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338 And that they might be sanctified through the truth. SEÇT. able pleasure; and these swords) of this prayer world, that they might I speak thus openly in the hearing of my dis- have my joy fulfilled in
whose benefit it may be afterwards recorded,
which I am the author and support, abundantly
to be this solicitous for their comfort and hap- thy word; and the
are engaged, am not of the world, so as to con15 form to it in my temper and conduct. Since 15 I pray not that therefore for my sake they stand thus exposed them out of the world,
thou shouldest take to hatred, injury, and oppression, I most affec- but that thou shouldes: tionately bear them on my heart before thee, () keep them from the my heavenly Father! yet I do not pray that thou evilo shouldest take them immediately out of the world, bad as it is; since I know the purposes of thy glory, and their own improvement and usefulness, will require their longer continuance in it; but I pray that thou wouldst preserve them from being either corrupted or overwhelmed by the evil which perpetually surrounds them, and that the subtilty and malice of the evil one may never 16 overpower them. For I well know that they 16 They are not of will meet with many trials which will bear hard the world, even as I
ain not of the world. upon them ; because (as I have said) they are not of a temper suited to the common sentiments and practice of the world, even as I, their Lord and
Master, am not of the world. 17 To arm then therefore against so formidable 17 Sanctify them
an attack, and to maintain and cultivate this holy through they truth : thy
a Sanctify them through thy truth.] I see formed and purified by it.-To sanctify sig. no reason to conclude, with Mr. Mede, that nities in general to set apart to any approsv on aantalu must be put for saç TYY «An- priate use; and is used with peculiar proDelcy, that is, for the service of the gospel. priety with reference to a sacrifice : which That was indeed the remote end which our seems to be the sense in which our Lord Lord had in view; but the more immedi- applies it to himself in ver. 19. Compare ale was that their own souls might be trans- Exod. xiii. 2. xxix. 1, and Lev. xxii. 2.
He prays that all believers might be one in them.
339 preach is the great system of sanctifying truth, sect. whereby real holiness is to be for ever promoted, may these thy servants feel more and more of its
John vital energv on their own souls, to qualify them XV11.17 18 As thou hast sent for the office of dispensing it to others. For 18 me into the world, even as thou hast sent me into the world to be the Mes. so have also sent
senger of this grace, I also have sent them into them into the world.
the world on the same errand, to publish and 19 And for their proclaim what they have learnt of me.
And 19 sakes | sanctify myself, that they also
it is in some measure for their sakes, as well as might be sanctificd for the salvation of all my people, that I now through the truth. sanctify myself, or set myself apart as an offering
holy to thee; that they also, taught by my exam-
fitted for their important office. 20 Neither pray I
And in presenting these petitions for them, 20
them under their public character ; nor do I
who are yet unborn, and on whom the ends of
in us, united to us and to each other, and de-
productive of such amiable fruits is indeed of 22 And the glory Divine original b. And the glory which, by 22 which thou gavest me, the coven nt of redemption, thou gavest unto I have given them : that they may be one, me, I have, as authorized by thee, given unto eren as we are one : them, by my faithful and invariable promise,
as the great encouragement of their faith and
That the world may believe that thou world, who does not see what fatal adhast sent me.) This plainly intimates that vantage they have given to infidels to mis. dissentions among Christians would not only represent it as a calamiiy, rather than to be upcomfortable to themselves, but would regard it as a blessing to mankind. May be a means of bringing the truth and ex we be so wise as to take the warning, be. cellence of the Christian religion into ques- fore we are quite destroyed one of another ! tion: and he must be a stranger to what (Gal. v. 15.) hath passed, and is daily passing, in the © The glory which thou gavest me I have
340 And that they might be with him to behold his glory.
union, may dwell together with us, and with
each other, in eternal felicity : Thus therefore 23 I in them, and John XVII. 23 may it ever be, I dwelling in them, and thou thou in me, that they
in me ; that they who now enjoy the first be- in one, and that the ginnings of this happy state, may at length be world may know that made completely perfect in one, and be united thou hast sent ine, and
hast loved them, as in the most cordial love, without any jarring thou hast loved me. affection, or the least mixture of sorrow and complaint; that so the clearest demonstration may be given of the efficacy of thy grace, and that the world by this means may know that thou hast sent me, while they perceive them under my forming care to become visibly and justly the favourites of heaven ; and it may thus be mani. fest to all that thou hast loved them, as thou hast loved me, and hast extended this mercy to them for my sake.
24 Father, I will 24 But no improvements, either in holiness or thae they also whom
comfort, in this world, can completely answer thou hast given me, the purposes of my love, and the promises of my be with me where i grace to them ; and therefore, my Father, bebold
am ; that they may
my glory permit me to say, that I will, that is, I importu- which thou hast given nately ask it, and, in consequence of the mutual me: for thou lovedst transactions between us, I am bold to clain it as
me before the founda.
tion of the world.
art now about to invest me.
