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ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION OF THE URBAN COALITION We, the undersigned, desiring to associate ourselves as a Corporation for the purposes hereafter stated, pursuant to the provisions of Title 29, Chapter 10, of the District of Columbia Code, 1967 Edition, known as the District of Columbia Nonprofit Corporation Act, do hereby certify as follows:

1. The name of the Corporation is THE URBAN COALITION, hereafter referred to as "the Corporation."

2. The Corporation is to have perpetual existence.
3. The purposes for which the Corporation is organized are as follows:

To operate exclusively for charitable, educational and scientific purposes, including improvement of the condition of the poor, the distressed and underprivileged ; reduction in neighborhood tensions, community deterioration and juvenile delinquency; elimination of prejudice and discrimination; and defense of human and civil rights secured by law;

To analyze, on a nonpartisan basis, causes and symptoms of the national crisis of the cities, and to consider proposed solutions;

To advance and disseminate knowledge concerning the moral, social, economic and physical problems facing the cities of the United States;

To alert the public to the urgency of urban problems and the need for a long-range commitment by the whole of American society to physical, social and economic rebuilding of the cities; and

To join together leaders of all segments of society which share a stake in the welfare of American cities, including private business, labor, religion, civil rights and minority groups, mayors, and other interested persons, to mobilize their combined resources to solve the problems of the

cities. 4. The Corporation shall have no members, and shall issue no capital stock.

5. The Corporation may exercise all power or authority granted to it under the District of Columbia Nonprofit Corporation Act or otherwise, including, but not limited to, the power to accept donations of money or property, whether real or personal, or any interest therein, wherever situated.

6. The affairs of the Corporation shall be managed by a Board of Directors, hereafter referred to for all purposes as "the Steering Committee." Qualifications for membership on the Steering Committee shall be prescribed in the By-Laws. The number of members of the Steering Committee shall be fixed by the By-Laws, but in no event shall be less than three, and may be increased from time to time as provided in the By-Laws. Each member of the Steering Committee shall be elected or appointed in the manner and for the term provided in the By-Laws, and shall hold office for the term for which he is elected or appointed and until his successor is elected or appointed and qualified. The Steering Committee may, by resolution adopted by a majority of the Steering Committee members in office, designate and appoint an Executive Committee, consisting of two or more members of the Steering Committee. To the extent provided in such resolution, any such Executive Committee may have and exercise the authority of the Steering Committee in the management of the Corporation.

7. At all times, and notwithstanding merger, consolidation, reorganization, termination, dissolution, or winding up of this Corporation, voluntary or involuntary or by operation of law, or any other provisions hereof :

A. This Corporation shall not possess or exercise any power or authority either expressly, by interpretation, or by operation of law that will or might prevent it at any time from qualifying, and continuing to qualify, as a corporation under the Revenue Code of 1954 (hereafter referred to as "the Code"), contributions to which are deductible for Federal income tax purposes; nor shall it engage directly or indirectly in any activity which might cause the loss of such qualification.

B. No part of the assets or net earnings of this Corporation shall ever be used, nor shall this Corporation ever be organized or operated, for purposes that are not exclusively charitable, scientific, or educational within the meaning of Section 501(c)(3) of the Code.

C. This Corporation shall never be operated for the primary purpose of carrying on a trade or business for profit.

D. No substantial part of the activities of this Corporation shall consist of carrying on propaganda or otherwise attempting to influence legislation; nor shall it participate or intervene in any manner, or to any extent, in any political campaign on behalf of any candidate for

public office, whether by publishing or distributing statements, or otherwise.

E. At oo time shall this Corporation engage in any activities which

are unlawful under the laws of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, or any other jurisdiction where its activities are carried on; nor shall it engage in any transaction defined at the time as "prohibited" under Section 503 of the Code.

F. No compensation, loan or other payment shall be paid or made to any officer, Steering Committee member, Executive Committee member, creator, or organizer of this Corporation, or substantial contributor to it, except as reasonable compensation for services rendered and/or as a reasonable allowance for authorized expenditures incurred on behalf of Corporation; and no part of the assets or net earnings, current or arcumulated, of this Corporation shall ever be distributed to or divided among any such person, or inure, be used for, accrue to or benefit any such person or private individual (pursuant to the prohibition contained in Section 501(c)(3) of the Code).

G. No solicitation of contributions to this Corporation shall be made, and no gift, bequest or devise to this Corporation shall be accepted, upon any condition or limitation which, in the opinion of the Corpora

tion, may cause the Corporation to lose its Federal income tax exemption. 8. Upon the termination, dissolution or winding up of this Corporation in any manner or for any reason, its assets, if any, remaining after pay. ment (or provision for payment) of all liabilities of the Corporation, shall be distributed to, and only to, one or more organizations described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Code.

