, as it is congruous to

not known thee; but those essential perfections of thy nature, O most I have known thee, righteous Father, thus to distinguish me and my and these bave known followers with a peculiar glory ; for though the that thou hast sent me world has not known or acknowledged thee, yet

I have

given them, &c.] As it was plainly in his d My glory which thou hast given me.]
Father's name, and by the authority of his This may express the lustre and beauty of
commission, that Christ bad given them Christ's personal appearance, the adoration
this promise, which with a lively faith they paid him by the inhabitants of the upper
had affectionately embraced : so this was world, and the administration of the affairs
one of the strongest argnments that could of that providential kingdom, which it is
be urged for the complcte accomplishment his high office to preside over.
of it,

e Though the world has not known thee. )



Reflections on Christ's prayer for his people.

341 I have known thee, and have accordingly direct- SECT. ed the whole of my ministrations to thy glory ; and these my servants to have known that thou

John hast sent me, and will courageously assert it, XVII.25 26 And I have de- even at the expence of their very lives. And I 26 blared unto them thy have declared thy name to them, and will, as I clare it : that the love have opportunity, farther go on to declare [it], wherewith thou hast both by my word, and by my spirit ; that their loved me may be in

graces and services may be more eminent; that them, and I in them.

even the love with which thou hast loved me
dwelling in them; and that I also may take up
my constant residence in them by my spiritual
presence, when my bodily presence is removed,
as it will quickly be.




We have indeed perpetual reason of thankfulness that our gra- Ver 13 cious Redeemer spake these words in the world, and recalled them thus exactly to the memory of his beloved disciple so many years after, that we in the most distant ages of his church might, by reviewing them, have his joy fulfilled in us. Let us with pleasure recollect that those petitions which Christ offered for his apostles were expressly declared not to be intended for them alone ; but so far as circumstances should agree, for all that should believe on

29 him through their word, and therefore for us, if we are real, and not merely nominal believers. For us doth he still pray, not that God would immediately take us out of the world, though for his 15 sake we may be continually hated and injured in it; but that he 14 would keep us from the evil to wbich we are here exposed. For our sakes did he also sanctify himself as a propitiation for our sins, that we also might be sanctified through the truth; for he gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people zealous of good works. (Tit. ii. 14.)

May these wise and gracious purposes of his love be fulfilled in us! May we be one with each other, and with him! May that 21 piety and charity appear in the whole series of our temper and behaviour, which may evidently shew the force of our religion, and reflect a conspicuous honour upon the great Founder of it! And may all concur to train us up for that complete felicity above, in which all the purposes of his love centre ! It is the declared will of Christ, and let us never forget it, that his people should be



That you here signifies Though, the con stances from the sacred writers may be nection plainly demonstrates; and Elsner added, among many others, Luke xviii. produces many instances of it : (Observ. 7. John xiv. 30. Acts vii. 5. and Hed. Vol. 1. 334.) To which the following in- iii. 9.

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312 As Christ is going with his disciples to the garden, SECT, with him where he is, that they may behold his glory which the Fa

ther has given him. And there is apparent congruity, as well as Ver2 + mercy in the appointment : that where he is, there also should

his servants and members be. The blessed angels do undoubtedly behold the glory of Christ with perpetual congratulation and delight; but how much more reason shall we have to rejoice and triumph in it when we consider it as the glory of one in our own nature, the glory of our Redeemer and our Friend, and the pledge and security of our own everlasting happiness ! Let us often be listing up the eyes of our faith towards it, and let us breathe after heaven in this view; in the mean time, with all due zeal, and

love, and duty, acknowledging the Father and the Son, that the 25joys of heaven may be anticipated in our souls, while the love of

God is shed abroud there by his Spirit, which is given unto us, 26 even something of that love wherewith he has loved Jesus our in

carnate Head.


Jesus retires from the guest-chamber to the garden of Gethsemane,

and in his way thither renews the caution which he had given to Peter and the rest of the apostles. Mat. XXVI. 31-35. Mark XIV. 27.-31. Luke XXII. 39. John XVIII. 1.

John XVIII. I.

John XVIII. 1. okti. AND when Jesus had spoken these words that [A. D) when Jesus

are mentioned above, and had concluded words, be (came out, John

bis discourse with this excellent prayer to his and (went torih (as XVIII.1 heavenly Father, he came out from the guest- he was wont,] with

chamber, where he had celebrated the passover, brook Cedron, [to ene and, according to his usual custom every night, mount of

of Olives,] went forth with his disciples out of the city ; and where was a garden, crossing over the brook Kedron which lay on the tered, and his disciples east side of Jerusalem, he came to the foot of the [also followed him.] mount of Olives, where there was a garden be- I LUKE XXII. 39.] longing to one of his friends, into which he had often been used to retire ; and though be knew his enemies would come this very night to seize him there, yet he entered into it, and his disciples also followed him.


a A garden, into which he entered.] Christ in the first sallies of their zeal and rage, probably retired into such a private place, attempt to rescile him in a tumultuous not only for the advantage of secret devo manner.-Kedron was, as its name signition, which perhaps he might not so well fies, a dark shady vale between Jerusalem have enjoyed in the city at so public a and the mount of Olives, through which a time, but also that the people might not little brook ran which took its name from be alarmed at his being apprehended, nor, the place. (Compare 2 Sam. xv. 23.)

и He

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