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ment and Budget (OMB); identifies strategic studies; consultation and anaand seeks solutions to emerging inter- lytical assistance in the areas degovernmental issues; recommends and scribed above to senior policy and procoordinates personal involvement by gram officials and other offices in the the Administrator and Deputy Admin- Agency; development and coordination istrator in relations with State, proposals for major new Agency initiacounty, and local government officials; tives; liaison with other agencies; unicoordinates and assists Headquarters versities, and interest groups on major components in their handling of
policy issues and development of a cobroad-gauged and issue-oriented inter
ordinated Agency position; and develgovernmental problems. It works with
opment of integrated pollution control the Regional Administrators and the
strategies for selected industrial and Office of Regional Operations to encourage the adoption of improved
geographical areas. methods for dealing effectively with
(b) Office of Standards and Regula
tions. The Office of Standards and State and local governments on specific EPA program initiatives; works with
Regulations is under the supervision the Immediate Office of the Adminis
of a Director who is responsible for: intrator, Office of Congressional Liai
volving the Office of Policy, Planning son, Office of Public Affairs, and the
and Evaluation (OPPE) in regulatory Regional Offices to develop and carry
review; conducting technical and staout a comprehensive liaison program;
tistical analyses of proposed standand tracks legislative initiatives which
ards, regulations and guidelines; servaffect the Agency's intergovernmental ing as the Agency focal point for idenrelations. It advises and supports the tifying, developing and implementing Office Director in implementing the alternatives to conventional "comPresident's Environmental Youth mand and control” regulations; conAwards program.
ducting analyses of Agency activities
related to chemical substances and (50 FR 26721, June 28, 1985, as amended at 52 FR 30359, Aug. 14, 1987)
providing mechanisms for establishing
regulatory priorities and resolving sci8 1.39 Office of Policy, Planning and
entific issues affecting rulemaking; enEvaluation.
suring Agency compliance with the The Assistant Administrator for
Paperwork Reduction Act; evaluating Policy, Planning and Evaluation serv
and reviewing all Agency information ices as principal adviser to the Admin
collection requests and activities, and, istrator on Agency policy and planning
in cooperation with the Office of Adissues and as such is responsible for
ministration and Resources Managesupervision and management of the
ment and the Office of Management following: Policy analysis; standards
Systems and Evaluation, evaluating and regulations; and management
Agency management and uses of data strategy and evaluation. The Assistant for decision-making. Administrator represents the Adminis
(c) Office of Management Systems trator with Congress and the Office of and Evaluation. The Office of ManManagement and Budget, and other agement Systems and Evaluation is Federal agencies prescribing require
under the supervision of a Director ments for conduct for Government who directs and coordinates the develmanagement activities.
opment, implementation and adminis(a) Office of Policy Analysis. The tration of Agencywide systems for Office of Policy Analysis is under the planning, tracking, and evaluating the supervision of a Director who per- accomplishments of Agency programs. forms the following functions on an In consultation with other offices, the Agencywide basis: economic analysis Office develops a long-range policy of Agency programs, policies, stand- framework for Agency goals, and obards, and regulations, including the es- jectives, identifies strategies for timation of abatement costs; research achieving goals, establishes timetables into developing new benefits models; for objectives, and ensures that probenefit-cost analyses; impact assess- grams are evaluated against their acments; intermediate and long-range complishments of goals.
8 1.41 Office of Air and Radiation.
The Office of Air and Radiation is under supervision of the Assistant Administrator for Air and Radiation who serves as principal adviser to the Administrator in matters pertaining to air and radiation programs, and is responsible for the management of these EPA programs: Program policy development and evaluation; environmental and pollution sources' standards devel. opment; enforcement of standards; program policy guidance and overview, technical support or conduct of compliance activities and evaluation of Regional air and radiation program activities; development of programs for technical assistance and technology transfer; and selected demonstration programs.
