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for volunteers serving abroad and acts as staff liaison officer with Career Planning Board in assisting returning volunteers to secure employment upon termination of Peace Corps service. Acts as principal executive officer and adviser to the Director of the Peace Corps on all matters relating to the education and welfare of Peace Corps volunteers. Deputy Associate Director, E8-17

Responsible to the Associate Director for Peace Corps volunteers on all matters relating to the Office of the Associate Director, including the recruitment, selection, training, and personnel services of all Peace corps volunteers, and particularly for the management of the internal affairs of the Office. Authorized to act on behalf of the Associate Director, and to serve as his general deputy during his absence or when he is otherwise engaged. Director of Recruitment, ES-17

Under the direction of the Associate Director for Peace Corps volunteers, directs the recruitment of Peace Corps volunteers. Defines and identifies the sources froni which and channels through which recruitment will be made; develops appropriate media of information, and supervises recruitment operations. Establishes working relationships with Federal agencies concerned, with civic and trade associations and other private agencies, and with colleges and universities. Maintains the initial pool of recruit records, checking resources for projects planned, and mounting and conducting general and special recruitment drives when needed. Director of Selection, ES-19

Under the direction of the Associate Director for Peace Corps Volunteers, directs the selection of Peace Corps volunteers. Supervises determination of criteria for selection, and the development and use of testing devices and measuring instruments. Negotiates contracts with agencies to administer Peace Corps tests. Organizes nationwide interviewing and selection operations, including regional panels, and oversees actual selection of volunteers. Conducts research and evaluation on volunteer performance on assignment abroad. Director of Training, E8-17

Under the direction of the Associate Director for Peace Corps Volunteers, directs the training of Peace Corps volunteers, both in the United States and overseas. Formulates and conducts training and orientation needed on the basis of specific needs of projects developed by the Peace Corps in cooperation with host governments, private agencies, international agencies, educational institutions, and other U.S. Government agencies. Works cooperatively with colleges and universities and other educational enterprises in developing training materials and programs in technical and professional skills, language and area studies, health and physical education, social studies, world affairs, etc. Negotiates contracts with educational institutions and other agencies which will provide for training of Peace Corps volunteers. Maintains continuing liaison with medical and program officers on specific Peace Corps projects. Director of Volunteer Support Services, ES-16

Under the direction of the Associate Director for Peace Corps Volunteers, is responsible for all arrangements incident to assignment of volunteers for training in United States and overseas, and for all arrangements relating to assignment of volunteers to work stations abroad. Develops and maintains all services for volunteers on counseling services, inservice training matters relating to insurance and volunteer performance records, medical care, recreation, etc. Maintains all files of Peace Corps volunteers on assignment in United States or overseas. Coordinates travel arrangements for volunteer personnel. Provides all administrative support services (exclusive of project supervision) for volunteers while on assignment abroad. Maintains liaison with medical and program offices on all matters concerning the welfare of Peace Corps volunteers overseas.

MEDICAL PROGRAM Medical Director, ES-17

Responsible for planning and directing the medical program of the Peace Corps. Provides for the preselection medical examination, evaluation, and clearance of all volunteers; arranges for immunization, preventive medical supervision, and health care of volunteers, both during training and field assignments (utilizing available U.S. Government, host country, and private medical facilities and, as appropriate, the assignment of supervisory medical personnel overseas) ; establishes and administers procedures for medical evacuation when necessary, referral of disability cases, and medical examinations and evaluation at time of separation. Plans and develops guides for the instruction of volunteers in self-care and personal health and sanitation; consults with Peace Corps training office and as appropriate, advises or assists in subject matter and selection of instructors for program and personal health training. Makes on-site surveys of proposed projects to determine existing health hazards and medical care capability; plans for volunteer medical kits and other logistical needs; consults with Peace Corps program and operations staff on health projects.


