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portion; their limbs are for the theirs to a considerable length, most part light, but well shared, and I have known many inttances and particularly finall at the wrills of its reaching the ground. 'The and ankles. Opon the whole they men are beas less, and have chins

gracefully formed, and I for reinark bly smooth, that were scarcely recollect to have ever seen it not for the Malay riests displayone deformed person, of the na- ing a litile tufr, we should be apt tive *.. The women, however, conclude that nature had rehave the prepolterous custom of fused them this roken of manhood. flatening the noses, and It is the fame in respect to other presling the heads of children parts of the body, with both sexes; newly born, whilst the skuil is yet and this particular attention to cartil ginous, which increases their their persons, they esteem a point natural tendency to thar thape. I of delicacy, and the contrary an could never Trace the origin of the unpardonable neglect. The boys, fractice, or lea any other reason as they approach to the age of pufor mouling the features to this berty,' rub their chins, upper lips, uncouch ap esrance, but that ic and those parts of the body that was an improvement of beauty in are subject to fuperfluous hair, their eilimaticn. Captain Cook with chunam, (quick lime) espetal es notice of a similar operation cially of thells, which deltroys ihe at she island of Ulieten. They roots of the incipient beard. The like vise pull out the ears of in- few pilæ that afterwards appear, fants, 10 make them Itand erect' are plucked out from time to time from the head. Their eyes are with tweezers, which they always vuitormly dark and clear, and carry about them for that purpose. among fome, especially the fou. Were it not for the numerous and thern women, bear a strong re- very respectable authorities, from semblance to the Chinese, in the which we are assured that the napeculiarity of formation fo ge- tives of America are naturally nerally observed of that people. bearblets, I should think that the Their hair is strong, and of a shin. com non opinion on that subject ing black; the improvement of had been rainly adopted, and that both which quali res it probably th ir appearing thus owes,


great measure, the age, wis only the consequence of cunttant and early use of cocca-nut an carly pr:ctice, similar to that oil, with which they keep it moiit. eberved a:nong tlie Sumatrans. The men frequenly cut their bair Even now I must confefs that it fhort, not appearing to take any would remove fome small degree pride in it; the womed encourage of doubt from my mind, could it

Ghirarlini, an Italian painter, who touchel at Sumatra on his way to China in 1698, obferves of the Minys,

Son di persona tanio ben formala,

Quanto mui finger san piriori dicunri.
He speaks in high terms of the county, as being beautifully picturesque.






be ascertained that no fuch custom and all the descendants of the prevail.*. Their complexion is Guinea and other African flaves properly yellow, wanting the red imported there, continue in the finge that consti:utes a tawny or lait instance as pertectly black as cooper culous. They are in general in the original stock.

I do not lighter than the Meftees, or half 10 inter into the merits of breed, of the rest of India ; those the question which naturally conof the superior class, who are not nects with these observacons ; but

ofed to the rays of the fun, and fall only remark, that the fallow parricularly their women of rank, and adult countenances, lo com. approaching to a great degree of monly acquired by Europeans who fairness. Did beauty confift in have long resided in hot climates, this one quali'y, some of them are more ascribable to the effect of would forpa's our brunettes in Eu. bilious diltempers, which almost rope. The majır part of the few all are subject to in a greater op mal's are ugly, and many of them less degree, than of their exposure even to dilgust, yet there are those to the influence of the weather, among hem, whose appearance is which few but seataring people are ftrikingly beautiful ; whatever liable to, and of which the im. competition of personfcatures, preffion seldom' permanent, and complexion, that sentiment From this circumstance 1 bave may be the relult of.

been led to conjecture that the geThe fairness of the Sumatrans, neral disparity of complexions in comparatively with other Indians, different nations, mighi poffibly be fiuated as hey are, under 3 per. owing to the more or less copious pendicular fun, where no reason of secretion, or redundance of that the year affords an alternative of juice, rendering the skin more or cold, is, I chink, an irrefragable less dark according to the qualities provf, that the difference of colour of the bile prevailing in the conin the various inhabitants of the fitutions of each. But I fear earth, is not the immediate effect such an hypothesis would not stand of climate. The children of Eu- the rest of experiment, as it must ropeans born in this island are as follow, that upon diffection, the fair, and perhaps in general fairer, contents of a negro's gall bladder, than those born in the country of or at least the extravasated bile,

