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indicate no sinall want of determi- the Monmouth, after long sustain. nation.

ing, with unparalleled fortitude, Having thus taken full time for the joint attack of two great thips, deliberation, five fail, wbich com- one of equal, the other of superior posed their van, stretched along to force, besides frequently receiving engage that of the English, while the pasling fire of a third, had her the admiral, with the other seven mizen-malt thot away, and, in a thips of the line, bore down di- few minutes after, her main-m.aft re&tly in a body upon Sir Edward meeting the same fate, the underHughes, who, in the Superbe, was went the necessity of falling out of in the centre of his line, and upon the line to leeward.

The enemy his two seconds, the Monmouth, used every effort to profit of her Capt. Alms, a-head, and the Mo- condition, and, from their num. narca, Gell, a-ttern. The engage- ber, made sure of carrying her off. ment began about balf past one in Indeed she was in the greatest dan. the van, and within a few minutes ger; but the admiral bearing down after, M. de Suffrein, in the He- io stantly to her relief, and being ros, and his fecond a ftern, the speedily followed by the Monarca L'Orient, both of 74 guns, bore and the Sultan, they covered her down within pistol shot of the Su- with such a fire, ibat the enemy perbe, and pouring in a torrent of were glad to relinquish their exfire, continued to engage her so pected prize. clore, and with such extraordinary The disadvantage which the fierceness, that it was the general English had hitherto experienced, opinion their intention was to of being obliged to fight close in board, and endeavour to carry her with a rocky and dangerous leeby a coup de main. The French ad- shore, they hoped would have miral held this adventurous poti- been remedied by the customary tion, giving and receiving a most change of the wind in the afterdreadful fire, for about ten mi- noon; but this continaing still nutes ; but he found the

en- unexpectedly to the northward, counter so exceedingly rough, and the admiral found himself under his thip had suffered so much ap- a neceflity, at forty minutes paft parent damage in that short time, three, in order to prevent "his that making room for the ships (hips from being too nearly enthat were coming up to supply tangled with the shore, to make his place. he suddenly shot away, a lignal for the squadron to wear, and liood on to the attack of the and haul their wind in a line of Monmouth, which was already battle a-head, still fighting the closely and equally engaged. The enemy through the whole evolu. battle continued to rage with tion. At length, towards the apgreat violence, particularly in the proach of night, finding bimself centre, where the odds, as to in only fifteen fathom water, and number and force, con being apprehensive that the Monstantly and greatly against Sir mouih, in her disabled condition, Edward Hughes and his two might drift too near the shore, he brave seconds. At three o'clock, made a signal for the squadron to



prepare to anchor ; and the French without the English squadron ; but squadron about the same time hav- they were in such apparent disor. ing drawn off in great disorder to der, and evident distress, as sufficithe 'eaftward, the action entirely ently told that they were in no concealed.

dition or temper for present enterM. de Suffrein's ship, Le Heros, prize. They had, however, the for. had been so torn, early in the ac- tune of not losing any of their lower tion, that he had been obliged to masts; a circumstance of great imthift his flag to the French Hanni. portance; as their damages, howbal, which was of the same force; ever great in other respects, were and soon after dusk, the frigate La fill capable of such a repair at sea, Fine, of 40 guns, being either un

as would render the Chips manageder orders to tow off and assist the able, and capable of undergoing disabled Heros, or else to discover a certain degree of service; while, the fate and situation of the British on the other side, the Monmouth squadron, fell so closely on board could only be restored, by length the Ifis, that she was obliged to of time, new malls, and a good ftrike her colours to Captain Lum- harbour. ley; but soon perceiving the weak Both parties continued in this and disordered state of the Ifis, situation for several days, each which, besides her loss in the ac- bufily employed in repairing their tion, had been originally so badly damages, placing their fhips in manned, that the defe&t was now the best fituation for withstandvifible in the manner of repairing ing a sudden attack, and eagerly her damages, the French frigate watching every motion of the seized the advantage afforded by other. At length, on the morn. this circumstance, and, by the darke ing of the 19th, the enemy got ness of the night, suddenly to get under fail, and stood out to sea clear of the Ilis, and totally to close hauled; but at noon, they

