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1930. 1931.

The following table indicates direct expenditures of the pansion can not be justified in their usefulness to the GovFederal Government in aid to unemployment, agriculture, ernment or the people. As an aid to unemployment we and financial relief over the past four years. The sums ap- should, beyond the normal constructive programs, substitute plied to financial relief multiply themselves many fold, being reproductive or so-called self-liquidating works. Loans for in considerable measure the initial capital supplied to the such purposes have been provided for through the ReconReconstruction Finance Corporation, farm loan banks, and struction Finance Corporation. This change in character of so forth, which will be recovered to the Treasury.

projects directly relieves the taxpayer and is capable of ex

pansion into a larger field than the direct Federal works. Agricultural The reproductive works constitute an addition to national Public works relief and finan- wealth and to future employment, whereas further undue

cial loans

expansion of Federal public works is but a burden upon the

future. Fiscal year ending June 30

$410, 420,000 $156, 100, 000 The Federal construction program thus limited to commit

574, 870,000 196, 700,000 ments and work in progress under the proposed appropria1932.

655, 880,000 1933.

717, 260,000 52,000,000 tions contemplates expenditures for the next fiscal year,

including naval and other vessel construction, as well as Total.

2, 358, 430,000 1, 177,500,000

other forms of public works and maintenance, of a total of Public building, highways, rivers and harbors and their maintenance, naval and

$442,769,000, as compared with $717,262,000 for the present other vessels construction, hospitals, etc.

year. Continued constructive policies promoting the economic The expenditure on such items over the four years ending recovery of the country must be the paramount duty of the June 30 next will amount to $2,350,000,000, or an amount of Government. The result of the agencies we have created construction work eight times as great as the cost of the and the policies we have pursued has been to buttress our Panama Canal and, except for completion of certain longwhole domestic financial structure and greatly to restore view projects, places the Nation in many directions well credit facilities. But progress in recovery requires another ahead of its requirements for some years to come. A normal element as well—that is, fully restored confidence in the program of about $200,000,000 per annum should hereafter future. Institutions and men may have resources and credit, provide for the country's necessities and will permit substanbut unless they have confidence progress is halting and tial future reduction in Federal expenditures. insecure.

I recommend that the furlough system installed last year There are three definite directions in which action by the be continued not only because of the economy produced but Government at once can contribute to strengthen further because, being tantamount to the “5-day week,” it sets an the forces of recovery by strengthening of confidence. They example which should be followed by the country and beare the necessary foundations to any other action, and their cause it embraces within its workings the “spread work" accomplishment would at once promote employment and principle and thus serves to maintain a number of public increase prices.

servants who would otherwise be deprived of all income. I The first of these directions of action is the continuing feel, however, in view of the present economic situation and reduction of all Government expenditures, whether national, the decrease in the cost of living by over 20 per cent, that State, or local. The difficulties of the country demand un- some further sacrifice should be made by salaried officials of diminished efforts toward economy in government in every the Government over and above the 843 per cent reduction direction. Embraced in this problem is the unquestioned under the furlough system. I will recommend that after balancing of the Federal Budget. That is the first necessity exempting the first $1,000 of salary there should be a temof national stability and is the foundation of further re- porary reduction for one year of 11 per cent of that part of covery. It must be balanced in an absolutely safe and sure all Government salaries in excess of the $1,000 exemption, manner if full confidence is to be inspired.

the result of which, combined with the furlough system, The second direction for action is the complete reorgan- | will average about 14.8 per cent reduction in pay to those ization at once of our banking system. The shocks to our earning more than $1,000. economic life have undoubtedly been multiplied by the weak- I will recommend measures to eliminate certain payments ness of this system, and until they are remedied recovery in the veterans' services. I conceive these outlays were entirely will be greatly hampered.

beyond the original intentions of Congress in building up The third direction for immediate action is vigorous and veterans' allowances. Many abuses have grown up from illwhole souled cooperation with other governments in the considered legislation. They should be eliminated. The Naeconomic field. That our major difficulties find their origins tion should not ask for a reduction in allowances to men in the economic weakness of foreign nations requires no and dependents whose disabilities rise out of war service demonstration. The first need to-day is strengthening of nor to those veterans with substantial service who have becommodity prices. That can not be permanently accom- come totally disabled from nonwar-connected causes and plished by artificialities. It must be accomplished by expan- who are at the same time without other support. These sion in consumption of goods through the return of stability latter veterans are a charge on the community at some and confidence in the world at large and that in turn can not point, and I feel that in view of their service to the Nation be fully accomplished without cooperation with other as a whole the responsibility should fall upon the Federal nations.

