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truth and value of a public charge of this nature-a charge made, under circumstances of peculiar gravity, by a Bishop of the Church against a Priest of the Church-undetermined by FITTING AND COMPETENT AUTHORITY—and further, RESERVING TO MYSELF THE FULL RIGHT OF APPEAL,–I call upon Bishop Spencer 'to lay the charge he has publicly made against me before the Bishops of the Church of England, in Sacred Synod assembled, and to request the Synod to pronounce sentence thereupon.

The statement of Doctrine, a portion of which Bishop Spencer has impugned as being “not the Doctrine of the Church of England,” is identical in substance, and nearly in words, with a statement of the Doctrine of the Sacraments published by me in 1851.

I subjoin the statements in parallel columns :



CORRESPONDENCE. 1853. Pp. 15, 16, 17.

Letter E. p. 20. “I understand THE Doc- “I hold the doctrine of the TRINE OF THE SACRAMENTS to

* Real Presence, as declared be this :

and taught by the Church of “1. That man is made a England, to be this:-1st. Nemember of CHRIST, the child gatively, that there is not a of God, and an inheritor of corporal presence of the Body the kingdom of heaven,' in' and Blood of Christ in the and by holy Baptism.

Sacramental Bread and Wine: “II. That man, 'made a That the Sacramental Bread member of CHRIST, the child and Wine remain still in their of God, and an inheritor of

very natural substances, and the kingdom of heaven,' in therefore may not be adored. and by holy Baptism, is re. “2ndly. Affirmatively, that

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1853. nowed from time to time, in there is a Real Presence of the and by Holy Communion. Body and Blood of Christ in

“III. That a death unto the Sacramental Bread and sin, and a new birth unto Wine, in a manner which, as righteousness,' is GIVEN to Holy Scripture has not exevery adult, and every infant, plained, the Church has not in and by the outward yisi- defined. That the Body and ble sign or form in Baptism, Blood of Christ, being really

water, in the name of the present in the Sacramental FATHER, and of the Son, and Bread and Wine, are given in of the Holy Ghost.'

and by the outward sign to all, “IV. That the GIFT may

be and are received by all. RECEIVED, in the case of adults, “That whether the Body and worthily or unworthily, but Blood of CHRIST be given and that it is always RECEIVED. received 'unto life,' or unto

“ V. That the Body and death,' this depends upon the Blood of CHRIST are GIVEN to state of heart and mind of the every one who RECEIVES the receiver:-in other words, that Sacramental Bread and Wine. the Body and Blood of CHRIST

• VI. That the GIFT may be are present to all objectively, RECEIVED worthily or unwor- subjectively, that they are prethily, but that it is always sent to the faithful only." RECEIVED.

I say THE DOCTRINE OF THE SACRAMENTS, because that doctrine

It is not uncommon, in the vagueness of our theology, to hear it spoken or treated of as two-fold, and even separable. But surely what is true of holy Baptism, and what is true of holy Communion, are but parts of the same doctrine. Man born into the world a member of the old Creation, is born again a member of the new Creation"born of water and of the


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1853. Spirit'-in and by holy Baptism : and the principle of the Letter M. p. 41. life in Christ thus imparted

“My language in my letter to man in and by holy Bap- of April 25 does mean what tism, is renewed and carried

IS, ALWAYS HAS BEEN, and ALon unto such perfection as is WAYS WILL BE, my meaning, attainable in this life, in and

and wbat you understand it by holy Communion. There

to mean, viz., that in the is nothing two-fold, much less

Holy Communion the Body separable, here.

and Blood of CHRIST are RE“Now, if the doctrine be one,

CEIVED by ALL.'' it will follow that the acceptance of it must be one,-truth of belief is not divisible., Wherefore, to make it correct to say of any one that he holds THE DOCTRINE THE SACRAMENTS, it must appear that he is of sound belief alike in respect of holy Baptism and holy Communion ; i.e., that he holds alike REGENERATION in holy Baptism, and THE REAL PRESENCE in holy Communion. And, further, that

NOTES. there is no room for a sound

A. It has been my purpose belief in REGENERATION in

to express in these extracts holy Baptism without a sound

one and the same understandbelief in THE REAL PRESENCE

ing of the Doctrine of the in holy Communion, and vice

Real Presence-not more, nor versd.

less, in the last than in the " In like manner, any

flaw in

first. our belief respecting Regeneration in holy Baptism is fatal to our claim to hold that belief in reality. Now such flaw B. It has been remarked to is the drawing any distinction me that the word “Spiritual ” in respect of the Sacrament, be- does not occur in connection

I say,


1853. tween adult and infant Bap with the word “ Presence” in tism, as if there could be two the above extracts. Baptisms and not one.

I quote therefore a passage in respect of the Sacrament, from the published Corresbecause the Sacrament, and pondence, Letter K. p. 37, man's acceptance of the Sa- which will, I hope, clear me crament, are different things; from all reasonable suspicion an infant cannot accept holy on the ground of this fact. Baptism unworthily; an adult “I had hoped that I had may; but wbat God bas seen made it so clear that I hold fit to bestow in and by the the Real Presence of the Body outward sign, it is impossible and Blood of Christ in the for any man to say he has not Sacramental Bread and Wine received when that outward to be purely and absolutely a sign has passed upon him; and Spiritual Presence, as to have in like manner of holy Com- guarded myself definitely and munion; a man, who receives effectually against being supthe Sacramental Bread and posed to approach, however reWine, receives the Body and motely, the confines of the docBlood of CHRIST; worthily it trine of Consubstantiation." may be, unworthily it may be; but it is impossible, under any circumstances, for him to say that he has not received it ; and what he receives worthily or unworthily is in all cases the same thing ; in all cases the inward part or thing signified,' 'THE BODY AND BLOOD OF CHRIST.' If it were not so, then, in the case of one receiving unworthily, there would be no Sacrament.

"This, however, is not the place for going in detail into the theological proof of what I have here advanced. If the statement of the DOCTRINE


1853. OF THE SACRAMENTS I have here made is controverted, I shall be prepared to argue the case, but at present it is not necessary."

The specific portion of the statement of 1853, impugned by Bishop Spencer as being “not the Doctrine of the Church of England,” is this," that the Body and Blood of Christ, being REALLY PRESENT in the Sacramental Bread and Wine, are GIVEN, in and by the outward sign, to all, and are RECEIVED by ALL.'

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