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(III.) VINDICATION OF His APOSTOLICAL AUTHORITY.
X. 1-XIII. 13.
(1.) Assertion of Authority. x. 1—7.
X. 1 Now I Paul myself exhort* you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in face* am downcast* among you, but being absent am bold toward you: 2 but I pray* you, that I may not be bold when I am present with that confidence, wherewith I think to be bold against some, which think of us as if we walked according to the flesh. 3 For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: 4 (for the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but strong* through God to the pulling down of fastnesses* ;) 5 Casting down reasonings*, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ; 6 and having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience. When your obedience is fulfilledt, 7 do ye look on things after the outward face*? If any man trust to himself that he is Christ's, let him of himself think this again, that, as he is Christ's, even so are we Christ's.
(a.) Reality of his Boast. x. 8—18. 8 For though I should boast somewhat more of our power*, which the Lord gave* us for edification, and not for your destruction, I shall* not be ashamed: 9 that I may not seem as if I would terrify you by epistles*. 10 “ For his epistles*,” say they, "are weighty and mighty*; but his bodily presence is weak, and his word* contemptible.” 11
11 Let such an one think this, that, such as we are in word by epistles* when we are absent, such will we be also in deed when we are present. 12 For we dare not make ourselves, or judge* ourselves among* some of those that commend themselves : but we measuring ourselves* by ourselves", and judging* ourselves* to be among ourselves*, 13 will not boast of things without our measure, but according to the measure of the rule which God distributed* to us, a measure, to reach even unto you. 14 For [do we stretch] ourselves beyond, as though we reached not unto you*? for we are come as far as to you also in the gospel of
are not wise, hut we."
See note on x. 12.
Christ: 15 not boasting of things without our measure, in* other men's labours; but having hope, when your faith is increased, that we shall be enlarged by you according to our rule abundantly, 16 to preach the gospel in the regions beyond you, and not to boast in another's rule* of things made ready to our hand. 17 But he that boasteth*, let him boast* in the Lord. 18 For not he that commendeth himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth.
(6.) Excuse for his Boasting. XI. 1—15. XI. 1 Would' ye could bear with me a little in my folly : and indeed bear with me. 2 For I am zealous* over you with a zeal of God*: for I espoused* you to one husband, that I may present you as a pure *virgin to Christ. 3 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your thoughts* should be corrupted from the simplicity (and the purity] that is in Christ. 4 For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we did not preach*, or if ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another gospel, which ye did not accept*, ye bear* well with him. 5 [But] I think* I was not a whit behind the very chiefest apostles. 6 But though I be rude in word*, yet not in knowledge; but in everything (manifesting ourselves] among you in all things. 7 Or did I sin* in abasing myself that ye might be exalted, because I preached* to you the gospel of God freely ?
8 I robbed other churches, taking wages for your ministry. 9 And when I was present with you, and wanted, I was chargeable to no man: for that which was lacking to me the brethren which came from Macedonia supplied: and in everything* I kept* and will“ keep myselft from being burdensome unto you. 10 As the truth of Christ is in me, this boasting shall not be closed against me* in the regions of Achaia. 11 Wherefore? because I love you not? God knoweth. 12 But what I do, that I will do, that I may cut off occasion from them which desire occasion ; that wherein they boast*, they may be found even as we. 13 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into a apostles of Christ. 14 And no marvel : for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. 15 Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as 3 ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.
i Om. “ to God."
2 Om. “ the."
3 Om. “the."
(c.) Pretensions of his Opponents. XI. 16 —X11. 10. 16 I say again, Let no one suppose* me a fool ; if otherwise, yet as a fool receive me, that I may boast myself a little. 17 That which I speak, I speak it not after the Lord, but as it
I were foolishly, in this stedfastness* of boasting. 18 Seeing that many boast* after the flesh, I will boast* also. 19 For
19 For ye bear with* fools gladly, being* wise. 20 For ye bear with them*, any one* bring you into bondage, if any one* devour you, if any one* take of you, if any one* exalt himself, if any one
" * smite you on the face. 21 I speak as concerning reproach, as though we have* been weak. But whereinsoever any dare*, (I speak foolishly,) I dare* also. 22 Are they Hebrews ? so am I. Are they Israelites ? so am I. Are they the seed of Abraham? so am I. 23 Are they ministers of Christ ? (I speak as a fool) I am more; in labours more abundant, [in prisonst] more abundant*, in stripes above measure, in deaths oft; 24 (of the Jews five times received I forty stripes save one; 25 thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep ;) 26 In journeyings often, in perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils by mine own countrymen, in perils by the heathen, in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among false brethren; 27 in labour* and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness. 28 Beside those things that are without, that which cometh upon me daily, the care of all the churches. 29 Who is weak, and I am not weak? who is offended, and I burn not?
