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with which they blocked up the ing scooped into the side of a hill, place, were covered by a fortified and the walls formed of the living camp at 'a moderate distance. rock. Here they made an obfli.

Such was the state of things at nate defence ; but their fastnesses Tellichery, when, in the very were at length forced with con. beginning of the year, Major fiderable Naughter: and an inner Abiogdou having arrived there recess, which as of such strength from Bumbay, with a consider and contrivance as to be bomb able reintorcement of troops, he proof, was not sufficient to save immediately concerted measures Sadãos Cáwn (who was forely for relieving the town from the wounded) and his family, from ditreffes which it endured through being made prisoners. This man its present firaitened fituation, by was represe ted in the European a vigorous attempt to dislodge the gazettes as being brother-in-law to enemy and open the communi- Hyder Ally, an error founded on cations with the country. Having a fifter of his being in that prince's originally encamped with his seraglio; a sort of connexion own troops without the town, he which is not at all considered as was the better enabled to discover conftituting any such degree of the fituation of the enemy, and affinity. could the more immediately com

Several hundreds of the enemy mence bis operations; wbile his were killed, and fourteen or fif. fying quiet for some days toge

toge- teen hundred taken prisoners, in ther with a vain opinion of their this brisk a&ion; which besides own ftregih, concurred in ren- afforded a very considerable spoil, dering them totally unapprehen- consisting in a numerous artillery, five of his defign.

with a large quantity of military Having drawn such part of the stores, and a number of elepbants, garrison as could be ipared, with which were found in the several out notice, into his camp, be con- forts and redoubts. By this íuccerted his measures so well, that · cess, the communications with the he had surprized, attacked, and country were not only opened, but carried their several forts, before the coast for several miles on either day, on the morning of the oth of hand of Tellicherry, was entirely January 1782; and pursued his cleared of the enemy. Few things success with such celerity and vi- could have been more vexatious gour, that not giving them a mo- to Hyder than this stroke. For ment to recover from their con- bis possessions on the Malabar fufion, he formed the enemy's coast being partly acquired by fortified camp as soon as it was conquest and partly by fraud, the ligbt, and completely routed and Nairs, who are the native princes dispersed their main force. Sad. and nobility, and who had sufdos Cawn, who commanded for fered most severely in the ineffecHyder, with his family, and a tual ftruggle for the preservation party of his best or most attached of their ancient righıs and libertroops, retired into an exceedingly ties, which had, from the earliest trong fortified house, and of a times, till then, been unviolated, most fingular construction; it be. were still exceedingly disaffected


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to his government. It was be- in that quarter, from its vicinity fides a matter of the most serious

to the rich king loms of Canara alarm to him, that the Englith and Mysore, which were the great hould at all become formidable sources of his wealth and power.

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this war.

Colonel Brathwaite's detachment suddenly surrounded by Tippio Saib, with

a cinfiderable army, on the banks of ihe Coleroon. D.jperare resistance. Cruel slaughter rijtrained by the humaniry of M. Lally. Southern provinces laid entirely open to the enemy by ibis Lifs. Embarrassing friuation of Sir Eyre Coate. French forces, under the conduct of M. Duchemin, land at Pondicherry, and are joined by a body f Hyder's prorps; ibe combined enemy besiege Cuddalore and Pern acoil, bith of which ihey lake; and media:e, in concert with the grand army, an attack upon the ima portant fortress of Vandirvash. Sir Eyre Couré, in advancing to the protecrim of Vande vash, hopes thereby 10 bring on a baitle with Hyder; but finding the latier relinquished his object to evade that dif?r, he pubes on two days march 10 attack h m on his own ground. Hyder abundons bis camp, and retires to a secure position on the Ra Hills. ritis general, in order 10 draw the enemy from his song pult, and bring on an action, advances towards the fortress of Arne', where his magaz!nes are depofied. Na @uvre succeeds: Hyder inmediately descends from the Red Hills, and marcies to the rilief of Arnee. Battie of the 2d of June. Enemy ronted and pursued till night The wait of cavalry on one side, and abundance of it on the oiher, prezent the grand offels of victory in

