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Senator HUMPHREY. Thank you.
Mr. LAMBIE. Thank you.
Senator HUMPHREY. Mr. David Whatley. Is he here?
Is there any other witness?

I have been informed by Dr. Marcy that we have heard all the witnesses who have asked to be heard. We will proceed now on the basis of holding the record open for additional statements that may be filed, and any further hearings will be at the call of the chairman of the committee.

It is our intention, after having concluded these hearings, then to revert back to the mutual security bill for the markup, starting next week, and then after we have completed the mutual security bill, the present plan is to come back to the Peace Corps bill. I must say that it has been a very refreshing experience to hear about the Peace Corps when we face the more difficult task of mutual security.

We will recess these hearings subject to the call of the Chair.

(Whereupon, at 3:45 p.m., the committee recessed, subject to the call of the Chair.)

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Of the many unknowns in the Peace Corps equation, among the most crucial was this: What sort of Americans would volunteerwith what qualifications for this arduous service overseas! For a complete answer we shall probably have to wait until the volunteers have been in their posts for a year or so. But, in large measure because of the careful, if swift, planning, selection techniques, and general groundwork of the Peace Corps staff, the young men who report to Rutgers University on next Monday to begin their training and further selection for the CARE-Peace Corps community development project for Colombia look, on paper-as a result of their test scores, their backgrounds, their general intelligence, and their motivationto be well qualified for the task.

There are, naturally, some perils. But this is a perilous world. If it be true that the gain is to the venturesome, then should we not venture?

NEED TO KNOW BASIC AGRICULTURAL TECHNIQUES

Senator HUMPHREY. Thank you very much for your statement, Mr. Lambie, and thanks very much to CARE for the good work that it does.

One of the concerns that I have with regard to this training program relates to your statement that a good deal of the work that needs to be done in many of these countries where the Peace Corps personnel will be involved is agricultural. Even the so-called communities that we in America think of, like Silver Spring, Rockville, Wheaton, or Gaithersburg, are highly developed, but many of these communities to which the volunteers will go are merely villages of farm people. Mr. LAMBIE. Right.

Senator HUMPHREY. They go out to the land, and our agriculture has become so highly industrialized and modernized that we have to almost turn the clock back a bit in terms of preparing people for the kind of training that they must extend to others in a much more primitive, or much less highly developed, agricultural economy.

I hope that Rutgers University is equipped to teach farming.
Mr. LAMBIE. It is, sir. That is one of the reasons for selecting it.
Senator HUMPHREY. It is not a land-grant college, is it?
Mr. LAMBIE. I do not believe so.
Senator HUMPHREY. But it does have an agricultural school?
Mr. LAMBIE. It has an agricultural school, yes.

Senator HUMPHREY. These agricultural short courses that many of our farm people have taken have been very helpful, and I am sure that the Peace Corps itself will want to stress this matter of elementary agriculture.

Mr. LAMBIE. Exactly.

Senator HUMPHREY. That is what you are really dealing with, is it not, in these projects?

Mr. LAMBIE. Yes, sir.

Senator HUIPHREY. Your point was very well taken in correcting me in reference to what CARE is doing in that CARE is a catalyst, so to speak, in what the country itself will be doing. It provides some of the management; isn't that right?

Mr. LAMBIE. Yes, sir.

feeder roads, cooperative farm improvement, community schools, digging local wells, and such other Community Development projects as are considered to be worth while in terms of specific community needs.

c. The Peace Corps Volunteers and Peace Corps Volunteer Leaders will be assigned to the following Colombian provinces : Cundinamarca, Caldas, Valle, Tolima, Antioquia, and/or such other provisions as may be mutually agreeable.

ARTICLE II. RECRUITMENT

a. The Peace Corps will recruit selectively for people qualified for the CARE program. The standard Peace Corps Questionnaire will be obtained from all applicants. CARE will recruit selectively, but will require that the standard Peace Corps Questionnaire be the basis for their recruitment. All Questionnaires will be forwarded to Peace Corps Headquarters for processing.

b. Recruitment will identify those skills needed in the Community Development Program. It is anticipated that such skills as small animal husbandry, road construction experience, maintenance of farm equipment, well digging, carpentry applicable to farm buildings and schools will be desirable on the part of applicants.

c. Educational requirements may include graduation from rural technical institutes and land grant colleges, and high school graduates with practical farm experience. It would be desirable if recruits had a speaking knowledge of Spanish.

d. Special recruitment will be carried out among the farm and farm youth groups by the Peace Corps. CARE will support this recruitment program in every way possible and will be supplied with Fact Books and Questionnaaire forms in the quantity desired. Any groups desiring to participate in the CAREColombia project are urged to have their people submit Questionnaires to the Peace Corps and should further provide the Peace Corps with the names of persons wishing to participate.