I have observed should uniformly be found black. the fame of the second generation, Persons skilled in anatomy will where a mixture with ihe people determine w' ether it is possible of the country bas been avoided. that the qualities of any animal On the other hand, the offspring fecretion can so far affect the

* It is allowed by travellers that the Patagonians have tufts of hair on the upper lip and chin. Captain Carver says, that among the tribes he visited the people made a regular practice of eradicating their beards with pincers. At Bruftels is preferved, along with a variety of ancient and curious tuits of amour, that of Montezu na king of Mexico, of which the vizor, or mask for the face, has remarkably large whiskers ; an ornament which thosé Americans could not have imitated, unleis nature had presented them with the model,


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frame, as to render their confe. fubject to those monstrous wens quence liable to be transmitted to from the throat, which have been pofterity in their toll force.

obferved of the Vallaisins, and The small size of the inhahi. the inhabitants of those moun. tants, and especially of the wo- tainous districts in Eurore. It has men, may be in some measure been usual to atribute this afferowing to the early communication tion to the badness, thaw d ftate, between the fexes; though, as the minéral quality, or other pecu. inclinations which lead to this in- lsrity of the waters ; many skiltercourse are prompted here by na- ful men having applied thema ture sooner than in cold clinares, felves to the investigation of the it is not unfair to suppose that be subject. My experrence enables ing proportioned to the period of me to pronounce without hesiama'urity, this is also forner at- tion, that the disor'er, for such tain-d, and confequenly that the it is, though it appears here to earlier ceslacion of growth of these mark a distinct race of people people, is agreeable to the laws of (orang goonong), is immdiately their constrution, and not occa- connected with the hilliness of the fioned by a premacure and irre- country, and of course, if the cir. gular a petite,

cumstances of the water they use Persons of superior rank encou- contribute thereto, it must be only rage the growth of their hand- so far as the nature of the wa'er is nails, pirticularly those of the affected by the inequality or height fore and lit:le fingers, to an extra- of the land, Bur on Sumatra nei. ordinary leng:h; frequently ting, their snow nor other congelation is ing them red, with the expreffed ever produced, which militates juice of a fhrúb called eeni; as, against the most plaufi'le conjecthey d) the nails of their teet also, ture that has been adopted conto which, being always uncover cerning the Alpine goitres. From ed, they pay as much attention as every research that I have been to their hands. Th hands of the enabled to make, I think I have natives, and even of the half breed, reason to conclude, that the comare always colů to the touch; plaint is owing, among the Sumawhich I cannot account for other. irans, to the fuggine's of the air wise than by a su position, that in the vallies between the high froin the less degree of elasticity mountains, where, and nor on the in the solids, occationed by the summiis, the natives of these paris heat of the climate, the internal refide. I befire reniarked, that action of the body, by which the bi' ween the ranges of hills, the fluids are put in motion, is less vi- cabo er denfe mift was vis: le for gorous, the circulacion is propire several hours ev'ry morning; ritionably languid, and of course fing in a thick, opaque and well the diminished effect is most peso defined boly, with the fun, and ceptible in the extremities and a feldom quite dispersed vill a'ter coldness there is the natural con

This phænomenun, as well

as that of the wens, being puThe natives of the hills, through liar to the regions of the hill, afo the whole extent of the island, are fords a presumption that they ing





he conn cted; exclusive of the with a degree of envy by the natural probability that a cold va- opiuin-smokers of our settlements, por, gross 10

uncommon de- The inhabitants of Patlummah gree, and continually enveloping also, are described as being more the habitations, 'fhould affect with robust in their persons, than the tumors the throats of the inhabi- planters of the low country. tants. I cannot pretend to say The original clothing ef the how far this solution may apply Sumatrans is the same with that to the case of the goitres, but I re- found by navigators among the incollect is to have been mentioned, habitants of the South Sea islands, that the only merhed 'of curing and now generally called by the these people, is by removing them name of Otaheitean cloth.

It is from ihe vallies io the clear and still ued among the Rejangs for pore air on the tops of the hills; their working dress, and I have which seems to indicate a similar one in my poffeffion, procured from fource of the distemper with what these people, consisting of a jacket, I have pointed out. The Suma. short drawers, and a cap for the trans do not appear

to attempt lead.

