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under no duty to take any such action, even in the event of default, unless it receives notice of default, demand for action, and indemnity, from the holders of substantial percentages of the outstanding securities, and generally relieve the trustee from liability even for its own negligent action or failure to act;
(3) When the trustee designated does not have resources commensurate with its responsibilities, or has any relationship to or connection with the obligor or any underwriters of any securities of the obligor, or holds, beneficially or otherwise, any interest in the obligor or any such underwriter, which relationship, connection or interest involves a' material conflict, actual or potential, with the interest of such investors;
(4) When the obligor is not obligated to furnish to the trustee and to such investors adequate current information as to its financial condition and the performance of its obligations with respect to such securities; or when the communication of such information to such investors is impeded by the fact that information as to the names and addresses of the holders of such securities is controlled by the obligor and underwriters; or
(5) When, by reason of their lack of understanding of the situation and the fact that such securities are publicly offered, such investors are unable to procure the insertion of adequate protective provisions in trust indentures,
which are commonly prepared by the obligor or underwriters. (b) Abuses of the character above enumerated have been so widespread that the public offering of such securities, unless regulated, is injurious to the capital markets, to investors, and to the general public; and it is hereby declared to be the policy of this Act, in accordance with which policy all the provisions of this Act shall be interpreted, to meet the problems and eliminate the evils, as enumerated in this section, connected with the public offering of such securities by the use of means and instruments of transportation and communication in interstate commerce and of the mails.
SEC. 2. When used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires
(1) Any term defined in section 2 of the Securities Act of 1933, as heretofore amended, and not otherwise defined in this section, shall have the meaning provided in such section 2.
(2) The term “sale” shall include all transactions included in such term as provided in paragraph (3) of section 2 of the Securities Act of 1933, as heretofore amended, except that a sale of a certificate of interest or participation shall be deemed a sale of the security or securities in which such certificate evidences an interest or participation if and only if such certificate gives the holder thereof the right to convert the same, either immediately or on or after some future date, into such security or securities.
(3) The term “underwriter” means any person who has purchased from an issuer with a view to, or sells for an issuer in connection with, the distribution of any security, or participates or has a direct or indirect participation in any such undertaking, or participates or has a participation in the direct or indirect underwriting of any such undertaking; but such term shall not include a person whose interest is limited to a commission from an underwriter or dealer not in excess of the usual and customary distributors' or sellers' commission.
(4) The term “director” means any director of a corporation or any individual performing similar functions with respect to any person whether incorporated or unincorporated.
(5) The term "executive officer” means the president, every vice president, the cashier, secretary, treasurer and trust officer and any person customarily performing similar functions.
(6) The term “indenture” means any mortgage, deed of trust, trust or other indenture, or similar instrument or agreement (including any supplement or amendment to any of the foregoing), under which securities are outstanding or are to be issued, whether or not any property, real or personal, is or is to be pledged, mortgaged, assigned or conveyed thereunder.
(7) The term “application” or “application for qualification” means the application provided for in section 5, and includes any amendment thereto and any report, document or memorandum accompanying such application or incorporated therein by reference.
(8) The term “indenture to be qualified” means the indenture in respect of which a particular application is filed.
(9) The term "indenture trustee” means each trustee under the indenture to be qualified, and each successor trustee.
(10) The term “indenture security” means any security issued or to be issued under the indenture to be qualified.
(11) The term "obligor” means every person who is liable upon any such security, and, if such security is a certificate of interest or participation, [includes] means also every person who is liable upon the security or securities in which such certificate evidences an interest or participation; but such term shall not include the trustee under an indenture under which certificates of interest or participation, equipment trust certificates, or like securities are outstanding.
(12) The term “paying agent”, when used with respect to any such security, means any person authorized by an obligor thereon to pay the principal of or interest on such security on behalf of such obligor, or in the case of certificates of interest or participation, on behalf of the trustee.
(13) The term “State" means any State of the United States. (14) The term “Commission means the Securities and Exchange Commission.
