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Travel Camping is a program which utilizes some mode of transportation to move the campers as a group from one site to another over a series of three or more consecutive days for experiences in different environments. Transportation may include, but is not limited to, a van, bus, station wagon, automobile, airplane, boat, train, horse, bicycle, feet or a combination of one or more of these modes. 1. Personnel qualifications and standards
Age requirement for counselors
Required training for aquatic staff 2. Sanitation and public health
Safe water supply
Medical care on call.
Medical treatment record
Food protection and food handling
Sanitation of dishes and utensils 5. Program safety
Supervision of activities
Program equipment 6. Transportation
Condition of camp vehicles
Age and qualifications for drivers 7. Site and facilities
Location and drainage of site
Sleeping accommodations 8. Travel and trip
Travel itinerary filed
STATE CONTACT PERSONS*
James Fletcher, Superintendent of Parks, Montgomery Parks and Recreation
Dept., 1010 Forest Avenue, Montgomery, AL 36106.
Mike Leach, Alaska Land Resources, Route 3, Box 3032, Juneau, AK.
*Identified by NRPA project staff and NRPA Regional Service Center Directors.
California Dr. J. R. "Shocky" Needy, Department of Recreation Administration, Sacramento State University, 6000 J Street, Sacramento, CA 95819.
E. P. Romans, Director, Parks & Recreation Department, 3400 South Elati,
Delaware Glenn Smoot, Recreation Manager, Division of Parks, Recreation, and Forestry,
Edward Tatnall Building, Dover, DE 19901.
Florida Dr. Jean Mundy, Associate Professor, Recreation Department, 206 Montgomery
Gym, Florida State University, Tallahasse, FL 32306.
Georgia Frank Spence, Director, Atlanta Braves Camp Raburn, Atlanta Braves, Inc., 521
Capitol Avenue SW., Atlanta, GA 30312.
Jerry Miller, Chief, Consultation and Education, Idaho State Department of
Parks and Recreation, State House, Boise, ID 83707.
Dr. Al Sapora, Chairman, Department of Recreation and Park Administration
Huff Gymnasium, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, IL 61820.
Ron Riggins, Director, Bradford Woods Outdoor Education Center, Indiana
University, Martinsville, IN 46151.
Angie Anderson, Director of Recreation, Iowa Methodist Hospital, 1200 Pleasant Street, Des Moines, IA 50308.
Gary Haller, State Park and Resource Authority, 801 Harrison, Topeka, Kans. 66612.
Cliff Seymour, Professor, Department of Leisure and Recreation Services, Col.
lege of Education, Southern University and A and M, P.O. Box 9752, Baton Rouge, LA 70813.
Thomas H. St Louis, Director of Recreation, 240 Stilwater Avenue, Old Town, ME 04468.
Kay Valeson, Route 1, Box 347 C, Dunkirk, MD 20754.
Paula Lutzin, 35 Glencoe Street, Brighton, MA 02135.
Dr. Lorne Olson, 1711 Delevan Avenue, Lansing, MI.
Arlin F. Epperson, Recreation Specialist, University of Missouri, 605 Clark Hall, Columbia, MO 65201.
Dan Mizner, Executive Director, Montana League of Cities and Towns, Box 1704, Helena, MT 59601.
Ralph McClintock, 2501 Woods Boulevard, Lincoln, NE 68502.
Eric Cronkhite, Nevada State Park System, Nye Building-Room 221, Carson City, NV 89701.
New Hampshire Dr. Gus Zaso, Hewith Hall, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824.
Barbara Keller, Associate Professor, Fairleigh Dickinson University, 285 Mad
ison Avenue, Madison, NJ 07940.
Dr. E. A. Scholar, Program Coordinator for Recreation, Health, Physical Edu
cation and Recreation Department, University of New Mexico, Johnson Gym, Albuquerque, NM 87106.
Walter Schatz, Andre Lane, Route #3, Peekskill, NY 10566.
Dr. Thomas Stein, Associate Professor, University of North Carolina, 503 Tinker
bell Road, Chapel Hill, NC 27514.