Government.

Many of the economies recommended in the Budget were I shall in due course present the Executive Budget to the presented at the last session of the Congress but failed of Congress. It will show proposed reductions in appropriations adoption. If the Economy and Appropriations Committees below those enacted by the last session of the Congress by of the Congress in canvassing these proposed expenditures over $830,000,000. In addition I shall present the necessary shall find further reductions which can be made without imExecutive orders under the recent act authorizing the reor- pairing essential Government services, it will be welcomed ganization of the Federal Government which, if permitted both by the country and by myself. But under no circumto go into force, will produce still further substantial econo- stances do I feel that the Congress should fail to uphold the mies. These sums in reduction of appropriations will, how- total of reductions recommended. ever, be partially offset by an increase of about $250,000,000 Some of the older revenues and some of the revenues proin uncontrollable items such as increased debt services, etc. vided under the act passed during the last session of the

In the Budget there is included only the completion of the Congress, particularly those generally referred to as the Federal public works projects already undertaken or under nuisance taxes, have not been as prolific of income as had contract. Speeding up of Federal public works during the been hoped. Further revenue is necessary in addition to past four years as an aid to employment has advanced many the amount of reductions in expenditures recommended. types of such improvements to the point where further ex- | Many of the manufacturers' excise taxes upon selected in

BALANCING THE BUDGET

dustries not only failed to produce satisfactory revenue, but | capital to thousands of small businesses, but also, in the they are in many ways unjust and discriminatory. The frantic pressure to recall loans to meet pressures of hoardtime has come when, if the Government is to have an ade- ing and in liquidation of failed banks, millions of other quate basis of revenue to assure a balanced Budget, this people have suffered in the loss of their homes and farms, system of special manufacturers' excise taxes should be ex- businesses have been ruined, unemployment increased, and tended to cover practically all manufactures at a uniform farmers' prices diminished. rate, except necessary food and possibly some grades of That this failure to function is unnecessary and is the clothing.

fault of our particular system is plainly indicated by the At the last session the Congress responded to my request fact that in Great Britain, where the economic mechanism for authority to reorganize the Government departments. has suffered far greater shocks than our own, there has not The act provides for the grouping and consolidation of ex- been a single bank failure during the depression. Again ecutive and administrative agencies according to major pur- in Canada, where the situation has been in large degree pose, and thereby reducing the number and overlap and identical with our own, there have not been substantial bank duplication of effort. Executive orders issued for these pur- failures. poses are required to be transmitted to the Congress while The creation of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation in session and do not become effective until after the expira- and the amendments to the Federal reserve act served to detion of 60 calendar days after such transmission, unless the fend the Nation in a great crisis. They are not remedies; Congress shall sooner approve.

they are relief. It is inconceivable that the Reconstruction I shall issue such Executive orders within a few days Corporation, which has extended aid to nearly 6,000 institugrouping or consolidating over 50 executive and administra- tions and is manifestly but a temporary device, can go on tive agencies, including a large number of commissions and indefinitely. “independent” agencies.

It is to-day a matter of satisfaction that the rate of bank The second step, of course, remains that after these vari- failures, of hoarding, and the demands upon the Reconstrucous bureaus and agencies are placed cheek by jowl into such tion Corporation have greatly lessened. The acute phases of groups, the administrative officers in charge of the groups the crisis have obviously passed and the time has now come shall eliminate their overlap and still further consolidate when this national danger and this failure to respond to these activities. Therein lie large economies.

national necessities must be ended and the measures to end The Congress must be warned that a host of interested them can be safely undertaken. Methods of reform have persons inside and outside the Government whose vision is been exhaustively examined. There is no reason now why concentrated on some particular function will at once pro- solution should not be found at the present session of the test against these proposals. These same sorts of activities Congress. Inflation of currency or governmental conduct of have prevented reorganization of the Government for over a banking can have no part in these reforms. The Governquarter of a century. They must be disregarded if the task ment must abide within the field of constructive organizais to be accomplished.

tion, regulation, and the enforcement of safe practices only. BANKING

Parallel with reform in the banking laws must be changes The basis of every other and every further effort toward in the Federal farm loan banking system and in the jointrecovery is to reorganize at once our banking system. The stock land banks. Some of these changes should be directed shocks to our economic system have undoubtedly multiplied to permanent improvement and some to emergency aid to by the weakness of our financial system. I first called atten

our people where they wish to fight to save their farms and

homes. tion of the Congress in 1929 to this condition, and I have unceasingly recommended remedy since that time. The sub

I wish again to emphasize this view—that these wideject has been exhaustively investigated both by the com- spread banking reforms are a national necessity and are the mittees of the Congress and the officers of the Federal first requisites for further recovery in agriculture and busireserve system.

