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This book itself proves the injustice of such a sweeping assertion. The heroine, even before her “conversion” to the Methodist Church, as well as her parents, are examples showing that there is still genuine piety and life in the Lutheran Church in Germany. Then, again, the Methodist deaconesses are extolled above those of the State Church. The latter are, doubtless, doing as noble a work as their Methodist sisters. It should not be forgotten that it was a Lutheran, Pastor Theodor Fliedner, who first attempted the institution of deaconesses within the Protestant Church, in 1836, at Kaiserswerth, and in 1849 at Pittsburg, Pa. It is only recently that the Methodists in Germany and the United States have followed the example of the Lutherans, as did also the Church of England and the Episcopal Church of the United States. It is to be hoped that other Evangelical churches, especially the Presbyterian Church, will do likewise, and open up for their unmarried women an institution which has developed a great and most beneficial activity. If this book should only create an interest in this work among other churches in this country, its mission will not have been a fruitless one. New Orleans, La.
CARUS' HOMILIES OF SCIENCE.
HOMILIES OF SCIENCE. By Dr. Paul Carus. 2nd Edition. 1897. Chicago :
The Open Court Publishing Company. 12mo. Pp. 317. Boards, 35c.
Cloth, $1.50. We have here fifty-nine "Homilies” that were originally published as editorial matter in The Open Court. The author is the cultivated and versatile editor of The Monist, The Open Court, and The Religion of Science Library, as well as the author of a goodly number of works in the fields of Science, Philosophy, Religion and Ethics, and he evidently flatters himself that he is able to unite all these, draw from all sources, and dogmatically proclaim an eclectic religion that is a great advance on anything hitherto, and fully adapted to the needs of all men. He calls it “Natural Religion," "Religion of Science,” “Religion of Humanity,” “Cosmic Religion,” “Religion of Life,” and “Religion of Immortality,” according to the point of view. The author gives the following account of himself which will help to give some idea of the book :
"From my childhood I was devout and pious, my faith was as confident as that of Simon, whom, for his firmness, Christ called the rock of his Church. On growing up, I decided to devote myself as a missionary to the service of Christianity. But alas ! inquiring into the foundations of that fortress which I was going to defend, I found the whole of the building undermined. I grew unbelieving and an enemy to Christianity. Yet in the depth of my soul I remained thoroughly religious. I aroused myself and gathered the fragments from the wreck, which my heart had sufferred. Instinctively I felt that some golden grain must be among the chaff.”
We would call him a freethinker, but he repudiates that title in its accepted sense and calls himself probably a liberal. The book before us is a rather extensive exhibition of his confident solution of all religious problems. These Homilies are arranged in eight groups, viz : “Religions and Religious Growth ;": "Progress and Religious Life ;"“God and World ;” “The Soul and the Laws of Soul-Life ;” “Death and Immortality;" "Freethought, Doubt and Faith ;" "Ethics and Practical Life;" and "Society and Politics." There is little to object to, indeed there is much that is very good, in the last two groups of papers. There is little to be commended, almost everything is censurable, in the other six groups, which deal with religious matters. There is no personal God, but a kind of Force immanent in all things. Im. mortality only consists in the influences that a man sets in motion, and which continue after he disintegrates, and in what he transmits to posterity. He is a materialistic monist and so admits no soul, no spirit, separable from the body. And so on.
Indeed, this writer is to all intents and purposes a Buddhist, a kind of Buddhist missionary, so to speak. Two volumes published some months ago by the Open Court Company in very attractive style on crêpe paper, with illustrations in Japanese art, entitled respectively, Karma : A Story of Early Buddhism, and Nirvana : A Story of Buddhist Philosophy,-priced respectively, 75c. and $1.00—are, while attractive from a literary and artistic point of view, simply commendations of the doctrines of Buddhism, in which Dr. Carus has gathered up the teachings of Buddhist sages and clothed them with narrative garb. He has also published The Gospel of Buddha All of which, and more, sustains what we have said.