30 If I must needs boast*, I will boast* of the things which concern my weakness*. 31 The God and Father of our Lord Jesus,' which is blessed for evermore, knoweth that I lie not. 32 In Damascus the governor under Aretas the king kept the city of the Damascenes with a garrison, desirous to apprehend me: 33 and through a window in a basket was I let down by the wall, and escaped his hands. - XII. I [I must boastf] it is not expedient for me, — [but] I will come to visions and revelations of the Lord. 2 I know* a man in Christ about fourteen years ago, (whether in the body, I know* not; or whether out of the body, I know* not: God knoweth ;) such an one caught up to the third heaven. 3 And I know* such a man, (whether in the body, or out of the body, God knoweth ;) 4 how that he was caught up into paradise,
i Om. [Christ.]
and heard unutterable utterances*, which it is not lawful for a man to speak.* 5 For* such an one will I boast* : yet of myself I will not boast*, but in my weaknesses*, — 6 (For though I would desire to boast*, I shall not be a fool; for I will say the truth: but now I spare you*, lest any man should think of me above that which he seeth me to be, or that he heareth of me.) — 7 [and in the exceeding greatness of the revelations --wherefore alsot] lest I should be exalted above measure, there was given to me a sword* in the Aesh, an angel* of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure. 8 [And] for this thing I besought a* the Lord thrice, that he*:05 may depart from me. 9 And he has* said unto me, “ My ed.” grace is sufficient for thee: for strength is made perfect in weakness." Most gladly therefore will I rather boast* in my weaknesses*, that the strength* of Christ may rest upon me. 10 Therefore I take pleasure in weaknesses, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.
(3.) Concluding Explanations. XII. 11-X111. 14. 11 I. have* become a fool in boasting* ; ye compelled* me: for I ought to have been commended of you: for in nothing was* I behind the very chiefest apostles, though I be nothing. 12 Truly the signs of an apostle were wrought among you in all endurance*, in signs, and wonders, and mighty deeds. 13 For what is it wherein ye were inferior to the* other churches, except it be that I myself was not chargeable* to you? forgive me this wrong.
14 Behold, this is the third time I am ready to come to you; and I will not be chargeable* to you : for I seek not your's, but you : for the children ought not to lay up for the parents, but the parents for the children. 15 And I will very gladly spent and be spent for your souls ; [if] the more abundantly I love you, the less I be loved.
16 But be it so, I did not burden you: nevertheless, being crafty, I caught you with guile. 17 Did I make a gain of you
of them whom I have* sent unto you? 18 I exhorted* Titus, and with him I sent the* brother. Did Titus make a gain of you? walked we not in the same spirit ? in the same steps ?
19 [Long ago) yet think that we excuse ourselves unto yout. We speak before God in Christ: but all things, 2 beloved, for your edifying. 20 For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and that I shall be found unto you such as ye would not: lest there be [debate], [zeal*,] wraths, 1 Om. [my.]
2 Om. “ dearly."
strifes, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, tumults: 21 And lest, when I come again, my God will cast me down* among you, and that I shall bewail many which have sinned already, and did* not repent of the uncleanness and fornication and lasciviousness which they committed*.
XIII. 1 This is the third time I am coming to you. In the mouth of two witnesses and* threef shall every word be established. 2 I have* told you before, and foretell you, as if I were present the second timet,(?) even though* absent nowt, to them which heretofore have sinned, and to all the others*, that, if I come again, I will not spare : 3 since ye seek a proof of Christ speaking in me, which to you is not weak, but is strong* in you. 4 For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by the strength* of God. For we also are weak in him, but we shall live with him by the strength of God toward you. 5 Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith ; prove your own selves. Or* know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be unapproved ?* 6 But I trust that ye shall know that we are not unapproved*. 7 Now (we pray] to God that ye do no evil; not that we should appear approved, but that ye should do that which is honest, though we be as unapproved.* 8 For we can do nothing against the truth, but for the truth. 9 For we
9 rejoice when we are weak, and ye are strong: and this also we pray* even your perfect joining together*. 10 Therefore I write these things being absent, lest being present I should use sharpness, according to the power which the Lord hath given me to edification, and not to destruction. 11 Finally, brethren, fare ye well*, be perfectly joined together*, be comforted*, be of one mind, live in peace; and the God of love and peace shall be with you. 12 Salute* one another with an holy kiss. 13 All the saints salute
you. 14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all.
i Om. “I write."