(a) Office of Mobile Sources. The Office of Mobile Sources, under the supervision of a Director, is responsible for the mobile source air pollution control functions of the Office of Air and Radiation. The Office is responsible for: Characterizing emissions from mobile sources and related fuels; developing programs for their control, including assessment of the status of control technology and in-use vehicle emissions; for carrying out, in coordination with the Office of Enforcement and Compliance Monitoring as appropriate, a regulatory compliance program to ensure adherence of mobile sources to standards; and for fostering the development of State motor vehicles emission inspection and maintenance programs.
(b) Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. The Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, under the supervision of a Director, is responsible for the air quality planning and standards functions of the Office of Air and Radiation. The Di. rector for Air Quality Planning and Standards is responsible for emission standards for new stationary sources, and emission standards for hazardous pollutants; for developing national programs, technical policies, regulations, guidelines, and criteria for air pollution control; for assessing the national air pollution control program and the success in achieving air quality goals; for providing assistance to the States, industry and other organi
zations through personnel training ac. tivities and technical information; for providing technical direction and support to Regional Offices and other organizations; for evaluating Regional programs with respect to State implementation plans and strategies, technical assistance, and resource require ments and allocations for air related programs; for developing and maintaining a national air programs data system, including air quality, emis sions and other technical data; and for providing effective technology trans i fer through the translation of techno logical developments into improved control program procedures.
(c) Office of Radiation Programs. The Office of Radiation Programs, under the supervision of a Director, is responsible to the Assistant Administrator for Air and Radiation for the radiation activities of the Agency, including development of radiation protection criteria, standards, and policies; measurement and control of radi. ation exposure; and research requirements for radiation programs. The Office provides technical assistance to States through EPA Regional Offices and other agencies having radiation protection programs; establishes and directs a national surveillance and investigation program for measuring radiation levels in the environment; evaluates and assesses the impact of radiation on the general public and the environment; and maintains liaison with other public and private organizations involved in environmental radiation protection activities. The Office Coordinates with and assists the Office of Enforcement and Compliance Moni. toring in enforcement activities where EPA has jurisdiction. The Office provides editorial policy and guidance, and assists in preparing publications.
8 1.43 Office of Pesticides and Toxic Sub
stances. The Assistant Administrator serves as the principal adviser to the Administrator in matters pertaining to assessment and regulation of pesticides and toxic substances and is responsible for managing the Agency's pesticides and toxic substances programs under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and
Rodenticide Act (FIFRA); the Federal life; preparation of pesticide registraFood, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; the tion guidelines; development of standToxic Substances Control Act (TSCA); ards for the registration and reregisand for promoting coordination of all tration of pesticide products; provision Agency programs engaged in toxic of program policy direction to technisubstances activities. The Assistant cal and manpower training activities in Administrator has responsibility for the pesticides area; development of reestablishing Agency strategies for im- search needs and monitoring requireplementation and integration of the ments for the pesticide program and pesticides and the toxic substances related areas; review of impact stateprograms under applicable Federal ments dealing with pesticides; and carstatutes; developing and operating rying out of assigned international acAgency programs and policies for as- tivities. sessment and control of pesticides and (b) Office of Toxic Substances. The toxic substances; developing recom- Office of Toxic Substances (OTS), mendations for Agency priorities for under the management of a Director research, monitoring, regulatory, and and Deputy Director is responsible to information-gathering activities relat- the Assistant Administrator for those ing to pesticides and toxic substances; activities of the Agency mandated by developing scientific, technical, eco- the Toxic Substances Control Act. The nomic, and social data bases for the Director is responsible for developing conduct of hazard assessments and and operating Agency programs and evaluations in support of toxic sub- policies for new and existing chemistances and pesticides activities; direct- cals. In each of these areas, the Direcing pesticides and toxic substances tor is responsible for information colcompliance programs; providing toxic lection and coordination; data developsubstances and pesticides program ment; health, environmental and ecoguidance to EPA Regional Offices; and nomic assessment; and negotiated or monitoring, evaluating, and assessing regulatory control actions. The Direcpesticides and toxic substances pro- tor provides operational guidance to gram operations in EPA Headquarters EPA Regional Offices, reviews and and Regional Offices.