They should have immediate consideration as steps The banking and financial system is presumed to serve in greatly needed to further recovery. furnishing the essential lubricant to the wheels of industry,

ECONOMIC COOPERATION WITH OTHER NATIONS agriculture, and commerce; that is, credit. Its diversion Our major dificulties during the past two years find their from proper use, its improper use, or its insufficiency in- origins in the shocks from economic collapse abroad, which stantly brings hardship and dislocation in economic life. in turn are the aftermath of the Great War. If we are to As a system our banking has failed to meet this great emer- secure rapid and assured recovery and protection for the gency. It can be said without question of doubt that our future, we must cooperate with foreign nations in many losses and distress have been greatly augmented by its measures. wholly inadequate organization. Its inability as a system We have actively engaged in a world disarmament conferto respond to our needs is to-day a constant drain upon ence where, with success, we should reduce our own tax progress toward recovery. In this statement I am not re- burdens and the tax burdens of other major nations. We ferring to individual banks or bankers. Thousands of them should increase political stability of the world. We should have shown distinguished courage and ability. On the con- lessen the danger of war by increasing defensive powers and trary, I am referring to the system itself, which is so organ- decreasing offensive powers of nations. We would thus open ized, or so lacking in organization, that in an emergency its new vistas of economic expansion for the world. very mechanism jeopardizes or paralyzes the action of sound We are participating in the formulation of a world ecobanks and its instability is responsible for periodic dangers nomic conference, successful results from which would conto our whole economic system.

tribute much to advance in agricultural prices, employment, Bank failures rose in 1931 to 1042 per cent of all the banks and business. Currency depreciation and correlated forces as compared to 142 per cent of the failures of all other types have contributed greatly to decrease in price levels. Moreof enterprise. Since January 1, 1930, we have had 4,665 over, from these origins rise most of the destructive trade banks suspend, with $3,300,000,000 in deposits. Partly from barriers now stifling the commerce of the world. We could fears and drains from abroad, partly from these failures by successful action increase security and expand trade themselves—which, indeed, often caused closing of sound through stability in international exchange and monetary banks—we have witnessed hoarding of currency to an enor- values. By such action world confidence could be restored. mous sum, rising during the height of the crisis to over It would bring courage and stability, which will reflect into $1,600,000,000. The results from interreaction of cause and every home in our land. effect have expressed themselves in strangulation of credit The European governments, obligated to us in war debts, which at times has almost stifled the Nation's business and have requested that there should be suspension of payments agriculture. The losses, suffering, and tragedies of our due the United States on December 15 next, to be accompeople are incalculable. Not alone do they lie in the losses panied by exchange of views upon this debt question. Our of savings to millions of homes, injury by deprival of working | Government has informed them that we do not approve of

ness.

OTHER LEGISLATION

suspension of the December 15 payments. I have stated | whole have met forces beyond their control, such as those of that I would recommend to the Congress methods to over- the Great War and this great depression, where the full come temporary exchange difficulties in connection with this powers of the Federal Government must be exerted to protect payment from nations where it may be necessary.

the people. But even these must be limited to an emerIn the meantime I wish to reiterate that here are three gency sense and must be promptly ended when these dangers great fields of international action which must be considered are overcome. not in part but as a whole. They are of most vital interest With the free development of science and the consequent to our people. Within them there are not only grave dangers multitude of inventions, some of which are absolutely revoif we fail in right action but there also lie immense oppor-lutionary in our national life, the Government must not only tunities for good if we shall succeed. Within success there stimulate the social and economic responsibility of individ. lie major remedies for our economic distress and major uals and private institutions but it must also give leadership progress in stability and security to every fireside in our to cooperative action amongst the people which will soften country.

the effect of these revolutions and thus secure social transThe welfare of our people is dependent upon successful formations in an orderly manner. The highest form of issue of the great causes of world peace, world disarmament, self-government is the voluntary cooperation within our and organized world recovery. Nor is it too much to say that people for such purposes. to-day as never before the welfare of mankind and the But I would emphasize again that social and economic preservation of civilization depend upon our solution of these solutions, as such, will not avail to satisfy the aspirations of questions. Such solutions can not be attained except by the people unless they conform with the traditions of our honest friendship, by adherence to agreements entered upon race, deeply grooved in their sentiments through a century until mutually revised and by cooperation amongst nations and a half of struggle for ideals of life that are rooted in in a determination to find solutions which will be mutually religion and fed from purely spiritual springs. beneficial.

