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D O RS ET.
F the Earl of Derset the charac
ter has been drawn. fo largely and fo elegantly by Prior, to whom he was familiarly known, that nothing can be added by a casual hand.;. and, as it will appear in the fubsequent volumes of this collection, it would be useless officiousness to transcribe it.
Charles Sackville was born January 24, 1637. Having been educated under a private tutor, he travelled into
Italy, and returned a little before the Restoration. He was chosen into the first parliament that was called, for East Grinstead in Sufsex, and soon became a favourite of Charles the Second ; but undertook no publick employment, being too eager of the riotous and licentious pleasures which young men of high rank, who aspired to be thought wits, at that time imagined themselves intitled to indulge.
One of these frolicks has, by the industry of Wood, come down to pofterity. Sackville, who was then Lord Buckhurst, with Sir Charles Sedley and Sir Thomas Ogle, got drunk at the Cock in Bow-street by Covent-garden, and, going into the balcony, exposed them
felves to the populace in very
indecent postures. At last, as they grew warmer, Sedley stood forth naked, and harangued the populace in such profane language, that the publick indignation was awakened; the crowd attempted to force the door, and being repulsed, drove in the performers with stones, and broke the windows of the house.
For this misdemeanour they were indicted, and Sedley was fined five hundred pounds : what was the sentence of the others is not known. Sedley employed Killigrew and another to procure a remission from the king ; but, mark the friendship of the diffolute, they begged the fine for themselves, and exacted it to the last groat.
In 1665, lord Buckhurst attended the duke of York as a volunteer in the Dutch war; and was in the battle of June 3, when eighteen great Dutch ships were taken, and fourteen others destroyed; and Opdam the admiral, who engaged the duke, was blown up beside him, with all his crew.
On the day before the battle, he is said to have composed the celebrated Song, To all you Ladies' now at land, with equal tranquillity of mind and promptitude of wit. Seldom any splendid story is wholly true. I have heard from the láte earl of Orrery, who was likely to have good hereditary intelligence, that lord Buckhurst had been a week employed upon it, and only retouched or
linished it on the memorable evening. But even this, whatever it may substract from his facility, leaves him his courage.
He was soon after made a gentleman of the bedchamber, and sent on fort embashes to France.
In 16.74, the estate of his uncle James Cranfield, earl, of Middlesex, came to kim by its owner's death, and the title was conferred on him the year aftet. In 1677, he became, by the death of his father, earl of Dorset, and inherited the estate of his family, yilorw : In 1684, having buried his first wife, of the family of Bagot, who left him no child, he married a daughter of b 3