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(g) The President may detail or assign volunteers or otherwise make them available to any entity referred to in paragraph (1) of section 10(a) on such terms and conditions as he may determine: Provided, however, That any volunteer so detailed or assigned shall continue to be entitled to the allowances, benefits and privileges of volunteers authorized under or pursuant to this Act.

(h) Volunteers shall be deemed employees of the United States Government for the purposes of the Federal Tort Claims Act and any other Federal tort liability statute.

(i) The service of a volunteer may be terminated at any time at the pleasure of the President.

PEACE CORPS VOLUNTEER LEADERS SEC. 6. The President may enroll in the Peace Corps qualified citizens or nationals of the United States whose services are required for supervisory or other special duties or responsibilities in connection with programs under this Act (referred to in this Act as “volunteer leaders”). Except as otherwise provided in this Act, all of the provisions of this Act applicable to volunteers shall be applicable to volunteer leaders, and the term "volunteers” shall include "volunteer leaders”: Provided, however, That

(1) members of families of volunteer leaders may receive such living, travel, and leave allowances, and such housing, transportation (including transportation for personal and household effects), subsistence, and clothing as the President may determine;

(2) members of the families of volunteer leaders accompanying them may receive such health care as the President may determine and upon such terms as he may determine, including health care in any facility referred to in section 5(e) of this Act, subject to such regulations as the President may prescribe and subject to reimbursement of appropriations as provided in section 5(e); and

(3) members of the families of volunteer leaders accompanying them may receive such orientation, language, and other training as the President may determine.

PEACE CORPS EMPLOYEES

Sec. 7. (a) The President may employ such persons, other than volunteers, as the President deems necessary to carry out the provisions and purposes of this Act. Except as otherwise provided in this Act, such persons (hereinafter sometimes referred to as "employees”) shall be employed in accordance with and shall be subject to the laws applicable to personnel employed by the United States Government.

(b) of the persons so employed in the United States in activities authorized by this Act, not to exceed forty may be compensated without regard to the provisions of the Classification Act of 1949, as amended, of whom not to exceed thirty may be compensated at rates higher than those provided for grade fifteen of the general schedule established by the Classification Act of 1949, as amended, and of these not to exceed two may be compensated at a rate in excess of the highest rate provided for grades of such general schedule but not in excess of $19,000 per year. Such positions shall be in addition to those authorized by section 4(a) of this Act to be filled by Presidential appointment, and in addition to the number authorized by section 505 of the Classification Act of 1949, as amended.

(c) For the purpose of performing functions under this Act outside the United States, the President may

(1) employ or assign persons, or authorize the employment or assignment of officers or employees of agencies of the United States Government, who shall receive compensation at any of the rates provided for persons appointed to the Foreign Service Reserve and Staff under the Foreign Service Act of 1946, as amended (22 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), together with allowances and benefits thereunder; and persons so employed or assigned shall be entitled, except to the extent that the President may specify otherwise in cases in which the period of the employment or assignment exceeds thirty months, to the same benefits as are provided by section 528 of that Act for persons appointed to the Foreign Service Reserve, and the provisions of section 1005 of that Act shall apply in the case of such persons, except that policymaking officials shall not be subject to that part of section 1005 which prohibits political tests; and

(2) utilize such authority, including authority to appoint and assign persons for the duration of operations under this Act, contained in the Foreign Service Act of 1946, as amended, as the President deems necessary to carry out functions under this Act. Such provisions of the Foreign Service Act as the President deems appropriate shall apply to persons appointed or assigned under this paragraph, including in all cases, the provisions of section 528 of that Act: Provided, however, That the President may by regulation make exceptions to the application of section 528 in cases in which the period of the appointment or assignment exceeds thirty months: Provided further, That Foreign Service Reserve officers appointed or assigned pursuant to this paragraph shall receive within-class salary increases in accordance with such regulations as the President may prescribe : Provided further, That under this paragraph the President may initially assign persons for duty within the United States for periods not

to exceed four years prior to assignment for duty abroad. (d) The President is authorized to prescribe by regulation standards or other criteria for maintaining adequate performance levels for persons appointed or assigned pursuant to subsection (c)(2) of this section and section 527 (c)(2) of the Mutual Security Act of 1954, as amended, and may, notwithstanding any other law, separate persons who fail to meet such standards or other criteria, and also may grant such persons severance benefits of one month's salary for each year of service, but not to exceed one year's salary at the then current salary rate of such persons.

