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The enforcement provisions applicable to Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 found at §§8.7 through 8.15 of this subtitle shall apply to this part.
PART 8C–ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
8C.30 General prohibitions against discrimination.
8c.49 Program accessibility: Discrimination prohibited.
8c.50 Program accessibility: Existing facilities.
8C.51 Program accessibility: New Construction and alterations.
8C.70 Compliance procedures.
AUTHORITY: 29 U.S.C. 794.
SOURCE: 53 FR 19277, May 27, 1988, unless Otherwise noted.
This part effectuates section 119 of the Rehabilitation, Comprehensive Services, and Developmental Disabilities Amendments of 1978, which annended Section 504 Of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 to prohibit discrimination on the basis of handicap in programs or activities conducted by Executive agencies or the United States POStal Service.
§ 8c.2 Application.
This part applies to all programs or activities conducted by the agency except for programs or activities Conducted outside the United States that
do not involve individuals with handicaps in the United States.
For purposes of this part, the term— Agency means the Department of Commerce. ASSistant Attorney General means the ASSistant Attorney General, Civil RightS Division, United States Department Of Justice. Auriliary aids means Services or devices that enable persons with impaired sensory, manual, or Speaking skills to have an equal opportunity to participate in, and enjoy the benefits of, programs or activities conducted by the agency. For example, auxiliary aids useful for persons with impaired vision include readers, Brailled materials, audio recordings, and other similar services and devices. Auxiliary aids useful for persons with impaired hearing include telephone handset annplifiers, telephones compatible with hearing aids, telecommunication devices for deaf persons (TDD’s), interpreters, notetakers, written materials, and Other similar services and devices. Complete complaint means a written statement that contains the complainant's name and address and describes the agency’s alleged discriminatory action in Sufficient detail to inform the agency of the nature and date of the alleged violation of Section 504. It shall be signed by the complainant or by SOmeone authorized to do SO On his or her behalf. Complaints filed on behalf Of Classes Or third parties shall describe Or identify (by name, if possible) the alleged victims of discrimination. Facility means all Or any portion of buildings, StructureS, equipment, roads, walks, parking lots, rolling Stock or Other conveyances, or Other real or personal property. Individual with handicaps means any person who has a physical or mental impairment that Substantially limits One or more major life activities, has a record of Such an impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment. As used in this definition, the phrase: (1) “Physical or mental impairment.” includes— (i) Any physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body Systems: Neurological; musculoskeletal; Special Sense organs; respiratory, including Speech organs; cardiovascular; reproductive; digestive; genitourinary; henic and lymphatic; skin; and endocrine; or (ii) Any mental or psychological disorder, such as mental retardation, Organic brain Syndrome, emotional Or mental illness, and Specific learning disabilities. The term “physical Or mental impairment” includes, but is not limited to, such diseases and conditions as Orthopedic, visual, Speech, and hearing impairments, Cerebral palsy, epilepsy, muscular dystrophy, multiple Sclerosis, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, mental retardation, emotional illness, and drug addiction and alcohol1SII). (2) “Major life activities’’ includes functions such as Caring for One's self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, Speaking, breathing, learning, and working. (3) “Has a record of Such an impairment” means has a history of, or has been misclassified as having, a mental or physical impairment that Substantially limits One or more major life activities. (4) “Is regarded as having an impairment” means— (i) Has a physical or mental impairment that does not substantially limit major life activities but is treated by the agency as Constituting Such a limitation; (ii) Has a physical Or mental impairment that substantially limits major life activities only as a result of the attitudes of others towards such impairment; Or (iii) Has none of the impairments defined in subparagraph (1) of this definition but is treated by the agency as having such an impairment. Qualified individual with handicaps Islea,IlS— (1) With respect to any agency program or activity under which a person is required to perform Services or to achieve a level of accomplishment, an individual with handicaps who meets the essential eligibility requirements and who can achieve the purpose of the program Or activity without modifications in the program or activity that the agency can demonstrate would re
(a) The agency shall, by July 26, 1989, evaluate its current policies and practices, and the effects thereof, that do not or may not meet the requirements of this part, and, to the extent modification of any such policies and practices is required, the agency shall proceed to make the necessary modifications.
(b) The agency shall provide an Opportunity to interested persons, including individuals with handicaps or Organizations representing individuals with handicaps, to participate in the Selfevaluation process by Submitting Comments (both oral and written).
(c) The agency shall, until three years following the completion of the self-evaluation, maintain on file and make available for public inspection:
(1) A description of areas examined and any problems identified, and
(2) A description of any modifications made.
