The Bodily Self: Selected Essays
Essays on the role of the body in self-consciousness, showing that full-fledged, linguistic self-consciousness is built on a rich foundation of primitive, nonconceptual self-consciousness.These essays explore how the rich and sophisticated forms of self-consciousness with which we are most familiar—as philosophers, psychologists, and as ordinary, reflective individuals—depend on a complex underpinning that has been largely invisible to students of the self and self-consciousness. José Luis Bermúdez, extending the insights of his groundbreaking 1998 book, The Paradox of Self-Consciousness, argues that full-fledged, linguistic self-consciousness is built on a rich foundation of primitive, nonconceptual self-consciousness, and that these more primitive forms of self-consciousness persist in ways that frame self-conscious thought. They extend throughout the animal kingdom, and some are present in newborn human infants. Bermúdez makes the case that these primitive forms of self-awareness can indeed be described as forms of self-consciousness, arguing that they share certain structural and epistemological features with full-fledged, linguistic self-consciousness. He offers accounts of certain important classes of states of nonconceptual content, including the self-specifying dimension of visual perception and the content of bodily awareness, considering how they represent the self. And he explores the general role of nonconceptual self-consciousness in our cognitive and affective lives, examining in several essays the relation between nonconceptual awareness of our bodies and what has been called our “sense of ownership” for our own bodies.
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Understanding the Bodily Self
1 Nonconceptual SelfConsciousness and Cognitive Science
2 Ecological Perception and the Notion of a Nonconceptual Point of View
3 The Sources of SelfConsciousness
4 The Elusiveness Thesis Immunity to Error through Misidentification and Privileged Access
5 The Phenomenology of Bodily Awareness
6 Bodily Awareness and SelfConsciousness
A-location and B-location action alien hand syndrome Anscombe Anscombe’s attitude psychology basic behavior belief Bermúdez bodily awareness bodily event bodily experience bodily ownership bodily sensations Cambridge capacity chapter cognitive science conscious content of bodily coordinates discussion distinction ecological Eilan elusiveness thesis environment epistemic error through misidentification essay example explain exteroceptive first-person concept first-person pronoun folk psychology forms of self-consciousness frame of reference Gibson identify IEM property immunity to error inflationary introspection involve judgments of ownership kinesthesis limb Merleau-Ponty Mind & Language movement nonconceptual content nonconceptual self-consciousness notion one’s body oneself optic flow Paradox of Self-Consciousness Peacocke Peacocke’s perceived perceptual awareness perspective phenomenology of bodily philosophers physical objects point of view privileged access propositional attitudes relative relevant representation representation-dependent self-ascription self-awareness sense of ownership social understanding solid angles somatic proprioception somatoparaphrenia space spatial subjects theory thought insertion tion types vestibular system Vignemont visual perception