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(B) The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1966.
(C) The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1962, as amended.
(D) The Act of July 14, 1960, as amended.
(E) The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1954, as amended.
(F) The Act of September 26, 1961, as amended.
(G) The Highway Revenue Act of 1956, as amended.
(H) The Highway Beautification Act of 1965, as amended.
(I) The Alaska Omnibus Act, as amended.
(J) The Joint Resolution of August 28, 1965, as amended.
(K) Section 525 (c) of Title 33.
(L) The Act of April 27, 1962, as amended.

(M) Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1949.
(2) the following laws and provisions of law relating generally to
ground transportation:

(A) The Act of September 30, 1965, as amended.

(B) The Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964, as amended.
(3) the following laws and provisions of law relating generally to
aircraft:

(A) The Act of September 7, 1957, as amended.
(B) Section 1380 of this title.

(C) Title XIII of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended.
(4) the following law relating generally to pilotage: The Great Lakes
Pilotage Act of 1960, as amended.

(5) the following law to the extent it authorizes scientific and professional positions which relate primarily to functions transferred by this subsection: The Act of August 1, 1947, as amended. (6) the following laws relating generally to traffic and highway safety:

(A) The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966.

(B) The Highway Safety Act of 1966. (6) Coast Guard; functions of the Secretary of the Treasury and other offices

and officers of the Department of the Treasury relating to the Coast

Guard. (1) The Coast Guard is hereby transferred to the Department, and there are hereby transferred to and vested in the Secretary all functions, powers, and duties, relating to the Coast Guard, of the Secretary of the Treasury and of other officers and offices of the Department of the Treasury.

(2) Notwithstanding the transfer of the Coast Guard to the Department and the transfer to the Secretary of the functions, powers, and duties, relating to the Coast Guard, of the Secretary of the Treasury and of other officers and offices of the Department of the Treasury, effected by the provisions of paragraph (1) of this subsection, the Coast Guard, together with the functions, powers, and duties relating thereto, shall operate as a part of the Navy, subject to the orders of the Secretary of the Navy, in time of war or when the President shall so direct, as provided in section 3 of Title 14.

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the functions, powers, and duties of the General Counsel of the Department of the Treasury set out in chapter 47 of Title 10 (Uniform Code of Military Justice), are hereby transferred to and vested in the General Counsel of the Department. (c) Federal Aviation Agency; functions, powers, and duties of Administrator

and other offices and officers. (1) There are hereby transferred to and vested in the Secretary all functions, powers, and duties of the Federal Aviation Agency, and of the Administrator and other officers and offices thereof, including the development and construction of a civil supersonic aircraft: Provided, however, That there are hereby transferred to the Federal Aviation Administrator, and it shall be his duty to exercise the functions, powers, and duties of the Secretary pertaining to aviation safety as set forth in sections 306, 307, 308, 309, 312, 313, 314, 1101, 1105, and 1111, and titles VI, VII, IX, and XII of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended. In exercising these enumerated functions, powers, and duties, the Administrator shall be guided by the declaration of policy in section 103 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended. Decisions of the

Federal Aviation Administrator made pursuant to the exercise of the functions, powers, and duties enumerated in this subsection to be exercised by the Administrator shall be administratively final, and appeals as authorized by law or this chapter shall be taken directly to the National Transportation Safety Board or to the courts, as appropriate.

(2) Nothing in this chapter shall affect the power of the President under section 1343(c) of this title to transfer, to the Department of Defense in the event of war, any functions transferred by this chapter from the Federal Aviation Agency. (d) Civil Aeronautics Board; chairman, members, officers, and offices; trans

fer to National Transportation Safety Board. There are hereby transferred to and vested in the Secretary all functions, powers, and duties of the Civil Aeronautics Board, and of the Chairman, members, officers, and offices thereof under titles VI and VII of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended: Provided, however, That these functions, powers, and duties are hereby transferred to and shall be exercised by the National Transportation Safety Board. Decisions of the National Transportation Safety Board made pursuant to the exercise of the functions, powers, and duties enumerated in this subsection shall be administratively final, and appeals as authorized by law or this chapter shall be taken directly to the courts. (e) Interstate Commerce Commission; functions, powers, and duties relating

to safety appliances and equipment on railroad engines and cars, protection of employees and travelers, hours of service, medals for heroism, explosives and other dangerous articles, standard time zones and daylight

saving time; safety of operation and equipment. There are hereby transferred to and vested in the Secretary all functions, powers, and duties of the Interstate Commerce Commission, and of the Chairman, members, officers, and offices thereof, under

(1) the following laws relating generally to safety appliances and equipment on railroad engines and cars, and protection of employees and travelers:

(A) The Act of March 2, 1893, as amended.
(B) The Act of March 2, 1903, as amended.
(C) The Act of April 14, 1910, as amended.
(D) The Act of May 30, 1908, as amended.
(E) The Act of February 17, 1911, as amended.
(F) The Act of March 4, 1915, as amended.
(G) Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1965.
(H) Joint Resolution of June 30, 1906, as amended.
(I) The Act of May 27, 1908, as amended.
(J) The Act of March 4, 1909, as amended.

