Page images
PDF
EPUB

training programs, and programs for the retraining of selected drivers; (5) adequate research, development and procurement of practice driving facilities, simulators, and other similar teaching aids for both school and other driver training use, and (6) driver education programs, including research, that will assure greater safety for bicyclists using public roads in such State. 205

(E) provide adequate and reasonable access for the safe and convenient movement of physically handicapped persons, including those in wheelchairs, across curbs constructed or replaced on or after July 1, 1976, at all pedestrian crosswalks throughout the

State. 206

(F) provide for programs (which may include financial incentives and disincentives) to encourage the use of safety belts by

drivers of, and passengers in, motor vehicles. 206 a (2) The Secretary is authorized to waive the requirement of subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1) of this subsection, in whole or in part, for a fiscal year for any State whenever he determines that there is an insufficient number of local highway safety programs to justify the expenditure in such State of such percentage of Federal funds during such fiscal year.

(c) Funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section shall be used to aid the States to conduct the highway safety programs approved in accordance with subsection (a) including development and implementation of manpower training programs, and of demonstration programs that the Secretary determines will contribute directly to the reduction of accidents, and deaths and injuries resulting therefrom. Such funds shall be subject to a deduction not to exceed 5 per centum for the necessary costs of administering the provisions of this section, and the remainder shall be apportioned among the several States. For the fiscal years ending June 30, 1967, June 30, 1968, and June 30, 1969, such funds shall be apportioned 75 per centum on the basis of population and 25 per centum as the Secretary in his administrative discretion may deem appropriate and thereafter such funds shall be apportioned 75 per centum in the ratio which the population of each State bears to the total population of all the States, as shown by the latest available Federal census, and 25 per centum in the ratio which the public road mileage in each State bears to the total public road mileage in all States. For the purposes of this subsection, a “public road” means any road under the jurisdiction of and maintained by a public authority and open to public travel. Public road mileage as used in this subsection shall be determined as of the end of the calendar year preceding the year in which the funds are apportioned and shall be certified to by the Governor of the State and subject to approval by the Secretary. The annual apportionment to each State shall not be less than one-half of 1 per centum of the total apportionment. After December 31, 1969, the Secretary shall not apportion any funds under this subsection to any State which is not implementing a highway safety program approved by the Secretary in accordance with this section. For the purpose of the seventh sentence of this subsection, a highway safety program approved by the Secretary shall not include any requirement that a State implement such a program by adopting or enforcing any law, rule, or regulation based on a standard promulgated by the Secretary under this section requiring any motorcycle operator eighteen years of age or older or passenger eighteen years of age or older to wear a safety helmet when operating or riding a motorcycle on the streets and highways of that State. Implementation of a highway safety program under this section shall not be construed to require the Secretary to require compliance with every uniform standard, or with every element of every uniform standard, in every State. Funds apportioned under this section to any State, that does not have a highway safety program approved by the Secretary or that is not implementing an approved program, shall be reduced by amounts equal to not less than 50 per centum of the amounts that would otherwise be apportioned to the State under this section, until such time as the Secretary approves such program or determines that the State is implementing an approved program, as appropriate. The Secretary shall consider the gravity of the State's failure to have or implement an approved program in determining the amount of the reduction. The Secretary shall promptly apportion to the State the funds withheld from its apportionment if he approves the State's highway safety program or determines that the State has begun implementing an approved program, as appropriate, prior to the end of the fiscal year for which the funds were withheld. If the Secretary determines that the State did not correct its failure within such period, the Secretary shall reapportion the withheld funds to the other States in accordance with the formula specified in this subsection not later than 30 days after such determination. 207

205 Amended by sec. 231(b), Public Law 93–87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 294); subsec. formerly (E), relettered as (D) by sec. 1107(e), Public Law 97-35, Aug. 13, 1981 (95 Stat. 626).

206 Added by sec. 228, Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 293); formerly (F), relettered as (E) by sec. 1107(e), Public Law 97–35, Aug. 13, 1981 (95 Stat. 626).