(e) The President may maintain special missions or staffs abroad in such countries and for such periods of time as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act. Each such special mission or staff shall be under the direction of a chief, who shall be appointed by the President and may, notwithstanding any other law, be removed by the President at his discretion. The chief shall be entitled to receive (1) in cases approved by the President, the same compensation and allowances as a chief of mission, class 3, or a chief of mission, class 4, within the meaning of the Foreign Service Act of 1946, as amended, or (2) compensation, allowances, and benefits applicable to persons employed or assigned in accordance with subsection (c) of this section, as the President shall determine to be appropriate.

VOLUNTEER TRAINING

SEC. 8. (a) The President shall make provision for such training as he deems appropriate for each applicant for enrollment as a volunteer and each enrolled volunteer. All of the provisions of this Act applicable respectively to volunteers and volunteer leaders shall be applicable to applicants for enrollment as such during any period of training occurring prior to enrollment, and the respective terms “volunteers” and “volunteer leaders" shall include such applicants during any such period of training.

(b) The President may also make provision, on the basis of advances of funds or reimbursement to the United States, for training for persons, other than those referred to in subsection (a) of this section, who have been selected for service abroad in programs not carried out under authority of this Act which are similar to those authorized by this Act. The provisions of section 9 of this Act shall apply, on a similar advance of funds or a reimbursement basis, with respect to persons while within the United States for training under authority of this subsection. Advances or reimbursements received under this subsection may be credited to the current applicable appropriation, fund, or account and shall be available for the purposes for which such appropriation, fund, or account is authorized to be used.

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SEC. 9. In order to provide for participation of foreign nationals in the training of volunteers, and to permit effective implementation of Peace Corps projects with due regard for the desirability of cost-sharing arrangements, where appropriate, the President may make provision for transportation, housing, subsistence, or per diem in lieu thereof, and health care or health and accident insurance for foreign nationals engaged in activities authorized by this Act while they are away from their homes, without regard to the provisions of any other law: Provided, however, That per diein in lieu of subsistence furnished to such persons shall not be at rates higher than those prescribed by the Secretary of State pursuant to " 'n 12 of Public Law 84-885 (70 Stat. 890). Such persons, and persons coming to the United States for training under section 8(b), may be admitted to the United States, if otherwise qualified, as nonimmigrants under section 101 (a) (15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 101 (a) (15)) for such time and under such conditions as may be prescribed by regulations promulgated by the Secretary of State and the Attorney General.

GENERAL POWERS AND AUTHORITIES

SEC. 10. (a) In furtherance of the purposes of this Act, the President may

(1) enter into, perform, and modify contracts and agreements and otherwise cooperate with any agency of the United States Government or of any State or any subdivision thereof, international organizations and agencies, other governments and departments and agencies thereof, and educational institutions, voluntary agencies, farm organizations, labor unions, and other organizations, individuals and firms;

(2) accept in the name of the Peace Corps and employ in furtherance of the purposes of this Act (A) voluntary services notwithstanding the provisions of 31 U.S.C. 665(b), and (B) any money or property (real, personal or mixed, tangible or intangible) received by gift, devise, bequest, or otherwise; and

(3) contract with individuals for personal services abroad, and with aliens (abroad or within the United States) for personal services within the United States: Provided, That no such person shall be deemed an officer or employee or otherwise in the service or employment of the United States

Government for any purpose. (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever the President determines that it will further the purposes of this Act, the President may settle and pay, in an amount not exceeding $15,000, any claim against the United States, or against any United States private organization or firm to which a volunteer has been detailed or assigned, for loss of or damage to real or personal property (including loss of occupancy or use thereof) belonging to, or for personal injury or death of, any person not a citizen or resident of the United States, where such claim arises abroad out of the act or omission of any Peace Corps employee, or out of the act or omission of such volunteer, but only if such claim is presented in writing within two years after it accrues. Any amount paid in settlement of any claim under this subsection shall be accepted by the claimant in full satisfaction thereof and shall bar any further action or proceeding thereon.

