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Spencer makes it the last line of With freedom by my side, and soft-eyed his great ftanza; where indeed it Melancholy: has a very happy effect. By the 7. The seventh and last form fame artitice, Milton gives super- of our Iambick measure is made up lative elevation to some of his stan- of seven iambules. zas on the Nativity:
The Lord děscended from above, ănd But first to those ychain'd in Neep
bồwd the leavẽns high, The wakeful trump of doom tall thunder which was antiently written in one through the deep.
line; but is now for the most part and Gray, to the endings of his broken into two, the first containPindarick measures. This verse is ing four feet, and the second three. generally pleasing, when it con- Chapman's translation of Homer's cludes a poetical sentence of dig. Iliad is the longest work I have nity: as where the aged champion seen in this measure.
It is now in Dryden's Virgil religus his arms, considered as a Lyrick verse; and with a resolution not to resume is very popular, and indeed very them any more :
pleasing Take the last giit these wither'd arms can
" Ill. The shortest Trochaick yield,
verse in our language is that ufed by Thy gauntlets I resign, and liere renounce Swift in a burlesque poem called a the field.
Lilliputian Ode, confitting of one In measure and number of feet it trochee and a long syllable. is the same with the pure Iambick Trimeter of the Greeks and Ro
* In ămāze mans; of which every second linc of the fixteenth epode of Horace is This measure is totally void of digan example :
nity, and cannot be used on any Sůīs ēt ipsă Romă vīribīs rủit. serious occasion. I am therefore Some criticks confound our Alex. surprited, that Brown, in his exandrine with the French heroick cellen ode on the Cure of Saul, verse. But the latter, though it lhould have adopted it in a speech
ascribed to the Supreme Being : sometimes contains the same number of syllables, is not lambick
Tumult cease. at all, but rather Anapestick, having for the most part two short
“ 2. The second English form of for one long syllable, and in rhythm the pure Trochaick confiits of two corresponds nearly to the follow- feet, and is likewise too brief for ing:
any serious pu pose; Now see, when they meet, how their ho
Ön the mountain, nours behave :
By a fountain: Noble captain, your servant: Sir Arthur,
or of two feet and an additional your Nave. Pray low does my lady? My wife's at your long syllable :
service. I think I have seen her picture by Jervis.
In thě days of old Ihe Alexandrine, like other Eng
Stories plainly told lith lambicks, may occasionally take
Lovers felt annoy. an additional short fyllable: These three lines are from an old
ballad : first and third syllables, we might Ver nov!im, ver jam canorum ; vere nubent alites ;
Loft I gaze.
Sink to peace.
ballad: the measure is very un-,
With an additional long syllable common.
our fourth Trochaick species would '3. The third species consists be as follows: of three trochees;
idlě after dinner, in his chair, When the sëās wěre rõāring, Sat a farmer, ruddy, fat, and fairs Phyllis lay deploring:
But this measure is very uncom. or of three trochees with an additional long syllable;
“5. So is the fifth Trochaick Tee the voice the dance bby. species, con Gisting of five trochees;
whereof I do not remember to have This is often mixed with the lamdick of four feet, and makes an
seen a specimen in any printed agreeable variety, when judiciously poem. introduced, as in the Ailegro and All thăt wālk on fõõt or ride is chã. Penserofo of Milton;
riðts, lamó. But come, thou goddess fair and free, All that dwell in palaces or gartets.
In heaven ycleped Euphrolyne. This sort of verse, with an addi. Trocb. Come, and trip it as you go; On the light fantastick toe.
tional long syllable, might be thus 4. The fourth Trochaick spe.
exemplified: cies consists of four trochees:
Pléāsănt was thě morning and tlač
month wăs May, Days of ēāfe and nights of plēāfăre.
Colin went to London in his best array. Which followed alternately by the Some Scotch ballads are in this preceding, forms a beautiful Lyrick measure; but I know not whether verse, whereof we have a specimen I have ever seen a specimen in in one of the finest ballads in the
Englih. English language :
6. “ The Gxth form of the pure As near Portobello lying on the or Englifh trochees; whereof the gēntly swělling food
following couplet is an example: At midnight with streamers flying Our On ă mountain stretch'd běvčath a triumphant navy rode.
hõary willów It is remarkable, that (as Mr. Lay a shepherd twain, and view'd the Wert bas somewhere observed) the rolling billow; fame meafure occurs in the Greek which is, I think, the longest Trotragedians, as in this of Euripides: chaick line that our language adProrkuno, s? anax nomoisi barbaroisi pro- mits of. fpesôn.