206 a Amended by sec. 207(c), Public Law 95-599, Nov. 6, 1978 (92 Stat. 2731-2732); formerly (G), relettered as (F) by sec. 1107(e), Public Law 97–35, Aug. 13, 1981 (95 Stat. 626).

(d) All provisions of chapter 1 of this title that are applicable to Federal-aid primary highway funds other than provisions relating to the apportionment formula and provisions limiting the expenditure of such funds to the Federal-aid systems, shall apply to the highway safety funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section, except as determined by the Secretary to be inconsistent with this section, and except that the aggregate of all expenditures made during any fiscal year by a State and its political subdivisions (exclusive of Federal funds) for carrying out the State highway safety program (other than planning and administration) shall be available for the purpose of crediting such State during such fiscal year for the non-Federal share of the cost of any project under this section (other than one for planning and administration) without regard to whether such expenditures were actually made in connection with such project and except that, in the case of a local highway safety program carried out by an Indian tribe, if the Secretary is satisfied that an Indian tribe does not have sufficient funds available to meet the non-Federal share of the cost of such program, he may increase the Federal share of the cost thereof payable under this Act to the extent necessary. In applying such provisions of chapter 1 in carrying out this section the term “State highway department” as used in such provisions shall mean the Governor of a State for the purposes of this section. 208

207 Amended by sec. 13 of Public Law 90-495, Aug. 23, 1968 (82 Stat. 815); sec. 202(c) of Public Law 91-605, Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1713); sec. 215 of Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 290); sec. 216 of Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 290); sec. 217 of Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 290); secs. 208(a), 211, and 212 of Public Law 94-280, May 5, 1976 (90 Stat. 454-455); and sec. 208, Public Law 97-424, Jan. 6, 1983 (96 Stat. 2140).

(e) Uniform standards promulgated by the Secretary to carry out this section shall be developed in cooperation with the States, their political subdivisions, appropriate Federal departments and agencies, and such other public and private organizations as the Secretary deems appropriate.

(1) The Secretary may make arrangements with other Federal departments and agencies for assistance in the preparation of uniform standards for the highway safety programs contemplated by subsection (a) and in the administration of such programs. Such departments and agencies are directed to cooperate in such preparation and administration, on a reimbursable basis.

(g) Nothing in this section authorizes the appropriation or expenditure of funds for (1) highway construction, maintenance, or design (other than design of safety features of highways to be incorporated into standards) or (2) any purpose for which funds are authorized by section 403 of this title.

(h) Repealed. 209

(i) For the purpose of the application of this section on Indian reservations, “State” and “Governor of a State” includes the Secretary of the Interior and “political subdivision of a State” includes an Indian tribe: Provided, That, notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (C) of subsection (b)(1) hereof, 95 per centum of the funds apportioned to the Secretary of the Interior after date of enactment, shall be ex

208 Amended by sec. 202(d) of Public Law 91-605, Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1713); sec. 207(b) of Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 286); and sec. 207(d) of Public Law 95-599, Nov. 6, 1978 (92 Stat. 2732).

209 Added by sec. 202(e) of Public Law 91-605, Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1713); amended by sec. 229 of Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 293); and repealed by sec. 1107(c), Public Law 97-35, Aug. 13, 1981 (95 Stat. 626).

a

pended by Indian tribes to carry out highway safety programs within their jurisdictions: And provided further, That the provisions of subparagraph (E) of subsection (b) (1) hereof shall be applicable except in those tribal jurisdictions in which the Secretary determines such programs would not be practicable. 210