(K) The Act of May 6, 1910, as amended. (2) the following law relating generally to hours of service of employees: The Act of March 4, 1907, as amended.

(3) the following law relating generally to medals for heroism: The Act of February 23, 1905, as amended.

(4) the following provisions of law relating generally to explosives and other dangerous articles: Sections 831-835 of Title 18.

(5) the following laws relating generally to standard time zones and daylight saving time:

(A) The Act of March 19, 1918, as amended.
(B) The Act of March 4, 1921, as amended.

(C) The Uniform Time Act of 1966, as amended. (6) the following provisions of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended

(A) relating generally to safety appliances methods and systems: Section 26 of this title.

(B) relating generally to investigation of motor vehicle sizes, weights, and service of employees: Section 325 of this title.

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(C) relating generally to qualifications and maximum hours of service of employees and safety of operation and equipment: Sections 304(a) (1) and (2), of this title, to the extent that they relate to qualifications and maximum hours of service of employees and safety of operation and equipment; and sections 304(a) (3), (3a), and (5) of this title.

(D) to the extent they relate to private carriers of property by motor vehicle and carriers of migrant workers by motor vehicle other

than contract carriers: Sections 321(a), 321(c), and 324 of this title. (f) Retention by Interstate Commerce Commission of powers and functions

not expressly transferred; railroad, pipeline, and motor carrier safety under Federal Railroad and Federal Highway Administrators; review

of administrative decisions. (1) Nothing in subsection (e) of this section shall diminish the functions, powers, and duties of the Interstate Commerce Commission under sections 1(6), 206, 207, 209, 210a, 212, and 216 of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended (49 U.S.C. 1(6), 306 et seq.), or under any other section of that Act not specifically referred to in subsection (e) of this section.

(2) (A) With respect to any function which is transferred to the Secretary by subsection (e) of this section and which was vested in the Interstate Commerce Commission preceding such transfer, the Secretary shall have the same administrative powers under the Interstate Commerce Act as the Commission had before such transfer with respect to such transferred function. After such transfer, the Commission may exercise its administrative powers under the Interstate Commerce Act only with respect to those of its functions not transferred by subsection (e) of this section. (B) For purposes of this paragraph

(i) the term “function”includes power and duty, and

(ii) the term “administrative powers under the Interstate Commerce Act” means any functions under the following provisions of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended: Sections 12, 13(1), 13(2), 14, 16(12), the last sentence of 18(1), sections 20 (except clauses (3), (4), (11), and (12) thereof), 204(a) (6) and (7), 204(c), 204(d), 205(d), 205(f), 220 (except subsection (c) and the proviso of subsection (a) thereof), 222 (except subsections (b) (2) and (b) (3) thereof), and 417(b) (1) (49

U.S.C. 12 et seq., 304 et seq., and 1017). (3) (A) The Federal Railroad Administrator shall carry out the functions, powers, and duties of the Secretary pertaining to railroad and pipeline safety as set forth in the statutes transferred to the Secretary by subsection (e) of this section. (B) The Federal Highway Administrator sha

carry out

ne functions, powers, and duties of the Secretary pertaining to motor carrier safety as set forth in the statutes transferred to the Secretary by subsection (e) of this section.

(C) Decisions of the Federal Railroad Administrator and the Federal Highway Administrator (i) which are made pursuant to the exercise of the functions, powers, and duties enumerated in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this paragraph to be carried out by the Administrators, and (ii) which involves notice and hearing required by law, shall be administratively final, and appeals as authorized by law or this chapter shall be taken directly to the National Transportation Safety Board or the courts, as appropriate. (g) Department of the Army; functions, powers, and duties of the Secretary

of the Army relating to water vessel anchorages, drawbridge operating regulations, obstructive bridges, tolls, prevention of pollution of the sea by oil, and location and clearance of bridges and causeways on navigable

waters. There are hereby transferred to and vested in the Secretary all functions, powers, and duties of the Secretary of the Army and other officers and offices of the Department of the Army under

(1) the following law and provisions of law relating generally to water vessel anchorages:

(A) Section 7 of the Act of March 4, 1915, as amended.
(B) Article 11 of section 1 of the Act of June 7, 1897, as amended.
(C) Rule 9 of section 1 of the Act of February 8, 1895, as amended.

(D) Rule numbered 13 of section 4233 of the Revised Statutes, as amended. (2) the following provision of law relating generally to drawbridge operating regulations: Section 5 of the Act of August 18, 1894, as amended.

(3) the following law relating generally to obstructive bridges: The Act of June 21, 1940, as amended.

(4) the following laws and provisions of law relating generally to the reasonableness of tolls:

(A) Section 4 of the Act of March 23, 1906, as amended.
(B) Section 503 of the General Bridge Act of 1946, as amended.
(C) Section 17 of the Act of June 10, 1930, as amended.
(D) The Act of June 27, 1930, as amended.

