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their beneficiaries for war hazard injury, death, capture or detention. At the option of the head of a procuring activity or his designee, either the costs of this liability or the reasonable cost of insurance against this liability shall be allowed as a cost under the contract. If it is decided that the contractor shall not purchase insurance against this liability, the clause in § 10.502 (b) shall be included in the contract.
(e) If a contract would otherwise be subject to paragraph (a) of this section, but paragraph (d) of this section applies to some or all of the contractor's employees by reason of waiver by the Secretary of Labor, the provisions of $ 10.502 (b) and (c) apply, and the following clause shall be included in the contract. WORKMAN'S COMPENSATION AND WAR HAZARD
INSURANCE OVERSEAS (JULY 1968) (a) This clause applies if the Contractor employs any person who, but for a waiver granted by the Secretary of Labor, would be subject to Workmen's Compensation Insurance under the Defense Base Act (42 U.S.C. 1651). On behalf of such waived employees, the Contractor, before commencing performance under this contract shall provide, and thereafter maintain, at least such Workmen's Compensation Insurance or the equivalent as may be required by the laws of the country of which such waived employees are nationals. The Contractor further agrees to Insert in all subcontracts hereunder to which the Defense Base Act would be applicable but for the waiver, a clause similar to this paragraph (a), including this sentence, imposing on all such subcontractors a like requirement to provide such Workmen's Compensation Insurance coverage
(b) This paragraph applies if the Contractor or any of his subcontractors employs any person who, but for a waiver granted by the Secretary of Labor, would be subject to the War Hazards Compensation Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.). On behalf of such waived employees the Contractor shall subject to reimbursement as elsewhere herein provided, afford protection the same as that provided in the War Hazards Compensation Act, except that the level of benefits shall conform to any law or international agreement controlling the benefits to which the employees may be entitled. In all other respects, the standards of the War Hazards Compensation Act shall apply; e.g., with respect to the definition of war hazard risks (injury, death, capture, or detention as the result of a war hazard as defined in the Act), proof of loss, and exclusion of benefits otherwise covered by Workmen's Compensation Insurance or equivalent. Unless the Contractor elects to directly assume the liability to subcontractor employees created by this clause, the Contractor further agrees to in
sert in all subcontracts hereunder to which the War Hazards Compensation Act would be applicable but for the waiver, a clause similar to this paragraph (b), including this sentence, imposing on all such subcontractors a like requirement to provide War Hazard benefits. [34 F.R. 13845, Aug. 29, 1969, as amended at 35 F.R. 6833, Apr. 30, 1970] § 10.404 Aircraft-ground and flight
risk. (a) Negotiated fixed-price type contracts for the production, modification, maintenance, or overhaul of aircraft shall, except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, include the following clause:
GROUND AND FLIGHT RISK (APRIL 1968)
(a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this contract, except as may be specifically provided in the Schedule as an exception to this clause, the Government, subject to the definitions and limitations of this clause, assumes the risk of damage to, or loss or destruction of, aircraft "in the open", during “operation", and in "flight”, as these terms are defined below, and agrees that the Contractor shall not be liable to the Government for any such damage, loss, or destruction, the risk of which is so assumed by the Government.
(b) For the purposes of this clause:
(1) Unless otherwise specifically provided in the Schedule, the term "aircraft" means
(A) Aircraft (including (I) complete aircraft, and (II) aircraft in the course of being manufactured, disassembled, or reassembled; provided, that an engine or a portion of a wing or a wing is attached to a fuselage of such aircraft) to be furnished to the Government under this contract (whether before or after acceptance by the Government); and
(B) Aircraft (regardless of whether in a state of disassembly or reassembly) furnished by the Government to the Contractor under this contract; including all property installed therein, or in the process of installation, or temporarily removed from such aircraft: Provided, however, That such aircraft and property are not covered by a separate bailment agreement.
(ii) The term "in the open” means located wholly outside of buildings on the Contractor's premises or at such other places as may be described in the Schedule as being in the open for the purposes of this clause, except that aircraft furnished by the Government shall be deemed to be in the open at all times while in Contractor's possession, care, custody, or control.