And herein thou wilt not only be merciful, ther, the shared hata but faithful and just too, as it is congruous to
not known thee; but those essential perfections of thy nature, O most I have known thee, righteous Father, thus to distinguish me and my and these bave known followers with a peculiar glory ; for though the that thou hast sent me world has not known or acknowledged thee, yet
given them, &c.] As it was plainly in his d My glory which thou hast given me.]
e Though the world has not known thee. )
Reflections on Christ's prayer for his people.
341 I have known thee, and have accordingly direct- SECT. ed the whole of my ministrations to thy glory ; and these my servants to have known that thou
John hast sent me, and will courageously assert it, XVII.25 26 And I have de- even at the expence of their very lives. And I 26 blared unto them thy have declared thy name to them, and will, as I clare it : that the love have opportunity, farther go on to declare [it], wherewith thou hast both by my word, and by my spirit ; that their loved me may be in
graces and services may be more eminent; that them, and I in them.
even the love with which thou hast loved me
We have indeed perpetual reason of thankfulness that our gra- Ver 13 cious Redeemer spake these words in the world, and recalled them thus exactly to the memory of his beloved disciple so many years after, that we in the most distant ages of his church might, by reviewing them, have his joy fulfilled in us. Let us with pleasure recollect that those petitions which Christ offered for his apostles were expressly declared not to be intended for them alone ; but so far as circumstances should agree, for all that should believe on
29 him through their word, and therefore for us, if we are real, and not merely nominal believers. For us doth he still pray, not that God would immediately take us out of the world, though for his 15 sake we may be continually hated and injured in it; but that he 14 would keep us from the evil to wbich we are here exposed. For our sakes did he also sanctify himself as a propitiation for our sins, that we also might be sanctified through the truth; for he gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people zealous of good works. (Tit. ii. 14.)
May these wise and gracious purposes of his love be fulfilled in us! May we be one with each other, and with him! May that 21 piety and charity appear in the whole series of our temper and behaviour, which may evidently shew the force of our religion, and reflect a conspicuous honour upon the great Founder of it! And may all concur to train us up for that complete felicity above, in which all the purposes of his love centre ! It is the declared will of Christ, and let us never forget it, that his people should be
That you here signifies Though, the con stances from the sacred writers may be nection plainly demonstrates; and Elsner added, among many others, Luke xviii. produces many instances of it : (Observ. 7. John xiv. 30. Acts vii. 5. and Hed. Vol. 1. 334.) To which the following in- iii. 9.
0 1 2
312 As Christ is going with his disciples to the garden, SECT, with him where he is, that they may behold his glory which the Fa
ther has given him. And there is apparent congruity, as well as Ver2 + mercy in the appointment : that where he is, there also should
his servants and members be. The blessed angels do undoubtedly behold the glory of Christ with perpetual congratulation and delight; but how much more reason shall we have to rejoice and triumph in it when we consider it as the glory of one in our own nature, the glory of our Redeemer and our Friend, and the pledge and security of our own everlasting happiness ! Let us often be listing up the eyes of our faith towards it, and let us breathe after heaven in this view; in the mean time, with all due zeal, and
love, and duty, acknowledging the Father and the Son, that the 25joys of heaven may be anticipated in our souls, while the love of
God is shed abroud there by his Spirit, which is given unto us, 26 even something of that love wherewith he has loved Jesus our in
Jesus retires from the guest-chamber to the garden of Gethsemane,
and in his way thither renews the caution which he had given to Peter and the rest of the apostles. Mat. XXVI. 31-35. Mark XIV. 27.-31. Luke XXII. 39. John XVIII. 1.
John XVIII. I.
John XVIII. 1. okti. AND when Jesus had spoken these words that [A. D) when Jesus
are mentioned above, and had concluded words, be (came out, John
bis discourse with this excellent prayer to his and (went torih (as XVIII.1 heavenly Father, he came out from the guest- he was wont,] with
chamber, where he had celebrated the passover, brook Cedron, [to ene and, according to his usual custom every night, mount of
of Olives,] went forth with his disciples out of the city ; and where was a garden, crossing over the brook Kedron which lay on the tered, and his disciples east side of Jerusalem, he came to the foot of the [also followed him.] mount of Olives, where there was a garden be- I LUKE XXII. 39.] longing to one of his friends, into which he had often been used to retire ; and though be knew his enemies would come this very night to seize him there, yet he entered into it, and his disciples also followed him.
a A garden, into which he entered.] Christ in the first sallies of their zeal and rage, probably retired into such a private place, attempt to rescile him in a tumultuous not only for the advantage of secret devo manner.-Kedron was, as its name signition, which perhaps he might not so well fies, a dark shady vale between Jerusalem have enjoyed in the city at so public a and the mount of Olives, through which a time, but also that the people might not little brook ran which took its name from be alarmed at his being apprehended, nor, the place. (Compare 2 Sam. xv. 23.)