evaluates toxic substances activities at (a) Office of Pesticide Programs. The EPA Headquarters and Regional OfOffice of Pesticide Programs, under fices; coordinates TSCA activities with the management of a Director and other EPA offices and Federal and Deputy Director are responsible to the State agencies, and conducts the Assistant Administrator for leadership export notification required by TSCA of the overall pesticide activities of the and provides information to importers. Agency under the authority of the The Director is responsible for develFederal Insecticide, Fungicide, and oping policies and procedures for the Rodenticide Act and several provisions coordination and integration of of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cos- Agency and Federal activities concernmetic Act, including the development ing toxic substances. The Director is of strategic plans for the control of also responsible for coordinating comthe national environmental pesticide munication with the industrial comsituation. Such plans are implemented munity, environmental groups, and by the Office of Pesticide Programs, other interested parties on matters reother EPA components, other Federal lating to the implementation of TSCA; agencies, or by State, local, and pri- providing technical support to internavate sectors. The Office is also respon- tional activities managed by the Office sible for establishment of tolerance of International Activities; and managlevels for pesticide residues which ing the joint planning of toxic reoccur in or on food; registration and search and development under the reregistration of pesticides; special auspices of the Pesticides/Toxic Subreview of pesticides suspected of stances Research Committee. posing unreasonable risks to human (c) Office of Compliance Monitoring. health or the environment; monitoring The Office of Compliance Monitoring, of pesticide residue levels in food, under the supervision of a Director, humans, and nontarget fish and wild- plans, directs, and coordinates the pes
State cooperative enforcement agreement program and the applicator training and certification program. The Office of Compliance Monitoring also coordinates with the Office of Toxic Substances in the conduct of regulatory and compliance programs under the Toxic Substances Control Act and participates in regulation development for TSCA. The Office participates in the control of imminent hazards under TSCA, inspects facilities subject to TSCA regulation as a part of investigations which are tional in scope or which require specialized expertise, and samples and analyzes chemicals to determine compliance with TSCA. The Office coordi. nates and provides guidance to other TSCA compliance activities, including the State cooperative enforcement agreement program and the preparation of administrative suits.
ticides and toxic substances compliance programs of the Agency, More specifically, the Office provides a national pesticides and toxic substances compliance overview and program policy direction to the Regional Offices and the States, prepares guidance and policy on compliance ies, establishes compliance priorities, provides technical support for litigation activity, concurs on enforcement actions, maintains liaison with the National Enforcement Investigations Center, develops annual fiscal budgets for the national programs, and manages fiscal and personnel resources for the Headquarters programs. The Office directs and manages the Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances' laboratory data integrity program which conducts laboratory inspections and audits of testing data. The Office issues civil administrative complaints and other administrative orders in cases of first impression, overriding national significance, or violations by any entity located in more than one Region. The office coordinates with the Office of General Counsel and the Office of Enforcement and Compliance Monitoring in an attorney-client relationship, with those Offices providing legal support for informal and formal administrative resolutions of violations; for conducting litigation; for interpreting statutes, regulations and other legal precedents covering EPA's activities; and for advising program managers on the legal implications of alternative courses of action. The Office of Compliance Monitoring coordinates with the Office of Pesticide Programs in the conduct of pesticide enforcement compliance and registration programs under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act and participates in decisions involving the cancellation or suspension of registration. The Office establishes policy and operating procedures for pesticide compliance activities including sampling programs, export certification, monitoring programs to assure compliance with experimental use permits, pesticide use restrictions, and recordkeeping requirements, and determines when and whether compliance actions are appropriate. The Office establishes policy and guidance for the
$ 1.45 Office of Research and Develop
