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ENACTED DURING THE
FIRST SESSION OF THE EIGHTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday, January 3, 1961, and adjourned sine die on Wednesday, September 27, 1961. Until noon January 20, 1961, DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER, President; RICHARD M. Nixon, Vice President; Sam RAYBURN, Speaker of the House of Representatives; from January 20, 1961, John F. KENNEDY, President; LYNDON B. JOHNSON, Vice President; Sam RAYBURN, Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Public Law 87-1
of the first inaugural of Abraham Lincoln.
March 1, 1961 (H. J. Res. 155)
Whereas Saturday, March 4, 1961, will mark the centenary of
Abraham Lincoln's taking the oath of office as sixteenth President
of the United States; and Whereas the anniversary will be widely observed and noted through
out this land and overseas; and Whereas the occasion will coincide with exercises commemorative of
the American Civil War of 1861-1865; and Whereas Mr. Lincoln stood at the head of the Government of the
United States and its Armed Forces during those years of tragedy
and travail; and Whereas he foresaw the difficulty of the task before him as "greater
than that which rested on Washington"; and Whereas he sought the guidance of Almighty God, saying, “Without
the assistance of that Divine Being ... I cannot succeed. With
that assistance I cannot fail."'; and Wherzas one who stood in the audience at his first inauguration would
later write, "the shouts which have resounded for him at the Capitol
are still ringing in my ears."; and Whereas from a wooden platform, projected from the eastern
portico, beneath an unfinished dome, he pleaded and reasoned that day for reconciliation and the preservation of the Union, saying:
“I take the official oath today, with no mental reservations, and with no purpose to construe the Constitution or laws, by any hypercritical rules. I hold, that in contemplation of universal law, and of the Constitution, the Union of these States is perpetual .. It is safe to say that no government proper, ever had a provision in its organic law for its own termination : Before entering upon so grave a matter as the destruction of our national fabric, with all its benefits, its memories, and its hopes, would it not be wise to ascertain precisely why we do it? Will you hazard so desperate a step, while there is any possibility that any portion of the ills you fly from, have no real existence? Will you, while the certain ills you fly to, are grea'er than all the real ones you fly from? Will you risk the commission of so fearful a mistakel ... Physically speaking, we cannot separate. We cannot remove our respective sections from each other, nor build an impassable wall between them. A husband and wife may be divorced, and go out of the presence, and beyond the reach of each other; but the different parts of our country cannot do this. They cannot but remain face to face; and intercourse, either amicable or hostile, must continue between them .. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic cords of memory, stretching from every battlefield, and patriot grave, to every living heart and hearthstone, all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by
the better angels of our nature."; and Whereas the better angels do, in fact, touch us: Now, therefore, be it
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Abraham Lin States of America in Congress assembled, That on Saturday, March 4
next, the one hundredth anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's first inCentennial.
auguration shall be commemorated by such observance as may be determined by the committee on arrangements in cooperation with the national Civil War Centennial Commission, the Civil War Centennial Commission of the District of Columbia, and the Lincoln Group of the
District of Columbia. Committee on ar- Immediately upon passage of this resolution, the President of the rangements.
Senate shall appoint four Members of the Senate and the Speaker of the House shall appoint four Members of the House of Representa
tives jointly to constitute a committee on arrangements. Planning of cero Immediately upon passage of this resolution and after the Members mony.
of the Senate and House have been appointed, the Speaker shall direct the committee on arrangements to meet and select a chairman from one of their own group and such other officers as will be appropriate and needed who will immediately proceed to plan, in cooperation with the national Civil War Centennial Commission, the Civil War Centennial Commission of the District of Columbia and the Lincoln Group of the District of Columbia, an appropriate ceremony, issue invitations to the President of the United States, the Vice President of the United States, Secretaries of departments, heads of independent agencies, offices, and commissions, the Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, the diplomatic corps, assistant heads of departments, Commissioners of the District of Columbia, members of the Lincoln Group of the District of Columbia, centennial commissions from the various States, Civil War roundtables, State and local historical and patriotic societies, and such other students and
scholars in the field of history as may have a special interest in the occasion, organize a reenactment of Mr. Lincoln's first inauguration on the eastern portico of the Capitol, select a speaker and other participants, prepare and publish a program and submit a report not later than June 1, 1961.
Approved March 1, 1961.
Public Law 87-2
Members of Congress requesting such copies.
March 21, 1961
former Members of
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 73 of
Congressional the Printing Act, approved January 12, 1895, as amended (44 U.S.C. Distribution to 183), is amended by inserting after the paragraph relating to Congreu.. ex-Presidents and ex-Vice Presidents a new paragraph as follows:
“To each former Senator, Representative in Congress, Delegate from a territory, or Commissioner from Puerto Rico, upon request to the Public Printer, one copy of the daily.”
Approved March 21, 1961.
49 Stat. 1549.
Public Law 87-3
of the Regular Army, and for other purposes.
March 22, 1961
Dwight D. Eisen hower.
Regular Army, active list.
72 Stat. 838.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that the President of the United States is authorized to appoint former President Dwight David Eisenhower to the active list of the Regular Army in his former grade of General of the Army with his former date of rank in such grade. Dwight David Eisenhower, as a former President entitled to a monetary allowance and other benefits by the Act of August 25, 1958 (Public Law 85-745), shall not be entitled to the pay or allowances of a General of the Army.
Sec. 2. The Secretary of Defense is authorized to assign military assistants to Dwight David Eisenhower as General of the Army. The amount authorized to be expended per annum by the Administrator of General Services under section (b) of the Act of August 25, 1958 (Public Law 85–745) to provide an office staff for a former President of the United States shall be reduced by the sum of the pay and allowances of any such military assistants so assigned.
Sec. 3. Nothing herein contained shall be construed as in any way affecting or limiting the benefits provided the
widow of any former President under the Act of August 25, 1958 (Public Law 85–745).
Approved March 22, 1961.