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CHAPTER 2-DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
TITLE 1-DEVELOPMENT LOAN FUND
economic resources, etc.
Sec. 201. GENERAL AUTHORITY.-(a) The President shall establish a fund to be known as the "Development Loan Fund" to be used by the President to make loans pursuant to the authority contained
in this title. Development of
(b) The President is authorized to make loans payable as to principal and interest in United States dollars on such terms and conditions as he may determine, in order to promote the economic development of less developed friendly countries and areas, with emphasis upon assisting long-range plans and programs designed to develop economic resources and increase productive capacities. In so doing, the President shall take into account (1) whether financing could be obtained in whole or in part from other free-world sources on reasonable terms, (2) the economic and technical soundness of the activity to be financed, (3) whether the activity gives reasonable promise of contributing to the development of economic resources or to the increase of productive capacities in furtherance of the purposes of this title, (4) the consistency of the activity with, and its relationship to, other development activities being undertaken or planned, and its contribution to realizable long-range objectives, (5) the extent to which the recipient country is showing a responsiveness to the vital economic, political, and social concerns of its people, and demonstrating a clear determination to take effective self-help measures, and (6) the possible effects upon the United States economy, with special reference to areas of substantial labor surplus, of the loan involved. Loans shall be made under this title only upon a finding of reasonable prospects of repayment.
(c) The authority of section 610 may not be used to decrease the funds available under this title, nor may the authority of section 614(a) be used to waive the requirements of this title.
(d) Funds made available for this title shall not be loaned or reloaned at rates of interest excessive or unreasonable for the borrower and in no event higher than the applicable legal rate of interest of the country in which the loan is made.
SEC. 202. AUTHORIZATION.—(a) There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the President for the purposes of this title $1,200,000,000 for the fiscal year 1962 and $1,500,000,000 for each of the next four succeeding fiscal years, which sums shall remain available until expended : Provided, That any unappropriated portion of the amount authorized to be appropriated for any such fiscal year may be appropriated in any subsequent fiscal year during the above period in addition to the amount otherwise authorized to be appro
priated for such subsequent fiscal year. Authority to en- (b) Whenever the President determines that it is important to the menento agree advancement of United States interests and necessary in order to
further the purposes of this title, and in recognition of the need for reasonable advance assurances in the interest of orderly and effective execution of long-term plans and programs of development assistance,
he is authorized to enter into agreements committing, under the terms and conditions of this title, funds authorized to be appropriated under this title, subject only to the annual appropriation of such funds.
(c) Upon conclusion of each such agreement involving funds to be appropriated, the President shall notify the Foreign Relations and Congress. Appropriations Committees of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives of the provisions of such agreement, including the amounts of funds involved and undertakings of the parties thereto.
(d) Except as otherwise provided in this part, the United States dollar assets of the corporate entity known as the Development Loan Fund which remain unobligated and not committed for loans repayable in foreign currencies on the date prior to the abolition of such Fund shall be available for use for purposes of this title.
SEC. 203. FISCAL PROVISIONS.--All receipts from loans made under and in accordance with this title shall be available for use for the purposes of this title. Such receipts and other funds made available under this title for use for the purposes of this title shall remain available until expended.
Sec. 204. DEVELOPMENT LOAN COMMITTEE.— The President shall establish an interagency Development Loan Committee, consisting dent. of such officers from such agencies of the United States Government as he may determine, which shall, under the direction of the President, establish standards and criteria for lending operations under this title in accordance with the foreign and financial policies of the United States. Except in the case of officers serving in positions to which they were appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, officers assigned to the Committee shall be so assigned by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
SEC. 205. USE OF THE FACILITIES OF THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION.-If the President determines that it would more effectively serve the purposes of this title and the policy contained in section 619 (pertaining to newly independent countries), he may, in accordance with the provisions of this title, lend not to exceed 10 per centum of the funds made available for this title to the International Development Association for use pursuant to the International Development Association Act (Public Law 86-565, 74 Stat. 293) and the articles of agreement of the Association.