“ IV. The shortest possible AAnd there is an elegant Latin poem napestick verse must be a single called Pervigilium Veneris, com- anapelt: monly ascribed to Catullus ; of
Bůt în vain which, allowing for fome varieties
They complain. incident to the Latin Trochaick But this measure is ambiguous : verse, the measure is the same: for, by laying the emphasis on the
make it Trochaick. And therefore Vere concordant amores ; vere natus orbis eft. the first and simplest form of our
Προσκυνα σ' αγας νομισι βαρβάροισι προσπεσαν»
anapestick verse is made up of two English Anapestick consists of four anapeits :
anapests: Bút his courage gắn fail,
At the close of thế dãy when the For no no arts could avail.
hainlēt is still. or of two anapests with an addi- If I live to grow old, as I find I go tional short syllable :
down). Then his cõūrăge găn fail him
This measure, which resembles the For no arts could avail him.
French heroick verse, is cornmonin “ 2. The second consists of three English songs and ballads, and anapefts :
other short compositions both coWith her mīên Thể ěnamoŭrs the brave, mical and ferious. It admits a
With her wit the engages the free, fhort fyllable at the end, With her modesty pleases the grave; .
On the cold cheek of Death Sniles and roses Slie is every way pleasing to me.
are blending: This is a delightful measure, and ruch used in pastoral songs. Sher- and sometimes also between the ftone's ballad in four parts, from fecond and third foot, which the example is quoted, is in the morning when löběr, in die an exquisite fpecimen. So is the evening when mellow : Scotch ballad of I weedfide, and which is the longest form of the Rowe's Depairing icfide a clear regular Anapettick in the English stream; which tait is perhaps the language. . finest love-fong in the world. And " To one or other of these fe. that the same measure is well suit
ven lan:bick, lis Trochaick, and ed to burlesque, appears from the three Anapestick, species, every line very humourous balled called The of English poetry, if we except tippling Philojophers; which be- those few that are composed of gins thus, Diogenes furly and proud, dactyls, may be reduced, I have &c.-Observe, that this, like all given only the fimplett form of the other anapestick forms, often each. The several licences or vari. (indeed for the most part) takes an ations, that these (imple forms ad, jambus in the first place,
mit of, inight be without difficulty Dětpäiring běl ide a clear stream;
enumerated; but I cannot at preand formerly in the first and third, fent enter into the niceties of Eng. Grim king of the ghosts, make häste, lith prosody. And bring hither all your train:
"Sidney endeavoured to bring But this last variety is unpleasing in English hexameters, and has to a modern ear.- With an addi- given specimens of inem in the cional short syllable, it is as fol- Arcadia. And Wallis, in his lows :
grammar, trandates a Lalin hexaSšys my uncle, i pray you discověr meter, Why you pine and you whine like a Quid faciam? moriar? et Amyntam perder lover' ;
Amyntas ? which, used alternately with the into an Englili one, preceding, makes the meature of the witty ballad of Molly Mog, What shall I do ? thall I dia ? fizall Amyntar written by Gay, and often iinitated.
murder Amyotas? " 3. The third form of the pure Mr. Walpole, in his catalogue of 3
Royal Royal and Noble authors, ascribes of some of the tales, but of many the following to Queen Eliza, it certainly is not. We find our. zabeth:
selves frequently affeated both with Persus 2 crabfta:f, bawdy Martial, Ovid horror, and with pleasing sensations, a fine wag.
in reading the Arabian Nights
Entertainments, by the mere force But this sort of verse has never ob- of fituation and description; and tained any footing in our poetry: we are much initiaken if that coland I think I could prove, from lection of fables has not often given che peculiarities of its rhythm, that rise in its readers to ideas boch of it never can."
a sublime and beautiful pature. The three remaining estays are In speaking of the rise and proof a nature much less abstruse, and gress of modern romane?, Dr. BeatJefs complicated with those subtle- tic takes an opportunity of introties which are almost inseparable ducing an account of the character from subjects of a scientific nature, of those nations who introduced than any of the foregoing differta- the feudal government and manLions.