Curt Seibel, Superintendent, Parks and Recreation Department, City Hall, Bis
marck, ND 58501.
Ohio Robert L. Holland, State Superintendent of Health, Physical Education Recrea
tion, and Safety, Ohio Department of Education, 65 Front Street—Room 606, Columbus, OH 43215.
Oklahoma Alvin Eggeling, Assistant Director, Parks and Recreation Department, 331 West Main, Oklahoma City, OK 73102.
Jack L. Stevenson, Associate Professor, Department of Recreation and Park
Administration, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29631.
Charles Speers, Director, Metro Board of Parks and Recreation, Centenniel Park, Nashville, TN 37203.
Jack Robinson, Assistant Director, Parks and Recreation Department, P.O. Box 1088, Austin, TX 78767.
George Plumb, Vermont Division of Recreation, State Office Building, Montpelier, VT 05602.
Virginia Dr. Michael Wise, Assistant Professor, Virginia Commonwealth University,
812 West Franklin Street, Richmond, VA 23220.
Washington Lynn Martin, Parks & Recreation Consultant, P.O. Box 1128, Olympia, WA 98501.
West Virginia Ted Muilbury, Assistant Professor of Recreation, West Virginia State College, Box 145, Institute, WV 25112.
Wisconsin Larry Lenox, Milwaukee Public Schools, Recreation Director, P.O. Drawer 10-K, Milwaukee, WI 53201.
Wyoming Dr. John Schultz, Head, Parks & Recreation Administration, University of
Wyoming, P.O. Box 3402, University Station, Laramie, WY 82070.
LIST OF APPENDIX TITLES
Appendices referred to in the description of Phases II, III, and IV have been submitted to the Center for Disease Control under separate cover. They include: Letter to national organizations.
A Letter of APRS membership--
B Memorandum to identified State contact personnel
C Packet of information to State contact personnel. Followup letter to regional directors of NRPA.
E List of consultant participants to youth camp safety meeting--
F Bibliography of camping materials provided by national organizations-- G Camp safety related material from local park and recreation departments. H Categories of State laws.---
I State check lists on camp safety laws_
J Summary of State laws on youth camp safety
K Summary sheet of State laws compiled by Cordura Co.
L State synopsis of regulations by categories --
This study was conducted for the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare to assist in determining :
1. the extent of accidents and illness in youth camps
2. the contribution to youth camp safety being made by State and local public and private agencies and groups
3. whether existing State and local laws adequately deal with youth camp safety
4. the degree of enforcement of State and local laws relating to youth camp safety
Over 200 sponsored youth camps in twenty randomly selected areas of the country participated in a survey of their facilities and their injury and illness experience during the summer of 1973. Additional information was collected on programs of various private organizations and governmental agencies which relate to youth camp safety. Adequacy and effectiveness of State laws and regulations pertaining to youth camps was also assessed. The survey
The camps participating in the survey were mostly large with a median capacity of 165 campers, although 22 percent were under 100 in capacity. More than half (57 percent) were accredited by some camping association. Most camps were required to have some kind of permit or license, but about onefifth to one-third of camps, depending on the section of the country, required no permit. Many times permits are issued which do not require an inspection, but about half to three-fourths of the camps did require one; in States with laws specifically regulating camps, nearly all (6 percent) camps needed to be inspected before being issued a permit.
Counselor qualifications varied greatly with the type of camp sponsor, but the more common requirements appear to be:
18 years old or older
Miscellaneous desirable personal qualities The most usual arrangement for health care at a camp is to have a registered nurse in residence and a medical doctor on call. Over 90 percent of the camps had an infirmary. Most camps require a physical examination of the camper and claimed to accept applicants with medical conditions. However, many of the latter accepted only those medical conditions that would not interfere with the normal camp program.
Of over 1000 injury reports filed, there were 54 that could be considered "serious" hecause they required hospitalization, sending the camper home, or resulted in a partial permanent disability. The overall rate for all reports filed was approximately 5 to 6 per 1,000 camper days. Falls accounted for the greatest number of injury reports. Walking and running and playing in com