Associate Director, ES-17

Reports to the Director of the Peace Corps and is responsible for two major areas: (1) Coordinating the Agency's relationships with Congress and serving as the chief Peace Corps liaison with members of Congress and the committees; (2) assisting and advising with public groups on the objectives and programs of the Peace Corps, including participation of these groups in particular elements of the program; represents the Peace Corps before groups, associations, and organizations; he serves as Secretary of the National Advisory Council. He advises the Director on congressional and public opinion relating to Peace Corps objectives and activities, and assists in formulating policies in the light of such opinions. Deputy Associate Director, ES-16

Assists in direction of the activities of this office and in developing plans and policies. Acts for the Associate Director in servicing and coordinating relations with civic, business, labor, women's, and student groups. Acts in the Associate Director's absence.

MANAGEMENT Associate Director, ES-19

Reports to the Director of the Peace Corps and is responsible for the planning, directing and supervision of the management offices. He is responsible for formulation and implementation of management policy and objectives in the conduct of Peace Corps programs. He is also responsible for the review of programs and projects in the light of management requirements and for the provision of managerial and administrative support to Peace Corps operations. It is also his responsibility for providing leadership and guidance to all elements of the agency, both in Washington and overseas, on all phases of management; including budget and fiscal policy and procedures, staff recruitment and utilization, organization, agency communications and records, and management improved efforts to assure effective and economical use of the agency and administrative resources. Deputy Associate Director, E8-16

Serves as the No. 2 man in the overall operation of management services of the Peace Corps; including personnel, budget, and finance, and administrative services, both in Washington and overseas. He assists the Associate Director for Management in carrying out his responsibilities and assumes the entire responsibility during the absence of the Associate Director for Management.

GENERAL COUNSEL General Counsel, E8-17

Is the chief legal officer of the Peace Corps, reporting directly to the Director, and is responsible for all legal matters arising within or referred to the Peace Corps. He furnishes all necessary legal advice and assistance to officers of the Peace ('orps, and he supervises the professional and secretarial staff of his office. He provides legal representation of the Peace Corps in matters involving the Congress, other departments and agencies of the Government, and foreign governments, including representation in formal negotiations and proceedings before administrative bodies and negotiations with foreign governments and in. ternational organizations. Other illustrative responsibilities include legal advice on administrative matters within the agency, procurement and contracting, and security. He consults with and advises the Director and headquarters staff of the Peace Corps with respect to policy matters and performs such other duties as are assigned by the Director.

Deputy General Counsel, ES-16

Is the chief assistant to the General Counsel and acts for the General Counsel in the latter's absence and at any time when the General Counsel is unavailable. He is responsible for the timely completion of work assigned to the office and must be familiar with all work being done in the office and be prepared to do or give office approval on matters involving such work. He attends and conducts meetings with high-ranking officials of other government agencies ; provides legal representation of the Peace Corps in matters involving foreign governments and international organizations; provides legal representation of the Peace Corps in procurement and contracting matters.


Develops plans and policies for Peace Corps contracting activities, including contracts with volunteers, for training of volunteers, with private agencies and institutions whose overseas programs the Peace Corps will support, with commercial enterprises, and for other purposes. Administers contracting activities, issuing instructions, determining instrumentation to be used, and negotiating terms; and administers relationships thus established. Plans logistic support of volunteer activities overseas on the basis of needs defined by program development and operations, and arranges procurement of major items. Furnishes necessary advice on procurement and logistics to officials of the Peace Corps.


Reports to the Director and Deputy Director and is responsible for formulation of all policies affecting participation of private agencies in the Peace Corps program; reviewing, evaluating, and deciding on all Peace Corps project proposals submitted by private agencies, or proposed by the Peace Corps to private agencies; works with the appropriate Peace Corps office in matters concerning voluntary agencies in areas of special recruitment and training projects; developing contract policies and participates in the negotiation of these contracts with private agencies ; developing selection policies for projects involving private agencies and participates in the selection processes; developing training policies for projects involving private agencies as negotiator between the two groups; acts as the Peace Corps general advisor in relation to all programs affecting private voluntary agencies; and monitors all relations between the Peace Corps and private voluntary agencies.