(lil) The term "flight" means any flight demonstration, flight test, taxi test, or other flight, made in the performance of this contract, or for the purpose of safeguarding the aircraft, or previously approved in writing by
----.1 With respect to land based aircraft "flight" shall commence with the taxi roll from a flight line on the Contractor's premises, and continue until the aircraft has completed the taxi roll in returning to a flight line on the Contractor's premises; with respect to seaplanes, "fight” shall commence with the launching from a ramp on the Contractor's premises and continue until the aircraft has completed its landing run upon return and is beached at a ramp on the Contractor's premises; with respect to helicopters, "flight" shall commence upon engagement of the rotors for the purpose of take-off from the Contractor's premises and continue until the aircraft has returned to the ground on the Contractor's premises and the rotors are disengaged; and with respect to vertical take-off aircraft, "flight” shall commence upon disengagement from any launching platform or device on the Contractor's premises and continue until the aircraft has been re-engaged to any launch ing platform or device on the Contractor's premises; provided, however, that aircraft off the Contractor's premises shall be deemed to be in flight when on the ground or water only during periods of reasonable duration following emergency landing, other landings made in the performance of this contract, or landings approved by ----writing.
(iv) The term “Contractor's premises" means those premises designated as such in the Schedule or in writing by the ---------, and any other place to which aircraft are moved for the purpose of safeguarding the Aircraft.
(v) The term "operation" means operations and tests, other than on any production line, of aircraft, when not in flight, whether or not the aircraft is in the open or in motion during the making of any such operations or tests, and includes operations and tests of equipment, accessories, and power plants, only when installed in aircraft.
(vi) The term "flight crew members" means the pilot, the co-pilot and, unless otherwise specifically provided in the Schedule, the flight engineer, navigator, bombard. ier-navigator, and defensive systems operator, when required, or assigned to their respective crew positions, to conduct any flight on behalf of the Contractor.
(c) (1) The Government's assumption of risk under this clause, as to aircraft in the open, shall continue in effect unless terminated pursuant to subparagraph (3) below. Where the ---------.1 finds that any of such aircraft is in the open under unreasonable conditions, he shall notify the Contractor in writing of the conditions he finds to be unreasonable and require the Contractor to correct such conditions within a reasonable time.
(2) Upon receipt of such notice, the Contractor shall act promptly to correct such conditions, regardless of whether he agrees
that such conditions are in fact unreasonable. To the extent that the Contracting Officer may later determine that such conditions were not in fact unreasonable, an equitable adjustment shall be made in the contract price to compensate the Contractor for any additional costs he incurred in correcting such conditions and the contract shall be modified in writing accordingly. Any dispute as to the unreasonableness of such conditions or the equitable adjustment shall be deemed to be a dispute concerning a question of the fact within the meaning of the clause of this contract entitled “Disputes." (3) If the ----
--- 1 finds that the Contractor has failed to act promptly to correct such conditions or has failed to correct such conditions within a reasonable time, he may terminate the Government's assumption of risk under this clause, as to any of the aircraft which is in the open under such conditions, such termination to be effective at 12:01 A.M. on the 15th day following the day of receipt by the Contractor of written notice thereof. If the Contracting Officer later determines that the Contractor acted promptly to correct such conditions or that the time taken by the Contractor was not in fact unreasonable, an equitable adjustment shall, notwithstanding paragraph (g) of this clause, be made in the contract price to compensate the Contractor for any additional costs he incurred as a result of termination of the Government's assumption of risk under this clause and the contract shall be modified in writing accordingly. Any dispute as to whether the Contractor failed to act promptly to correct such conditions, or as to the reasonableness of the time for correction of such conditions, or as to such equitable adjustment, shall be deemed to be a dispute concerning a question of fact within the meaning of the clause of this contract entitled “Disputes.”
(4) In the event the Government's assumption of risk under this clause is terminated in accordance with (3) above, the risk of loss with respect to Government-furnished property shall be determined in accordance with the clause of this contract, if any, entitled “Government Property" until the Government's assumption of risk is reinstated in accordance with (5) below.