(i) The Secretary of Transportation shall, not later than September 1, 1981, begin a rulemaking process to determine those programs most effective in reducing accidents, injuries, and deaths. Such rule shall be promulgated taking into account consideration of the States having a major role in establishing these programs. Not later than April 1, 1982, the Secretary shall promulgate a final rule establishing those programs determined most effective in reducing accidents, injuries, and deaths. Before such rule shall take effect, it shall be transmitted to Congress. If such rule is not transmitted by April 1, 1982, it shall not take effect before October 1, 1983. If such rule is transmitted by April 1, 1982, it shall take effect October 1, 1982, unless before June 1, 1982, either House of Congress by resolution disapproves such rule. If such rule is disapproved by either House of Congress, the Secretary shall not apportion or obligate any amount authorized to carry out this section for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1983, or any subsequent fiscal year, unless specifically authorized to do so by a statute enacted after the date of enactment of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981. When a rule promulgated in accordance with this subsection takes effect, only those programs established by such rule as most effective in reducing accidents, injuries, and deaths shall be eligible to receive Federal financial assistance under this chapter. 211 Sec. 403. Highway safety research and development.

(a) The Secretary is authorized to use funds appropriated to carry out this subsection to carry out safety research which he is authorized to conduct by subsection (a) of section 307 of this title. In addition, the Secretary may use the funds appropriated to carry out this section, either independently or in cooperation with other Federal departments or agencies, for making grants to or contracting with State or local agencies, institutions, and individuals for (1) training or education of highway safety personnel, (2) research fellowships in highway safety, (3) development of improved accident investigation procedures, (4) emergency service plans, (5) demonstration projects, and (6) related activities which the Secretary deems will promote the purposes of this section. The Secretary shall assure that no fees are charged for any meetings or services attendant thereto or other activities relating to training and education of highway safety personnel. 212

210 Added by sec. 207(a), Public Law 93–87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 285-286).

211 Added by sec. 219, Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 290-291); amended by sec. 204, Public Law 94–280, May 5, 1976 (90 Stat. 453); and sec. 1107(d), Public Law 97-35, Aug. 13, 198 i (95 Stat. 626).

212 Relettered as (a) by sec. 208(a) of Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 286).

(b) In addition to the research authorized by subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary, in consultation with such other Government and private agencies as may be necessary, is authorized to carry out safety research on the following:

(1) The relationship between the consumption and use of drugs and their effect upon highway safety and drivers of motor vehicles; and

(2) Driver behavior research, including the characteristics of driver performance, the relationships of mental and physical abilities or disabilities to the driving task, and the relationship of fre

quency of driver accident involvement to highway safety. 213 (c) The research authorized by subsection (b) of this section may be conducted by the Secretary through grants and contracts with public and private agencies, institutions, and individuals. 214

(d) The Secretary may, where he deems it to be in furtherance of the purposes of section 402 of this title, vest in State or local agencies, on such terms and conditions as he deems appropriate, title to equipment purchased for demonstration projects with funds authorized by this section. 215

(e) In addition to the research authorized by subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall, either independently or in cooperation with other Federal departments or agencies, conduct research into, and make grants to or contracts with State or local agencies, institutions, and individuals for projects to demonstrate the administrative adjudication of traffic infractions. Such administrative adjudication demonstration projects shall be designed to improve highway safety by developing fair, efficient, and effective processes and procedures for traffic infraction adjudication, utilizing appropriate punishment, training, and rehabilitative measures for traffic offenders. The Secretary shall report to Congress by July 1, 1975, and each year thereafter during the continuance of the program, on the research and demonstration projects authorized by this subsection, and shall include in such report a comparison of the fairness, efficiency, and effectiveness of administrative adjudication of traffic infractions with other methods of handling such infractions. 216

(1) In addition to the research authorized by subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall carry out research, development, and demonstration projects to improve and evaluate the effectiveness of various types of driver education programs in reducing traffic accidents and deaths, injuries, and property damage resulting therefrom. The research, development, and demonstration projects authorized by this subsection may be carried out by the Secretary through grants and

213 Amended by sec. 208(a) of Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 286). 214 Added by sec. 208(a) of Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 286). 215 Added by sec. 221 of Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 291). 216 Added by sec. 222 of Public Law 93-87, Aug. 13, 1973 (87 Stat. 291).

« PreviousContinue »