Appointment of officers by Presi
22 USC 284 note.
TITLE II-DEVELOPMENT GRANTS AND TECHNICAL COOPERATION
Promotion of economic develop
Sec. 211. GENERAL AUTHORITY.-(a) The President is authorized to furnish assistance on such terms and conditions as he may determine ment. in order to promote the economic development of less developed friendly countries and areas, with emphasis upon assisting the development of human resources through such means as programs of technical cooperation and development. In so doing, the President shall take into account (1) whether the activity gives reasonable promise of contributing to the development of educational or other
institutions and programs directed toward social progress, (2) the consistency of the activity with, and its relationship to, other development activities being undertaken or planned, and its contribution to realizable long-range development objectives, (3) the economic and technical soundness of the activity to be financed, (4) the extent to which the recipient country is showing a responsiveness to the vital economic, political, and social concerns of its people, and demonstrating a clear determination to take effective self-help measures and a willingness to pay a fair share of the cost of programs under this title, (5) the possible adverse effects upon the Uníted States economy, with special reference to areas of substantial labor surplus, of the assistance involved, and (6) the desirability of safeguarding the international balance of payments position of the United States. If the President finds that assistance proposed to be furnished under this title would have a substantially adverse effect upon the United States economy, or a substantial segment thereof, the assistance shall not be furnished.
(b) In countries and areas which are in the earlier stages of economic development, programs of development of education and human resources through such means as technical cooperation shall be emphasized, and the furnishing of capital facilities for purposes other than the development of education and human resources shall be given a lower priority until the requisite knowledge and skills have been developed.
Sec. 212. AUTHORIZATION.—There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the President for use beginning in the fiscal year 1962 to carry out the purposes of section 211 not to exceed $380,000,000, which shall remain available until expended.
Sec. 213. ATOMS FOR PEACE.—The President is authorized to use, in addition to other funds available for such purposes, not to exceed $2,000,000 of the funds available for the purposes of section 211 for assistance, on such terms and conditions as he may determine, designed to promote the peaceful uses of atomic energy outside the United States.
Sec. 214. AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS ABROAD.-(a) The President is authorized to use, in addition to other funds available for such purposes, funds made available for the purposes of section 211 for assistance, on such terms and conditions as he may specify, to schools and libraries outside the United States founded or sponsored by United States citizens and serving as study and demonstration centers for ideas and practices of the United States.
(b) The President is authorized to use, notwithstanding the provisions of the Mutual Defense Assistance Control Act of 1951 (22 U.S.C. 1611 et seq.), foreign currencies accruing to the United States Government under any Act, for purposes of subsection (a) of this section, and for assistance, on such terms and conditions as he may specify, to hospitals outside the United States founded or sponsored by United States citizens and serving as centers for medical treatment, education, and research.
Sec. 215. LOANS TO SMALL FARMERS.—It is the policy of the United States and the purpose of this section to strengthen the economies of Jess developed friendly countries, and in friendly countries where the economy is essentially rural or based on small villages, to provide assistance designed to improve agricultural methods and techniques, to
Use of foreign currencies.
65 Stat, 644.
Improvement of agricu!tura 1 methods.
Foreign currency loans.
stimulate and encourage the development of local programs of selfhelp and mutual cooperation, particularly through loans of foreign currencies for associations of operators of small farms, formed for the purpose of joint action designed to increase or diversify agricultural productivity. The maximum unpaid balance of loans made to any association under this section may not exceed $25,000 at any one time; and the aggregate unpaid balance of all loans made under this section may not exceed $10,000,000 at any one time.
Sec. 216. VOLUNTARY AGENCIES.—(a) In order to further the efficient use of United States voluntary contributions for relief and rehabilitation of friendly peoples, the President is authorized to use funds made available for the purposes of section 211 to pay transportation charges from United States ports to ports of entry abroad, or, in the case of landlocked countries, to points of entry in such countries, on shipments by the American Red Cross and United States voluntary nonprofit relief agencies registered with and approved by the Advisory Committee on Voluntary Foreign Aid.
(b) Where practicable the President shall make arrangements with the receiving country for free entry of such shipments and for the making available by that country of local currencies for the purpose of defraying the transportation cost of such shipments from the port of entry of the receiving country to the designated shipping point of the consignee.
Payment of tr an sportation charges.