(15) The term "voting security” means any security presently entitling the owner or holder thereof to vote in the direction or managmeent of the affairs of a person, or any security issued under or pursuant to any trust, agreement, or arrangement whereby a trustee or trustees or agent or agents for the owner or holder of such security are presently entitled to vote in the direction or management of the affairs of a person; and a specified per centum of the outstanding voting securities of a “person" means such amount of the outstanding voting securities of such person as entitles the holder or holders thereof to cast such specified per centum of the aggregate votes which the holders of all the outstanding voting securities of such person are entitled to cast in the direction or management of the affairs of such person.
[(16) The term "voting security” means a security presently entitling the holder or owner thereof to vote for the election of directors. ]
(16) The terms “Securities Act of 1933”, “Securities Exchange Act of 1934" and “Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935" shall be deemed to refer, respectively, to such Acts, as heretofore or hereafter amended.
EXEMPTED SECURITIES AND TRANSACTIONS
SEC. 3. (a) The provisions of this Act shall not apply to any of the following securities:
(1) Any security other than a note, bond, [debenture,] debenture, or evidence of indebtedness, whether or not secured, or a certificate of interest or participation [in] therein, or temporary certificate for, or guarantee of, any of the foregoing.
(2) Any certificate of interest or participation in two or more securities having substantially different rights and privileges, or a temporary certificate for, [or guarantee of,] any such certificate.
(3) Any security which, prior to [January 3, 1938] or within six months after the enactment of this Act, has been sold or disposed of by the issuer or bona fide offered to the public, but this exemption shall not apply to any new offering of any such security by an issuer [or underwriter on or after such date] subsequent to such six months.
(4) Any security exempted from the provisions of the Securities Act of 1933, by paragraphs 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 11 of subsection 3 (a) of such Act, as heretofore amended.
(5) Any security issued under a mortgage indenture as to which a contract of insurance under the National Housing Act is in effect.
(6) Any note, bond, debenture, or evidence of indebtedness of a foreign government or of a subdivision, department, municipality, agency, or instrumentality thereof.
 (7) Any guarantee of any security exempted from the provisions of this Act by this subsection. (b) The provisions of section 4 shall not apply to any of the transactions exempted, by section 4 of the Securities Act of 1933, as heretofore amended, from the provisions of section 5 of such Act. For the purposes of this subsection the term “underwriter”, as used in section 4 of such Act, shall have the meaning provided in paragraph (3) of section 2 of this Act.
(c) The Commission may from time to time by rules and regulations, and subject to such terms and conditions as may be prescribed therein, add any class of securities to the securities exempted in subsection (a) of this section, if it deems that the application of this Act with respect to such securities is not necessary in the public interest and for the protection of investors by reason of the small amount involved and the small amount of securities outstanding and thereafter issuable under the same indenture, or the limited character of the public
offering; but no issue of securities shall be exempted under this subsection where the aggregate amount [of] at which such issue is offered to the public exceeds $250,000.
(d) The Commission may, on application by the issuer and after opportunity for hearing thereon, by order exempt from any one or more provisions of this Act any security issued or proposed to be issued under an indenture under which, at the time of such issuance, securities referred to in paragraph (3) of subsection (a) of this section are outstanding, if and to the extent that it finds that compliance with such provision or provisions, through the execution of a supplemental indenture or otherwise
(1) would require by reason of the provisions of the indenture, or of any other indenture or agreement made prior to the [effective date) enactment of this Act, or by reason of the provisions of any applicable law, the consent of the holders of securities outstanding thereunder, or
(2) would impose an undue burden on the issuer, having due regard to the public interest and the interests of investors.
PROHIBITIONS RELATING TO INTERSTATE COMMERCE AND THE MAILS
Sec. 4. (a) Subject to the provisions of section 3, unless a security has been or is to be issued under an indenture as to which an application for qualification is effective, it shall be unlawful for any person, directly or indirectly
(1) to make use of any means or instruments of transportation or communication in interstate commerce or of the mails to sell such security through the use or medium of any prospectus or otherwise; or
(2) to carry or cause to be carried through the mails or in interstate commerce, by any means or instruments of transportation, any such security for
the purpose of sale or for delivery after sale. (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of the Securities Act of 1933, [on and after January 3, 1938] subsequent to six months after the enactment of this Act, no registration statement relating to a security which is subject to the provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall become effective unless such security has been or is to be issued under an indenture as to which an application for qualification is effective.
