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Resolution concerning publication of earlier resolution and recommenda-

tion to seize certain King's Stores.

October 26, 1775_

Resolution regarding Army supplies, and impressments.

November 4, 1775_

Seizure and destruction of enemy vessels.

November 4, 1775_--

Seizure of arms and ammunition.

December 30, 1775_-

Disarming of certain persons.

January 3, 1776_

Disarming of certain colonists.

March 14, 1776 -

Disposition of seized arms.

March 20, 1776_-

Trade regulations concerning exports and imports.

April 6, 1776_-----

Impressment of horses and carriages.

October 10, 1776_

Resolution regarding engrossing.

November 26, 1776..

Request for supplies.

November 26, 1776..

Recommendation for impressment of certain supplies.

December 2, 1776_-

Resolution bestowing dictatorial powers upon Washington,

December 27, 1776_---

Directing removal of supplies in danger of seizure by enemy.

April 19, 1777_-.

Resolution forbidding impressment.

May 29, 1777------

Recommendation to take possession of named supplies.

September 14, 1777..

Resolution conferring further powers upon Washington.

September 17, 1777.-

Resolution authorizing impressment.

October 6, 1777_-

Resolution regarding impressment.

October 11, 1777--

Resolution continuing certain powers theretofore vested in Washington.

November 14, 1777_.

Recommendation that states enact price fixing legislation, and laws regu-

lating engrossers and forestallers.

November 22, 1777---

Impressment of industrial enterprises and use of army to operate same.

November 24, 1777.

Recommendation regarding forfeitures of certain estates.

November 27, 1777----

Resolution urging Washington to subsist army on country immediately

around it, if necessary by impressment.

December 10, 1777-

Resolution regarding cattle in danger of seizure by enemy.

December 15, 1777-

Recommendation to state legislatures to enact impressment, and other

legislation.

December 20, 1777-

PREFATORY NOTE.

Herein have been collected, by the direction of the Attorney General, those provisions of the so-called war legislation which deal with the taking and the control of private property for public use, benefit, or welfare. There have been excluded from this collection the statutory provisions dealing with the organization and government of our military and naval establishments, defining and punishing crimes incident to an effective providing for the common defense, and authorizing and providing for war-time financing.

Some statutes not strictly emergency have been also included, since they are intimately connected with certain phases of the conduct of the war.

These statutes have been annotated at appropriate places by references to the Presidential Proclamations and Executive Orders putting them into effective operation, to Acts and Resolves of the Continental Congress and of the States during the Revolutionary War, and to Federal legislation during the wars of 1812, of 1847, and of the Civil War [including also the Confederate Statutes), all of which are printed herein immediately following the emergency legislation. While some early statutes may have been overlooked, it is believed that the more important ones have been included.

As a casual examination will show, these annotation references are to the general subjects and principles covered by the statutes [both those annotated and those used for annotation), and not to their details.

An Index-Digest of the Emergency Statutes and the Presidential Proclamations and Executive Orders issued thereunder has been added at the end of the book.

Annotations covering broad general subjects or principles will be found as follows: Compulsory orders under Section 120 of the “National Defense Act" [p. 2]; requisition of transportation, the “ Council of National Defense Act" [p. 8]; control of exports, Title VII of the “Espionage Act” (p. 30]; hoarding, and the licensing of dealers in foodstuffs etc., Sections 5 and 6, Food Control Act (pp. 52, 54]; requisition of supplies and storage facilities, Section 10, Food Control Act [p. 57); requisition of manufacturing establishments, Section 12, Food Control Act [p. 64%; regulation of dealings in necessaries, Section 13, Food Control Act [p. 67); stimulation of industries by bonus or otherwise, Section 14, Food Control Act (p. 69]; furnishing allies with supplies, Section 14, Food Control Act [p. 71]; prohibition of the use of grains for making distilled spirits, Section 15, Food Control Act [p. 72]; fixing of prices, Section 25, Food Control Act [p. 76]; the impressment and compensation of labor, Section 12, Food Control Act [p. 65]; confiscation of enemy goods (Section 6) and handling of debts to and from enemies (Section 7 (b)), Trading with the Enemy Act (pp. 102, 105). The reference “ E. L.” used herein are to pages in this volume.

J. R. C. January 31, 1918.

UP TO

PART 1.-CURRENT EMERGENCY LEGISLATIO)

DECEMBER, 1917.

“ NATIONAL DEFENSE ACT.”

(166) CHAP. 134.–An Act For making further and more effectual June 3, 1916.

(H. R. 12766.) provision for the national defense, and for other purposes. [Approved, June 3, 1916. 39 Stats. 166.)

[Public, No.

85.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- National Detives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

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[213] Sec. 120. PURCHASE OR PROCUREMENT OF MILI

TARY SUPPLIES IN TIME OF ACTUAL OR IMMINENT WAR.

Military supplies.

Purchases authorized from ma nufacturers in time of war.

ligatory to have

The President, in time of war or when war is imminent, is empowered, through the head of any department of the Government, in addition to the present authorized methods of purchase or procurement, to place an order with any individual, firm, association, company, corporation, or organized manufacturing industry for such product or material as may be required, and which is of the nature and kind usually produced or capable of being produced by such individual, firm, company, association, corporation, or organized manufacturing industry. Compliance with all such orders for products or mate

Orders obrial shall be obligatory on any individual, firm, associa- precedence, etc. tion, company, corporation, or organized manufacturing industry or the responsible head or heads thereof and Possession to shall take precedence over all other orders and contracts plants refuse, theretofore placed with such individual, firm, company, association, corporation, or organized manufacturing in

Regular

ammunition dustry, and any individual, firm, association, company, corporation, or organized manufacturing industry or the responsible head or heads thereof owning or operating any plant equipped for the manufacture of arms or ammunition, or parts of ammunition, or any necessary supplies or equipment for the Army, and any individual, firm, association, company, corporation, or organized manufacturing industry or the responsible head or heads thereof owning or operating any manufacturing plant, 37639°--181

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plants

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