(5) When unreasonable conditions have been corrected, the Contractor shall promptly notify the Government thereof. The Government may elect to again assume the risks and relieve the Contractor of liabilities as provided in this clause, or not, and the
----------- 1 shall notify the Contractor of the Government's election. If, after correction of the unreasonable conditions the Government elects to again assume such risks and relieve the Contractor of such itabilities, the Contractor shall be entitled to an equitable adjustment in the contract price for costs of insurance, if any, extending from the end of the third working day after
1 See footnote at end of clause.
the Contractor notifies the Government of such correction until the Government notifies the Contractor of such election. If the Government elects not to again assume such risks, and such conditions have in fact been corrected, the Contractor shall be entitled to an equitable adjustment for costs of insurance, if any, extending after such third working day.
(d) The Government's assumption of risk shall not extend to damage to, or loss or destruction of, such aircraft:
(i) resulting from failure of the Contractor, due to willful misconduct or lack of good faith of any of the Contractor's managerial personnel, to maintain and administer a program for the protection and preservation of aircraft in the open, and during operation, in accordance with sound industrial practice (the term "Contractor's managerial personnel" means the Contractor's directors, officers, and any of his managers, superintendents, or other equivalent representatives, who has supervision or direction of all or substantially all of the Contractor's business, or all or substantially all of the Contractor's operations at any one plant or separate location at which this contract is performed, or a separate and complete major industrial operation in connection with the performance of this contract):
(ii) sustained during flight if the flight crew members conducting such fight have not been approved in writing by the ------ ?;
(iii) while in the course of transportation by rail, or by conveyance on public streets, highways, or waterways, except for Government-furnished property;
(iv) to the extent that such damage, loss or destruction is in fact covered by insurance;
(v) consisting of wear and tear, deterioration (including rust and corrosion), freezing, or mechanical, structural, or electrical breakdown or failure, unless such damage is the result of other loss, damage, or destruction covered by this clause: Provided, however, In the case of Government-furnished property, if such damage consists of reasonable wear and tear or deterioration, or results from inherent vice in such property, this exclusion shall not apply;
(vi) Sustained while the aircraft is being worked upon and directly resulting there. from, including but not limited to any repairing, adjusting, servicing or maintenance operation, unless such damage, loss, or destruction, is of a type which would be covered by insurance which would customarily have been maintained by the Contractor at the time of such damage, loss, or destruction, but for the Government's assumption of risk under this clause; or
(vil) Under this clause, where the total loss resulting from each event separately occurring is less than $500.
(e) with the exception of damage to, or loss or destruction of aircraft in "flight," the Government's assumption of risk under
this clause shall not extend to the first $1,000 of loss or damage resulting from each event separately occurring. The Contractor assumes the risk of and shall be responsible for the first $1,000 of loss of or damage to aircraft "in the open" or during “operation" resulting from each event separately occurring, except for reasonable wear and tear and except to the extent the loss or damage is caused by negligence of Government personnel. If the Government elects to require that the air. craft be replaced or restored by the Contractor to the condition in which it was im. mediately prior to the damage, the equitable adjustment in the price authorized by paragraph (i) below shall not include the dollar amount of the risk assumed by the Contractor under this paragraph. In the event the Government does not elect repair or replacement, the Contractor agrees to credit the contract price or pay the Government $1,000 (or the amount of the loss if smaller) as directed by the Contracting Officer.
(f) A subcontractor shall not be relieved from liability for damage to, or loss or destruction of, aircraft while in his possession or control, except to the extent that the subcontract, with the prior written approval of the Contracting Officer, provides for relief of the subcontractor from such liability. In the absence of such approval, the subcontract shall contain appropriate provisions requiring the return of such aircraft in as good condition as when received, except for reasonable wear and tear or for the utilization of the property in accordance with the provisions of this contract. Where a subcontractor has not been relieved from liability for any damage, loss, or destruction of aircraft and any damage, loss, or destruction occurs, the Contractor shall enforce the liability of the subcontractor for such damage to, or loss or destruction of, the aircraft for the benefit of the Government.
