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as well as in all the late preceding situation, suddenly hoisted all the circumfiancès, were of the most fail the could get up, and without signal service to them.
Thewing any colours, and in deThe enemy were completely fiance of the established laws of beaten, although the fruits of the war and of nations, poured her vi&tory could not be gathered. fire into and raked the Sultan as If the English thips bad not been the passed. It is not a little to be thrown out of action, in the fingu- regretted, that the escaped the venJar manner, and at the instant geance due to such an act, by they were, when the enemy's line getting in among a cluster of was completely broken, some of French ships, whose nearness un. their ships running away, and doubtedly gave life to the design. others too much disabled to run, Sir Edward Hughes dispatched it can scarcely be fupposed that Captain Watt on the following many of them would have escaped day with a letter to M. de Sufto Cuddalore.
The fore, or in- frein, complaining of this treat. deed the only real part of this ment, and demanding the suraction, serves to throw great light render of the ship; but the French upon the two former engage- commander, not chuting to avow nients; for it is from thence clearly the act, alledged, (on wbat foun: evident, that if they had been dation every man will form his general inttead of being partial, own opinion) that the colours had and that all the English thips could not been intentionally struck, but have been brought fairly up at had come down through the halonce to the encounter, the result liards of the ensign being thot of both would have been very dif- away. ferent from what it was; unless The result of an enquiry into indeed, that the first might have this transaction, which afterwards been so decisive as to prevent any took place in Paris, and was there second trial.'. Upon the whole it publithed, totally overthrows M. may be truly faid, that the ele- de Suffrein's defence, and fubftiments, without being absolutely tutes one which does not seem unfortunate, had been exceedingly much better. By that it is ac. perverse to the English in these knowledged that the colours were three adions.
really and intentionally ftruck; In the course of the disorder oc- but this act is not attributed to cafioned by the sea breeze, the necesity, but charged to the cowGvere of 64 guns, one of the ardice of the acting commander French 'admiral's secondi, had at the time; a tirange story is suffered fo extremely, and was then told, that an auxiliary ofbecome fu totally ungovernable, ficer being dissatisfied with his that the fell along side of Captain striking, and sensible of the moWatt, in the Sultan, and tiruck tive, first had the address to perto him. But while Captain Watt suade him that he was dangerwas, under signal, in the act of outly wounded, and then, that it wearing, to join the admiral, the was absolutely necessary for his Severe, taking advantage of that health to go down ; that having
br these means obtained the com- not appear at this distance; and it mand, he renewed the engage- is as little to be supposed, that the ment, and bravely fought and admiral did not communicate fared the hip.
them to government, however The loss of men on the English it might at the time be deemed lide, amounted to 77 killed, and inexpedient or unnecessary to lay 10 233 wounded ; on the side of them before the public. It might the French, their acknowledged be imagined that he intended to lofs was much more considerable, cover the arrival of Sir Richard the flain amounting to 178, and Bickerton's long expected squadron, the wounded to 601; the compa- had not the French fleet been in rative state being 779 to 310, or
a condition which seemed to forabove five to two. Among other bid all present adventure. The brave officers, as well of the 98th probability seems to be, that regiment, as of the naval depart- the naval movements now, as at ment who fell in this action, oher times, were concerted with, the gallant Captain Maclellan, and in a great measure governed of the Superbe, was Thot through by thofe of the army; and that the heart in its very commence- the situation of the latter at that ment. It was remarkable, if not time, or perhaps some proposed fingular, and fully thews the scheme of co-operation, made it warm service they were engaged appear necessary for the squadron in, that the admiral's two imme- to keep its station on that part of diate captains thould have been the coast. killed within fo fhort a time of However these things were, the each other.