HERBERT HOOVER.

THE WHITE HOUSE, I have placed various legislative needs before the Congress

December 6, 1932. in previous messages, and these views require no amplifica- Ordered, That the message lie on the table. tion on this occasion. I have urged the need for reform in

ANNUAL REPORT OF SECRETARY OF SENATE our transportation and power regulation, in the antitrust laws as applied to our national resource industries, western

The Vice President laid before the Senate a communicarange conservation, extension of Federal aid to child-health tion from the Secretary of the Senate, transmitting, purservices, membership in the World Court, the ratification of suant to law, a report of receipts and expenditures of the the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence seaway treaty, revision of the Senate for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1932. bankruptcy acts, revision of Federal court procedure, and

Ordered, That the communication, with the accompanymany other pressing problems.

ing report, lie on the table and be printed. These and other special subjects I shall, where necessary,

REPORT OF ST. ELIZABETHS HOSPITAL deal with by special communications to the Congress.

The Vice President laid before the Senate a communicaThe activities of our Government are so great, when combined with the emergency activities which have arisen out of suant to law, a report of the superintendent of St. Elizabeths

tion from the Secretary of the Interior, transmitting, purthe world crisis, that even the briefest review of them would Hospital for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1932, showing in render the annual message unduly long. I shall therefore detail the receipts and expenditures for all purposes in conavail myself of the fact that every detail of the Government nection with the said institution; which, with the accomis covered in the reports to the Congress by each of the panying report, was referred to the Committee on the Disdepartments and agencies of the Government.

trict of Columbia. CONCLUSION

REPORT OF WAR MINERALS RELIEF COMMISSION It seems to me appropriate upon this occasion to make certain general observations upon the principles which must

The Vice President laid before the Senate a communicadominate the solution of problems now pressing upon the tion from the Secretary of the Interior, transmitting, purNation. Legislation in response to national needs will be suant to law, a report of the administration of the war effective only if every such act conforms to a complete phi- minerals relief act, including receipts and disbursements for losophy of the people's purposes and destiny. Ours is a dis- the year ended November 30, 1932; which, with the accomtinctive Government with a unique history and background, panying report, was referred to the Committee on Mines and consciously dedicated to a specific ideals of liberty and to a

Mining. faith in the inviolable sanctity of the individual human

REPORT OF FEDERAL BUREAU OF NARCOTICS spirit. Furthermore, the continued existence and adequate

The Vice President laid before the Senate a communicafunctioning of our Government in preservation of ordered tion from the Secretary of the Treasury, transmitting, purliberty and stimulation of progress depends upon the main-suant to law, a copy of the Annual Report of the Federal tenance of State, local, institutional, and individual sense of Bureau of Narcotics for the calendar year ended December responsibility. We have builded a system of individualism 31. 1931: which, with the accompanying report, was referred peculiarly our own which must not be forgotten in any gov-to the Committee on Finance. ernmental acts, for from it have grown greater accomplishments than those of any other nation.

USELESS PAPERS IN THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT On the social and economic sides, the background of our The Vice President laid before the Senate a communicaAmerican system and the motivation of progress is essen- tion from the Secretary of the Treasury, transmitting, purtially that we should allow free play of social and economic suant to law, a report of papers and documents in the files forces as far as will not limit equality of opportunity and as of the Treasury Department and certain branches thereof will at the same time stimulate the initiative and enterprise which are not needed or useful in the transaction of the of our people. In the maintenance of this balance the Fed-current business of the department and have no permanent eral Government can permit of no privilege to any person value or historical interest; which, with the accompanying or group. It should act as a regulatory agent and not as a report, was referred to a Joint Select Committee on the Disparticipant in economic and social life. The moment the position of Useless Papers in the Executive Departments; Government participates, it becomes a competitor with the and people. As a competitor it becomes at once a tyranny in The Vice President appointed Mr. Smoot and Mr. Harrison whatever direction it may touch. We have around us as the members of the committee on the part of the Senate. numerous such experiences, no one of which can be found Ordered, That the Secretary notify the House of Repreto have justified itself except in cases where the people as a 'sentatives thereof.

