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(1741) Miss Lucy Fortescue of Devonshire, was gradually advancing his claim to profit and by whom he had a son, the late Lord Lyttel- preferment; and accordingly was made in time ton, and two daughters, and with whom he (1754) cofferer and privy counsellor: this place appears to have lived in the highest degree | he exchanged next year for the great office of of connubial felicity: but human pleasures are chancellor of the Exchequer; an office, however, short : she died in childbed about five years af- that required some qualifications which he soon terwards ; and he solaced himself by writing a perceived himself to want. long poem to her memory.

The year after, his curiosity led him into He did not, however,, condemn himself to Wales; of which he has given an account, perperpetual solitude and sorrow ; for, after a haps rather with too much affectation of delight, while he was content to seek happiness again to Archibald Bower, a man of whom he had by a second marriage with the daughter of Sir conceived an opinion pore favourable than he Robert Rich ; but the experiment was unsuc- seems to have deserved, and whom, having once cessful.

espoused his interest and fame, he was never At length, after a long struggle, Walpole gave persuaded to disown. Bower, whatever was way, and honour and profit were distributed his moral character, did not want abilities ; atAmong his conquerors. Lyttelton was made tacked as he was by a universal outcry, and (1744) one of the Lords of the Treasury; and that outcry, as it seems, the echo of truth, he from that time was engaged in supporting the kept his ground; at last, when his defences beschemes of the ministry.

gan to fail him, he sallied out upon his adverPolitics did not, however, so much engage saries, and his adversaries retreated. him as to withhold his thoughts from things of

About this time Lyttelton published his more importance. He had, in the pride of “ Dialogues of the Dead,” which were very juvenile confidence, with the help of corrupt eagerly read, though the production rather, as it conversation, entertained doubts of the truth of seems, of leisure than of study: rather effusions Christianity; but he thought the time now come than compositions. The names of his persons when it was no longer fit to doubt or believe by too often enable the reader to anticipate their chance, and applied himself seriously to the conversation ; and when they have met, they great question. His studies being honest, ended too often part without any conclusion. He has in conviction. He found that religion was true; copied Fenelon more than Fontenelle. and what he had learned he endeavoured to When they were first published, they wero teach (1747) by “ Observations on the Conver- kindly commended by the “Critical Reviewsion of St. Paul;" a treatise to which infidelity ers:" and poor Lyttelton, with humble grati. has never been able to fabricate a specious an- tude, returned in a note which I have read, ac

This book his father bad the happiness knowledgments which can never be proper, of seeing, and expressed his pleasure in a letter since they must be paid either for flattery or for which deserves to be inserted.

justice. “ I have read your religious treatise with in- When, in the latter part of the last reign, the finite pleasure and satisfaction. The style is inauspicious commencement of the war made fine and clear, the arguments close, cogent, and the dissolution of the ministry unavoidable, Sir irresistible. May the King of kings, whose George Lyttelton, losing with the rest his emglorious cause you have so well defended, reward ployment, was recompensed 'with a peerage ; your pious labours, and grant that I may be and rested from political turbulence in the

und worthy, through the merits of Jesus House of Lords. Christ, to be an eye-witness of that happiness His last literary production was his “History which I don't doubt he will bountifully bestow of Henry the Second,” elaborated by the searches upon you. In the mean time, I shall never and deliberations of twenty years, and pubcease glorifying God, for having endowed you lished with such anxiety as vanity can dicwith such useful talents, and giving me so good tate.

The story of this publication is remarkable. Your affectionate father,

The whole work was printed twice over, a great

part of it three times, and many sheets four or THOMAS LYTTELTON.” five times. The booksellers paid for the first

impression; but the charges and repeated operaA few years afterwards, (1751) by the death tions of the press were at the expense of the of his father, he inherited a baronet's title with author, whose ambitious accuracy is known to a large estate, which, though perhaps he did not have cost him at least a thousand pounds. He augment, he was careful to adorn, by a house of began to print in 1755. Three volumes appear. great elegance and expense, and by much atten- ed in 1764, a second edition of them in 1767, a tion to the decoration of his park.

third edition in 1768, and the conclusion in As he continued his activity in parliament, he 1771.


