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The National 4-H Foundation has demonstrated, during its 12 years of operation, effective ways in which public and private funds can be brought together to expand and enrich educational work and facilities. In many instances (the International Farm Youth Exchange) the bringing together of private and governmental resources has made possible a variety of significant educational activities which would otherwise have been impractical or even impossible. International 4-H program
Domestically, a vast number of youth from farm and urban areas now benefit from participating in the 4-H program which reaches approximately 2,300,000 boys and girls through 94,000 clubs under the guidance and leadership of 296,000 trained lay leaders. There are estimated to be more than 3 million members in similar clubs in countries around the world. In the United States, 4-H alumni number more than 20 million. Indeed, the 4H program has contributed a staggering measure of influence for good to the four corners of the world.
During the past decade, there has been a spread of 4-H-type rural youth movements over the world. Similar organizations exist in over 60 other countries. The growth of 4-H around the world has provided two significant opportunities to 4-H here in the United States.
1. 4-H Clubs have contributed directly to the building and strengthening of programs in other countries; thereby helping to strengthen the economic and social growth and development of these countries.
2. Establishment of 4-H counterparts abroad provides an ideal channel through which closer international relationships can be established at both the adult leader and member levels.
The 4-H Club members in the United States have recognized a growing re sponsibility to international understanding and relationships. During the past 12 years, the international program of the U.S. 4-H movement has grown steadily. More needs to be done, however, to enrich the domestic 4-1 citizenship program in the areas of international relations and to provide adequate servicing of the expanding programs abroad. Learn to live by living
The international program of the National 4-H Club Foundation, conducted in behalf of the 4-H movement in the United States, is founded on the principle that the best way to learn about another way of life is to live it. The core of this program is the work and educational efforts of youth themselves. Youth—alert, curious, impressionable—becomes the priceless emissary of international understanding, good will, and better living. Private enterprise has recognized a vital stake in this program.
Such an effort
Demonstrates the sincerity of people and organizations in our society to share in the problems of others.
Helps to establish a favorable public image of the free enterprise system.
INTERNATIONAL FARM YOUTH EXCHANGE (IFYE)
Using agriculture as a common denominator, IFYE helps to build a bridge of understanding between the United States and its world neighbors. Its basic purposes are to contribute to international understanding and good will and to provide valuable leadership development experiences for a highly selected group of young people. The program provides a dynamic training experience for the participants and in the few short years of its operation. has produced a corps of young leaders dedicated to international understanding and good will, and trained to assume effective leadership roles in educational programs.
This major 4-H international program began in 1947. Financial support has been provided by 4-H members, the Ford and Danforth Foundation, hundreds of individual business and industrial firms and limited Government funds. Over the past 13 years, over 1,200 youth delegates from 47 States and Puerto Rico, and 1,360 exchangees from 60 countries have been exchanged. IFYE works at the "grassroots” to achieve understanding around the world. The program has proven to be a resounding success.
IFYE is carefully conducted to achieve established objectives
In the United States, the International Farm Youth Exchange is conducted by the National 4-H Club Foundation and the Cooperative Extension Service, operating from each of the State land-grant colleges or universities. It is the major international activity of the 4-H movement.
In other countries, the program is conducted through rural youth or farm organizations; committees representing several organizations; or in a few instances, through the Ministry of Agriculture.
To grow a good crop requires careful selection of seed, preparation of the soil, and proper planting. Similarly, the cultivation of good will and understanding requires careful selection of young ambassadors, orientation of both the ambassadors and host families, and placement of the ambassadors in host family sitnations where they can work most effectively.
Young people between the ages of 20 and 30 who are interested in becoming IFYE delegates apply through their local county extension office. A State IFYE committee selects the State's candidates and submits their applications to the National 4-8 Club Foundation for final selection and placement. The candidates, most of whom are already graduates of the 4-H movement, are screened to determine if they have a good background in rural life and youth work, possess a sincere desire to learn to know and understand other people, and are willing to devote time and energy to preparing for the experience and to sharing their experiences with others upon their return home.
After the IFYE participants have been selected, the National 4-H Club Foundation initiates an intensive orientation program prior to departure. The orientation is begun with a series of orientation letters, with further assistance provided by the State 4-H Club office and through the county extension office. Some of the most valuable assistance provided in the orientation process is accomplished through the efforts of past participants in the program through their active IFYE alumni work.
Before their departure, U.S. delegates are given an intensive final orientation by the staff of the foundation at the National 4-H Center in Washington, D.C. The National 4-H Center also provides an opportunity for the visiting exchangees to receive important orientation before starting their visits to host families across the country. When the U.S. delegates return from their visits abroad, the center also offers its facilities for a final evaluation program before the delegates return to their homes. Likewise, the exchangees' visits in this country are terminated by a final evaluation and interpretation session at the center.
