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Travel Camping is a program which utilizes some mode of transportation to move the campers as a group from one site to another over a series of three or more consecutive days for experiences in different environments. Transportation may include, but is not limited to, a van, bus, station wagon, automobile, airplane, boat, train, horse, bicycle, feet or a combination of one or more of these modes. 1. Personnel qualifications and standards

Age requirement for counselors
Counselor-to-camper ratio
Minimum age of director

Required training for aquatic staff 2. Sanitation and public health

Toilet facilities
Sewage disposal
Garbage and waste disposal
Insect, weed and rodent control
Animal regulations
Camp cleanliness

Safe water supply
3. Personal health, first aid and medical service

Medical care on call.
Physical exam required
Health supervisor on staff
First aid supplies

Medical treatment record
4. Food handling, mass feeding and cleanliness

Food protection and food handling
Food storage and refrigeration
Milk supply and serving method
Meal planning

Sanitation of dishes and utensils 5. Program safety

Supervision of activities
Restriction of hazardous activities
Aquatic facilities
Horseback riding procedures
Fire regulations
Heating equipment

Program equipment 6. Transportation

Condition of camp vehicles

Age and qualifications for drivers 7. Site and facilities

Location and drainage of site
Type and size of living quarters

Sleeping accommodations 8. Travel and trip

Travel itinerary filed
Medical care plan on file
Parental designation of Director as temporary guardian

Attachment I



James Fletcher, Superintendent of Parks, Montgomery Parks and Recreation

Dept., 1010 Forest Avenue, Montgomery, AL 36106.


Mike Leach, Alaska Land Resources, Route 3, Box 3032, Juneau, AK.

*Identified by NRPA project staff and NRPA Regional Service Center Directors.

Fred J. Nobbe, Suite 325 Luhrs Building, Phoenix, AZ 85003.

Byron Caldwell, (NRPA), Little Rock, AR.

California Dr. J. R. "Shocky" Needy, Department of Recreation Administration, Sacramento State University, 6000 J Street, Sacramento, CA 95819.


E. P. Romans, Director, Parks & Recreation Department, 3400 South Elati,
Englewood, CO 80110.

Mr. Robert Eldridge, 106 Wetherfield Avenue, Hartford, CT 06114.

Delaware Glenn Smoot, Recreation Manager, Division of Parks, Recreation, and Forestry,

Edward Tatnall Building, Dover, DE 19901.

Florida Dr. Jean Mundy, Associate Professor, Recreation Department, 206 Montgomery

Gym, Florida State University, Tallahasse, FL 32306.

Georgia Frank Spence, Director, Atlanta Braves Camp Raburn, Atlanta Braves, Inc., 521

Capitol Avenue SW., Atlanta, GA 30312.

Mrs. Ethel Mori, 3179 Huelani Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822.


Jerry Miller, Chief, Consultation and Education, Idaho State Department of

Parks and Recreation, State House, Boise, ID 83707.


Dr. Al Sapora, Chairman, Department of Recreation and Park Administration

Huff Gymnasium, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, IL 61820.


Ron Riggins, Director, Bradford Woods Outdoor Education Center, Indiana

University, Martinsville, IN 46151.


Angie Anderson, Director of Recreation, Iowa Methodist Hospital, 1200 Pleasant Street, Des Moines, IA 50308.


Gary Haller, State Park and Resource Authority, 801 Harrison, Topeka, Kans. 66612.

Barbara Draper, 333 Legion Drive, Lexington, KY 40504.


Cliff Seymour, Professor, Department of Leisure and Recreation Services, Col.

lege of Education, Southern University and A and M, P.O. Box 9752, Baton Rouge, LA 70813.


Thomas H. St Louis, Director of Recreation, 240 Stilwater Avenue, Old Town, ME 04468.


Kay Valeson, Route 1, Box 347 C, Dunkirk, MD 20754.


Paula Lutzin, 35 Glencoe Street, Brighton, MA 02135.


Dr. Lorne Olson, 1711 Delevan Avenue, Lansing, MI.

Mrs. Lloyd H. King, Percy Quin State Park, Route 3, McComb, MS 39648.


Arlin F. Epperson, Recreation Specialist, University of Missouri, 605 Clark Hall, Columbia, MO 65201.


Dan Mizner, Executive Director, Montana League of Cities and Towns, Box 1704, Helena, MT 59601.


Ralph McClintock, 2501 Woods Boulevard, Lincoln, NE 68502.


Eric Cronkhite, Nevada State Park System, Nye Building-Room 221, Carson City, NV 89701.

New Hampshire Dr. Gus Zaso, Hewith Hall, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824.

New Jersey

Barbara Keller, Associate Professor, Fairleigh Dickinson University, 285 Mad

ison Avenue, Madison, NJ 07940.

New Mexico

Dr. E. A. Scholar, Program Coordinator for Recreation, Health, Physical Edu

cation and Recreation Department, University of New Mexico, Johnson Gym, Albuquerque, NM 87106.

