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of handicap in providing any aid, benefit, or service to beneficiaries of the recipient’s program; (vi) Deny a qualified handicapped individual the Opportunity to participate as a member of planning or advisory boards; or (vii) Otherwise limit a qualified handicapped individual in the enjoyment of any right, privilege, advantage, Or Opportunity enjoyed by others receiving any aid, benefits, or services. (2) For purposes of this part, aid, benefits, and services must afford handicapped individuals an equal opportunity to obtain the same result, to gain the same benefit, or to reach the same level of achievement as afforded to others, in the most integrated setting appropriate to the individual’s needs. However, aid, benefits and Services, to be equally effective, need not produce the identical result or level of achievement for handicapped and nonhandicapped individuals. (3) A recipient may not deny a qualified handicapped individual the opportunity to participate in its regular programs or activities, despite the existence of Separate or different programs Or activities which are established in accordance with this part. (4) A recipient may not, directly or through Contractual or other arrangements, use Criteria. Or methods of administration: (i) That have the effect of subjecting qualified handicapped individuals to discrimination. On the basis of handiCap, (ii) That have the purpose or effect of defeating or Substantially impairing accomplishment of the objectives of the recipient’s program with respect to handicapped individuals; or (iii) That perpetuate the discrimination of another recipient if both recipients are Subject to Common administrative control or are agencies of the Same State. (5) In determining the geographic Site or location of a facility, an applicant for assistance or a recipient may not make Selections: (i) That have the effect of excluding handicapped individuals from, denying them the benefit of, or otherwise Subjecting them to discrimination under any program or activity that receives
Or benefits from Federal financial asSistance; Or (ii) That have the purpose or effect of defeating or Substantially impairing the accomplishment of the objectives Of the program or activity with respect to handicapped individuals. (6) As used in this section, the aid, benefit, or service provided under a program or activity receiving or benefiting from Federal financial assistance includes any aid, benefit, or service provided in or through a facility that has been constructed, expanded, altered, leased, rented or otherwise acQuired, in whole or in part, with Federal financial assistance. (7)(i) In providing services under programs of Federal financial assistance, recipients to which this subpart applies, except Small recipients, shall enSure that no handicapped participant is denied the benefits of, excluded from participation in, Or otherwise subjected to discrimination under the program or activity Operated by the recipient beCause of the absence of auxiliary aids for participants with impaired sensory, manual or Speaking skills. A recipient Shall Operate each program or activity to which this subpart applies so that, when viewed in its entirety, auxiliary aids are readily available. The Secretary may require small recipients to provide auxiliary aids in Order to enSure that no handicapped participant is denied the benefits of, excluded from participation in, or otherwise subjected to discrimination under the program Or activity Operated by Small recipients, when this would not significantly impair the ability of the Small recipient to provide benefits or services. (ii) Auxiliary aids may include brailled and taped materials, interpreters, telecommunications devices, or other equally effective methods of making orally delivered information available to persons with hearing impairments, readers for persons with visual impairments, equipment adapted for use by persons with manual impairments, and other similar devices and actions. Recipients need not provide attendants, individually prescribed devices, readers for personal use or study, or other devices or services of a perSonal nature.
(c) Programs limited by Federal law. The exclusion of non-handicapped persons from the benefits of a program limited by Federal statute or Executive order to handicapped individuals, or the exclusion of a specific class of handicapped individuals from a program limited by Federal statute or Executive order to a different class of handicapped individuals is not prohibited by this part.
(d) Integrated Setting. Recipients shall administer programs and activities in the most integrated Setting appropriate to the needs of qualified handicapped individuals.
(e) Communications with individuals with impaired vision and hearing. Recipients shall ensure that communications with their applicants, employees and beneficiaries are available to persons with impaired vision or hearing. Appropriate modes of communication may include braille, enlarged type, Sign language and telecommunications devices.
$8b.5 Assurances required.
(a) Assurances. An applicant for Federal financial assistance for a program or activity to which this part applies shall Submit an assurance, on a form Specified by the Secretary, that the program will be operated in compliance with this part. An applicant may incorporate these assurances by reference in Subsequent applications to the Department. (b) Duration of obligation. (1) In the Case of Federal financial assistance extended in the form of real property or Structures On the property, the assurance will obligate the recipient or, in the Case of a Subsequent transfer, the transferee, for the period during which the real property or structures are used for the purpose for which Federal financial assistance is extended, or for another purpose involving the proviSion of Similar services or benefits. (2) In Case Of Federal financial assistance extended to provide personal property, the assurance will obligate the reCipient for the period during which it retains Ownership or possession of the property. (3) In all other cases, the assurance will obligate the recipient for the period during which Federal financial asSistance is extended Or the federally
funded program is operated, whichever is longer. (c) Covenants. (1) Where Federal financial assistance is provided in the form of real property or interest in the property from the Department, the instrument effecting or recording this transfer Shall contain a covenant running with the land to assure nondiscrimination for the period during which the real property is used for a purpose for which the Federal financial assistance is extended or for another purpose involving the provision of Similar Services Or benefits. (2) Where no transfer or property is involved but property is purchased or improved with Federal financial assistance, the recipient shall agree to include the Covenant described in paragraph (c)(1) of this section in the instrument effecting or recording any subsequent transferee of the property. (3) Where Federal financial assistance is provided in the form of real property Or interest, in the property from the Department, the Covenant shall also include a condition coupled with a right to be reserved by the Department to revert title to the property in the event of a breach of the covenant. If a transferee of real property proposed to mortgage or Otherwise encumber the real property as security to finance Construction of new, Or inprovement of existing, facilities on the property for the purposes for which the property was transferred, the Secretary may agree to forbear the exercise of such right to revert title for so long as the lien of such mortgage or other encumbrance remains effective. Such an agreement by the Secretary may be entered into Only upon the request of the transferee (recipient) if it is necessary to accomplish Such financing and upon Such terms and conditions as the Secretary deems appropriate. (d) Interagemcy agreements. Where funds are granted by the Department to another Federal agency to Carry Out a program under a law administered by the Department, and where the grant obligates the recipient agency to Comply with the rules and regulations of the Department applicable to that grant the provisions of this part Shall apply to programs and activities Operated with such funds.