This is the inner bark of any remedy for if, the wens being a certain species of tree, beat out confiftent with the higheft health to the degree of fineness required; in other refedis.

approaching the more to perfecThe personal difference between tion as it resembles the softer kind the Malays of the coast, and the of leather, fome being nearly country inhabitants, is not fo equal to the moit delicate kidstrongly marked butihat it requires skin; in which character it fomefome experience to d stinguish what differs from the South Sea them. The latter, however, pof. cloth, as that bears a resemblance fois an evident fuperiority in point rather to paper or to the manu. of size and itrength, and are fairer facture of the loom. The councomplexi, ned, which they pro- try people now conform in a great bably owe to their fituation, where mealure to the dress of the Mathe atmosphere is colder; and it lays, which I Mall therefore de. is generally observed, that people fcribe in this place, observing that living near the sea shore, and efpe- much more simplicity fill prevails cially when accustomed to naviga. among the former, who look upon tion, are darker than their inland the others as coxcombs who lay neighbours. Some atuibuie the out all their substance on their disparity in conititutional vigour, backs, whilst, in their turns, they to the more frequent use of cpium are regarded by the Malays with among the Malays, which is fup- contempt, as unpolithed ruftics. posed to debilitate the frame ; but A man's dress conlists of the I have noted that the Leemoon following parts.

A close waittand Batang Ally gold traders, who coat, without fleev's, but having are a colony of that race settied in a 'neck like a shirt, buttoned close the heart of the island, and who up to the cop, with buttons, often, cannot exist a day without opium, of gold filagree. This is peculiar are remarkabiy hale and itout; to the Malavs. Over this they which I have known to be cbserved wear the badjoo, which resembles

a morning




[13 a morning gown, open at the neck, dice, or short waistcoat rather, but faftened close at the wrists and that defends the breasts, and half way up the arm, with nine reaches to the bips. The

cayen butions to each sleeve. The bad- farrong, before defcribed, joo worn by young men is open in up as high as the armpits, and exfront no farther down than thie bo- tends to the feet, being kept on fom, and reaches no lower than fimply by foiding and tucking it the waist, whereas the others hang over, at the breaft, except when lonse to the knecs, and some:imes the ialle-pending, or zone, is worn 10 the ancles. They are made about the waist, which forms an usually of blue or white cotton additional and necesary fecurity: cloth; for the better fori, of This is usually of embroidered chintz, and for_great m'n, of cloth, and sometimes a plate of Powered folks.

The cayen farring gokt or silver, about two inches is not unlike a Scot's Highlander's broad, faftening in the front with plaid in appearance, being a piece a large clasp of filagrce or chased of party coloured cloth about lix or work, with some kind of precious eight feet long, and three or four store, or imitation of such, in the wide, sewed together at the ends; center. The badjo, ir upper forming, as some writers have de- goin, differs little from that of fcribed it, a wide rack without a the men, buttoning in the same bottom. This is sometimes

at the writts. A piece of thered up, and flung over the fine, thin, blue corton cloth, about fhcuider like a fash, or else folded five feet long, and worked or and tucked about the waist and fringed at each end, called a joslenhips; and in full dress it is bourd dang, is thrown across the back of on by the belt of the creeje dag. the neck, and hangs down before ; ger), which is of crimson lilk, and serving also the purpose of a veil wraps several tim:s round the to the women of rank when they budy, with a loop at the end, in walk abroad. The handkerchief which the sheath of the creese is carried, either folded small in hangs. They wear short drawers, the hand, or at length over the reaching half way down the thizh, moulder. There are two modes generally of reví or yellow taff:ta.' of d:essing the hair, one termed There is no covering to their legs coondye, and the other fangell. The or feet.

Round their heads they first resembles much ibe fashion in faften, in a particular manner,

which we see the Chinese women fine, coloured handkerchief, lo as represented in paintinos, and to rese nble a small turban; the which I conclude they borroived country people usually twilting a from thence, where the hair is piece of white or blue cloth tor wound cir ularly over the center this purpose. The crown of their of the head, and talened with a head remains uncovered, except filver b'kin or pin. 1o the other on journies, when they wiar mode, which is more general, they 109.10ng or umb.cilihat, which give the hair a finyle turn com; letely fc cens thrra from the hangs behind, and then doubling Weather.

it up, hy pas it crofswile, une The women have a kind of bu- der a few huiss separated from the

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