Page images
PDF
EPUB

aggregate total of the contributions of the foreign service officers theretofore made, and accumulated interest thereon.

(b) There is hereby created a special fund to be known as the foreign service retirement and disability fund.

(c) Five per centum of the basic salary of all foreign service officers eligible to retirement shall be contributed to the foreign service retirement and disability fund and the Secretary of the Treasury is directed on the date on which this act takes effect to cause such deductions to be made and the sums transferred on the books of the Treasury Department to the credit of the foreign service retirement and disability fund for the payment of annuities, refunds, and allowances: Provided, That all basic salaries in excess of $9,000 per annum shall be treated as $9,000.

(d) When any foreign service officer has reached the age of sixty-five years and rendered at least fifteen years of service he shall be retired: Provided, That the President may in his discretion retain any such officer on active duty for such period not exceeding five years as he may deem for the interest of the United States.

(e) Annuities shall be paid to retired foreign service officers under the following classification, based upon length of service and at the following percentages of the average annual basic salary for the ten years next preceding the date of retirement: Class A, thirty years or more, 60 per centum; class B, from twentyseven to thirty years, 54 per centum; class C, from twenty-four to twenty-seven years, 48 per centum; class D, from twenty-one to twenty-four years, 42 per centum; class E, from eighteen to twenty-one years, 36 per centum; class F, from fifteen to eighteen years, 30 per centum.

(f) Those officers who retire before having contributed for each year of service shall have withheld from their annuities to the credit of the foreign service retirement and disability fund such proportion of 5 per centum as the number of years in which they did not contribute bears to the total length of service.

(g) The Secretary of the Treasury is directed to invest from time to time in interest-bearing securities of the United States such portions of the foreign service retirement and disability fund as in his judgment may not be immediately required for the payment of annuities, refunds, and allowances, and the income derived from such investments shall constitute a part of said fund.

(h) None of the moneys mentioned in this section shall be assignable, either in law or equity, or be subject to execution, levy, or attachment, garnishment, or other legal process.

(i) In case an annuitant dies without having received in annuities an amount equal to the total amount of his contributions from salary with interest thereon at 4 per centum per annum compounded up to the time of his death, the excess of the said accumulated contributions over the said annuity payments shall be paid to his or her legal representatives; and in case a foreign service officer shall die without having reached the reitrement age the total amount of his contributions with accrued interest shall be paid to his legal representatives.

(j) That any foreign service officer who before reaching the age of retirement becomes totally disabled for useful and efficient service by reason of disease or injury not due to vicious habits, intemperance, or willful misconduct on his part, shall, upon his own application or upon order of the President, be retired on an annuity under paragraph (e) of this section: Provided, however, That in each case such disability shall be determined by the report of a duly qualified physician or surgeon designated by the Secretary of State to conduct the examination: Provided further, That unless the disability be permanent, a like examination shall be made annually in order to determine the dergee of disability, and the payment of annuity shall cease from the date of the medical examination showing recovery.

Fees for examinations under this provision, together with reasonable traveling and other expenses incurred in order to submit to examination, shall be paid out of the foreign service retirement and disability fund.

When the annuity is discontinued under this provision, before the annuitant has received a sum equal to the total amount of his contributions with accrued interest, the difference shall be paid to him or to his legal representatives.

(k) The President is authorized from time to time to establish, by Executive order, a list of places in tropical countries which by reason of climatic or other extreme conditions are to be classed as unhealthful posts, and each year of duty at such posts, while so classed, inclusive of regular leaves of absence, shall be counted as one year and a half, and so on in like proportion in reckoning the length of service for the purposes of retirement.

(1) Whenever a foreign service officer becomes separated from the service except for disability before reaching the age of retirement, 50 per centum of the total amount of contribution from his salary without interest shall be returned to him.

(m) Whenever any foreign service officer, after the date of his retirement, accepts a position of employment the emoluments of which are greater than the annuity received by him from the United States Government by virtue of his retirement under this act, the amount of the said annuity during the continuance of such employment shall be reduced by an equal amount: Provided, That all retired foreign service officers shall notify the Secretary of State once a year of any positions of employment accepted by them stating the amount of compensation received therefrom and whenever any such officer fails to so report it. shall be the duty of the Secretary of State to order the payment of the annuity to be suspened until such report is received.