(E) The Act of August 21, 1935, as amended.
(5) the following law relating to prevention of pollution of the sea by
oil: The Oil Pollution Act, 1961, as amended.

(6) the following laws and provision of law to the extent that they relate generally to the location and clearances of bridges and causeways in the navigable waters of the United States:

(A) Section 9 of the Act of March 3, 1899, as amended.
(B) The Act of March 23, 1906, as amended.

(C) The General Bridge Act of 1946, as amended. (h) Applicability of administrative procedure and judicial review provisions

of Title 5. The provisions of subchapter II of chapter 5 and of chapter 7 of Title 5, shall be applicable to proceedings by the Department and any of the administrations or boards within the Department established by this chapter except that notwithstanding this or any other provision of this chapter, the transfer of functions, powers, and duties to the Secretary or any other officer in the Department shall not include functions vested by subchapter II of chapter 5 of Title 5, in hearing examiners employed by any department, agency, or component thereof whose functions are transferred under the provisions of this chapter. () Alaska Railroad.

The administration of the Alaska Railroad, established pursuant to the Act of March 12, 1914, as amended, and all of the functions authorized to be carried out by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to Executive Order Numbered 11107, April 25, 1963, relative to the operation of said Railroad, are hereby transferred to and vested in the Secretary of Transportation who shall exercise the same authority with respect thereto as is now exercised by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to said Executive order. (Pub. L. 89–670, $ 6, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 937.) § 1656. Transportation investment standards; promulgation by Secretary of

Transportation; use of standards and criteria in surveys, plans, and reports of Federal agencies. (a) The Secretary, subject to the provisions of section 1653 of this title, shall develop and from time to time in the light of experience revise standards and criteria consistent with national transportation policies, for the formulation and economic evaluation of all proposals for the investment of Federal funds in transportation facilities or equipment, except such proposals as are concerned with (1) the acquisition of transportation facilities or equipment by Federal agencies in providing transportation services for their own use; (2) an inter-oceanic canal located outside the contiguous United States; (3) defense features included at the direction of the Department of Defense in the

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design and construction of civil air, sea, and land transportation; (4) programs of foreign asistance; (5) water resource projects; or (6) grant-in-aid programs authorized by law. The standards and criteria developed or revised pursuant to this subsection shall be promulgated by the Secretary upon their approval by the Congress.

The standards and criteria for economic evaluation of water resource projects shall be developed by the Water Resources Council established by Public Law 89–80. For the purpose of such standards and criteria, the primary direct navigation benefits of a water resource project are defined as the product of the savings to shippers using the waterway and the estimated traffic that would use the waterway; where the savings to shippers shall be construed to mean the difference between (a) the freight rates or charges prevailing at the time of the study for the movement by the alternative means and (b) those which would be charged on the proposed waterway; and where the estimate of traffic that would use the waterway will be based on such freight rates, taking into account projections of the economic growth of the area.

The Water Resources Council established under section 1962a of Title 42 is hereby expanded to include the Secretary of Transportation on matters pertaining to navigation features of water resource projects.

(b) Every survey, plan, or report formulated by a Federal agency which includes a proposal as to which the Secretary has promulgated standards and criteria pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall be (1) prepared in accord with such standards and criteria and upon the basis of information furnished by the Secretary with respect to projected growth of transportation needs and trafic in the affected area, the relative efficiency of various modes of transport, the available transportation services in the area, and the general effect of the proposed investment on existing modes, and on the regional and national economy; (2) coordinated by the proposing agency with the Secretary and, as appropriate, with other Federal agencies, States, and local units of government for inclusion of his and their views and comments; and (3) transmitted thereafter by the proposing agency to the President for disposition in accord with law and procedures established by him. (Pub. L. 89–670, § 7, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 941.) 8 1657. Administrative provisions. (a) Authority of Secretary to employ personnel and prescribe their authority

and duties. In addition to the authority contained in any other Act which is transferred to and vested in the Secretary, the National Transportation Safety Board, or any other officer in the Department, the Secretary is authorized, subject to the civil service and classification laws, to select, appoint, employ, and fix the compensation of such officers and employees, including investigators, attorneys, and hearing examiners, as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter and to prescribe their authority and duties. (6) Temporary or intermittent employment of experts and consultants.

The Secretary may obtain services as authorized by section 3109 of Title 5, but at rates not to exceed $100 per diem for individuals unless otherwise specified in an appropriation Act. (c) Detailing of participating military personnel for service in Department

of Transportation. The Secretary is authorized to provide for participation of military personnel in carrying out the functions of the Department. Members of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, or the Marine Corps may be detailed for service in the Department by the appropriate Secretary, pursuant to cooperative agreements with the Secretary of Transportation. (d) Military personnel assigned to Department of Transportation; annual

report to Congress on assignment of personnel. (1) Appointment, detail, or assignment to, acceptance of, and service in any

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