tacked with the sea breeze, and The condition of both squa- stood in directly for the body of drons was so nearly alike, and the English squadron, with the they had suffered so extremely in apparent view of an immediate the action, that similar appre- attack. This resolution was not henfions were entertained by each lasting; for when they arrived through the night, of being at- within two miles of the British tacked by the other in the morn- line, the countenance which they ing; Sir Edward Hughes, show- perceived, and the preparation ever, only founding that opinion made for their reception, were on the disabled state of the Mon- so little inviting, that they sud. mouth, which he thought might denly again tacked, and ftanding pollibly stimulate the enemy to a to the eastward by the wind, were bold and hazardous attempt in entirely out of fight by the eventhe hope of carrying her off. ing. The Monmouth being reThe morning light removed the fitted with jury-masts, in the best deception. The enemy were per- manner which the present fituceived at anchor about five miles ation would admit, the admiral VOL. XXVI.




was enabled on the fourth day after in that climate, and at that distance to proceed to Trincomale, where he from home, being little less a deused the utmost diligence in repair traction from the common strength ing the thips, and preparing the than the former. The French not Squadron for further speedy ser. only directed their principal att ck vice; the calls for their utmost ex- to the centre, but ii was there only ertion becoming now more frequent that, after the example of M. de and urgent, than at any former Suffrein, and immediately under time.

his eye, they ventured upon bold Such was the result of this fierce exertion, and came into close acand bloody naval contest, in which tion. Our officers in the van comthe English fought under every dif- plained that they generally kept at advantage of wind and situation.- a guarded long-thot distance; a Captain Alms had the fortune to be mode of action, which, from what. peculiarly diftinguithed; and it was ever cause it proceeds, generally remarkable, that his situation in proves very pernicious in its effect the Monmouth on t' is day, should upon the mafis and rigging of Eng. so nearly resemble that of Com- lith ships. modore King, and of the Exeter, The firong motives which inin the last action. The daughter duced Sir Edward Hughes rather of his men was equal to the ha- to wish to avoid than to seek acvoc of his ship. No less than tion, until he had landed the fup45 were killed, and 102 wound- plies and troops, and got quit of ed, in the Monmouth only; the fick at Trincomale, proved exwhich was probably a full third tremely unfortunate in the event, of her crew. The extraordinary 'having afforded the means for all fortitude with which he sustained those advantages which the eneso long and so desperate a con- my poflefled in the cngagement.teft, againit a superiority that could he have foreseen or thought seemed to render courage fruit- that they were really determined less, would have afforded room on fighting, he undoubtedly would for the highest praise, and even have bore down upon them, and for national exultation, if it had brought them to that point while been displayed in circumstances the wind was in his favour ; but wherein that virtue was less ge more especially on the first day of neral. It was much and gene- their appearance, when they are rally regretted, that bis recollection fai to have been so much scatof such an action Thould have been tered, that they could not easily embittered, as it was, by the loss of bave recovered their order.

In his fon, a mosi gallant youth, who either of thete cales, but partihaving been just made a lieutenant cularly the latter, it may well be in the admiral's fhip, fell, on that presumed, that the action would day, in a noble emulation of his have borne a very different cofather.

lour, and prodaced consequences The whole loss sustained in the far different from what it did.squadron, amounted to 137 killed, But it is to be observed, that the and to 430 wounded; the latter, admiral could only form a judg. part

ment of the enemy's present, by situation of these three ships occatheir general couduct, which at al- fioned his putting an end to the molt all times goes rather to evade a&ion, and making the signal to than to seek, close and general ac. cati anchor. It is farther acknowtion with the English at sea; at ledged, and serves to thew more lealt without a very decided fupe- than any thing else, the disorder rior ty, which, as they were igno- and confusion which then prevailed rant of the weak state of the Sultan on the French fide, that the Heros and Magnanime, was not at this hai cast anchor in the middle of the tine of Puch apparent magnitude, English fquadron, while the rain and as might encourage any extraordi- darkness prevented their perceiving nary deviation from the usua' prac- her situation; until her captain at tice. It feems then, confidering the length discovering his danger, seizeisential objects which he had io ed a favourable moment to cut his view, that the ad niral acted the cable, and escape. They likewise

