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For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D.C. 20402- Price $5.40

Stock No. 052-070-03688-5

99 408ST

09/96

XL

1690

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COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

THOMAS E. MORGAN, Pennsylvania, Chairman

CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI, Wisconsin
WAYNE L. HAYS, Ohio

L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina
DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida
CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan
ROBERT N. C. NIX, Pennsylvania
DONALD M. FRASER, Minnesota
BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York
LEE H. HAMILTON, Indiana
LESTER L. WOLFF, New York
JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York
GUS YATRON, Pennsylvania

ROY A. TAYLOR, North Carolina
MICHAEL HARRINGTON, Massachusetts
LEO J. RYAN, California

DONALD W. RIEGLE, JR., Michigan

CARDISS COLLINS, Illinois
STEPHEN J. SOLARZ, New York
HELEN S. MEYNER, New Jersey
DON BONKER, Washington

GERRY E. STUDDS, Massachusetts

WILLIAM S. BROOMFIELD, Michigan
EDWARD J. DERWINSKI, Illinois
PAUL FINDLEY, Illinois

JOHN H. BUCHANAN, JR., Alabama
J. HERBERT BURKE, Florida
PIERRE S. DU PONT, Delaware
CHARLES W. WHALEN, JR., Ohio
EDWARD G. BIESTER, JR., Pennsylvania
LARRY WINN, JR., Kansas

BENJAMIN A. GILMAN, New York
TENNYSON GUYER, Ohio

ROBERT J. LAGOMARSINO, California

MARIAN A. CZARNECKI, Chief of Staff

(II)

Foreword

This is the fourth in a series of volumes based on transcripts of hearings in executive sessions of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs (now the Committee on International Relations) during the period 1943-50 and dealing with subjects of historical interest. As I indicated in the foreword to the series as a whole (which appears in volume I), the committee feels these volumes will help in the commemoration of our Nation's bicentennial. Congress determined our foreign policy in the country's early years, and throughout our history has continued to play an important role in foreign affairs and international relations. It is likely that this role will increase as global interdependence in economic, technological, and other fields requires more consideration of the best ways to manage resources for the benefit of our Nation as well as the world and to preserve our national welfare.

The hearings presented in this volume took place in 1949. They deal with the proposed extension of the European recovery program (which was part of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1948). Legislation providing for such extension ultimately became law and helped continue the dramatic recovery of Europe after World War II. Except for the correction of typographical errors and the insertion of appropriate subheads, the hearings printed in this volume are published in complete form, as they were taken down at the time. In accordance with the committee's procedures, former members have given their permission for publication of these hearings, and the Department of State has indicated that it has no objection to their release from the standpoint of foreign policy.

THOMAS E. MORGAN, Chairman,
Committee on International Relations.

(III)

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