New York

Walter Schatz, Andre Lane, Route #3, Peekskill, NY 10566.

North Carolina

Dr. Thomas Stein, Associate Professor, University of North Carolina, 503 Tinker

bell Road, Chapel Hill, NC 27514.

North Dakota

Curt Seibel, Superintendent, Parks and Recreation Department, City Hall, Bis

marck, ND 58501.

Ohio Robert L. Holland, State Superintendent of Health, Physical Education Recrea

tion, and Safety, Ohio Department of Education, 65 Front Street—Room 606, Columbus, OH 43215.

Oklahoma Alvin Eggeling, Assistant Director, Parks and Recreation Department, 331 West Main, Oklahoma City, OK 73102.

Ted Dethlefs, Recreation Specialist, State Highway Division, Salem, OR 97310.

Douglas C. McCullough, 2 Maple Drive, Spring Church, PA 15686.

Rhode Island
Edward Cole, 113 Kingswood Road, North Kings Town, RI 02852.

South Carolina

Jack L. Stevenson, Associate Professor, Department of Recreation and Park

Administration, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29631.

South Dakota
Leroy Volmer, Game, Fish & Parks, State Offices, Pierre, SD 57501.


Charles Speers, Director, Metro Board of Parks and Recreation, Centenniel Park, Nashville, TN 37203.


Jack Robinson, Assistant Director, Parks and Recreation Department, P.O. Box 1088, Austin, TX 78767.

Dr. Linn Rockwood, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112.


George Plumb, Vermont Division of Recreation, State Office Building, Montpelier, VT 05602.

Virginia Dr. Michael Wise, Assistant Professor, Virginia Commonwealth University,

812 West Franklin Street, Richmond, VA 23220.

Washington Lynn Martin, Parks & Recreation Consultant, P.O. Box 1128, Olympia, WA 98501.

West Virginia Ted Muilbury, Assistant Professor of Recreation, West Virginia State College, Box 145, Institute, WV 25112.

Wisconsin Larry Lenox, Milwaukee Public Schools, Recreation Director, P.O. Drawer 10-K, Milwaukee, WI 53201.

Wyoming Dr. John Schultz, Head, Parks & Recreation Administration, University of

Wyoming, P.O. Box 3402, University Station, Laramie, WY 82070.


Appendices referred to in the description of Phases II, III, and IV have been submitted to the Center for Disease Control under separate cover. They include: Letter to national organizations.

A Letter of APRS membership--

B Memorandum to identified State contact personnel

C Packet of information to State contact personnel. Followup letter to regional directors of NRPA.

E List of consultant participants to youth camp safety meeting--

F Bibliography of camping materials provided by national organizations-- G Camp safety related material from local park and recreation departments. H Categories of State laws.---

I State check lists on camp safety laws_

J Summary of State laws on youth camp safety

K Summary sheet of State laws compiled by Cordura Co.

L State synopsis of regulations by categories --



This study was conducted for the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare to assist in determining :

1. the extent of accidents and illness in youth camps

2. the contribution to youth camp safety being made by State and local public and private agencies and groups

3. whether existing State and local laws adequately deal with youth camp safety

4. the degree of enforcement of State and local laws relating to youth camp safety

Over 200 sponsored youth camps in twenty randomly selected areas of the country participated in a survey of their facilities and their injury and illness experience during the summer of 1973. Additional information was collected on programs of various private organizations and governmental agencies which relate to youth camp safety. Adequacy and effectiveness of State laws and regulations pertaining to youth camps was also assessed. The survey

The camps participating in the survey were mostly large with a median capacity of 165 campers, although 22 percent were under 100 in capacity. More than half (57 percent) were accredited by some camping association. Most camps were required to have some kind of permit or license, but about onefifth to one-third of camps, depending on the section of the country, required no permit. Many times permits are issued which do not require an inspection, but about half to three-fourths of the camps did require one; in States with laws specifically regulating camps, nearly all (6 percent) camps needed to be inspected before being issued a permit.

Counselor qualifications varied greatly with the type of camp sponsor, but the more common requirements appear to be:

18 years old or older
A college student or graduate
Some previous experience as a camper or counselor
Some experience with a camp specialty

Miscellaneous desirable personal qualities The most usual arrangement for health care at a camp is to have a registered nurse in residence and a medical doctor on call. Over 90 percent of the camps had an infirmary. Most camps require a physical examination of the camper and claimed to accept applicants with medical conditions. However, many of the latter accepted only those medical conditions that would not interfere with the normal camp program.

Of over 1000 injury reports filed, there were 54 that could be considered "serious" hecause they required hospitalization, sending the camper home, or resulted in a partial permanent disability. The overall rate for all reports filed was approximately 5 to 6 per 1,000 camper days. Falls accounted for the greatest number of injury reports. Walking and running and playing in com

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