(a) NO Qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of handiCap, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or otherwise be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity conducted by the agency. (b)(1) The agency, in providing any aid, benefit, or service, may not, directly or through contractual, licensing, or other arrangements, on the basis of handicap— (i) Deny a qualified individual with handicaps the opportunity to participate in Or benefit from the aid, benefit, or Service; (ii) Afford a qualified individual with handicaps an opportunity to participate in Or benefit from the aid, benefit, Or Service that is not equal to that afforded Others; (iii) Provide a qualified individual with handicaps with an aid, benefit, or Service that is not as effective in affording equal Opportunity to obtain the Same result, to gain the same benefit, Or to reach the same level of achievement as that provided to others; (iv) Provide different or separate aid, benefits, or services to individuals with handicaps or to any class of individuals with handicaps than is provided to others unless such action is necessary to provide qualified individuals with handicaps with aid, benefits, or Serv
ices that are as effective as those pro
vided to others; (v) Deny a qualified individual with handicaps the opportunity to partici
pate as a member of a planning or advisory board; or (vi) Otherwise limit a qualified individual with handicaps in the enjoyment of any right, privilege, advantage, Or Opportunity enjoyed by others receiving the aid, benefit, or service. (2) The agency may not deny a qualified individual with handicaps the opportunity to participate in programs or activities that are not separate or different, despite the existence of permissibly separate or different programs or activities. (3) The agency may not, directly or through contractual or other arrangements, utilize criteria or methods of administration the purpose or effect of which would— (i) Subject qualified individuals with handicaps to discrimination on the basis of handicaps; or (ii) Defeat or substantially impair acComplishment of the objectives of a program Or activity with respect to individuals with handicaps. (4) The agency may not, in determining the Site or location of a facility, make selections the purpose or effect Of which would— (i) Exclude individuals with handiCaps from, deny them the benefits of, or otherwise subject them to discrimination under any program or activity Conducted by the agency; or (ii) Defeat or substantially impair the accomplishment of the objectives of a program with respect to individuals with handicaps. (5) The agency, in the Selection of proCurement COntractOrS, may not use Criteria that subject qualified individuals with handicaps to discrimination On the basis of handicap. (6) The agency may not administer a licensing or certification program in a manner that subjects qualified individuals with handicaps to discrimination On the basis of handicap, nor may the agency establish requirements for the programs Or activities of licensees or Certified entities that subject qualified individuals with handicaps to discrimination on the basis of handicap. However, the programs or activities of entities that are licensed or certified by the agency are not, themselves, covered by this part.
result in a fundamental alteration in the nature of a program or activity or in undue financial and administrative burdens. In those circumstances where agency personnel believe that the proposed action would fundamentally alter the program or activity or would result in undue financial and administrative burdens, the agency has the burden of proving that compliance with section $80.50(a) would result in such alteration or burdens. The decision that compliance would result in such alteration or burdens must be made by the Secretary of Commerce or the Secretary’s designee after considering all agency resources available for use in the funding and operation of the conducted program or activity, and must be accompanied by a written statement of the reasons for reaching that concluSion. If an action would result in such an alteration or such burdens, the agency shall take any other action that would not result in such an alteration Or Such burdens but would nevertheless ensure that individuals with handicaps receive the benefits and services of the program or activity. (b) Methods. The agency may comply with the requirements of this section through such means as redesign of equipment, rea,SSignment Of Services to accessible buildings, assignment of aides to beneficiaries, home visitS, delivery Of Services at alternate accessible sites, alteration of existing facilities and construction of new facilities, use of accessible rolling Stock, or any other methods that result in making its programs or activities readily acCessible to and usable by individuals with handicaps. The agency is not required to make structural changes in existing facilities where Other methods are effective in achieving compliance with this section. The agency, in making alterations to existing buildings, shall meet accessibility requirements to the extent compelled by the Architectural Barriers Act of 1968, as amended (42 U.S.C. 4151–4157), and any regulations inplementing it. In Choosing among available methods for meeting the requirements of this section, the agency shall give priority to those methods that offer programs and a Ctivities to qualified individuals with handicaps in the most integrated setting appropriate. (c) Time period for compliance. The agency shall comply with the obligations established under this section by September 26, 1988, except that where structural changes in facilities are undertaken, Such changes shall be made by July 26, 1991, but in any event as expeditiously as possible. (d) Transition plan. In the event that structural changes to facilities will be undertaken to achieve program accessibility, the agency shall develop, by January 26, 1989, a transition plan setting forth the steps necessary to Complete such changes. The agency shall provide an Opportunity to interested persons, including individuals with handicaps or Organizations representing individuals with handicaps, to participate in the development of the transition plan by Submitting Comments (both Oral and written). A Copy of the transition plan shall be made available for public inspection. The plan shall, at a minimum— (1) Identify physical obstacles in the agency’s facilities that limit the accesSibility of its program Or activities to individuals with handicaps; (2) Describe in detail the methods that will be used to make the facilities accessible; (3) Specify the schedule for taking the Steps necessary to achieve compliance with this section and, if the time period of the transition plan is longer than One year, identify steps that will be taken during each year of the transition period; and (4) Indicate the Official responsible for implementation of the plan.
(a) The agency shall take appropriate Steps to ensure effective Communication with applicants, participants, perSOnnel Of Other Federal entities, and members of the public. (1) The agency shall furnish appropriate auxiliary aids where necessary to afford an individual with handicaps an equal opportunity to participate in, and enjoy the benefits of, a program or activity Conducted by the agency. (i) In determining what type of auxiliary aid is necessary, the agency shall give primary Consideration to the reQuests Of the individual with handiCapS. (ii) The agency need not provide individually prescribed devices, readers for personal use or study, or other devices of a personal nature. (2) Where the agency communicates with applications and beneficiaries by telephone, telecommunication devices for deaf persons (TDD’s) or equally effective telecommunication systems Shall be used. (b) The agency shall ensure that interested persons, including persons With impaired vision or hearing, can obtain information as to the existence and location of accessible services, activities, and facilities. (c) The agency shall provide signs at a primary entrance to each of its inaccessible facilities, directing users to a location at which they can obtain information about accessible facilities. The international symbol for accesSibility shall be used at each primary entrance of an accessible facility. (d) This section does not require the agency to take any action that it can demonstrate would result in a fundamental alteration in the nature of a program or activity Or in undue finanCial and administrative burdens. In those Circumstances where agency perSonnel believe that the proposed action would fundamentally alter the program Or activity Or would result in undue financial and administrative burdens, the agency has the burden of proving that compliance with $86.60 would reSult in such alteration or burdens. The decision that compliance would result in Such alteration of burdens must be