Host family selection is an important part of a successful exchange. Families are selected who are interested in learning about the people of another country and are willing to accept a young person from another land whose customs and language may differ from their own as a "member of the family.” Families are preferred who have children at home-potential sisters and brothers for the young ambassadors—for children are not bound by barriers of prejudice and are quick to make new friends. Many of the families are “4-H" families. Families are selected in the county by a county IFYE committee, with the assistance of IFYE alumni, and the county extension agent. Orientation is offered to host families through the county extension program. The exchange experience is only the beginning
A great deal is accomplished through the direct person-to-person contact of an IFYE exchange, but a large part of the job of promoting understanding is accomplished through intensive followup and reporting to the 4-H Club movement and other groups. Each delegate voluntarily devotes several months following his return home to sharing his experiences with interested groups throughout the State. In this way, IFYE's help to “bring to life" the people and events of far-off lands and forge a bond of kinship with others whose customs may vary, but whose basic hopes and aspirations are akin to our own. From surveys conducted with former U.S. delegates, it has been found that each participant appears before an average of 100 different groups with a total audience of more than 8,000 people. In addition, many more people learn of IFYE's experiences through television, radio, press, and other news outlets.
But this reporting job, intensive as it may be, is just the beginning of a lifelong contribution. These young men and women who have been “grassroots" ambassadors return as responsible, mature citizens and informed leaders prepared to take an active part in community, State, and National affairs. A significant development in the IFYE program has been the organization of State
alumni groups. These trained groups of leaders work with State IFYE project leaders in helping to select and orient current delegates and host families; orient and guide visiting exchangees; assist with fund raising, exhibits, and other international 4-H programs. A national IFYE alumni conference is held each year for an exchange of ideas on activities contributing to IFYE objectives. Alumni groups are organized also in other countries and carry on some of the same type of activities as do the U.S. State groups. Switzerland has had an alumni group for several years. It not only assists with the IFYE program, but has instituted other IFYE-type exchanges with other countries. The alumni in England, Swedeil, and a growing number of other countries meet annually to discuss how exchange activities might be strengthened. Latin America has had two regional alumni meetings and Europe has held its second European IFYE alumni meeting in the Netherlands.
In addition to such meetings, many exchangees have become national and regional leaders in their home youth programs and have been influential in strengthening the program in these capacities.
This growing group of trained leaders represents a resource of great potential both in the United States and abroad. The 4-H movement looks to IFYE participants for inspiration and leadership in the conduct of activities contributing to understanding and more effective citizenship training activities. IFYE alumni abroad are assuming leadership roles in established youth programs and activities and in other instances are making significant contributions to the estab. lishment of 4-H-like youth organizations in their countries.
Here at home, IFYE delegates return and assume roles as responsible leaders in their communities. Nearly 20 percent of all IFYE alumni are currently employed as professional extension personnel. Many of them are on State 4-H Club staffs and in leading extension administrative positions. Over 0.5 percent of the U.S. IFYE alumni are working on, or already have college degrees; and more than 60 percent of these are in agriculture and home economics. Over 10 percent already have masters degrees. Fourteen percent are working in the field of public education and 20 percent are employed in business and industry. Eighteen percent of the former delegates are homemakers and 11 percent are engaged in farming. A number of past IFYE participants, having acquired a great interest in promoting better world understanding, have returned abroad, largely as students and in technical assistance positions. Financing the program
One of the keys to the success of the International Farm Youth Exchange has been the grassroots sponsorship of local people who have given their dimes and dollars to support the program. With the rewarding success of the program and its demonstration of the results, local support has increased steadily until at the present time, the 4-H movement in each State from which a U.S. delegate is selected, contributes $1,000 to the national IFYE budget to assist in financing each two-way exchange. This is the basic foundation for the financial support of the program. The raising of this amount involves hundreds of individuals and clubs, each of which feels a responsibility for the success of the program and eagerly awaits the IFYE's return home so that they can share in this experience.
In addition to the $1,000 contributed to the national budget for each delegate. the local 4-H movement also provides for the local transportation and living expenses of the visiting exchangees when they are not living with a host family, and $1 a day pocket money for incidental expenses while they are living in their local communities. As IFYE exchangees are on educational visas, they cannot be paid for the work they do.
The remaining funds needed to finance the program must be provided from national sources. The National 4-H Club Foundation assumes the responsibility for obtaining these funds to match the local contributions of the 4-H movement.
While local guidance and supervision are provided in the States by State and county extension service personnel, no appropriations of tax funds are provided to the IFYE budget. Funds for IFYE in cooperating countries come from groups similar to those in the United States, except that in a few instances some countries have provided limited funds from Government sources for the expenses of their participants.
Summary of IFYE accomplishments
IFYE has sent over 1,200 U.S. young people abroad from 47 States and Puerto Rico. At the same time 1,360 young people have come to this country from 60 countries over the world.
The program has provided a living experience in understanding for over 20,000 host families.
It has provided a dynamic training experience in citizenship for all participants and these, in turn, have influenced many others.
IFYE has produced a corps of young leaders dedicated to international understanding and good will and to developing effective human relations with their fellow man.