Pursuit continued for two days. Enemy ajandon i be great road, and cross the country to rnee. Britik grand guard cut off. Fatigue, fickness, and want of provifions, oblige the army to fall back towards the jources of its fupply. Sir Eyre i cole's ill health obliges him to quit the army, and liave the command to General Stuart. Hyder in a similar fare of ill 'heolib. Diftined never to face each other again in the field. Both, probably, victims 10 the coniention.. Failure of Hyder's great de Signs, effects his conftitution. French jquadron returns from the island of Ceylon to the cast of Coromandel, and is followed by the English. M. de Juffrein takes on board great reinforcements of troops and artillery, men at Cuddalore, with a view of entirely crujbing the British natal power in those fras. spp. ars before Negapaam, to challenge Sir Edward Hughes. Hetion of the 6 h of July. French fleet saved by a sudden frift of wind. Severe strikes to the Sultan, but apierwards escapes Capt, Maclellan, of the admiral's ship kill.a. Great loss of the enemy.

While ibe Jquadron is refitting at Viadras, M. de Juffrein jurns the Sveur d"Aymar, on the cost of Ceylor, who is arrived there with two ships of the line, and the second division of the Marquis de Bully's troops from the Mauritius. Enemy bilige and take y rincomale, while the British squadron is detained by adverse winds from its rejcu. Sir E. Hughes arrives early in the morning close in with that place. Eneny, nilying


on their

{uterier force, come out to battle. Desperate and well fought a&tion on the 3d of September. Enemy lose one of their best ships in getting in 10 Trine conale. Lofs of men small, with respect to number ; but the three brave captains, Wood, Wats and Lumley, with other distinguished officers, are unfortunately flain. Great loss of the enemy. Admirable behaviour of the British commanders, through the whole course of this Jevere naval warfare.

HE blow which Hyder re- hend. Sir Eyre Coote represents THE

ceived on the Malabar coast, in that letter, that he was anxiwas foon returned with heavy in- oully expecting the result of an tereft on the banks of the Cole- application which he had made to toon.

Indeed retaliation was ge- the governor general and council Derally to be apprehended as the of Bengal, for restoring his auconsequence of success, in the con- thority over the southern troops, Aids with that dangerous enemy. that he might be enabled to dire&t

Colonel Braithwaite bad for some them to fuch a co-operation, as conliderable time commanded a would tend to facilitate his own detached body of forces, which was movements, and to disiraet the called the fouthern arniy, and ap- detigns of their enemies. What pears to have been destined to the

new powers the commander in protection of Tanjour and the ad- chief of all the company's forces joining provinces. It likewise ap- could have wanted upon this ocpears that Sir Eyre Coote had early casion or how the foubern comin the year been training every mand should have got beyond his nerve to advance the army from authority, we are incapable of ex, Madras to the southwardt, in or- plaining. der o be at hand to repress the Colonel Braithwaire lay with his designs of Hyder Ally and the detachment on the banks of the French on the side of Pondicherry; Coleroon, which forms the nore and that he was so entirely defti- thern boundary of- the Tanjour tute of the means necessary to that kingdom. Though lis force was purpose, that it was a work of not great with respect to number, time, and a matter of the greatest his troops were excellent, confitt. difficulty, to make a movement ing of ab ut 2,000 tried infantry, even to so small a distance as Chin- and a small body of 250 cavalry, gleput, It is not a little fortunate with 13 field pieces. His situation to the comman ers of armies in in a flat and open country, where general, that such embarrasling no security, through the want of circumstances with refpect to the advantageous i otis, could be obmeans of warfare are not fre- tained by retreat, and where suc. quent.

was impoflible, evidently We find by that general's letter would have exposed him to great to the secretary of itate upon the danger, if a superior eneny, a. subjeđ, that he was at the fame bounding in cavalry, had been time involved in another ditli- within reach to profit of it; but culty, the nature of which we this did not appear to be the case, can by no means clearly compre. for ryder's army was diliant, and

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the several deep and great rivers February, 1782, and the affair in the way, seemed to forbid the was not decided until the 18th. sudden and unexpected approach It has been asserted in a letter, of any such considerable body of written by an officer who was in the enemy, as might be sufficient the action, that during 26 hours to afford real cause for alarm. of those three days, an unremitting