$8b.6 Remedial action, voluntary action, and self-evaluation.
(a) Remedial action. (1) If the Secretary finds that a recipient has discriminated against persons On the basis of handicap in violation of section 504 or this part, the recipient shall take such remedial action as the Secretary deems necessary to overcome the effects of the discrimination. (2) Where a recipient is found to have discriminated against persons on the basis of handicap in violation of Section 504 or this part and where another recipient exercises control over the recipient that has discriminated, the Secretary, where appropriate, may require either or both recipients to take remedial action. (3) The Secretary may, where necessary to overcome the effects of discrimination in violation of section 504 or this part, require a recipient to take remedial action: (i) With respect to handicapped individuals who would have been participants in the program had the discrimination not occurred; and (ii) With respect to handicapped persons who are no longer participants in the recipient’s program, but who were participants in the program when the discrimination occurred; and (iii) with respect to employees and applicants for employment. (b) Voluntary action. A recipient may take steps, in addition to any action that is required by this part, to Overcome the effects of Conditions that reSulted in limited participation in the recipient’s program or activity by qualified handicapped individuals. (c) Self-evaluation. (1) A recipient shall, within one year of the effective date of this part: (i) Evaluate, with the assistance of interested persons, including handicapped individuals or organizations representing handicapped individuals, its current policies and practices and the effects thereof that do not or may not meet the requirements of this part; (ii) Modify, after consultation with interested persons, including handicapped individuals or organizations representing handicapped individuals,
any policies and practices that do not meet the requirements of this part; and (iii) Take, after consultation with interested persons, including handicapped individuals or Organizations representing handicapped individuals, appropriate remedial steps to eliminate the effects of any discrimination that resulted from adherence to these policies and practices. (2) A recipient, other than a small reCipient, shall for at least three years following completion of the evaluation required under paragraph (c)(1) of this section, maintain on file, make available for public inspection, and provide to the Secretary upon request: (i) A list of the interested persons Consulted; (ii) A description of areas examined and any problems identified; and (iii) A description of any modifications made and of any remedial steps taken. (3) The Secretary may, as he or she deems necessary, direct recipients to conduct additional self-evaluations, in accordance with the requirements of paragraph (c)(1) of this Section.
(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0605–0006)
[47 FR 17746, Apr. 23, 1982, as amended at 47 F.R. 35472, Aug. 16, 1982]
$8b.7 Designation of responsible employee and adoption of grievance procedures.
(a) Desigmation of responsible employee. A recipient, other than a Small recipient, shall designate at least One perSon to coordinate its efforts to comply with this part.
(b) Adoption of grievance procedures. A recipient, other than a Small recipient, shall adopt grievance procedures that incorporate appropriate due process standards and that provide for the prompt and equitable resolution of complaints alleging any action prohibited by this part. Such procedures need not be established with respect to COmplaints from applicants for employment or from applicants for admission to post secondary educational institutions.
(a) A recipient, other than a Small recipient, shall take appropriate initial and continuing steps to notify participants, beneficiaries, applicants and employees, including those with impaired vision or hearing, and unions or professional organizations holding collective bargaining or professional agreements with the recipient, that it does not discriminate on the basis of handicap in violation of Section 504 and Of this part. The notification shall state, where appropriate, that the recipient does not discriminate in the admission Or access to, Or treatment Or employment in, its programs and activities. The notification shall also include an identification of the responsible employee designated pursuant to $8b.7(a). A recipient shall make the initial notification required by this paragraph within 90 days of the effective date of this part. Methods of initial and Continuing notification may include the posting of notices, publications in newspapers and magazines, placement of notices in recipient’s publications, and distribution of memoranda, or Other written communication. A recipient Shall take appropriate Steps to ensure that notice is available to persons with impaired vision or hearing.