It has helped to spread 4-H-type educational youth programs around the . world.
It has been a significant educational force in breaking down the traditional provincialism of rural United States.
It has provided opportunities to local 4-H and young peoples' groups to de velop a variety of educational activities and experiences in international understanding and more effective human relations.
The exchange has brought home to the participants, and through their talks and contacts, to many others, the principles of understanding other peoples' differences whether they live abroad or just across the street.
It has demonstrated by its “grassroots” nature the sincere desire of U.S. people for understanding and peace.
The IFYE experience certainly contributes to the growth and maturity of the individual participant. It provides training in citizenship development. Experiences gained through the program carry over into leadership roles by participants on their return honie.
IFYE has inspired its participants to continue their educational training; to assist with local 4-H Clubs and other youth organizations; and to dedicating their lives to the service of others.
IFYE has served as a valuable training vehicle for hundreds of local 4-H leaders and extension workers.
It has initiated literally thousands of individual contacts between 4-H members and clubs and similar groups abroad. As a result of IFYE, hundreds of CARE packages have gone to clubs in other countries including food, clothing, and garden implements. Hundreds of scrapbooks are exchanged between clubs in the United States and abroad, and thousands of letters are exchanged between pen pals around the world.
IFYE has helped to spread and strengthen democratic principles and ideology throughout the world. It has provided a living demonstration of the importance of freedom and peace for people everywhere.
While not a specific program objective, considerable technical training has been provided by IFYE experiences through regular family living and observation of methods and techniques used on the farm and in the home. It has also provided effective training experiences for visitors to this country who are responsible for youth and adult extension-type work at home.
This program has provided a valuable public relations benefit to those who have been directly identified with its support and sponsorship. IFYE is widely recognized as a significant prestige program related to a great youth movement. It has provided identification of sponsors with a highly selected group of young leaders. In addition, it has provided personal satisfaction to leaders throughout the country who have associated with and shared the experiences and growth of the young people who are IFYE participants.
Truly, IFYE is a demonstrated success.
Travel more than 20,000 miles.
Share experiences through illustrated talks with over 100 audiences totaling 8,200 people.
Make 11 radio and television appearances.
Provide valuable leadership to continuing IFYE program and international activities of the local 4-H Clubs in their States and counties.
IFYE participants are
Twenty to thirty years of age with background in rural life and interest in agriculture.
Most frequently former 4-H members.
Sponsorship needs for future international youth program
To provide the opportunity for the international program to continue to grow and expand so that the greatest amount of success might be realized, adequate sponsorship is needed to finance the program here in the States and abroad. Currently it is proposed that the International Farm Youth Exchange be expanded by
Obtaining more adequate financing to provide an exchange of at least 200 young people each way annually.
Expanding the educational servicing of the program to provide more depth training and preparation of participants.
Relating the program more directly to developing rural educational programs abroad.
Providing more educational followup with host families, IFYE alumni, 4-H Club members, and leaders.
Continuing to select outstanding, well-trained, mature young people as participants. As the 4-H idea has spread around the world (3 million members in 60 countries), the U.S. program is looked to for leadership, general encouragement, guidance, and support. The U.S. program has a special responsibility to these new and developing organizations. Four-H-type programs abroad are helping to stimulate aspirations for greater economic growth and higher levels of living. The United States must identify with these aspirations, assist them with their needs, and help achieve material objectives while safeguarding individual freedom. Four-H is a demonstrated success in contributing to both economic development and education in democratic ideals.
With additional funds, the contribution and impact of IFYE can be improved and expanded.
WHAT PEOPLE SAY ABOUT IFYE
pride * * *
“* * * With more than 2 million members, guided by dedicated community leaders, your work and spirit are a source of national strength.
"This year, in developing your theme of 'improving family and community living,' I am glad to learn your vision includes the whole family of nations and our total part in the life of the world community. Your International Farm Youth Exchange program is an effective demonstration of the sincerity of this vision. As you help promote understanding and friendship with youth of other lands, you cultivate a strong stand of peace and freedom."-Dwight D. Eisenhower. "* * * No one could observe these American girls without a great feeling of
At the final press conference there were a dozen or more men and women reporters from the big newspapers and they were all full of questions for the girls. It's a tough assignment to face such a group of seasoned re porters, yet Miss Dameron and Miss Bishop handled themselves like seasoned diplomats * * * they knew as much or more about technical Dutch agriculture than the reporters did. They were able to make comparisons of farming and of farm life in America and the Netherlands without any disparagement of either country. The press gave them fine treatment in their stories the following day.
"** * They have demonstrated the soundness of the IFYE program.”—Robert H. Reed, Agricultural Attaché, the American Embassy, The Hague, Netherlands.
* Another phase of activity in these clubs is the International Farm Youth Exchange program. This program has been an impetus toward spreading the idea of 4-H Club work to foreign lands. This is particularly commendable because it is financed entirely by private contributions * * *."-Representative William H. Avery, Member of Congress, First District of Kansas.