DEVELOPMENT OF OIL AND GAS POOLS

ANNUAL REPORT OF FEDERAL RADIO COMMISSION The Vice President laid before the Senate two communi- The Vice President laid before the Senate a communication cations from the Secretary of the Interior, transmitting, from the acting chairman of the Federal Radio Commission, pursuant to law, information concerning the approval of transmitting, pursuant to law, the annual report of the comunit plans of development for Big Sand Draw gas field, mission for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1932; which, with Fremont County, Wyo., and Billy Creek field, Johnson the accompanying report, was referred to the Committee on County, Wyo.; which, with the accompanying reports, were

Interstate Commerce. referred to the Committee on Public Lands and Surveys.

ANNUAL REPORT OF BOARD OF MEDIATION EXPENDITURES OF GEOLOGICAL SURVEY ON INDIAN LANDS

The Vice President laid before the Senate a communication The Vice President laid before the Senate a communica- from the chairman of the United States Board of Mediation, tion from the Secretary of the Interior, transmitting, pur- transmitting, pursuant to law, the sixth annual report of the suant to law, a statement of expenditures by the Geological board for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1932; which, with Survey on tribal and allotted Indian lands during the fiscal the accompanying report, was referred to the Committee on year ended June 30, 1932; which, with the accompanying Interstate Commerce. statement, was referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.

ANNUAL REPORT OF SHIPPING BOARD
INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECTS

The Vice President laid before the Senate a communicaThe Vice President laid before the Senate a communica- tion from the chairman of the United States Shipping tion from the Secretary of the Interior, transmitting, pur- Board, transmitting, pursuant to law, the sixteenth annual suant to law, a report showing the cost and other data with report of the board and the United States Shipping Board respect to Indian irrigation projects as compiled to the end Merchant Fleet Corporation for the fiscal year ended June of the fiscal year ended June 30, 1932; which, with the 30, 1932; which, with the accompanying report, was referred accompanying report, was referred to the Committee on

to the Committee on Commerce. Indian Affairs.

SETTLEMENT OF SHIPPING BOARD CLAIMS REPORT OF NATIONAL BOARD FOR PROMOTION OF RIFLE PRACTICE

The Vice President laid before the Senate a communicaThe Vice President laid before the Senate a communi- tion from the chairman of the United States Shipping cation from the Secretary of Var, trar nitting, pursuant to Board, transmitting, pursuant to law, a report of claims law, the annual report of the activities of the National arbitrated or settled by agreement from October 16, 1931, Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice for the fiscal year to October 15, 1932, by the United States Shipping Board ended June 30, 1932; which, with the accompanying report, and/or the United States Shipping Board Merchant Fleet was referred to the Committee on Military Affairs.

Corporation; which, with the accompanying report, was re

ferred to the Committee on Commerce. REPORT ON POST EXCHANGES

ANNUAL REPORT OF PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION The Vice President laid before the Senate a communication from the Acting Secretary of War, transmitting,

The Vice President laid before the Senate a communicapursuant to law, a report on post exchanges operated by tion from the chairman of the Public Utilities Commission of or under the supervision of the War Department on June 30, the District of Columbia, transmitting, pursuant to law, a 1932; which, with the accompanying report, was referred report of the official proceedings of the commission for the to the Committee on Military Affairs.

year ended December 31, 1931, with other information relat

ing to the regulation and operation of public utilities in the AIRCRAFT PURCHASED FOR NAVY

District coming under the jurisdiction of the commission; The Vice President laid before the Senate a communi

which, with the accompanying report, was referred to the cation from the Secretary of the Navy, transmitting, pursu- Committee on the District of Columbia. ant to law, a report of designs, aircraft, aircraft parts, and

REPORT OF DIRECTOR OF BOTANIC GARDEN aeronautical accessories purchased by the Navy Department during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1932, the prices paid The Vice President laid before the Senate a communicatherefor, and the reason for the award in each case; which, tion from the Director of the United States Botanic Garden, with the accompanying report, was referred to the Com- transmitting, pursuant to law, a statement showing the mittee on Naval Affairs.