(n) The Secretary of State is authorized to expend from surplus money to the credit of the foreign service retirement and disability fund an amount not exceeding $5,000 for the expenses necessary in carrying out the provisions of this section, including actuarial advice.

(o) Any diplomatic secretary or consular officer who has been or any foreign service officer who may hereafter be promoted from the classified service to the grade of ambassador or minister, or appointed to a position in the Department of State shall be entitled to all the benefits of this section in the same manner and under the same conditions as foreign service officers.

SEC. 19. In the event of public emergency any retired foreign service officer may be recalled temporarily to active service by the President and while so serve ing he shall be entitled in lieu of his retirement allowance to the full pay of the class in which he is temporarily serving.

SEC. 20. That all provisions of law heretofore enacted relating to secretaries in the Diplomatic Service and to consular officers, which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby made applicable to foreign service officers when they are designated for service as diplomatic or as consular officers, and that all acts or parts of acts inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed.

Sec. 21. That the appropriations contained in Title I of the act entitled An act making appropriations for the Departments of State and Justice and for the judiciary for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1925, and for other purposes," for such compensation and expenses as are affected by the provisions of this act are made available and may be applied toward the payment of the compensation and expenses herein provided for, except that no part of such appropriations shall be available for the payment of annuities to retired foreign service officers.

SEC. 22. That this act shall take effect on July 1, 1924.

(H. R. 17, Sixty-eighth Congress, first session.] A BILL For the reorganization and improvement of the foreign service of the United States, and for

other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That hereafter the Diplomatic and Consular Service of the United States shall be known as the foreign service of the United States.

SEC. 2. That the officers in the foreign service shall hereafter be graded and classified as follows, with the salaries of each class herein affixed thereto: Ambassadors and ministers as now or hereafter provided; foreign service officers as follows: Class one, $9,000; class two, $8,000; class three, $7,000; class four, $6,000; class five, $5,000; class six, $4,500; class seven, $4,000; class eight, $3,500; class nine, $3,000; unclassified, $3,000 to $1,500: Provided, That as many foreign service officers above class six as may be required for the purpose of inspection may be detailed by the Secretary of State for that purpose: And provided further, That all appointments as foreign service officers and all promotions from class to class of foreign service officers shall be made by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

Sec. 3. That the official designation “foreign service officer” as employed throughout this act shall be deemed to denote permanent officers in the foreign service below the grade of minister, all of whom are subject to promotion on merit, and who may be assigned to duty in either the diplomatic or the consular branch of the foreign service at the discretion of the President.

[ocr errors]

SEC. 4. That foreign service officers may be appointed as secretaries in the Diplomatic Service or as consular officers or both: Provided, That all such appointments shall be made by and with the advice and consent of the Senate: Provided further, That all official acts of such officers while on duty in either the diplomatic or the consular branch of the foreign service shall be performed under their respective commissions as secretaries or as consular officers.

Sec. 5. That hereafter appointments to the position of foreign service officer shall be made after examination or, after five years of continuous service therein, by transfer from the Department of State under such rules and regulations as the President may prescribe: Provided, That no candidate shall be eligible for examination for foreign service officer who is not an American citizen.

All appointments of foreign service officers shall be by commission to a class and not by commission to any particular post, and such officers shall be assigned to posts and may be transferred from one post to another by order of the Presi. dent as the interests of the service may require: Provided, That the classification of secretaries in the Diplomatic Service and of consular officers is hereby abolişhed, without however in anywise impairing the validity of the present commissions of secretaries and consular officers.

Sec. 6. That section 5 of the act of February 5, 1915, (Public, 242) is hereby amended to read as follows:

"Sec. 5. That the Secretary of State is directed to report from time to time to the President, along with his recommendations, the names of those foreign service officers who by reason of efficient service have demonstrated special capacity for promotion to the grade of minister, and the names of those foreign service officers and officers and employees in the Department of State who by reason of efficient service, an accurate record of which shall be kept in the Department of State, have demonstrated special efficiency, and also the names of persons found upon taking the prescribed examination to have fitness for appointment to the lower grades of the service.”

Sec. 7. That on the date on which this act becomes effective the Secretary of State shall certify to the President, with his recommendation in each case, the record of efficiency of the several secretaries in the Diplomatic Service, consuls general, consuls, vice consuls of career, consular assistants, interpreters and student interpreters than in office and shall, except in cases of persons found to merit reduction in rank or dismissal from the service, recommend to the President the recommissioning, without further examination, of those then in office as follows:

Secretaries of class one designated as counselors of embassy, and consuls general of class one and two as foreign service officers of class one.

