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CHAPTER ||—NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF
SUBCHAPTER A-MEASUREMENT SERVICES
Part Page 200 Policies, Services, procedures, and fees ................... 325
SUBCHAPTER B-STANDARD REFERENCE MATERIALS 230 Standard reference materials .................................. 334 SUBCHAPTER C–TRANSCRIPT SERVICES-IRESERVED] SUBCHAPTER, D–STANDARDS FOR BARRELS
240 Barrels and Other COntainers for lime ..................... 336 241 Barrels for fruits, vegetables and other dry Commodities, and for Cranberries ............................... 338
SUBCHAPTER, E-FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES
255 Fellowships in laboratory Standardization and testing for qualified citizens of other American Republics .............................................................. 343
256 Research ASSOCiate Program ................................... 344
SUBCHAPTER, F-REGULATIONS GOVERNING TRAFFIC AND CONDUCT
265 Regulations governing traffic and COnduct. On the grounds of the National Institute of Standards & Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, and Boulder and Fort Collins, Colorado ............................. 346
SUBCHAPTER G–INVENTION EVALUATION PROCEDURES
270 Procedures for the evaluation of energy-related inVentions ................................................................ 350
SUBCHAPTERS H-I [RESERVED]
Part - - Page 280 Fastener quality ................................................ • • - - - - 355 285 National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Pro8Tarn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............. 395 286 National Volutary Conformity ASSessment System Evaluation (NVCASE) PrOgram ........................... 410 SUBCHAPTER, K–ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM PROCEDURES 290 Regional Centers for the Transfer of Manufacturing Technology ............. * @ e o 'o e o & © to so do o Go e o e e o e o e o te e o 'o e o e o 'o e o e o e o e o 'o 414 291 Manufacturing extension partnership; environmental projects .................................................... 419 292 Manufacturing extension partnership; infrastructure development projects .................................... 428 295 Advanced Technology Program ............................... 435
(a) The National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) has been assigned the following functions (15 U.S.C. 271 et seq.): (1) The custody, maintenance, and development of the national standards of measurement, and the provision of means and methods for making measurements consistent with those standards, including the Comparison of standards used in Scientific investigations, engineering, manufacturing, commerce, and educational institutions with the standards adopted or recognized by the Government. (2) The determination of physical constants and properties of materials when such data are of great importance to scientific or manufacturing interests and are not to be obtained with sufficient accuracy elsewhere. (3) The development of methods for testing materials, mechanisms, and structures, and the testing of materials, supplies, and equipment, including items purchased for use of Govern
ment departments and independent establishments. (4) Cooperation with other governmental agencies and with private organizations in the establishment of Standard practices, incorporated in codes and Specifications. (5) Advisory Service to Government agencies on Scientific and technical problems. (6) Invention and development of devices to serve Special needs of the Government. (b) The Calibration and testing activities of NIST Stem from the functions in paragraphs (a) (1) and (3) of this section. NIST provides the central basis within the United States for a complete and consistent system of measurement; Coordinates that system, and the measurement systems of other nations; and furnishes essential services leading to accurate and uniform physical measurements throughout this Nation’s scientific community, industry, and commerce. (c) The provision of standard reference materials for sale to the public is assigned to the Office of Standard Reference Materials of the National Measurement Laboratory, NIST. That Office evaluates the requirements of science and industry for carefully characterized reference materials, stimulates efforts of NIST to develop methOds for production of needed reference materials and directs their production and distribution. For further information on standard reference materials see Subchapter B, Chapter II, Part 230, Of this title.
$200.101 Measurement research.
(a) The NIST staff continually reviews the advances in science and the trends in technology, examines the measurement potentialities of newly discovered physical phenomena, and uses these to devise and improve standards, measuring devices, and measurement techniques. As new requirements appear, there are continual shifts of program emphasis to meet the most urgent needs for the measurement of additional quantities, extended ranges, or improved accuracies.
(b) The basic research and development activities of NIST are primarily funded by direct appropriations, and are aimed at meeting broad general needs. NIST may also undertake investigations or developments to meet some specialized physical measurement problem of another Government agency, industrial group, or manufacturing firm, using funds supplied by the requesting Organization.
$200.102 Types of calibration and test services.
(a) NIST has developed instrumentation and techniques for realizing Standards for the seven base units of the International System of Units, as agreed upon by the General Conference of Weights and Measures. Reference standards have been established not only for these seven base units, but also for many derived quantities and their multiples and submultiples. Such reference standards, or equivalent working standards, are used to Calibrate laboratory and plant standards for other organizations. Accuracy is maintained by stability checks, by comparison with the standards of other national and international laboratories, and by the exploration Of alternative techniques as a means of reducing possible Systematic error.