(g) The Contractor warrants that the contract price does not and will not include, except as may be otherwise authorized in this clause, any charge or contingency reserve for insurance (including self-insurance funds or reserves) covering any damage to, or loss or destruction of, aircraft while in the open, during operation, or in flight, the risk of which has been assumed by the Government under the provisions of this clause, whether or not such assumption may be terminated as to aircraft in the open
(h) In the event of damage to, or loss, or destruction of, aircraft in the open, during operation, or in flight, the Contractor shall take all reasonable steps to protect such aircraft from further damage, separate damaged and undamaged aircraft, put all aircraft in the best possible order and, further, except in cases covered by (e) above, the Contractor should furnish to the ---- ----_1 a statement of:
(1) The damaged, lost, or destroyed aircraft;
See footnote at end of clause.
(ii) The time and origin of the damage, loss, or destruction;
(iii) All known interests in commingled property of which aircraft are a part; and
(iv) The insurance, if any, covering any part of the interest in such commingled property. Except in cases covered by (e) above, an equitable adjustment shall be made in the amount due under this contract for expenditures made by the Contractor in performing his obligations under this paragraph (h) and this contract shall be modified in writing accordingly.
(i) If prior to delivery and acceptance by the Government any aircraft is damaged, lost, or destroyed and the Government has under this clause assumed the risk of such damage, loss or destruction, the Government shall either (1) require that such aircraft be replaced or restored by the Contractor to the condition in which it was immediately prior to such damage, or (2) shall terminate this contract with respect to such aircraft. In the event that the Government requires that the aircraft be replaced or restored, an equitable adjustment shall be made in the amount due under this contract and in the time required for its performance, and this contract shall be modified in writing accordingly. If, in the alternative, this contract is terminated under this paragraph with respect to such aircraft and under this clause the Government has assumed the risk of such damage, loss, or destruction, the Contractor shall be paid the contract price for said aircraft (or, if applicable, any work to be performed on said aircraft) less such amounts as the Contracting Officer determines (1) that it would have cost the Contractor to complete the aircraft (or any work to be performed on said aircraft) together with anticipated profit, if any, on any such uncompleted work, and (2) to be the value, if any, of the damaged aircraft or any remaining portion thereof retained by the Contractor. The Contracting Officer shall have the right to prescribe the manner of disposition of the damaged, lost, or destroyed aircraft, or any remaining parts thereof; and, if any additional costs of such disposition are incurred by the Contractor, a further equitable adjustment will be made in the amount due to the Contractor. Failure of the parties to agree upon an equitable adjustment or upon the amount to be paid in the event of termination of the contract with respect to any aircraft, shall be a dispute concerning a question of fact within the meaning of the Disputes clause of this contract.
(1) In the event the Contractor is at any time reimbursed or compensated by any third person for any damage, loss, or destruction of any aircraft, the risk of which has been assumed by the Government under the provisions of this clause and for which the Contractor has been compensated by the Government, he shall equitably reimburse the Government. The Contractor shall do
nothing to prejudice the Government's rights to recover against third parties for any such damage, loss, or destruction and, upon the request of the ------------, shall at the Government's expense furnish to the Government all reasonable assistance and cooperation (including the prosecution of suit and the execution of instruments of assignment or subrogation in favor of the Government) in obtaining recovery.
1 In the foregoing clause, insert in contracts of the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, the Department of the Air Force, and in contracts to be administered by the Defense Contract Administration Services the activity designated in combined regulation identified as Air Force Regulation 55-22, Army Regulation 95–20, BUWEPS Instruction 3710.6A, Defense Supply Agency Regulation 8210.1, dated Nov. 18, 1964, subject, Requirements for Contractor Operating Procedures and Flight Crews, enclosure 1.
(b) (1) In paragraph (b) of the foregoing clause, certain of the defined terms may be modified by insertion of appropriate additional definitions in the Schedule in accordance with the following. The purpose of the clause is to have the Government assume risks which generally entail unusually high insurance premiums and which are not covered by the contractor's "contents," "work-inprocess," or other similar insurance. It is recognized that all of the definitions prescribed in the foregoing clause may not cover all situations which should be covered if the above purpose is to be accomplished. Therefore, changes may be effected in the Schedule as set forth below.