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Andrew Reid, a man not without considerable ceeded to open the fountain of that heart, from abilities, and not unacquainted with letters or whence goodness had so long flowed, as from a with life, undertook to persuade Lyttelton, as copious spring. • Doctor,' said he, you shall he had persuaded himself, that he was master of be my confessor : when I first set out in the the secret of punctuation; and, as fear begets world, I had friends who endeavoured to shake credulity, he was employed, I know not at what my belief in the Christian religion. I saw difprice, to point the pages of “ Henry the Second.” ficulties which staggered me; but I kept my The book was at last pointed and printed, and mind open to conviction. The evidences and sent into the world. Lyttelton took money for doctrines of Christianity, studied with attenhis copy, of which, when he had paid the printer, tion, made me a most firm and persuaded behe probably gave the rest away; for he was very liever of the Christian religion. I have made it liberal to the indigent.

the rule of my life, and it is the ground of my When time brought the History to a third future hopes. I have erred and sipned; but edition, Reid was either dead or discarded; and have repented, and never indulged any vicious the superintendence of typography and punctua- habit. In politics, and public life, I have made tion was committed to a man originally a comb- public good the rule of my conduct. I never maker, but then known by the style of Doctor. gave counsels which I did not at the time think Something uncommon was probably expected, best. I have seen that I was sometimes in the and something uncommon was at last done; for wrong, but I did not err designedly. I have to the Doctor's edition is appended, what the endeavoured, in private life, to do all the good world had hardly seen before, a list of errors in in my power, and never for a moment could inpineteen pages.

dulge malicious or unjust designs upon any perBut to politics and literature there must be an son whatsoever.' end. Lord Lyttelton had never the appearance “ At another time he said, 'I must leave my of a strong or of a healthy man; he had a slen- soul in the same state it was in before this illder uncompacted frame, and a meagre face; he ness; I find this a very inconvenient time for lasted however sixty years, and was then seized solicitude about any thing. with his last illness. Of his death a very affect- « On the evening, when the symptoms of ing and instructive account has been given by death came on, he said, “I shall die ; but it will his physician, which will spare me the task of not be your fault.' When Lord and Lady Vahis moral character.

lentia came to see his Lordship, he gave them “ On Sunday evening the symptoms of his his solemn benediction, and said, “Be good, be Lordship’s disorder, which for a week past had virtuous, my Lord; you must come to this.' alarmed us, put on a fatal appearance, and his Thus he continued giving his dying benediction Lordship believed himself to be a dying man. to all around him. On Monday morning a luFrom this time he suffered by restlessness ra- cid interval gave some small hopes, but these ther than pain; though his nerves were ap- vanished in the evening; and he continued dyparently much fluttered, his mental faculties ing, but with very little uneasiness, till Tuesnever seemed stronger, when he was thoroughly day morning, August 22, when between seven awake.

and eight o'clock he expired, almost without a “ His Lordship’s bilious and hepatic com- groan.' plaints seemed alone not equal to the expected His Lordship was buried at Hagley; and the mournful event; his long want of sleep, whe- following inscription is cut on the side of his ther the consequence of the irritation in the Lady's monument: bowels, or, which is more probable, of causes of a different kind, accounts for his loss of strength, This unadorned stone was placed here and for his death, very sufficiently.

By the particular desire and express “ Though his Lordship wished his approach- Directions of the Right Honourable ing dissolution not to be lingering, he wait

George LORD LYTTELTON, ed for it with resignation. He said, “It is a

Who died August 22, 1773, aged 64. folly, a keeping me in misery, now to attempt to prolong life ;' yet he was easily persuaded, Lord Lyttelton's Poems are the works of a for the satisfaction of others, to do or take man of literature and judgment, devoting part any thing thought proper for him. On Sa- of his time to versification. They have nothing turday he had been remarkably better, and to be despised, and little to be admired. Of his we were not without some hopes of his re- Progress of Love,” it is sufficient blame to covery.

say that it is pastoral. His blank verse in “ On Sunday, about eleven in the forenoon, “ Blenheim" bas neither much force nor much his Lordship sent for me, and said he felt a great elegance. His little performances, whether flurry, and wished to have a little conversation songs or epigrams, are sometimes sprightly, and with me in order to divert it. He then pro- sometimes insipid. His epistolary pieces have a smjoth equability, which cannot much tire, he was very young, contains much truth ard because they are short, but which seldom ele- much prudence, very elegantly and vigorously vates or surprises. But from this censure expressed, and shows a mind attentive to life, ought to be excepted his “ Advice to Belinda,' and a power of poetry which cultivation might which, though for the most part written when have raised to excellence.

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