travel expenses in connection with official business of the

office during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1932; which was The Vice President laid before the Senate a communication referred to the Committee on the Library. from the Secretary of State, transmitting, in response to

REPORT OF MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION COMMISSION Senate Resolution No. 181, agreed to June 8, 1932, a report The Vice President laid before the Senate a communicaof Hon. Robert W. Bonynge, agent of the United States, tion from the Secretary of Agriculture, as ex officio chairMixed Claims Commission, United States and Germany, man of the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission, transrelative to claims of American nationals against the Govern- mitting, pursuant to law, a report of the commission for ment of Germany filed with the Department of State be- the fiscal year ended June 30, 1932; which, with the accomtween June 30, 1928, and June 8, 1932; which, with the ac- panying report, was referred to the Committee on Agriculcompanying report, was referred to the Committee on ture and Forestry. Foreign Relations and ordered to be printed.

REPORT OF COMMISSIONERS OF DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA REPORT OF NATIONAL FOREST RESERVATION COMMISSION

The Vice President laid before the Senate a communicaThe Vice President laid before the Senate a communica- tion from the president of the Board of Commissioners of tion from the Secretary of War, as ex officio president of the

the District of Columbia, transmitting, pursuant to law, a National Forest Reservation Commission, transmitting, pur- report of the official operations of said government for the suant to law, the report of the commission for the fiscal year

fiscal year ended June 30, 1932; which, with the accompanyended June 30, 1932; which, with the accompanying report, ing report, was referred to the Committee on the District of was referred to the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry Columbia. and ordered to be printed with the accompanying illustration. REPORT OF RECONSTRUCTION FINANCE CORPORATION FINAL VALUATIONS OF CERTAIN RAILROAD PROPERTIES

The Vice President laid before the Senate a communicaThe Vice President laid before the Senate a communica- tion from the chairman and secretary of the Reconstruction from the chairman of the Interstate Commerce Com- tion Finance Corporation, transmitting, pursuant to law, a mission, transmitting, pursuant to law, final valuations of report of its operations for the period from the organizaproperties of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Co. and 11 tion of the corporation on February 2, 1932, to September other railroads; which, with the accompanying papers, was 30, 1932; which, with the accompanying report, was rereferred to the Committee on Interstate Commerce,

ferred to the Committee on Banking and Currency.

AMERICAN

CLAIMS

AGAINST

GERMANY

REPORT OF FEDERAL POWER COMMISSION

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE TARIFF COMMISSION The Vice President laid before the Senate a communi

The Vice President laid before the Senate a communicacation from the chairman of the Federal Power Commis- | tion from the chairman of the United States Tariff Camsion, transmitting, pursuant to law, the annual report of mission, transmitting, pursuant to law, the sixteenth annual the commission for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1932, report of the commission; which, with the accompanying including a statement showing permits and licenses issued, report, was referred to the Committee on Finance. the parties thereto, the terms prescribed, the moneys re- REPORTS UNDER ECONOMY PROVISIONS OF LEGISLATIVE ceived, and the names and compensation of members and

APPROPRIATION ACT employees of the commission; which, with the accompany

The Vice President laid before the Senate two communicaing report, was referred to the Committee on Commerce. tions from the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, transANNUAL REPORT OF THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL

mitting, pursuant to law, the following reports: The Vice President laid before the Senate a communica- lough provisions of the legislative appropriation act for the

A report relative to exemptions granted under the furtion from the Comptroller General of the United States, fiscal year ending June 30, 1933; and transmitting, pursuant to law, a report of the work of the

Reports rendered by the several departments, independent General Accounting Office for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1932, with recommendations for certain legislation cal-establishments, and the municipal government of the Disculated to effect greater economy and efficiency in public ex

trict of Columbia, concerning the suspension of promotions,

the filling of vacancies, and compulsory retirements for age penditures; which, with the accompanying report, was re

under the provisions of the legislative appropriation act for ferred to the Committee on Appropriations.

the fiscal year ending June 30, 1933. CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES

Ordered, That the communications, with the accompanyThe Vice President laid before the Senate four communi- | ing reports, be referred to the Committee on Appropriations. cations from the Comptroller General of the United States,

PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS transmitting, pursuant to law, reports and recommendations