We can recommend the book only to those who would like to test their own faith to see if it is well founded. It is pleasantly written, popular in form, and so the more dangerous. The author makes too free a use of Scriptural ideas and language without acknowledgment. This is inadmissible; the more so because probably many of his readers do not know enough of the Bible to recognize it when thus quoted; more still because he frequently does make acknowledgment, which leads people to suppose that the other cases are original. A more extended review of the book is practically impossible, and really unnecessary, we think. It has a good index and is well printed.
D. J. BRIMM. Columbia, S. C.
VIII. NOTICES OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS.
An HUNDRED-FOLD; or Mrs. Belmont's Harvest. By Susan M. Griffith.
Richmond, Va. : Presbyterian Committee of Publication. 1898. Pp.
339. $1.25. A helpful story for girls, illustrating the power of a Christian life. Mrs. Belmont, by her sweet forgiveness and beautiful Christlike example, finally succeeds in winning the affection of her prejudiced step-children, and in leading them to the throne of grace.
“And some brought forth twenty, some thirty, and some an hundred-fold.”
THREE OLD MAIDS IN HAWAII. By Ellen Blackman Maxwell. New York :
Eaton & Mains; Cincinnati : Curts & Jennings. 1896. Pp. 394. $1.50. An entertaining and instructive novel, describing the visit of three unmarried women to Hawaii.
“Of the three, one was plain and one was pretty, and one neither plain nor pretty, but altogether charming."
The book abounds in beautiful descriptions, and takes us into the lives of the kamainas, or children of the island, as the natives style themselves. To one who wishes to gain a knowledge of the people and country, without mental effort, we recommend this book as the most satisfactory work of the kind that we have seen. The perusal will be pleasing to all.
SPRINKLING. The Mode of Baptism Taught by Jesus Christ and His Apos
tles. The Proofs Presented. By Rev. R. M. Loughridge, D. D. Richmond : Presbyterian Committee of Publication. Third Edition. 1897.
16mo. Pp. 77. 10 cents. While little or nothing new can be said on this subject, yet the author has his own original way of presenting the matter after full reading and thorough examination. Of course not all is said that can be, in defense of Sprinkling as the true mode ; not even are all the arguments given; but for brief compass this little pamphlet presents the matter quite conclusively, to our thinking,
DIGGING DITCHES, and Other Sermons to Boys and Girls. By the Rev.
Frederick B. Cowl. New York : Eaton & Mains. 1898. 12mo.
158. 50 cents. Twenty-eight short, illustrative sermons to children. The subjects chosen are practical and Scriptural, and the texts used are crisp and suggestive, though the treatment is often strained, and the conclusions and applications far-fetched.
HEROIC PERSONALITIES. By Louis Albert Banks, D. D., Author of “The
Christ Brotherhood," "Immortal Hymns and Their Story,” “Christ and His Friends," etc. New York: Eaton & Mains. 1898. 12mo.
Pp., 237. Cloth, $1.00. A series of forty short character sketches, of men and women of modern times, or sketches of some leading incidents in the lives of as many prominent people. Each is designed to set forth some practical thought or principle, as it is drawn out in the career of the subject. The sketches, which are very short, are illustrated with a photogravure of each subject.
TALES OF THE City Room. By Elizabeth G. Jordon. New York: Charles
Scribner's Sons. 16mo. Pp. 232. $1.00. Tales of the City Room is a collection of ten stories centering in a city newspaper office. Each is teeming with life, so that after reading, one feels as if he had himself been on the reporters' staff and had a taste of reportorial life.
Like most such short stories there is an unsatisfied feeling when a story is concluded, and like Oliver Twist with his soup, the reader calls for more.
The book abounds in beautiful touches of human nature, and it is a pleasure in this modern time to find a story in which the romantic side of life does not figure conspicuously-to find that there are some other pictures of life worth painting besides those in which the little blind god is ever figuring.
We cordially recommend the book to those in search of good, readable, short stories.