Secretaries of class one designated as counselors of legation and consuls general of class three as foreign service officers of class two.

Secretaries of class one not designated as counselors, consuls general of class four and consuls general at large as foreign service officers of class three.

Secretaries of class two, consuls general of class five, and consuls of classes one, two, and three as foreign service officers of class four.

Consuls of class four as foreign service officers of class five.

Secretaries of class three and consuls of class five as foreign service officers of class six.

Consuls of class six as foreign service officers of class seven. Secretaries of class four and consuls of class seven as foreign service officers of class eight.

Consuls of classes eight and nine as foreign service officers of class nine.

Vice consuls of career, consular assistants, interpreters, and student interpreters as foreign service officers, unclassified.

SEC. 8. That consuls general of class one and consuls of class one holding office at the time this act takes effect shall not, as a result of their recommissioning or reclassification, suffer a reduction in salary below that which they are then receiving: Provided, however, That this provision shall apply only to the incumbents of the offices mentioned at the time this act becomes effective.

That the grade of consular assistant is hereby abolished, and that all consular assistants now in the service shall be recommissioned as foreign service officers, unclassified.

SEC. 9. That sections 1697 and 1698 of the Revised Statutes are hereby amended to read as follows:

"Every secretary, consul general, consul, vice consul of career, or foreign service officer, before he receives his commission or enters upon the duties of his

office, shall give to the United States a bond, in such form as the President shall prescribe, with such sureties, who shall be permanent residents of the United States, as the Secretary of State shall approve, in a penal sum not less than the annual compensation allowed to such officer, conditioned for the true and faithful accounting for, paying over, and delivering up of all fees, moneys, goods, effects, books, records, papers, and other property which shall come to his hands or to the hands of any other person to his use as such officer under any law now or hereafter enacted, and for the true and faithful performance of all other duties now or hereafter lawfully imposed upon him as such officer: Provided, That the operation of no existing bond shall in anywise be impaired by the provisions of this act: Provided further, That such bond shall cover by its stipulations all official acts of such officer, whether as foreign service officer or as secretary in the Diplomatic Service, consul general, consul, or vice consul of career. The bonds herein mentioned shall be deposited with the Secretary of the Treasury.”

Sec. 10. That the provisions of section 4 of the act of April 5, 1906, relative to the powers, duties, and prerogatives of consuls general at large are hereby made applicable to Foreign Service officers detailed for the purpose of inspection, who shall, under the direction of the Secretary of State, inspect the work of offices in the Foreign Service, both in the diplomatic and the consular branches.

Sec. 11. That the provisions of sections 8 and 10 of the act of April 5, 1906, relative to official fees and the method of accounting therefor shall include both branches of the Foreign Service.

Sec. 12. That the President is hereby authorized to grant to diplomatic missions and consular offices at capitals of countries where there is no diplomatic mission of the United States representation allowances out of any money which may be appropriated for such purpose from time to time by Congress, the expenditure of such representation allowance to be accounted for in detail to the Department of State quarterly under such rules and regulations as the President may prescribe.

SEC. 13. That any Foreign Service officer may be assigned for duty in the Department of State without loss of class or salary, such assignment to be for a period of not more than three years, unless the public interests demand further service, when such assignment may be extended for a period not to exceed one year. Any Foreign Service officer of whatever class detailed for special duty not at his post or in the Department of State shall be paid his actual and necessary expenses for travel and not exceeding an average of $8 per day for subsistence during such special detail: Provided, That such special duty shall not continue for more than sixty days, unless in the case of trade conferences or international gatherings, congresses, or conferences, when such subsistence expenses shall run only during the period thereof and the necessary period of transit to and from the place of gathering.

Sec. 14. That part of the act of July 1, 1916 (Public, Numbered 131), which authorizes the President to designate and assign any secretary of class one as counselor of embassy or legation, is hereby amended to read as follows:

"Provided, That the President may, whenever he considers it advisable so to do, designate and assign any Foreign Service officer as counselor of embassy or legation.'

Sec. 15. That within the discretion of the President, any Foreign Service officer may be appointed to act as commissioner, chargé d'affaires, minister resident, or diplomatic agent for such period as the public interests may require without loss of grade, class, or salary.