Is the officer responsible to the Director for policies affecting the participation of universities, colleges, and other institutions of higher learning in the Peace Corps program. In fulfilling these responsibilities, he acts as liaison officer with educational organizations to encourage the association of these groups with Peace Corps program and enable them to register their views in the formulating of policies affecting educational institutions; advises and consults with the Director and other officers of the Peace Corps in the determination of the role and extent of universities and colleges participating in its program; develops policies and procedures according to which colleges and universities become involved in the oversea operation for the Peace Corps or receive other types of assistance from it; receives and reviews project proposals from educational institutions, evaluates these, advises appropriate Peace Corps program officials concerning project priority or feasibility; develops and appraises criteria for the selection of institutions approached by the Peace Corps for the purpose of assuming responsibilities for Peace Corps projects. negotiates the terms of these relationships by the Peace Corps, with the advice and assistance of the Contract Office; acts as Peace Corps general adviser in relation to all programs affecting colleges and universities and monitors all relations between the Peace Corps and these institutions.


Functions as staff adviser to the Director and is responsible for development of public information policies and programs. Administers the conduct of Peace Corps public information activities including advice and assistance on public information activities, regular service to public information media and internal news service for the Peace Corps. Develops and administers policies, programs, standards, and procedures for the dissemination of information through newspapers, magazines, books, radio, and television. Provides policy guidance and editorial assistance to other Peace Corps officers. Coordinates the review and issuance of public information material originated by the Peace Corps or its contractors, including speeches, articles, reports, information booklets, still photographs, and motion picture films explaining Peace Corps activities. Conducts programs for the release of public information, including news releases, statements, replies to inquiries, press conferences, interviews, and coverage of special events. Provides information to, and cooperates with, the U.S. Information Agency and the Department of State, and represents the Peace Corps in developing joint public information policies and programs with other Government agencies, including the Executive Office of the President.


(LAST PROVISO) Section 7(c)(2) authorizes the President to utilize the authority of the Foreign Service Act to carry out functions under the bill abroad. It thus is the basic authority for the initial appointment or assignment of Peace Corps employees for service overseas. Also persons already holding appointments under section 527 (c) (2) of the Mutual Security Act, from which section 7(c)(2) is derived, or similar authorities could be transferred to appointments under section 7(c)(2) and could be assigned in the course of rotation for duty within the United States.

The final proviso, which is new, would authorize the initial appointment and assignment of personnel employed under section 7(c) (2) for duty within the United States for not to exceed 4 years prior to assignment abroad. The 4-year period conforms with the 4-year assignment authority of Foreign Service Act section 571(a). In practice any initial tour of duty in the United States would not normally exceed 2 years.

Section 7(c)(2) is designed to enable the Peace Corps to recruit for oversea employment the best available people from outside the Government as well as within the Government. The normal processes of civil service employ_ ment are not designed for oversea recruitment, and many highly qualified people desiring or willing to serve overseas do not take the examinations to be placed on the civil service register which is traditionally regarded as being intended for employment in the United States. The civil service register does not provide a sufficient supply of executive-level personnel, especially people with the qualifications and experience for oversea service.

It is, therefore, desirable for the Peace Corps to be able to use Foreign Service Act employment authority for overseas recruiting and not to be limited to civil service channels for oversea staffing. Experience suggests, however, that the assignment to initial tours of duty in the United States of persons destined for oversea service would in many cases better prepare personnel for oversea service than the months' long orientation programs now employed. This is particularly true of executive personnel. It is for this reason that the final proviso was added to section 7(c)(2).

PEACE CORPS COUNTRY REPRESENTATIVES- -SECTION 7(e) The executive branch has requested authority for the Peace Corps to send Peace Corps representatives to those countries where it has programs. Originally this request was embodied in proposed language similar to section 526 of the Mutual Security Act, providing for “mission and staffs abroad,” under the direction of "mission chiefs.” A substitute provision has been submitted authorizing "country representatives" and eliminating the authority to pay these representatives at the rates authorized for class 3 and class 4 chiefs of mission under the Foreign Service Act. In addition to eliminating this salary authority, the substitute provision reflects more accurately the simplified and small-scale representation which the Peace Corps desires to have.