TITLE III-INVESTMENT GUARANTIES
SEC. 221. GENERAL AUTHORITY.-(a) In order to facilitate and in
prise participacrease the participation of private enterprise in furthering the de- tlon. velopment of the economic resources and productive capacities of less developed friendly countries and areas, the President is authorized to issue guaranties as provided in subsection (b) of this section of investments in connection with projects, including expansion, modernization, or development of existing enterprises, in any friendly country or area with the government of which the President has agreed to institute the guaranty program. The guaranty program authorized
Project approval by this title shall be administered under broad criteria, and each project shall be approved by the President.
(b) The President may issue guaranties to United States citizens, or corporations, partnerships, or other associations created under the laws of the United States or of any State or territory and substantially beneficially owned by United States citizens, as well as any whollyowned foreign subsidiary of any
such corporation(1) assuring protection in whole or in part against any or all of the following risks :
(A) inability to convert into United States dollars other currencies, or credits in such currencies, received as earnings or profits from the approved project, as repayment or return of the investment therein, in whole or in part, or as compensation for the sale or disposition of all or any part thereof,
(B) loss of investment, in whole or in part, in the approved project due to expropriation or confiscation by action of a foreign government, and
(C) loss due to war, revolution, or insurrection :
U. S. interests.
Provided, That the total face amount of the guaranties issued under this paragraph (1) outstanding at any one time shall not exceed $1,000,000,000; and
(2) where the President determines such action to be important to the furtherance of the purposes of this title, assuring against loss of not to exceed 75 per centum of any investment due to such risks as the President may determine, upon such terms and condi
tions as the President may determine: Provided, That guaranties Development of
issued under this paragraph (2) shall emphasize economic development projects furthering social progress and the development of small independent business enterprises, and no such guaranty shall exceed $10,000,000: Provided further, That no payment may be made under this paragraph (2) for any loss arising out of fraud or misconduct for which the investor is responsible : Provided further, That the total face amount of the guaranties issued under this paragraph (2) outstanding at any one time shall not exceed $90,000,000: Provided further, That this authority shall
continue until June 30, 1964. (c) No guaranty shall exceed the dollar value, as of the date of the investment, of the investment made in the project with the approval of the President plus actual earnings or profits on said investment to the extent provided by such guaranty, nor shall any guaranty extend
beyond twenty years from the date of issuance. Protection of (d) The President shall make suitable arrangements for protecting
the interests of the United States Government in connection with any guaranty issued under section 221(b), including arrangements with respect to the ownership, use, and disposition of the currency, credits, assets, or investment on account of which payment under such guaranty is to be made, and any right, title, claim, or cause of action existing in connection therewith.
Sec. 222. GENERAL PROVISIONS.—(a) A fee shall be charged for Determination by
each guaranty in an amount to be determined by the President. In the event the fee to be charged for a type of guaranty authorized under section 221 (b) is reduced, fees to be paid
under existing contracts for the same type of guaranty may be similarly reduced.
(b) All fees collected in connection with guaranties issued under
section 221(b), under sections 202(b) and 413(b) (4) of the Mutual 71 Stat. 357; 73 Security Act of 1954, as amended, and under section 111(b) (3) of 168 Stat. 846; 73 the Economic Cooperation Act of 1948, as amended (22' U.S.C.
1509(b) (3)) (exclusive of fees for informational media guaranties heretofore or hereafter issued pursuant to section 1011 of the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948, as amended (22 U.S.C. 1442) and section 111(b) (3) of the Economic Cooperation Act of 1948, as amended), shall be available for meeting management and custodial costs incurred with respect to currencies or other assets acquired under guaranties made pursuant to section 221(b) of this part, sections 202 (b) and 413(b) (4) of the Mutual Security Act of 1954, as amended, and section 111(b) (3) of the Economic Cooperation Act of 1948, as amended (exclusive of informational media guaranties), and shall be available for expenditure in discharge of liabilities under guaranties made pursuant to such sections, until such time as all such property has been disposed of and all such liabilities have been discharged or have expired, or until all such fees have been expended in accordance with the provisions of this section.
(c) In computing the total face amount of guaranties outstanding at any one time for purposes of paragraph (1) of section 221 (b), the President shall include the face amounts of outstanding guaranties theretofore issued pursuant to such paragraph, sections 202(b) and 413(b) (4) of the Mutual Security Act of 1954, as amended, and
22 USC 1872, 1933.
70 Stat. 563.