ARTICLE III. SELECTION AND TRAINING

a. The Peace Corps will make an initial screening of applicants on the basis of the Questionnaire. This screening will identify candidates who have back ground, experience, and eduactional characteristics desired for the Colombia project.

b. All applicants who pass the initial screening will be invited to take the Peace Corps Entrance test to be administered at convenient centers throughout the country. The preparation, administration, and scoring of tests will be the responsibility of the Peace Corps. The tests are designed to measure, among other things, general intelligence, knowledge of American institutions, language aptitude or knowledge of Spanish, and knowledge of family type farming.

C. Simultaneously with the notification of candidates to appear for examination, CARE will be supplied with a roster of candidates who indicate that they intend to appear for the examination. CARE will then initiate such personal reference inquiries as would seem feasible to CARE and the Peace Corps at this stage. It would be better to reduce the pool on the basis of psychological tests and then make personal inquiries. However, it may be necessary to conduct these operations simultaneously.

d. The pool of candidates will then be reduced upon the basis of psychological tests and initial personal inquiries. CARE may then wish to conduct such other investigations as seem feasible at this time. Preliminary field interviewing might be indicated. By this process, the pool of applicants should be reduced to approximately 35% more than twice the number of Volunteers needed for the Colombia program. This number allows for a 25% attrition on the basis of the medical examination and 50% attrition during the training program.

e. Candidates will then be invited to take a physical examination given throughout the country. All arrangements for physical examinations, including time, place and examination are the responsibility of the Peace Corps. The physical examination will include a gross check on apparent phychopathology,

f. Candidates will then be invited to the CARE training center, with twice as many receiving invitations as are required for assignment to Colombia. The issuance of invitations will be the responsibility of Peace Corps with administrative detail being handled by CARE. The selection process will be continued through the training program with final selection being determined just prior to

departure overseas. Candidates not selected for overseas assignment would be divided into two categories :

1. Those who have failed and are not presently eligible for Peace Corps projects, and

2. Those who have successfully completed training and who will be called for other appropriate programs, or for subsequent replacement in the Colom

bia program. g. While CARE will be responsible for selection during training, the Peace Corps will participate through consultation with CARE. The Peace Corps will require during the training program the introduction of selection procedures that may be employed on an experimental basis and that will permit the validation of the other selection procedures.

h. The following general policies and procedures will govern the conduct of selection activities. There will be established an Advisory Board to be composed of a representative of CARE, a representative of the Peace Corps, a representative of the Republic of Colombia, and such other people as CARE may wish to include. The Board will be responsible to CARE and one of its main functions will be to advise on the implementation of the policies and procedures established by the Peace Corps. These include

1. Merit alone must determine admission to Peace Corps programs. Selection requirements must be clearly functional. A person must not be discriminated against because of race, religion, or other similar considerations. Political influence is not to be considered in selection.

2. The selection process will continue throughout the training period with a clear understanding with the candidate that he is not finally selected as a Peace Corps Volunteer until he has completed his training program.

3. All procedures used in selection must yield a prediction of probability of success, the prediction being stated in quantitative terms in order that its effectiveness can subsequently be determined by correlation with performance criteria. For example, if an interview is used in selection, the candidate should be rated at least on a five-point scale of probable success. Wherever possible, ratings on particular traits should be reported.

4. The training agency should work closely with the Peace Corps to develop varied assessment procedures for the training period, including peer ratings, observation of supervisors, observation of cooperative tasks, leaderless discussion groups, etc.

5. When a candidate is recommended for elimination on the basis of any subjective process, steps must be taken to obtain independent corroborative evidence before making a final decision.