APPLICATIONS FOR QUALIFICATION AND THE TAKING EFFECT THEREOF Sec. 5. (a) An application for qualification of the indenture under which a security has been or is to be issued shall be filed with the Commission by the issuer of such security. Such application shall be in such form, and shall be signed in such manner, as the Commission may by rules and regulations prescribe as necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors. Such application shall include such of the information and documents as would be required to be filed in order to register such security under the Securities Act of 1933, and such additional information, in such form and detail, and such documents, regarding the applicant, the obligors, the trustees, the paying agents and the underwriters (as such term is defined in subsection (b) of section 7), including prospective obligors, trustees, and underwriters, and the direct or indirect relationships between any of the foregoing, as the Commission may by rules and regulations prescribe as necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors. [The) Subject to the provisions of section 10, the information and documents contained in or filed with any application shall be made available to the public under such regulations as the Commission may prescribe, and copies thereof, photostatic or otherwise, shall be furinshed to every applicant therefor at such reasonable charge as the Commission may prescribe.
(b) The filing with the Commission of an application, or of an amendment to an application, shall be deemed to have taken place upon the receipt thereof by the Commission, but unless a registration statement, under the Securities Act of 1933, covering securities issued or to be issued under the indenture to be qualified has been filed prior to or simultaneously with the application, the filing of such application shall not be deemed to have taken place unless it is accompanied or preceded by payment to the Commission of a bling fee in the amount of $100, such payment to be made in cash or by United States postal money order or certified or bank check, or in such other medium of payment as the Commission may authorize by rule and regulation. If a registration statement covering securities issued or to be issued under such indenture is subsequently filed, the amount of the fee so paid shall be credited against the fee required to be paid at the time of filing such registration statement, and any excess shall be refunded to the applicant. If an amendment to an application is filed prior to the effective date of such application, the application shall be deemed to have been filed when such amendment was filed; except that an amendment filed with the consent of the Commission, prior to the effective date of the application, or filed pursuant to an order of the Commission, shall be treated as a part of the application. Amendments after the effective date of an application may be made upon such terms and conditions as the Commission may prescribe.
(c) The effective date of an application shall be the twentieth day after the filing thereof, unless the Commission prior to such time shall have issued an order to the issuer to show cause why such application should become effective. If an order to show cause under this subsection has been issued, such application shall become effective within such reasonable period of time after an opportunity for hearing upon such order as the Commission shall fix by rules and regulations unless the Commission prior to the expiration of such period shall have issued an order pursuant to section 6 refusing to permit such application to become effective. Whenever the Commission shall issue an order to show cause, it shall cause the same to be served upon the issuer in such manner as the Commission may by rules and regulations prescribe, and accord an opportunity for hearing thereon (at a time fixed by the Commission) within 10 days after such service. An application may be withdrawn by the applicant at any time prior to the effective date thereof.
(d) Except as otherwise expressly provided in this Act the making, amendment or rescission of a rule, regulation or order under the provisions of this Act shall not affect the form or interpretation of any indenture as to which qualification became effective prior to the making, amendment or rescission of such rule, regulation or order.
(e) The Commission is hereby empowered to make an investigation in any case in order to determine whether a refusal order should issue under section 6. If the issuer, or any obligor, [underwriter or trustee, including prospective obligors, underwriters and trustees] or any underwriter, or prospective underwriter, of the securities in respect of which the application is filed, or any trustee or prospective trustee under the indenture to be qualified, shall fail to cooperate, or shall obstruct or refuse to permit the making of such investigation, such conduct shall be proper ground for the issuance of a refusal order.
Sec. 6. The Commission shall issue an order refusing to permit an application filed pursuant to section 5 to become effective if it finds that
(1) such application does not conform to the requirements of this Act and the rules and regulations thereunder;
(2) the application includes any untrue statement of a material fact or omits to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading;
(3) any person designated as trustee under the indenture is not eligible to act as such under subsection (a) of section 7 or has any conflicting interest as defined in subsection (b) of section 7;
(4) the indenture does not conform to the requirements of section 7 and the rules and regulations thereunder; or
(5) the indenture or any security to be issued thereunder contains any provision which limits, qualifies or conflicts with a provision required to be contained in the indenture by this Act or the rules and regulations thereunder; or any provision the inclusion of which is prohibited by this Act or the rules and regulations thereunder; or any provision which is misleading or [deceptive;) deceptive, or the elimination of which is necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors [or] to prevent the
circumvention or evasion of this Act. If and when the Commission deems that the objections on which such order was based have been met, the Commission shall enter an order rescinding such refusal order, and the application shall become effective at the date fixed pursuant to subsection (c) of section 5 or upon the date of such rescission, whichever shall be the later.