(c) Subject to any future action of the Congress, a contract or agreement which entails commitments for the expenditure of funds available for the purposes of this Act, including commitments for the purpose of paying or providing for allowances and other benefits of volunteers authorized by sections 5 and 6 of this Act, may extend at any time for not more than thirty-six months.

(d) Whenever the President determines it to be in furtherance of the purposes of this Act

(1) the President may exercise, in carrying out functions authorized by this Act, any authority relating to administrative or personnel functions available by law to the agency primarily responsible for administering nonmilitary assistance programs under the Mutual Security Act of 1954, as amended, or any Act which substantially repeals that Act; and

(2) functions authorized by this Act may be performed without regard to such provisions of law (other than the Renegotiation Act of 1951, as amended) regulating the making, performance, amendment, or modification of contracts and the expenditure of Government funds as the President may

specify. (e) The President may allocate or transfer to any agency of the United States Government all or any part of any funds available for carrying out the purposes of this Act including any advance received by the United States from any country or international organization under authority of this Act. Such funds shall be available for obligation and expenditure for the purposes of this Act in accordance with authority granted in this Act or under authority governing the activities of the agencies of the United States Government to which such funds are allocated or transferred.

(f) Any officer of the United States Government carrying out functions under this Act may utilize the services and facilities of, or procure commodities from,

any agency of the United States Government as the President shall direct, or with the consent of the head of such agency, and funds allocated pursuant to this subsection to any such agency may be established in separate appropriation accounts on the books of the Treasury.

(g) In the case of any commodity, service, or facility procured from any agency of the United States Government under this Act, reimbursement or payment shall be made to such agency from funds available under this Act. Such reimbursement or payment shall be at replacement cost, or if required by law, at actual cost, or at any other price authorized by law and agreed to by the owning or disposing agency. The amount of any such reimbursement or payment shall be credited to current applicable appropriations, funds, or accounts from which there may be procured replacements of similar commodities, services, or facilities, except that where such appropriations, funds, or accounts are not reimbursable except by reason of this subsection, and when the owning or disposing agency determines that such replacement is not necessary, any funds received in payment therefor shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.

REPORTS

SEC. 11. The President shall transmit to the Congress, at least once in each fiscal year, a report on operations under this Act.

NATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL AND CAREER PLANNING BOARD Sec. 12. (a) The President may appoint to membership in a board to be known as the National Advisory Council persons who are broadly representative of educational institutions, voluntary agencies, farm organizations, and labor unions, and other public and private organizations and groups as well as individuals interested in the programs and objectives of the Peace Corps, to advise and consult with the President with regard to policies and programs designed to further the purposes of this Act.

(b) The President may appoint to membership in a board to be known as the Career Planning Board persons especially qualified to advise and consult with the President with regard to the development of policies and programs designed to assist the future careers of volunteers after conclusion of their service.

(c) Members of the boards referred to in this section shall' serve at the pleasure of the President and meet at his call. They shall receive no compensation for their services, but members who are not officers or employees of the United States Government may each receive out of funds made available for the purposes of this Act a per diem allowance of $50 for each day spent away from his home or regular place of business for the purpose of attendance at meetings or conferences and in necessary travel, and while so engaged may be paid actual travel expenses and per diem in lieu of subsistence and other expenses, at the applicable rate prescribed by the Standardized Government Travel Regulations, as amended from time to time.

EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS

SEC. 13 (a) Experts and consultants or organizations thereof may, as authorized by section 15 of the Act of August 2, 1946, as amended (5 U.S.C. 55a), be employed by any agency of the United States Government for the performance of functions under this Act, and individuals so employed may be compensated at rates not in excess of $75 per diem, and while away from their homes or regular places of business, they may be paid actual travel expenses and per diem in lieu of subsistence and other expenses at the applicable rate prescribed in the Standardized Government Travel Regulations, as amended from time to time, while so employed : Provided, That contracts for such employment may be renewed annually.