neceflity of providing some of the We are totally in the dark as thips with top-malts, and other to the motives which induced the effential articles which had been admiral to keep the sea, to the lost in the late action, and of fupwindward of Negapatam, while plying the whole with ammunithe French were busily employed tion and provisions, both of which in repairing their thips at Cud- were nearly exhaufted, became at dalore, for near a fortnight after length to urgent, that the admiral this engagement; at the faine proceeded with the squadron to time, that the desire of informa. Madras, where he arrived on the tion on this head is exceedingly 20th of July. He
there excited, from its seeming, that joined by the Sceptre, uf 64 the very unfortunate event which guns, which had left England foon after happened, was, in a along with Sir R. Bickerton. very conliderable degree, the con- The Sceptre having been sepa, sequence of this delay, in not rated from the rest of the squaproceeding directly after the ac- dron soon after clearing the Chan. tion to Madras, where the stores nel, had put into ihe Brazils, were, in order to refit the squa- where meeting with the Medea dron. It is not from hence, even frigate, they were proceeding in to be imagined, that this pro- company, when falling in on their ceeding was not fully authorised way with a large French ship by the motives, although they do laden with naval stores, Captain
Graves left the prize in charge of Captain Mitchel, in the Coventry the Medea, that he might pro- frigate, of 32 guns, being cruiz. ceed hinself with the greater ex- ing on the coast of Ceylon, fell pedition to join the admiral. in with the Bellona of 40 guns, While the squadron were refit- when a confidence in himself, ting and taking in their supplies, and in the goodness of his ship's Sir Edward Hughes, anxious for company, on the one side, and the security of Trincomale, dif- in the weight of his fhip, and the patched the Monmouth and Scep- great fuperiority of his force, on tre, with such a reinforcement of the other, drew on a moft defpetroops, and such fupplies of pro- rate engagement of two hours and yifions and stores for that garrison, a half; at the end of which, Capt. as born the general and admiral Mitchel most gallantly obliged his expected, would have been fully enemy to fly, and pursuing him competent to their repelling, at with great eagernels, was aftoJeaft, any delultory attempt which nished at finding himself led by the enemy night make upon that the chace amidst a French fleet of place.
23 fail, when he did not imagine In the mean time, M. de Suf. they had tuch an armament at frein used the atmost industry and sea; he, of course, was obliged to dispatch in refitting his squadron flv in turn, being chaced by two at Cuddalore, and having received thips of the line; and fortunately advice from the Sieur d'Ayrnar, escaping, brought the intelligence that he was arrived at Point de directly to the admiral. Galles, which lies on the south This intelligence, and his an. side of the island of Ceylon, in his riety for Trincomale, urged the own ship the St. Michael of 64 admiral to quicken bis departure, guns, accompanied by the Illustre and the thips having received their of 74; and of their having under supplies, and being rendered totheir convoy the second division of Jerably fit for service, he failed the Marquis de Butly's troops and from Madras on the oth of August, artillery, the French admiral was and used every endeavour with the enabled to sail on the first of August utmost expedition to gain the to join them at that island. itland of Ceylon. But the usual
So exceedingly difficult were the perverleners of the weather, not means of information at that time, only now recurred, but operated, that with an arıny in the field, with more mischief in the effect garrisons every where dispersed, than at any former time; the wind and in a country belonging to blew directly againtt him, and the the Nabob of Arcot, no intelli- extraordinary delay thereby occagence of a transaction of such fioned, produced the intervening importance and notoriety, and at lots. the distance only of Cuddalore, The French admiral having was received at Madras until about been joined by the thips of war the middle of the month; and and convoy at Point de Galles then only through mere accident, proceeded directly to the attack and from a directly oppotite of Trincomale, where he arrived quarter. For it happened, that towards the end of the mouth,
and the fire of the batteries was ing to the garrison or the inbabi: incapable of preventing his fleet tants, should be fully secured, but from anchoring in Back Bay. The that all the rights, privileges, landing of the troops, under the and prerogatives of the latter, conduct of the Baron de Agoult, fhould be preserved inviolate.
was effected the next Two of the articles seemed to in
morning before day, dicate some diftruft of the good and the place was immediately faith of the enemy; for by one, invested. After two days work the commander of the land forces on the batteries, thole on the left was rendered personally responsible were opened early on the morning for any disorders committed by his of the 29th, and soon gained such troops ; and by the last it was a fuperiority over those of the specifically prescribed, that the garrison, that they were entirely capitulation ihould be executed, in filenced before night. This en- all the eleven articles, with recicouraged the French commanders, procal good faith. It is observable, on the following morning, to sum- that there was not a single condimon the place. Soine difficulties tion binding on the garrison, exat first arose about the terms of cepting merely the delivery of the capitulation ; but M. de Suffrein public magazines, and that there was too eager to gain pofseflion of was not a possibility of their evadthe place, and too'apprehensive of ing. Fort Oftenburgh was given the arrival of Sir Edward Hughes, up on the following day, which was to lose much time in debating con- the last of the month, upon the same ditions.