(b) If a recipient publishes or uses recruitment materials Or publications containing general information made available to participants, beneficiaries, applicants, or employees, it shall include in those materials or publications a statement of the policy deScribed in paragraph (a) Of this Section. A recipient may meet the requirement of this paragraph either by including appropriate inserts in existing materials and publications, Or by revising and reprinting the materials and publiCations.
$8b.9 Administrative requirements for small recipients.
The Secretary may require Small recipients to comply with $$8b.7 and 8b.8, in whole or in part, when the Secretary finds a violation of this part or finds that such compliance will not significantly impair the ability of the Small recipient to provide benefits or Serv1CéS.
$8b.10 Effect of state or local law or other requirements and effect of employment opportunities.
(a) The obligation to comply with this part is not obviated or alleviated by the existence of any state or local law or other requirement that, on the basis of handicap, inposes prohibitions or limits upon the eligibility of qualified handicapped individuals to receive Services, participate in programs, or practice any OCCupation Or profession.
(b) The obligation to comply with this part is not obviated or alleviated because employment opportunities in any OCCupation Or profession are or may be more limited for handicapped individuals than for nonhandicapped perSOnS.
Subport B–Employment Proctices
$8b. 11 Discrimination prohibited.
(a) General. (1) NO qualified handicapped individual shall, on the basis of handicap, be subjected to discrimination in employment under any program Or activity that receives or benefits from Federal financial assistance.
(2) A recipient shall make all deciSions concerning employment under any program Or activity to which this part applies in a manner which ensures that discrimination. On the basis of handicap does not OCCur and may not limit, Segregate, or classify applicants Or employees in any way that adversely affects their opportunities or status because of handicap.
(3) A recipient may not participate in a contractual or other relationship that has the effect of subjecting qualified handicapped applicants or employees to discrimination prohibited by this subpart. The relationships referred to in this subparagraph include relationships with employment and referral agencies, with labor unions, with organizations providing or administering fringe benefits to employees of the recipient, and with Organizations providing training and apprenticeship programs.
(b) Specific activities. The prohibition against discrimination in employment applies to the following activities:
(1) Recruitment, advertising and the processing of applicants for employment;
(2) Hiring, upgrading, promotion, award of tenure, demotion, transfer, layoff, termination, right of return from layoff and rehiring;
(3) Rates Of pay or any other form of compensation and changes in compensation; pension or other benefit the applicant or employee receives from any other Source.
$8b.12 Reasonable accommodation.
(a) A recipient shall make reasonable accommodation to the known physical or metal limitations of an otherwise qualified handicapped applicant or employee unless the recipient can demonstrate that the accommodation would in pose an undue hardship on the Operation of its program. (b) Reasonable accommodation may include: (1) Making the facilities used by the employees in the area, where the program is conducted, including common areas used by all employees such as hallways, restrooms, cafeterias and lounges, readily accessible to and usable by handicapped persons; and (2) Job restructuring, part-time or modified work Schedules, acquisition or modification of equipment or devices, the provision of readers Or interpreters, and other similar actions. (c) In determining pursuant to paragraph (a) of this Section whether an accommodation would impose an undue hardship on the Operation of a recipient’s program, factors to be considered include: (1) The overall size of the recipient’s program with respect to number of employees, number of participants, number and type of facilities, and size of budget; (2) The type of the recipient’s operation, including the composition and structure of the recipient’s workforce; and (3) The nature and cost of the accommodation needed. (d) A recipient may not deny any employment opportunity to a qualified handicapped employee or applicant if the basis for the denial is the need to make reasonable accommodation to the physical or mental limitations of the employee or applicant. (e) Nothing in this paragraph shall relieve a recipient of its obligation to
make its program accessible as required in Subpart C of this part, or to provide auxiliary aids, as required by $8b.4(b)(7).
$8b.13 Employment criteria.
(a) A recipient may not make use of any employment test or other selection Criterion that Screens out or tends to Screen out handicapped individuals or any class of handicapped individuals unless;
(1) The test score or other selection Criterion, as used by the recipient, is shown to be job-related for the position in question; and
(2) Alternative job-related tests or Criteria that do not screen out or tend to SCreen Out as many handicapped individuals are not shown by the Secretary to be available.
(b) A recipient shall select and administer tests concerning employment So as best to ensure that, when administered to an applicant or employee who has a handicap that impairs senSOry, manual, or speaking skills, the test results accurately to reflect the applicant’s or employee’s job skills aptitude, or whatever factor the test purportS to measure, rather than reflecting the applicant’s or employee's impaired sensory, manual, or speaking skills (except where those skills are the factors that the test purports to mea.Sure).
$8b.14 Preemployment inquiries.
(a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section, a recipient may not conduct preemployment inquiry of an applicant for employment as to whether the applicant is a handiCapped individual, or as to the nature or severity of a handicap. A recipient may, however, make preemployment inquiry into an applicant’s ability to perform job-related functions.
(b) When a recipient is taking remedial action to correct the effects of past discrimination pursuant to $8b.6(a), when a recipient is taking voluntary action to Overcome the effects of Conditions that resulted in limited participation in this federally assisted program or activity pursuant to $8b.6(b), or when a recipient is taking affirmative action pursuant to section 503 of the Act, the recipient may invite