(b) Service of an individual as a member of either of the boards authorized to be established by section 12 of this Act or as an expert or consultant under subsection (a) of this section shall not be considered as service or employment bringing such individual within the provisions of section 281, 283, or 284 of title 18 of the United States Code, or of section 190 of the Revised Statutes (5 U.S.C. 99), or of any other Federal law imposing restrictions, requirements, or penalties in relation to the employment of persons, the performance of service, or the payment or receipt of compensation in connection with any claim, proceeding, or matter involving the Unite tes Government, except insofar as such provisions of law may prohibit any such individual from receiving compensation in respect of any particular matter in which such individual was directly involved in the performance of such service; nor shall such service be considered as employment or holding of office or position bringing such individual within the provisions of section 13 of the Civil Service Retirement Act, as amended (5 U.S.C. 2263), section 212 of the Act of June 30, 1932, as amended (5 U.S.C. 59a), section 872 of the Foreign Service Act of 1946, as amended, or any other law limiting the reemployment of retired officers or employees or governing the simultaneous receipt of compensation and retired pay or annuities.

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DETAIL OF PERSONNEL TO FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

SEC. 14. (a) In furtherance of the purposes of this Act, the head of any agency of the United States Government is authorized to detail, assign, or otherwise make available any officer or employee of his agency (i) to serve with, or as a member of, the international staff of any international organization, or (ii) to any office or position to which no compensation is attached with any foreign government or agency thereof: Provided, That such acceptance of such office or position shall in no case involve the taking of an oath of allegiance to another government.

(b) Any such officer or employee, while so detailed or assigned, shall be considered, for the purpose of preserving his allowances, privileges, rights, seniority, and other benefits as such, an officer or employee of the United States Government and of the agency of the United States Government from which detailed or assigned, and he shall continue to receive compensation, allowances, and benefits from funds authorized by this Act. He may also receive, under such regulations as the President may prescribe, representation allowances similar to those allowed under section 901 of the Foreign Service Act of 1946 (22 U.S.C. 1131). The authorization of such allowances and other benefits, and the payment thereof out of any appropriations available therefor, shall be considered as meeting all of the requirements of section 1765 of the Revised Statutes (5 U.S.C. 70). (c) Details or assignments may be made under this section

(1) without reimbursement to the United States Government by the international organization or foreign government;

(2) upon agreement by the international organization or foreign govern. ment to reimburse the United States Government for compensation, travel expenses, and allowances, or any part thereof, payable to such officer or employee during the period of assignment or detail in accordance with subsection (b) of this section; and such reimbursement shall be credited to the appropriation, fund, or account utilized for paying such compensation, travel expenses, or allowances, or to the appropriation, fund, or account currently available for such purpose ; or

(3) upon an advance of funds, property or services to the United States Government accepted with the approval of the President for specified uses in furtherance of the purposes of this Act; and funds so advanced may be established as a separate fund in the Treasury of the United States Government, to be available for the specified uses, and to be used for reimbursement of appropriations or direct expenditure subject to the provisions of this Act, any unexpended balance of such account to be returned to the foreign government or international organization.

UTILIZATION OF FUNDS

SEC. 15. (a) Funds made available for the purposes of this Act may be used for compensation, allowances and travel of employees, including Foreign Service personnel whose services are utilized primarily for the purposes of this Act, for printing and binding without regard to the provisions of any other law, and for expenditures outside the United States for the procurement of supplies and services and for other administrative and operating purposes (other than compensation of employees) without regard to such laws and regulations governing the obligation and expenditure of Government funds as may be necessary to accomplish the purposes of this Act.

(b) Funds made available for the purposes of this Act may be used to pay expenses in connection with travel abroad of employees and, to the extent otherwise authorized by this Act, of volunteers, including travel expenses of de

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