9. Any references herein to any provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 shall be deemed to mean such provision as now or hereafter existing, amended, supplemented, or superseded, as the case may be.

10. The private property of the officers, Steering Committee members or Executive Committee members of the Corporation shall not be subject to payment of Corporate debts to any extent whatever.

11. The Corporation's initial registered agent and the address of its initial registered office are as follows:

William P. Rogers, Esq.
1229 19th Street, N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20036 12. The number of members of the initial Steering Committee of the Corporation shall be three. The names and addresses of the members of the initial Steering Committee are as follows:

John W. Gardner
1815 H. Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20006
Andrew Heiskell
Time, Inc.
Rockefeller Center
New York, N.Y. 10020
J. Irwin Miller
Chairman
Cummins Engine Company

Columbus, Indiana
13. The name and address of each incorporator is as follows:

Carolyn E. Agger
1229_19th St., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20036
James F. Fitzpatrick
1229–19th St., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20036
Richard L. Bacon
1229–19th St., N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20036 14. In witness whereof, we have signed and acknowledged these Articles of Incorporation this 8th day of April, 1968.

CAROLYN E. AGGER.
JAMES F. FITZPATRICK.
RICHARD L. BACON.

ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION OF NATIONAL ALLIANCE OF BUSINESSMEN, INC. To: The Recorder of Deeds, D.C.

Washington, D.C. We, the undersigned natural persons of the age of twenty-one years or more, acting as incorporators of a corporation, adopt the following Articles of Incorporation for such corporation pursuant to the District of Columbia Non-profit Corporation Act :

First: The name of the corporation is National Alliance of Businessmen, Inc. Second: The period of duration is perpetual.

Third: The purposes for which the corporation is organized shall be to promote the public welfare as follows:

1. To encourage private business firms to make available, on as expedited a basis as possible, training programs and employment opportunities designed to provide employment for individuals constituting the so-called “hard-core" unemployed, including those who have previously been chronically unemployed or only intermittently employed.

2. To implement the foregoing program both in order to provide permanent employment to such individuals and to provide employment to younger members of the disadvantaged segment of the national population, for the purpose of assisting such persons to develop their educational and employment potentialities to the maximum practicable extent.

3. To advise representatives of the United States Government, and particularly the Secretary of Labor, the Secretary of Commerce, and their representatives, concerning the most efficient procedures for providing training and employment opportunities for such individuals.

4. To undertake such other related programs as may be necessary and desirable, in order to promote the public welfare in this and related areas. In furtherance of the foregoing purposes, the corporation shall encourage private business firms throughout the nation to participate in the program herein described by providing training programs and employment opportunities to such individuals. The corporation shall also work jointly with representatives of the United States Government, and with existing and prospective Governmental programs, to provide such training and employment opportunities for the hard-core unemployed and disadvantaged youths.

To assist it in conducting its activities in furtherance of the foregoing purposes, the corporation shall possess all of the powers necessary, proper or incident thereto, including, without limitation, those powers provided in the District of Columbia Non-profit Corporation Act. The corporation shall have the power to enter into contracts for this purpose with the United States Government. The corporation shall also have the power to accept contributions in furtherance of the corporate purposes enumerated above.

The corporation shall be organized and operated exclusively for charitable, educational and related purposes. It shall have no authority to issue capital stock. It is not organized and shall not be conducted for profit. No part of the net earnings or of any other funds of the corporation shall inure to the benefit of any incorporator, member, director, officer or other individual having a personal or private interest in the activities of the corporation ; provided, that this provision shall not preclude reasonable compensation to any such individual for services actually rendered to the corporation. No part of the activities of the corporation shall consist in attempting to influence legislation by propaganda or otherwise, or participating directly or indirectly in, or intervening in, any political campaign on behalf of or in opposition to any candidate for public office.

Fourth: The corporation shall have members.

Fifth: The membership of the corporation shall consist of a single class. The designation of such class, the manner of election or appointment and the qualifications and rights thereof shall be as provided in the bylaws.

Sixth: The affairs of the corporation shall be managed by a board of directors. The number of directors, which shall not be less than three, and their qualifications and manner of election shall be as provided in the bylaws.

Seventh: In the event of dissolution of the corporation, no dividends or other distribution of any of the property or assets thereof remaining after the winding up of its affairs shall be made to any incorporator, member, director or officer thereof, but all such remaining property and assets shall in such event be paid over to such successor corporation as may be designated by the members in accordance with the bylaws at the time of dissolution to assume any or all of the

functions and purposes of the corporation or if no such successor corporation is so designated, all such remaining property and assets shall be distributed to the United States Government to be used in furtherance of the general purposes for which the corporation is organized.