These circumstances of the colo- fire of cannon and small arms nel's situation did not escape the vi. had been supported on both siles. gilant attention of Tippoo Saib; The suddenness of the surprize,

whose a&ive mind, eagerly seeks nor the imminence of the danger, i ing for adventure, was fill the produced none of their usual ef

more stimulated to this sort of de- fects, whether with respect to the sultory enterprize, from the success collection and composure, or to the which had attended his attack undannted courage, which were upon Colonel Baillie. It is to be displayed and fupported through observed, that rivers, and even the whole affair, by the British small or moderate arms of the sea, commander and his officers; the are a very ineffective barrier against former of whom, though severely Hyder's forces: who has for many wounded and bleeding fast, could years constituted the passing of not be prevailed upon to willsuch great and dangerous waters, draw from the adion even for a under the most untoward circum- moment. As he was attacked on fiances and alarming appearances, all fides, and obliged to present among the common military ex- a front 10 every attack, he threw ercises both of his cavalry and in- his detachment into hollow fantry. Tippoo Saib was accom- square, with his 13 field pieces panied in this expedition by Monf. interspersed in its faces, and his Lally, with about 400 French ; small body of cavalry drawn up his native forces being estimated in the centre. at 20,000, of whom more than Tippoo, Saib's design, (and in half were cavalry. With this which he thought he could not army, and 20 pieces of cannon, fail of succeeding) was by a viohe, by several forced marches, lent cannonade on all sides to gained, with great expedition, the break or disorder the square in banks of the Coleroon ; and pas- some of its faces, and then rushing fing that river with no less cele- on impetuously with his cavalry, rity than he had hitherto sur- instantly to complete the demounted all other obstacles in his struction of the whole. But the way, suddenly surrounded Brath- noise and violence of his cannowaite's corps, which could not be nade, with the distant fire of his fupposed in any degree of pre- musquetry, were totally incapable paration for lo unexpected an at- of making the smalleft impression tack.

on the order of the British sepoys, This action, in many respects, who, with a firmness that cannot resembled that in which Colonel be too much admired, were proof Baillie was engaged, but was of to a fire, and to such an aspect of much longer continuance. The inevitable destruction, as might attack comanenced on the 16th of have put the constancy and disci


pline of the best Furopean troops trampling upon the British inio the teít. Finding this failure fantry, no possible means could in the firft part of his design, and bring them to the resolution of not placing the lo!s of men in any ever making one charge up to the competition with the attainment lines, he proposed a new disposiof his object, he thought to fup- tion and more effectual mode of ply the defect by the number and attack. courage of his cavalry, who he M. Lally marched himself at expected could not fail of break the head of bis 400 Europeans, ing in at some point or other of the with fixed bayonets, to the atattack, and of then loon-curring tack of that fide of the square, or trampling down the whole which was the most exposed or party. He accordingly made rei- seemed, the weakest; he being acierated attempts to lead on his ca- companied and supported by revalry to the charge; but though veral battalions of the enemy's they advanced with the greatest beit infantry, and flanked by caimpetuofity and fury, they were valry. Whilft he was vancing confiantly received with such in- to this attack, the whole fire of cellant lowers of grape and muf- their artillery was poured in upon quet (ot, and such bavock made the other three faces, which were amongit them in the approach, at the same time nenaced and that they were as constantly broken barrassed by great 'bodies of caon the way, and obliged to fly in valry, who were ready to rush in the utmost disorder; whilst at the upon them, at the instant that very inftant of their breaking, the they ventured upon any change in party of cavalry Callied full gal- their position ; so that the atlop from the contre of the square, tacked front could not receive the and pursuing them furiously with smallest support whatever from the heavy and unrefitted execution to others. The poor wearied sepoys a proper distance, again returned in that front, were little able to to their former station.

withliand the vigorous bayonet Such was the nature of the re- attack of such a body of Euro. peated attacks which they fur- peans coming fresh into a&ion, tained, and such the bard and de- confident, as they were, of success, sperate service, which this hand- and supported by such a weight ful of brave underwent of native troops. They were soon through so long a course of time. broken, and the cavalry instantly But in this course their numbers rushing in,

a dreadful carnage were continually thinned, while ensued. the brave survivors, worn down This moment of horror and with wounds and fatigue, were destruction afforded an opportufill more subdued by the evident nity to M. Lally of displaying the fruitlessness of their exertions. At noblest humanity, and of translength, on the third day, Monf. mitting his name with favour and Lally seeing the total failure of honour to pofterity. He not only the cavalry, and that so far from issued immediate orders for putfulfilling Tippoo Saib's fanguine ting a Itop to the carnage, which hopes of riding over at once and were readily obeyed by the in



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