6. CARE will take responsibility in consultation with the Peace Corps for developing measures of success in training.

7. An adequate record system will be developed for prediction and assessment purposes and all scores forwarded to Peace Corps Headquarters to be

recorded for subsequent validation studies. i. The training curriculum will cover

1. Skills and knowledge required by Peace Corps Volunteers and Peace Corps Volunteer Leaders in the Colombia project.

2. Methods of organizing and communicating skills and knowledge to accomplish project goals.

3. American history and government, democratic institutions and international relations.

4. Geographical, political, and cultural instruction concerning the area in which Peace Corps Volunteers and Peace Corps Volunteer Leaders will work.

5. Language training sufficient to enable Peace Corps Volunteers and Peace Corps Volunteer Leaders to manage their every day living requirements and to communicate with people with whom they will work.

6. Physical health training, and physical conditioning.

7. Training in personal adjustment to different environments. j. The curriculum will provide for not less than 60 hours of training per week for a minimum of 8 weeks of training in the United States and a minimum of 4 weeks in the country of assignment. The relative percentage of time allocated to the seven factors enumerated above shall be agreed jointly by CARE and the Peace Corps. In this regard, CARE must provide to the Peace Corps for its approval a detailed training program covering those areas listed above, as well as any other areas considered desirable by CARE. This detailed training plan will state where it is proposed to conduct the training, what organization (s) will conduct training, qualifications of key personnel involved in the training program, amount of classroom time devoted to each aspect of train. ing, and any other details which will enable the Peace Corps to evaluate and approve the training program.

k. The Advisory Board will advise the Peace Corps on the content of the training program and related matters. Final authority to approve or disapprove or modify the content of the training program will rest with the Peace Corps.

1. The evaluation of the training program and the determination as to whether or not it has achieved its objectives will be the responsibility of the Peace Corps ; for this purpose the Peace Corps may utilize inspection teams, field observers, resident training participants, reports of the Advisory Board or other suitable

means.

m. The final authority for the approval of training sites in the United States and Colombia shall rest with the Peace Corps. The Peace Corps shall for this purpose consider the recommendations of CARE and, where appropriate, of the Advisory Board.

n. CARE shall have the responsibility for determining which candidates for assignment as Peace Corps Volunteers and Peace Corps Volunteer Leaders have satisfactorily completed the required training. The Peace Corps reserves the final authority to reject a candidate after due consultation with CARE.

0. The Peace Corps will require and CARE shall furnish periodic reports of the progress of candidates in training.

p. In the event that a number of candidates in excess of 60 successfully complete the training program, then these Volunteers may be assigned to the CARE-Columbia project, or to other Peace Corps projects as determined by the Peace Corps. This assignment will be subject to negotiations between the Peace Corps and CARE.

ARTICLE IV. SCHEDULE OF PERFORMANCE

a. Medical care plan submitted to the Peace Corps by May 26, 1961.
b. Training program submitted to the Peace Corps by May 26, 1961.
c. Initial selection for training completed by June 14, 1961.

d. United States training program to be accomplished within the period June 26, 1961-August 25, 1961.

e. Departure Peace Corps Volunteers and Peace Corps Volunteer Leaders, Columbia, by August 27, 1961.

f. Peace Corps training Colombia to begin on or about August 28, 1961.

g. Peace Corps Volyunteers and Peace Corps Volunteer Leaders assigned to duty stations not later than October 9, 1961.

h. Contract performance completed July 25, 1963.

i. The above dates may be changed by the expressed consent of the Contracting Officer in writing.

ARTICLE V. PROGRAM REPORTING AND ASSESSMENT

a. All requests for information should be addressed to the Peace Corps, attention : Director of Contracts and Logistics.

b. No action will be taken by CARE which would result in a major change in the scope of responsibility under this contract, or result in an increase in the period of performance of this contract, or would result in exceeding the total estimated cost of this contract without prior written authorization by the Director of Contracts and Logistics, Peace Corps.

c. CARE will submit quarterly reports to the Peace Corps covering, but not limited to, the following aspects of the Colombia Community Development program : A. Program:

1. Project goals.
2. On-the-job training.
3. Peace Corps Volunteer project placement.
4. Projects undertaken.
5. Projects programmed.
6. Host country relations.
7. Counterpart operations and accomplishments
8. Country Team relations.
9. Logistics and transport factors.
10. Future plans.

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