CONTENTS OF INDENTURE
Persons Eligible for Appointment as Trustee Sec. 7. (a) (1) The indenture to be qualified shall require that there shall at all times be one or more trustees thereunder, at least one of whom shall at all times be an institution incorporated and doing business under the laws of the United States or of any State or Territory or of the District of Columbia, which (A) is authorized under such laws to exercise corporate trust powers, and (B) is subject to supervision or examination by Federal, State, Territorial or District authority.
(2) If the Commission deems it necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors, in view of the type of indenture, the amount of securities outstanding and thereafter issuable thereunder, and the duties and responsibilities imposed thereby on the trustee or trustees, the indenture to be qualified shall require that such institutional trustee have at all times a combined capital and surplus of such specified minimum amount as the Commission deems adequate, having due regard to the public interest and the interests of investors. If such institutional trustee publishes reports of condition at least annually, pursuant to law or to the requirements of such supervising or examining authority, the indenture may provide that for the purposes of this paragraph, the combined capital and surplus of such trustee shall be deemed to be its combined capital and surplus as set forth in its most recent [published] report of condition so published.
(3) If the indenture to be qualified requires or permits the appointment of one or more co-trustees in addition to such institutional trustee, such indenture shall provide that the rights, powers, duties and obligations conferred or impoşed upon the trustees or any of them shall be conferred or imposed upon and exercised or performed by such institutional trustee, or such institutional trustee and such co-trustees jointly, except to the extent that under any law of any jurisdiction in which any particular act or acts are to be performed, such institutional trustee shall be incompetent or unqualified to perform such act or acts, in which event such rights, powers, duties and obligations shall be exercised and performed by such co-trustees.
(4) In the case of certificates of interest or participation, the indenture to be qualified shall require that the indenture trustee or trustees have the legal power to exercise all of the rights, powers and privileges of a holder of the security or securities in which such certificates evidence an interest or participation.
[DISQUALIFICATION OF TRUSTEE]
Disqualification of Trustee (b) The indenture to be qualified shall provide that if the indenture trustee has or shall acquire any conflicting interest as hereinafter defined, (i) such trustee shall, within 90 days after ascertainment of such conflicting interest, either eliminate such conflicting interest or resign, such resignation to become effective upon the appointment of a successor trustee and such successor's acceptance of such appointment, and the obligor shall take prompt steps to have a successor appointed in the manner provided in the indenture, and (ii) subject to the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, any security holder who has been a bona-fide holder of indenture securities for at least six months (on failure of such trustee on the written request of such holder either to resign or to eliminate such conflicting interest, as required by clause (i) of this subsection) may, on behalf of himself and all others similarly situated, petition any court of competent jurisdiction for the removal of such trustee and the appointment of a successor trustee. For the purposes of this subsection, an indenture trustee shall be deemed to have a conflicting interest if
(1) such trustee is trustee under [an] another indenture under which any other securities, or certificates of interest or participation in any other securities, of an obligor are outstanding, (other than the indenture to be qualified,] unless (A) the indenture securities are collateral trust notes secured exclusively by securities issued under such other indenture, or (B) such other indenture is a collateral trust indenture secured exclusively by indenture securities, or (C) such obligor has no substantial unmortgaged assets and is engaged primarily in the business of owning, or of owning and developing and/or operating, real estate, and the indenture to be qualified and such other indenture are secured by wholly separate and distinct parcels of real estate, or (D) such trustee shall sustain the burden of proving, on appli,cation to the Commission and after opportunity for hearing thereon, that trusteeship under the indenture to be qualified and such other indenture is not so likely to involve a material conflict of interest as to make it necessary in the public interest or for the protection of investors to disqualify such trustee from acting as such under one of such indentures;
(2) such trustee or any of its directors or executive officers is an obligor or underwriter;