Eighth : The address, including street and number, of its initial registered office is Suite 1101, 815 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C., 20006, and the name of its initial registered agent at such address is Alexander B. Hawes.

Ninth: The number of directors constituting the initial board of directors is fifteen. The names and address, including street and number, of the persons who are to serve as the initial directors until the first annual meeting or until their successors be elected and qualified are: NAME

ADDRESS
Henry Ford II

Chairman, Ford Motor Company
The American Road

Detroit, Michigan 48121
J. Paul Austin

President, The Coca-Cola Company
P. 0. Drawer 1734

Atlanta, Georgia 30301
Leo C. Beebe

Vice President, Ford of Canada, Ltd.
c/o 815 Connecticut Avenue, N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20006
James W. Cook

President, Illinois Bell Telephone
Company
225 W. Randolph Street

Chicago, Illinois 60616
Harold S. Geneen

Chairman of the Board, International
Telephone & Telegraph Company
320 Park Avenue

New York, New York 10022
Walter A. Haas, Jr.

President, Levi Strauss & Co.
98 Battery Street

San Francisco, California 94111
John D. Harper

President, Chief Executive Officer and
Chairman of Executive Committee,
Aluminum Company of America
1501 Alcoa Building

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15219
James S. MeDonnell

Chairman of the Board, McDonnell
Douglas Corporation
Lambert-St. Louis Municipal Airport
Box 516

St. Louis, Missouri 63166
George W. Miller

President, Textron Inc.
10 Dorrance Street

Providence, Rhode Island 02903
Charles F. Myers, Jr.

President, Burlington Industries, Inc. 301 North Engene Street

Greensboro, North Carolina 27401
A. L. Nickerson

Chairman, Mobil Oil Corporation
150 E. 42nd Street

New York, New York 10017
Quentin Reynolds

President, Safeway Stores, Inc.
P. O. Box 660

Oakland, California 94604
John H. Sengstacke

President and General Manager,
Robert S. Abbott Publishing Co.
2400 S. Michigan Avenue

Chicago, Illinois 60616
Clyde Skeen

President, Ling-Temco-Vought, Inc.
P.O. Box 5003

Dallas, Texas 75222
Roger P. Sonnabend

President, Hotel Corporation of Amer

ica
390 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, Massachusetts 02215

Tenth : The name and address, including street and number, of each incorporator is : NAME

ADDRESS Marx Leva

7115 Bradley Boulevard

Bethesda, Maryland Craig Mathews

5702 Kirkside Drive

Chevy Chase, Maryland Markham Ball

7223 Stafford Road

Alexandria, Virginia
Dated: February 8, 1968
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
City of Washington

I, Helen Faust, a Notary Public, hereby certify that on the 8th day of February, 1968, personally appeared before me Marx Leva, Craig Mathews, and Markham Ball, who signed the foregoing document as incorporators, and that the statements therein contained are true.

HELEN FAUST,

Notary Pubi My Commission Expires May 14, 1971.

88.

(Excerpt From Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders]

ENCOURAGING BUSINESS OWNERSHIP IN THE GHETTO We believe it is important to give special encouragement to Negro ownership of business in ghetto areas. The disadvantaged need help in obtaining managerial experience and in creating for themselves a stake in the economic community. The advantages of Negro entrepreneurship also include self-employment and jobs for others.

Existing Small Business Administration equity and operating loan programs, under which almost 3,500 loans were made during fiscal year 1967, should be substantially expanded in amount, extended to higher risk ventures, and promoted widely through offices in the ghetto. Loans under Small Business Administration guarantees, which are now authorized, should be actively encouraged among local lending institutions.

Counseling and managerial assistance should also be provided. The new Department of Commerce program under which Negro small businessmen are assisted in creating associations for pooling purchasing power and sharing experience, should be expanded and consolidated with the Small Business Administration loan program. The Interracial Council for Business Opportunity and other private efforts to provide counseling by successful businessmen outside the ghetto should be supported and enlarged.

Mr. LINDSAY. Before leaving the subject of a municipal corporation, it is well to point out that a municipal corporation would give employers a form of clearinghouse for personnel recruitment. The business community would play a major role in the corporation and thus jobseekers would stand a better chance of securing meaningful employment. With job development under the guidance of men from the private sector, familiar with the needs of the private sector, potential workers could be drawn closer to potential employers. A municipal job development corporation could

Develop a technically skilled staff to work systematically with trade group companies and labor unions to enable them to revise entry requirements, restructure job lines, and create new ladders.

Arrange for the necessary supportive services and prevocational training which employers were unable to provide directly.

Enter into contracts with employers to provide them with the extra costs of training the hard-core unemployed.

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