It is, however, most important that the Peace Corps be authorized to send its own representatives abroad. Many U.S. ambassadors have pointed out that it is crucial to the success of the Peace Corps that it create and maintain a separate identity for itself overseas. The Secretary of State himself has said that if the Peace Corps appears as an arm of U.S. foreign policy, it will not make its maximum contribution to the national interest.

Peace Corps country representatives will be the official representatives of the Peace Corps in the host country. They will oversee and be responsible for the well-being and conduct of the Peace Corps volunteers in the countries to which they are assigned. Under the direction of the Ambassador, the representative will be responsible for relations between the host country and the Peace Corps, the development and implementation of Peace Corps projects, and other matters arising as a result of Peace Corps activities in the host country.

Peace Corps representatives will furnish information about the Peace Corps to the host country and information about the host country and Peace Corps operations there, including the evaluation thereof, to the Peace Corps.

The Peace Corps general policy is to utilize wherever feasible the services and facilities of existing U.S. missions and staffs abroad and not to establish its own missions. Administrative support will usually be obtained from the Embassy or the USOM. Only in those cases where the size or complexity of a program makes this impossible or uneconomical, and only with the approval of the Secretary of State, will the Peace Corps establish its own facilities for these purposes.

PAYMENT OF CLAIMS AGAINST VOLUNTEERS-SECTIONS 8(h) AND 10 (b) Section 8(h) of the bill would make volunteers Government employees for the purpose of Federal tort liability statutes, which generally impose on the Gor. ernment the same liability for tortious conduct of its employees which would be imposed on it if it were a private employer. None of these statutes cover claims arising in foreign countries.

Section 10(b) authorizes the payment of meritorious claims arising in foreign countries out of the acts or omissions of volunteers or Peace Corps employees,

AUTHORITY FOR PAYING CLAIMS ABROAD-SECTION 10(b) Operations of the U.S. Government abroad sometimes result in personal injury or property damage to host country citizens. The Federal Tort Claims Act does not apply outside the United States, and it is therefore important for the Government to have some other means for compensating injured or aggrieved foreign nationals if the Government's operations are not to be seriously hampered. Under the terms of section 411(d) of the Mutual Security Act and clause 3 of section 109(c) of Executive Order 10893 (November 8, 1960), ICA and its predecessor agencies have been empowered to settle tort claims abroad. The military departments have authority to settle claims abroad by virtue of title 10, United States Code, section 2734 up to a maximum of $15,000. Authority generally similar to this latter provision is requested for the Peace Corps in section 10(b).

Many Peace Corps projects will be administered by private U.S. organizations. In those cases, volunteers may be working under the direct supervision and control of the administering agency, rather than under the supervision and control of the U.S. Government. In such situations a claim based upon the negligence or misconduct of a volunteer might be asserted against the administering agency rather than against the U.S. Government. Authority to settle such claims is also requested in section 10(b), since the administering agency would be acting on behalf of the U.S. Government. If this authority is absent, the cost to the administering agency of the settling of such claims, or the cost of liability insurance, would be a contract cost which the Peace Corps would normally have to reimburse to the administering agency. Section 10(b) would enable the Peace Corps to be self-insured in this regard and to control directly the settlement of claims.

THREE-YEAR CONTRACTING AUTHORITY-SECTION 10(e) The Peace Corps bill would authorize appropriations for only 1 fiscal year. Such appropriations lapse if not obligated before the end of that year, The Comptroller General has imposed limitations on the purposes for which appro priations for a given fiscal year may be obligated by contracts calling for expenditures in subsequent years. For example, fiscal year 1962 appropriations may be obligated for the entire cost of building a bridge, under a construction contract, even though the funds for building it will be expended over the course

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