That section 1685 of the Revised Statutes as amended by the act entitled “An act for the improvement of the Foreign Service, approved February 5, 1915," is hereby amended to read as follows:

“SEC. 1685. That for such time as any Foreign Service officer shall be lawfully authorized to act as chargé d'affaires ad interim or to assume charge of a consulate general or consulate during the absence of the principal officer at the post to which he shall have been assigned, he shall, if his salary is less than one-half that of such principal officer, receive in addition to his salary as Foreign Service officer compensation equal to the difference between such salary and one-half of the salary provided by law for the ambassador, minister, or principal consular officer, as the case may be.”

Sec. 16. That the provisions of the act approved May 22, 1920, entitled An act for the retirement of employees in the classified civil service, and for other purposes, as the same has been or may hereafter be amended, are hereby

84129-242

made applicable to Foreign Service officers with the modifications hereinafter stated, to wit:

(a) The age of retirement shall be sixty-five years: Provided, That the President may in his discretion retain any Foreign Service officer who has reached the age of sixty-five years for such period not exceeding five years as he may deem for the interests of the United States.

(b) The maximum and minimum annuities under the several classes, instead of those stipulated in section 2 of the said act, shall be as follows:

Class A, maximum annuity $5,400, minimum annuity $1,500; class B, maximum annuity $4,860, minimum annuity $1,350; class C, maximum annuity $4,320, minimum annuity $1,200; class V, maximum annuity $3,780, minimum annuity $1,050; class E, maximum annuity $3,240, minimum annuity $900; class F, maximum annuity $2,700, minimum annuity $750.

(c) In lieu of section 3 of the said act the following provision shall apply:

That for the purposes of this act the period of service shall be computed from the date of original oath of office as secretary in the Diplomatic Service, consul general, consul, vice consul of career, consular assistant, or student interpreter, and shall include periods of service at different times in either the Diplomatic or Consular Service, or while on assignment to the Department of State, or on special duty, but all periods of separation from the service and so much of any period of leave of absence as may exceed six months shall be excluded: Provided, That the President is authorized from time to time to establish, by Executive order, a list of places in tropical countries which by reason of climatic or other extreme conditions are to be classed as unhealthful posts, and each year of duty at such posts while so classed, inclusive of regular leaves of absence, shall be counted as one year and a half, and so on in like proportion in reckoning the length of service for the purposes of retirement: Provided further, That service in the Department of State prior to appointment as a Foreign Service officer may be included in the period of service, in which case the officer shall pay into the civil-service retirement and disability fund a special contribution equal to 5 per centum of his annual salary for each year of such employment, with interest thereon to date of payment compounded annually at 4 per centum, less a deduction of the amount of all contributions and accrued interest thereon previously paid by such employee into the civil-service retirement and disability fund under the Act of May 22, 1920.

(d) That the rate of deduction in the case of all officers eligible to retirement under the provisions of this act shall be a sum equal to 5 per centum of that portion of the basic salary not in excess of $9,000.

Sec. 17. In the event of public emergency any retired foreign service officer may be recalled temporarily to active service by the President and while so serving he shall be entitled in lieu of his retirement allowance to the full pay of the class in which he is temporarily serving.

SEC. 18. That all provisions of law heretofore enacted relating to secretaries in the Diplomatic Service and to consular officers, which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby made applicable to foreign service officers when they are designated for service as diplomatic or as consular officers, and that all acts or parts of acts inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed.

SEC. 19. That the appropriations contained in Title I of the act entitled “An act making appropriations for the Departments of State and Justice and for the Judiciary for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1924, and for other purposes, approved January 3, 1923, for such compensation and expenses as are affected by the provisions of this act are made available and may be applied toward the payment of the compensation and expenses herein provided for, except that no part of such appropriations shall be available for the payment of annuities to retired foreign service officers.

Sec. 20. That this act shall take effect on July 1, 1924.

Mr. Secretary Hughes is here and we appreciate very much the opportunity of hearing his views on the bill.

STATEMENT OF HON. CHARLES E. HUGHES, SECRETARY

OF STATE.

Secretary Hughes. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the committee, I am grateful for this opportunity to appear in support of this bill which, I am glad to say, has the hearty indorsement of the President.

« PreviousContinue »