conditions. Captain Macdowal, the com- Nothing could have been more mandant, accordingly obtained unfortunate, whether in its imevery thing he demanded. The mediate effe&, or in its subsehonours of war in the utmost ex- quent consequences, than the loss tent; they being to carry off with of Trincomale; nor does it apthem entirely two field pieces pear that any event through the and a mortar, with a certain num- war fo grievoutly affected Sir ber of charges, and all things Eyre Coote and the admiral ; whatever appertaining to them; who both seem likewise to bave the garrison to be directly trant- conceived that the place was ca. mitted to Madras, and amply pable of a much longer and more provided for, in thips 10 be pro- vigorous defence. T'he garrison perly equipped for the purpofe, undoubtedly was sufficiently nuat the French King's expence; merous, and as they had been fo and a particular fhip appointed for lately supplied, it does not seem the conveyance of ihe officers and that they could have wanted either fiaft. A particular and laudable provision or the means of defence; attention was paid to the interests but is it does not appear that any of the Dutch inhabitants, altho' blame has fallen upon the comthey were falling into the hands of mandant or his officers, it may be their own allies; it being speci- supposed that the natural or arally provided, not only thai all tificial defences were not so strong private property, whether belong. as had been imagined; that there
were some defe&ts in other re- of the consequences in its pure spects, of which we are not inform- suit. ed; or, perhaps, that the enemy's The enemy, fully sensible of artillery were more weighty and their superiority, as soon as they powerful than could have been ap- perceived the Esglish in the mornprehended.
iog, who were then within two When it was no longer of use, leagues of them, got immediately the wind suddenly became favour- under fail, and about fix o'clock, able to the Euglish squadron, and making their way through Back the French commanders had no Bay, ibey stood out to lea to the more than time to possess and se- south-eastward; by which they cure their new acquisitions, when gained the wind, then blowing Sir Edward Hughes, on the ed of Itrong off the thore. Sir Edward September at night, arrived off Hughes immediately made Trincomale. Nothing undoubt- signal for the line of battle a-head edly could exceed the morsifica- at two cables length distance ; and tion and astonishment with wbich shor ening fail, edged away from the admiral, at the opening of the the wind, in order that the thips morning, perceived French co- might the more speedily get into lours flying in all the forts, and a their respective stations for comfleet of above 30 fail riding at an- pleting the line. Soon after eight chor in the different bays. Of these o'clock, the enemy began to edge fitteen were of the line, including do'n towards the English line, three fifties, (for they bad been re- and the British admiral, in order inforced by an old company's ship to render the a&ion decilive, by of fifty guns, as well as by the Si. drawing them as far as possible Michael and L'Illufire) ten or ele- from Trincomale before its comven were frigates or fire-thips, and mencement, Itood off before the the rest transports. Thus they bad wind from the shore until eleven three fifties to spare, while they o'clock. During this whole time, presented twelve thips of 64 guns the enemy thewed great indeciand upwards to the Englith line' lion in their movements; fonieof the same number; but in which times edging down, as if disposed the Isis of fifty guns was of neces- to come to action, again bringing fity opposed to one of their fixty- to, and keeping no regular order, faurs.
as if totally undetermined how to The admiral might well have act. avoided an engagement, and the But towards noon they seemed superiority of the eneniy, ingether to have fixed their resolution for with the loss of the place, which action ; and at half past two they no success could now inmediately began to fire upon the Englith recover, would undoubiedly have line, which was in a few minutes warranted his fu coing ; but such returned, and the engagement foon was the general indignation fpread after became general. through the whole squadron, that The French, to derive
Sept. 3d. no fuperiority of force could fand the greater advantage from their in the way to their vengeance, nor fuperiority in number, directed induce a sufficient confideration the attack of their additional thips