The Vice President laid before the Senate a petition concerning the claims of Harvey Canal Ship Yard and Ma- adopted in conference on December 5, 1932, by 3,000 delechine Shop, Mary Byrkett Sinks, Lawrence S. Copeland, and gates elected by unemployment councils, trades-unions, Texas Power & Light Co., respectively, against the United and other workers' organizations, representing unemStates; which, with the accompanying reports, were referred ployed persons, praying an appropriation for winter relief to the Committee on Claims.

and immediate unemployment insurance from the Federal REPORT OF TEXTILE FOUNDATION

Government, and a petition of the seamen's section of the The Vice President laid before the Senate a communi- so-called “national hunger” march praying immediate recation from the chairman of the Textile Foundation, trans- lief for unemployed seamen; which were referred to the mitting, pursuant to law, a report of the proceedings, activ- Committee on Appropriations. ities, income, and expenditures of the corporation for the Mr. Capper presented resolutions adopted at Washington, year ended December 31, 1931; which, with the accompany- | D. C., by the Woman's National Committee for Law Ening report, was referred to the Committee on Commerce. forcement, remonstrating against the modification or repeal

of the prohibition enforcement act' or the national prohibiANNUAL REPORT OF PUERTO RICAN HURRICANE RELIEF COMMISSION

tion amendment to the Constitution; which were referred The Vice President laid before the Senate a communica- to the Committee on the Judiciary. tion from the Secretary of War, chairman of the Puerto

Mr. Walsh of Massachusetts presented resolutions adopted Rican Hurricane Relief Commission, transmitting, pursuant by the executive committee of the Liberal Civic League to law, the annual report of the commission for the year (Inc.), of Boston, Mass., urging the submission to the States ended September 30, 1932; which, with the accompanying of the immediate and unconditional repeal of the national report, was referred to the Committee on Appropriations.

prohibition amendment to the Constitution by conventions HEALING ARTS PRACTICE IN DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

of the States; which were referred to the Committee on

the Judiciary. The Vice President laid before the Senate a communica

Mr. Bingham presented the following petition and metion from the president of the Commission on Licensure,

morials, which were referred as indicated: healing arts practice act, transmitting, pursuant to law, report of the activities of the commission for the fiscal year Nations Association, praying temporary postponement of

A petition of the Connecticut branch of the League of ended June 30, 1932; which, with the accompanying report, payments due from European nations and further negotiawas referred to the Committee on the District of Columbia. tions concerning settlement of these debts; to the ComREPORT OF GORGAS MEMORIAL INSTITUTE

mittee on Finance. The Vice President laid before the Senate a communica- Memorials of citizens of Montville, Enfield, and Bristol, tion from the chairman and president of the Gorgas Me- and women's organizations of South Manchester, Bristol, morial Institute of Tropical and Preventive Medicine (Inc.), and Montville, in the State of Connecticut, remonstrating transmitting, pursuant to law, a report of the institute for against the repeal of the national prohibition amendment the year ended October 31, 1932; which, with the accom

to the Constitution or the modification of the prohibition panying report, was referred to the Committee on Inter- enforcement act so as to legalize intoxicating liquors; to the oceanic Canals.

Committee on the Judiciary.

Mr. Copeland presented the following petition and me

morials, which were referred as indicated: The Vice President laid before the Senate a communica- A petition of the Cosmopolitan Association of Erie County,' tion from the assistant clerk of the Court of Claims, trans- in the State of New York, praying fairer treatment of aliens mitting, pursuant to law, certified copies of the findings of in this country in the administration of immigration laws; fact and the opinion of the court in the case of Pocono Pines to the Committee on Immigration. Assembly Hotels Co. v. the United States; which, with the Memorials of citizens of the State of New York, remonaccompanying papers, was referred to the Committee on strating against the legalization of liquors containing more Appropriations.

than one-half of 1 per cent of alcohol; to the Committee The Vice President laid before the Senate two communica- on the Judiciary. tions from the assistant clerk of the Court of Claims, trans- Petitions praying the prompt ratification of the World mitting certified copies of the opinions and order of the Court protocols were presented as follows: court dismissing the causes of the Creek Nation, and Luther By Mr. Bingham: Resolutions adopted by the New EngGilkerson and August Berquist, respectively, against the land Regional Conference of the National Council of Jewish United States; which, with the accompanying papers, were Women, of Hartford, and the Washington Park Auxiliary of referred to the Committee on Claims.

the Woman's Home Missionary Society, of Bridgeport, Conn.

a

CASES IN COURT OF CLAIMS

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