of a wise and able colmander, acknowledge, that the La Fine had in not abandoning them for a vain been under orders to tow her off, pursuit, or for the sake of fighting when the fell on board the Iris; but the enemy, when even that would the fact of her striking is overlookhave presentes no consideration of ed; and it is only coldly observed, equal value in return. It seems that she separated from that nip indeed, that the intention of fight- without fighting. ing on the other fide, only sprung The loss of men on the French up with the unexpected'occasion fide, as stated in their publishof advantage that offered, when ed account, by no means accords the English squadron was so lock with former experience, any more ed in by the wind and the land, than with the nature and circumthat they might direct their 'at- stances of the action, the acknowtacks against it, in whatever man- ledged damage sustained by their ner, and to whatever extent they ships, and the number of officers pleased.

(whose names could not well be The French fleet proceeded concealed) which appear in both after the action to Batacalo, a

lists of the killed and wounded. Datch port on the island of Cey- In this account, the flain are raJon, about 20 leagues to the south- ted at 139, and the wounded at ward of Trincomale, where they 364. were detained until the fronth of Though these actions neither June, in endeavouring to repair were nor could be decisive in faand equip their shattered thips.- vour of the English, yet they were, It is acknowledged in their own particularly the first, of no small account, that the admiral's thip importance in their consequences. the Heros, with her seconds, the Every body knew the great force L'Orient and the Brilliant, had which France, at an immense exsuffered extremely; that M. de pence, had been long collecting in Suffrein had been obliged to shift her African islands; and all ludia his flag from the former to the was in expectation of the mighty Ajax; that the condition and blow which she was now to give,



and which it was supposed would voy under his proie&tion, and in a have proved fatal to the British in- hard fought battle, wherein they terests in that quarter of the globe. had other disadvantages besides a It was in this idea that Hyder Ally superiority of force to encounter, first ventured to invade the Carna- leave the claim to victory undetertic; and it was upon the same prin- mined ? Nothing could have imciple, that notwithstaoding his re- pressed the princes and states of peated defeats, he ftill reječed every India more ftrongly with an opioverture tending to an accommo- nion of the great superiority of the dation that could be made. A suf- English in all naval affairs, than ficient naval force to crush that of these circumstances; nor could any the English, was, excepting some thing afford a more grievous morartillery and engineers, probably all tification to Hyder; who now faw the aid which he withed for from his hopes of taking Madras, of deFrance ; for he was little disposed posing the Nabob of Arcot, and of to place any great confidence in placing his son Tippoo in poffeffion the services of a French, or in- of the Carnatic, to be as remote and deed of any European army in uncertain as ever. India; their military knowledge We have heretofore seen, that and skill, as officers and engi- Tellicherry, on the Malabar coaft, neers, was all that he valued; had been constantly invested, and nor did he with that France, or more or less closely preffed, by any other foreign nation, should re- Hyder's forces, from the very tain any inland footing whatever beginning of the war; and, that in the country. He only wished under the pressure of those losses the English resources by sea to be and misfortunes, which were about cut off, and he knew that every that time so general, and of that thing must then be at his own disc depression and hopelessness, borporal.

dering on despair, which prevailExhausted then as his patience · ed, it had even been in contemwas, through the failure of France plation to abandon that settlein so long delaying to fulfil her ment. We have likewise fhewn, engagements, whilst he was alone that Sir Edward Hughes had reexposed to all the rigours of a lieved and preserved the place. most dangerous war, how great The blockade, however, ftill conmust have been his disappoint- tinued, and the strength and num. nient, and how highly must it ber of the enemy increased; but have excited the attonishment of they were of a kind, at that disall India, when it was seen, tance from the seat of Hyder's that with so considerable a real, power and discipline, unequal to and so vait an apparent superi- the carrying on of a regular fiege, ority of furce, the French feet and were contented with closely would not venture to attack the fhutting up the place, and barEnglish in the open road of Ma- ring the principal passages with dras; but that on the contrary, forts; waiting for famine, or there inftantly pursue the fuperior other distress, to fupply the deenemy, take or disperse the con- fects of military tkill." The works

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