(i) Since the standard definition of "aircraft" contemplates conventional types of winged aircraft, a modified definition is necessary if the contract covers helicopters, vertical take-off aircraft, lighter-than-air airships or other non-conventional types of aircraft. The modified definition should take into consideration that the aircraft has reached a point of manufacture comparable to that required in the standard definition;
(ii) The definition of "in the open" may be modified to include "hush houses,” test hangars, and comparable structures, and other designated areas;
(iii) "Contractor's premises" shall be expressly defined in the Schedule and shall be limited to those locations where aircraft, as defined in the above clause, may be located during and for the performance of the contract. “Contractor's premises” may include, but are not lim
ited to, premises owned or leased by the contractor or premises as to which the contractor has a permit, license, or other right of use either exclusively or jointly with others, including Government airfields.
(2) The Government need not assume the risk of damage to, or loss or destruction of, aircraft, as provided by the foregoing clause, if the best estimate of premium costs which would be included in the contract price for insurance coverage for such damage, loss, or destruction at any plant or facility is less than $500. The Government shall not assume such risks if the aircraft is being acquired in connection with a Foreign Military Sale and the foreign government involved has not agreed to assume such risks. If it is determined not to assume such risks, the foregoing clause shall not be made a part of the contract, and the cost of necessary insurance to be obtained by the contractor to cover such risks shall be considered in establishing the contract price. In such cases, however, if performance of the contract is expected to involve the flight of Government-furnished aircraft, the substance of the Flight Risks clause in $ 10.504, suitably adapted for use in a fixed-price type contract, shall be used.
(3) Subparagraph (d) (iii) of the above clause may be varied to provide for Government assumption of risk of transportation by conveyance on streets or highways where the contracting officer determines that such transportation is limited to the vicinity of the contractor's premises and is merely an incident to work being performed under the contract. 125 F.R. 14257, Dec. 31, 1960, as amended at 27 F.R. 3452, Apr. 11, 1962; 30 F.R. 14899, Dec. 2, 1965; 33 F.R. 7400, May 18, 1968; 33 F.R. 10196, July 17, 1968] § 10.405 Work on a Government instal.
lation. (a) Insert the clause set forth in $ 7.603-10 of this chapter in all construction and architect-engineer contracts requiring work on a Government installation, and the clause set forth in § 7.104-65 of this chapter in all other contracts requiring work on a Government installation. Neither clause is required, however, for contracts (1) of $2,500 or less, (2) where only a small amount of work is required on a Goyernment installation (e.g., a few brief visits per month), and (3) where all work on a Government installation is to
be performed outside the United States, its possessions, and Puerto Rico. The coverage specified in $ 10.501 is the minimum insurance required and shall be included in the clause in $ 7.603–10 of this chapter or in the contract schedule. Additional coverage and higher limits may be required by the contracting officer.
(b) The clause set forth in § 7.104-65 of this chapter may also be included in contracts described in paragraph (a) of this section when the contracting officer judges this to be in the interest of the Government. In such contracts, if appropriate, any of the kinds of insurance listed in $ 10.501 may be omitted from the Schedule, and the limits may be lowered. [35 F.R. 6833, Apr. 30, 1970) § 10.406 Capture and detention of con
tractor employees. The following clause is authorized for use where the employees of a contractor are subject to capture and detention under circumstances which may be outside the scope of the War Hazards Compensation Act (42 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
CAPTURE AND DETENTION (JUNE 1968) (a) As used in this clause:
(1) “Captured person" means any employee of the Contractor
(1) Who is assigned to duty outside the United States for the performance of this contract, and
(ii) Who is found to be missing from his place of employment under circumstances that make it appear probable that his absence is due to the action of the force of any power not allied with the United States in a common military effort, or who is known to have been taken prisoner, hostage, or otherwise detained by the force of any such power, whether or not such person is actually engaged in his employment at the time of capture: Provided, That at the time the person was captured and detained that the person was either:
(A) Engaged in activity directly arising out of the course of his employment under this contract, or
(B) Captured in an area in which the captured person was present only because such presence was required in order to perform this contract;
(2) A "period of detention" begins with the day of capture and continues until the captured person is returned to his place of employment, or to the United States, or is able to be returned to the jurisdiction of the United States, or until his death is in fact established or legally can be presumed to have occurred by evidence satisfactory to