APOSTOLIC AND MODERN Missions. By Rev. Chalmers Martin, A, M.,
Sometime Missionary in Siam, Elliott F. Shepard Instructor in the Old Testament Department, Princetou Thed ical Seminary. New York, Chicago, and Toronto.: Fleming H. Revell Company. 1898. 12mo.
Pp. 235. $1 00. The reader will find in this volume the lectures delivered in 1895 by Professor Martin to the students of Princeton Theological Seminary, and afterwards published in the Presbyterian and Reformed Review. They appear almost as delivered, except that the four lectures are amplified into eight chapters. The topics dealt with are The Principles of Apostolic and Modern Missions, The Problem of Apostolic and Modern Missions, The Methods of Apostolic and Modern Missions, and The Results of Apostolic and Moderu Missions. They are valuable discussions and will well repay the reader.
PIONEER PRESBYTERIANISM IN TENNESSEE. Addresses Delivered at the
Tennessee Centennial Exposition, on Presbyterian Day, October 28th, 1897. Edited by Rev. James 1. Vance, D. D. Richmond : The Presby
terian Committee of Publication. 1898. 12mo. Pp. 83. This collection takes its name from the first address which it contains-a succinct and most interesting sketch of early Presbyterianism in Tennessee,
by Judge Heiskell, of Memphis. Following this, one will find a sketch of the life and work of Rev. Samuel Doak, by Rev. J. W. Bachman, D. D., and an address on Presbyterianism and Education, by Rev. Walter W. Moore. All the addresses were delivered in celebration of the part taken by Presbyterians in the founding, about one hundred years ago, of the State of Tennessee. They show how large and important a part the people of this faith had in laying the foundations of the commonwealth. The addresses are well worth reading and preserving.
TYNE FOLK : MASKS, FACES AND SHADOWS. By Joseph Parker. New York,
Chicago, Toronto : Fleming H. Revell Company. 1896. 12mo. Pp. 200.
75 cents. A volume of character sketches, with a fair proportion of Northumbrian brogue, and a considerable tincture of false religious teaching. An imitation of Maclaren's “Bonnie Brier Bush." An insidious, seductive method of teaching damnable error and instilling, by caricature, a false conception of the great system of theology taught by Paul. In the chapter on “Discriminating Grace,” Antinomianism is held up to ridicule and contempt as a picture of Calvinism. Antinomianism is sufficiently contemptible, but to describe this nefarious error as Calvinism is contemptible not only for its pitiful ignorance, but for its sophistic unfairness. Dr. Parker surely never read the sixth chapter of Romans, and it is obvions that he knows nothing of Cal. vinism. Aside from its theological stuff, the book is light, simple and only reasonably interesting, though a writer in the Expository Times says:
“Of all Dr. Parker's works, Tyne Folk is the favorite. It is both himself and the folk, but chiefly himself, of course. And he is himself the most interesting personality, both to himself and to us, that any of his books contains. Dr. Parker is not a dramatist. Like Byron's Cain, his Nathan Oxley and his John Morra, and even his Miss Black, are just himself. And the delight of it is that we have him when he does not know, and see him when he thinks we are looking at some other."
THE LIBRARIAN OF THE SUNDAY SCHOOL-A Manual. By Elizabeth Louisa
Foote, A. B., B. L. S. With a Chapter of The Sunday School Library.
Curts & Jennings. 1897. Pp. 86. Cloth, 35 cents. Fifty-six pages of this little Manual are written for the instruction and aid of the Librarian of the Sabbath School. The subject is treated with adequate fullness, and the book is just what it claims to be, viz: A Manual for the Librarian. It would be of the greatest use to a wide-awake Librarian of a large city Sabbath School. It is, however, full of instruction and suggestions for any Librarian.
That part of the Introduction devoted to the “Reorganization of an Old Library'' and the chapter on “Repairs,'' are especially useful.
The last thirty pages of the book contain a discussion of "The Sunday School Library," by Martha Thorne Wheeler. The argument in behalf of several Sunday School Libraries, as opposed to one Central Public Library,