ners, and of the crusades and that The first is on Fable and Romance, spirit of chivalry and knight-erran the second on the Attachment of try which succeeded, as the natural Kindred, and the third contains ofspring of the feudal manners 2.1 Illustrations on Sublimity. In the
government. firit of these, after some general re- In the Elay on the Attachmer's marks on ancient and Oriental proje of Kindred, Dr. Beanie discusses Jable, he proceeds to modern prose the three questions following, “1. fable, which he divides into four Whether it is according to nature, clalles. 1. The historical allegory; that the married persons thould be 2. The moral allegory; 3. The only two, one man and one vopoetical and serious table; 4. The man ; 2. Whether the matrimonial poetical and comic fable, of which union should last through the whole the two lati he comprehends under life; 3. Wherber the rearing and the general term Romance.
educating of children should be left Under each of these several to the parents, or provided for by heads he has claffed a variety of the publick.” With regard to the authors, according to the nature of first question, Dr. Beattie founds their writings; and has given a his reatons against polygamy upon critique upon each : For the most the following principles" That it part bis observations are made with is against the intention of nature, great judgment, and a just con- who having given all men propeo. ception of their respective merits, fities alike that prompt to an union although we cannot in every respect betwixt the fexes, must have inagree with him. As, for infiance, tended that all should enjoy the we differ with him when he says, happiness resulting from it-tbat if that in the Arabian Aights Enter- polygamy was to prevail
, this would tainments “ there is great luxury be impossible, becaute, agreeable to of description without elegance; every computation, the males esand great variety of invention, but ceed the females ;—2dly, That nothing that elevates the mind, or polygamy is inconfitent with that touches she heart.” This is true affection which married people
ought to bear to one another : the author's heart and understand3dly, That it deftroys the peace of ing. families, and therefore stands, in The book concludes with Illuftradire& opposition to one of the chief rions on Sublimity. The different ends of the matrimonial union :- sources of the fublime are collected 4thly, That it is subversive of filial and displayed in a very judicious and parental affe&tion, must be in. and critical manner in this treatise, çonfiftent with the right education as well those which arise from ex. of children, and so counteract an. fernal and tensible objects, as from other chief end of marriage." poetry.
In answer to the second question, Poetry," he says, “ becomes Whether the matrimonial union sublime in many ways.ought to last through the whole When it elcvates the mind by life? Dr. Beattie says it ought, and sentiments so happily conceived this he infers from the following and expressed, as to raise our af. principles,—" That it tends to. fections above the low purfuits of wards our making a deliberate sensuality and avarice, and animate choice :--2dly, That as those who us with the love of virtue and ho. are united by friendthiphave the best nour.' As an instance of this, he chance of being happy, and as true gives that fine line in Virgil, where friendship requires a permanent u. Evander addresses himself to Ænion, such an union is most likely neas to be happy :-3dly, That the re. Aude, hofpes, contemnere opez ; et le verse of such an union would debase
quoque dignum those ideas of delicacy, wherewith Finge Deo.". the intercourse of the sexes ought Poetry is sublime when it always to be accompanied :--4thly, conveys a lively idea of any grand That it would be fatal to the edu. appearance in art or nature."cation of children, whose parents 3. “ When without any great might be totally engrolled by other pomp of images or of words it in. conne&tions."
fuses horror by a happy choice of In examining the third question, circunstances." -4. When it Whether the rearing and educating awakens in the mind any great or of children tould be left to the good affe&ion, as piety or patrio. parenis, or provided for by the film." This division seems to be public? Dr. Beattie endeavours, included, in our opinion, under the and successfully, to overturn Pla. first head. to's theory on this subject. Indeed 5.
“ When it defcribes in a live. Plato's support of this theory is so ly manner the visible effects of any weak and absurd, so completely of those passions that give elevation contradi&ts every feeling and lenti. to the character." ment that nature has implarted in Under each of these bends Dr. us, that fo far from promiting Beattie has given several appofite any political good, it scarcely leaves examples. He concludes by enu
a lingle source from which the best merating a variety of those faults - and greatett of all our actions must in Myle and expression, which are
flow, or not at all. This Ebay inimical to, and deliroy fublimity certainly do's great honour both to in writing.