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Expenditures in the Post Office Department
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT
EXPENDITURES IN THE POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
FREDERICK N. ZIHLMAN, Maryland, Chairman. SAM R. SELLS, Tennessee.
BENJAMIN G. HUMPHREYS, Mississippi. FREDERICK W. ROWE, New York.
JAMES F. BYRNES, South Carolina.
n. of . MAY 7 1920
COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES IN THE
Post OFFICE DEPARTMENT,
Tuesday, August 26, 1919. The committee met at 10.45 o'clock a. m., Hon. Frederick N. Zihlman (chairman) presiding.
The CHAIRMAN. A quorum being present, the committee will come
URER NATIONAL FEDERATION POST OFFICE CLERKS, WASH-
Mr. FLAHERTY. My name is Thomas F. Flaherty, secretary-treasurer of the National Federation of Post Office Clerks.
The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Flaherty, under date of July 8 of this year you wrote a letter to the President, in which you stated that
Night work is imposed without a wage or time differential, home study is required without compensation, the eight-hour law is ignored in the larger offices, and oppressive labar policies of the postal administrators have given the service a sweatshop reputation. Because of these conditions, the Government find itself unable to properly operate its largest agency.
In every large city civil-service examinations are being held weekly with but few male applicants. Most of those who pass the examination remain but a short time in the service.
Now, on July 16 you wrote a letter to Col. Robert H. Harper, president of the chamber of commerce here in Wahington, in which you state:
It is absurd to talk of improving the Postal Service merely by rearranging train schedules or mail collections. The present admitter' breakilown in Postal
ce efficiency is largely due to one cause a lack of man power. The serv
needs workers. It already has a superabundance of schedules, rules, regucions, and desk experts. But it is the harsh truth-although the department efused to publicly admit it—that postal wage and working standards are too low to attract or hold the efficient type of workman the service requires. I'ntil those fundamental defects in our Postal Service are correcteil, the American people can scarcely hope for a restoration of service efficiency.
Now, those statements bearing on the service and its inefficiency are matters which, I believe, would properly be taken up by this committee, and I would like you to make a statement, enlarging on and substantiating, if possible, the statements made to the President and to the president of the chamber of commerce.