(b) Calibrations for many types of instruments and ranges of physical quantities are described in the NIST Special Publication 250 (SP 250). (See $200.115 for details relating to the description of service items and listing of fees.)
(c) In recent years NIST has offered to the public new measurement Services called measurement assurance programs. These programs are designed for laboratories whose measurement proC— ess involves the calibration of other standards. A measurement assurance program is a measurement quality Control process. By use of carefully designed redundant measurements and measurements made On NIST transport Standards a total uncertainty of the laboratories measurement process can be determined by NIST. The results of these tests are then reported to the Customer as uncertainties of the Customer’s measurements relative to national Standards.
(d) Special measurements not listed in SP 250 may be made upon request. These might involve unusual physical Quantities, upper Or lower extremes Of range, higher levels of accuracy, fast response Speeds, short durations, broader ranges of associated parameters, Or Special environmental conditions. Such inquiries should describe clearly the measurement desired. Indication of the Scientific or economic basis for the requirements to be satisfied will be helpful in determining future NIST programs. Fees for work accepted will be based upon actual costs incurred. (e) The principal emphasis of NIST is on those Calibrations and other tests requiring Such accuracy as can be obtained only by direct comparison with its standards. (f) Other Services which may be obtained include: (1) Tests of measuring instruments to determine compliance with specifications or claims, when the evaluation is Critical in national Scientific Or technical operations, and when suitable facilities are not available elsewhere; and (2) Referee tests in important cases when clients are unable to agree upon the method of measurement, the reSults of tests, or the interpretation of these results, but have agreed in advance in writing to accept and abide by the findings of NIST. (g) NIST reserves the right to decline
any request for Services if the work
would interfere with other activities deemed by the Director to be of greater importance. In general, measurement Services are not provided when available from Commercial laboratories. (h) Suggestions will be offered on measurement techniques and On Other sources of assistance on calibration or measurement problems when the equipment, and personnel of NIST are unable to undertake the work. The National Conference Of Standards Laboratories issues a Directory of Standards LabOratories in the United States which perform calibration work (obtainable from NCSL Secretariat, C/O National Institute of Standards & Technology, Boulder, CO 80303). Those laboratories which perform testing are listed in the
(a) In areas of its special competence, NIST Offers COnsulting and advisory Services on various problems related to measurement, e.g., details of design and Construction, Operational aspects, unusual Or extreme Conditions, methOds of Statistical control of the measurement process, automated acquisition of laboratory data, and data reduction and analysis by computer. Brief consultation may be obtained at no charge; the fee for extended effort will be based upon actual costs inCurred. The Services Outlined in this paragraph do not include services in connection With legal proceedings not involving the United States as a named party, nor to testimony or the production of data, information, or records in such legal proceedings which is governed by the policies and procedures set forth in Subchapter H, Chapter II, Part 275, of this title.
(b) To enhance the competence of standards laboratory personnel, NIST conducts at irregular intervals several group Seminars On the precision measurement of Specific types of physical quantities, offering the opportunity of laboratory observation and informal discussion. A brochure describing the Current Series Of Seminars can be Obtained by writing the Office of Measurement Services, National Institute of Standards & Technology, Washington, DC 20234.
ured. For information regarding carefully characterized materials see Subchapter B, Chapter II, Part 230, of this title. The Office of Standard Reference Materials in the NIST National Measurement Laboratory administers a program to provide many types of wellCharacterized materials that are needed to calibrate a measurement system Or to produce scientific data that can be readily referred to a common base. NIST SP 260 is a catalog of Standard Reference Materials available from NIST.
$200.105 Standard reference data.
Data on the physical and chemical properties of the large variety of subStances used in science and technology need to be compiled and evaluated for application in research, development, engineering design, and commerce. The Office of Standard Reference Data (OSRD) in the NIST National Measurement Laboratory provides coordination of and access to a number of governmental and nongovernmental data centers throughout this country and the world which are responsive to user needs for data. The OSRD's present program is a SSenbled under a series of tasks which include data for application in energy, environment and health, industrial process design, materials durability, and resource recovery. The Subject data are disseminated as hard-copy information in the Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, published jointly with the American Chemical Society and the American Institute of Physics, in the National Standard Reference Data System reports as the NSRDS—NIST series, and as NIST Special reports. Magnetic tapes of data. On Selected topics are also issued through the OSRD and the National Technical Information Service. A newsletter, “Reference Data. Report,” is issued bimonthly describing Current activities. Information ConCerning the above is available upon request from the OSRD.
Publications provide the primary means of Communicating the results of the NIST programs and services to its Varied technical audiences, as well as to the general public. NIST issues some