ment. The Office of Research and Development is under the supervision of the Assistant Administrator for Research and Development who serves as the principal science adviser to the Administrator, and is responsible for the development, direction, and conduct of a national research, development and demonstration program in: Pollution sources, fate, and health and welfare effects; pollution prevention and control, and waste management and utilization technology; environmental sciences; and monitoring systems. The Office participates in the development of Agency policy, standards, and regulations and provides for dissemination of scientific and technical knowledge, including analytical methods, monitoring techniques, and modeling methodologies. The Office serves as coordinator for the Agency's policies and programs concerning carcinogenesis and related problems and assures appropriate quality control and standardization of analytical measurement and monitoring techniques utilized by the Agency. The Office exercises review and concurrence responsibilities on an Agencywide basis in all budgeting and planning actions involving monitoring which require Heardquarters approval. (a) Office of Acid Deposition, Environmental Monitoring and Quality Assurance. The Office of Acid Deposition, Environmental Monitoring and Quality Assurance (OADEMQA), under the supervision of an Office Director, is responsible for planning, managing and evaluating a comprehensive program for:
(1) Monitoring the cause and effects of acid deposition;
(2) Research and development on the causes, effects and corrective steps for the acid deposition phenomenon;
(3) Research with respect to the transport and fate of pollutants which are released into the atmosphere;
(4) Development and demonstration of techniques and methods to measure exposure and to relate ambient concentrations to exposure by critical receptors;
(5) Research, development and demonstration of new monitoring methods, systems, techniques and equipment for detection, identification and characterization of pollutants at the source and in the ambient environment and for use as reference or standard monitoring methods;
(6) Establishment, direction and coordination of Agencywide Quality Assurance Program; and
(7) Development and provision of quality assurance methods, techniques and material including validation and standardization of analytical methods, sampling techniques, quality control methods, standard reference materi. als, and techniques for data collection, evaluation and interpretation. The Office identifies specific research, development, demonstration and service needs and priorities; establishes program policies and guidelines; develops program plans including objectives and estimates of resources required to accomplish objectives; administers the approved program and activities; assigns program responsibility and resources to the laboratories assigned by the Assistant Administrator; directs and supervises assigned laboratories in program administration; and conducts reviews of program progress and takes action as necessary to assure timeliness, quality and responsiveness of outputs.
(b) Office of Environmental Engineering and Technology Demonstration. The Office of Environmental Engineering and Technology Demonstration (OEETD) under the supervision of a Director, is responsible for planning, managing, and evaluating a comprehensive program of research, development, and demonstration of cost effective methods and technologies to:
(1) Control Environmental impacts associated with the extraction, processing, conversion, and transportation of energy, minerals, and other resources, and with industrial processing and manufacturing facilities;
(2) Control environmental impacts of public sector activities including publicly-owned waste water and solid waste facilities;
(3) Control and manage hazardous waste generation, storage, treatment , and disposal;
(4) Provide innovative technologies for response actions under Superfund and technologies for control of emergency spills of oils and hazardous waste;
(5) Improve drinking water supply and system operations, including improved understanding of water supply technology and water supply criteria;
(6) Characterize, reduce, and mitigate indoor air pollutants including radon; and
(7) Characterize, reduce, and mitigate acid rain precursors from stationary sources. Development of engineering data needed by the Agency in reviewing premanufacturing notices relative to assessing potential release and exposure to chemicals, treatability by waste treatment systems, containment and control of genetically engineered organisms, and development of alternatives to mitigate the likelihood of release and exposure to existing chemicals. In carrying out these responsibilities, the Office develops program plans and manages the resources assigned to it; implements the approved programs and activities; assigns objectives
resources to the OEETD laboratories; conducts appropriate reviews to assure the quality, timeliness, and responsiveness of outputs; and conducts analyses of the relative environmental and socioeconomic impacts of engineering methods and