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U.S. GOVERNMENT INFORMATION POLICIES
AND PRACTICES—THE PENTAGON PAPERS

(PART 1)

HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

JUNE 23, 24, AND 25, 1971

Printed for the use of the Committee on Government Operations

GOV'T DU

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1971

68-036

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $1.25

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COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

CHET HOLIFIELD, California, Chairman JACK BROOKS, Texas

FLORENCE P. DWYER, New Jersey L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

OGDEN R. REID, New York ROBERT E. JONES, Alabama

FRANK HORTON, New York EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland

JOHN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois JOHN E. MOSS, California

JOHN W. WYDLER, New York DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

CLARENCE J. BROWN, Ohio HENRY S. REUSS, Wisconsin

GUY VANDER JAGT, Michigan JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut

GILBERT GUDE, Maryland TORBERT H. MACDONALD, Massachusetts PAUL N. MCCLOSKEY, JR., California WILLIAM S. MOORHEAD, Pennsylvania JO H. BUCHANAN, JR., Alabama CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey SAM STEIGER, Arizona WM. J. RANDALL, Missouri

GARRY BROWN, Michigan
BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York BARRY M. GOLDWATER. JR., California
JIM WRIGHT, Texas

J. KENNETH ROBINSON. Virginia
FERNAND J. ST GERMAIN, Rhode Island WALTER E. POWELL, Ohio
JOHN C. CULVER, Iowa

CHARLES THONE, Nebraska
FLOYD V. HICKS, Washington
GEORGE W. COLLINS, Illinois
DON FUQUA, Florida
JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan
BILL ALEXANDER, Arkansas
BELLA S. ABZUG, New York

HERBERT ROBACK, Staff Director
CHRISTINE RAY DAVIS, Staji Administrator

JAMES A. LANIGAN, General Counsel
MILES Q. ROMNEY, A 88ociate General Counsel

J. P. CARLSON, Minority Counsel
WILLIAM H. COPENHAVER, Minority Professional Staff

FOREIGN OPERATIONS AND GOVERNMENT INFORMATION SUBCOMMITTEE

WILLIAM S. MOORHEAD, Pennsylvania, Chairman JOHN E. MOSs, California

OGDEN R. REID, New York TORBERT H. MACDONALD, Massachusetts FRANK HORTON, New York JIM WRIGHT, Texas

JOHN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan

PAUL N. MCCLOSKEY, JB., California BILL ALEXANDER, Arkansas

EX OFFICIO
CHET HOLIFIELD, California FLORENCE P. DWYER, New Jersey

WILLIAM G. PHILLIPS, Staff Director
NORMAN G. CORNISH, Deputy Staff Director

HAROLD F. WHITTINGTON, Staff Consultant
WILLIAM R. MALONI, Professional Staff Member
DALE E. MOSER, Supervisory Auditor GAO

MARTHA M. DOTY, Clerk
MARY E. MILEK, Secretary

(II)

CONTENTS

199

9

234

231

Hearings held on-

June 23..

June 24.

June 25.

Statement of

Bishop, Joseph, Yale University Law School, New Haven, Conn.---

Callaham, John R., vice president, McGraw-Hill Publications Co.--

Eckhardt, Hon. Bob, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Texas..

Florence, William G., retired civilian security classification policy

expert.

Gibbons, Hon. Sam M., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Florida

Goldberg, Hon. Arthur J., former Justice, U.S. Supreme Court.
Kleeman, Richard P., a Washington correspondent for the Minneap-

olis Tribune, and chairman, Freedom of Information Committee,
Sigma Delta Chi..

Murray, J. Edward, vice president and president-elect, American

Society of Newspaper Editors.-

Perlik, Charles A., Jr., president, American Newspaper Guild, Wash-

ington, D.C..

Roberts, J. W., Washington bureau chief, Time-Life Broadcasting,

and chairman, Freedom of Information Committee of the Radio-

Television News Directors Association --

White, Hon. Lee, former Chairman, Federal Power Commission..

Wiley, W. Bradford, on behalf of the Association of American Pub-

lishers

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by--

Florence, William G., retired civilian security classification policy

expert:

Department of Defense Directive No. 5400.4.-

Department of Defense Instruction Document No. 5210.47.

Gibbons, Hon. Sam M., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Florida, statement-

Harrington, Hon. Michael J., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Massachusetts, statement-

Kleeman, Richard P., a Washington correspondent for the Minneapolis

Tribune, and chairman, Freedom of Information Committee, Sigma

Delta Chi, statement..

Moorhead, Hon. William S., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Pennsylvania, and chairman, Foreign Operations and Gov-
ernment Information Subcommittee:
Availability of Vietnam study (statement by Press Secretary

Ronald L. Ziegler on the President's decision to make the study

available to the Congress).
Executive Order No. 10501.
Information regarding existing rules or regulations of the Congress

covering the handling of classified material.-
Letter, dated June 18, 1971, to Melvin R. Laird, Secretary, De-

partment of Defense, from Representative John E. Moss, re

release of certain documents.

Letter, with enclosure, dated June 24, 1971, from the American Li-

brary Association, re statement of the American Library

Association

Letter, dated June 24, 1971, from Mason W. Gross, chairman, Na-

tional Book Committee, Inc., New York, N.Y., re decision of
the New York Times and other media to publish Pen-

tagon documents...
Sundry correspondence and material relative to hearings.

Perlik, Charles A., Jr., president, American Newspaper Guild, Wash-

ington, D.C.:

Statement.

Sundry material relative to hearings--

35

61

36

9

275

4

(III)

247

246

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