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which is, A, essential; B, not capable of being duplicated by the other legislative entities; and, C, proving useful and relied upon. OTA should retain its basic operating method of depending to a large extent on out-of-house professional assistance in performing its assessments. Continued congressional suppport for OTA is warranted.”

The subcommittee chairman, at that time Representative Ray Thornton, stated that the survey "doesn't leave much doubt that the office is a valuable asset to the Congress.”

To improve OTA's ability to respond to the needs of congressional committees, we have inaugurated the procedure of meeting with the staffs of House and Senate and joint committees. By year end, we had pretty much completed the first round of such meetings.

LIST OF OTA ASSESSMENT PRIORITIES In an effort to fulfill, to a large extent, our mandate to provide the Congress with early indications of the beneficial and adverse impacts of technological applications, we undertook in the spring of 1978 a major program to develop a priority list of issues of critical concern to the United States and the world that were not currently under study by OTA or any other legislative agency.

In January 1979 OTA published its first such list of 30 priority topics. This list was developed in consultation with the staffs of committees of Congress, OTA's board and OTA's advisory council, the General Accounting Office, the Congressional Research Service, and many persons in the public and private sector. It will be used as a checklist in selecting specific projects for submittal to the board for their approval.

It is anticipated that OTA's resources will permit it to initiate work on no more than 10 of these items during 1979. The other 20 items will have to wait for consideration in 1980. A revised list will be issued at the start of each year.

The document in question, "OTA Priorities—1979," Mr. Chairman, also contains a brief write-up of all current activities of our office and a list of our completed assessments. You or your staff may find it helpful in reviewing our work.

USE OF OTA ASSESSMENTS–EXAMPLES In addition, I would like to submit for the record additional material pertaining to Dr. Peterson's statement which describes some of OTA's accomplishments during the past year.

Mr. BENJAMIN. Do you have that with you?
Mr. DE SIMONE. Yes, I have, Mr. Chairman.

Mr. BENJAMIN. We will accept that for the record, if I may show it to Mr. Rudd.

OTA PRIORITIES

1979

With Brief Descriptions

of Priorities and of Assessments

in Progress

CONGRESS OF

THE UNITED STATES Office of Technology Assessment

[blocks in formation]

JOHN W. WYDLER

New York

EDWARD WENK, IR

Utah

RUSSELL W. L'ETERSON

et officia

Foreword

This report describes the first priorities list developed by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) as a result of a new and ongoing process for selecting possible projects for study.

OTA was created in 1972 to provide Congress with early indications of the broad range of impacts of technological applications on our society. Those impacts include the beneficial and the adverse, the physical, biological, economic, social, and political. OTA is required to bring a long-term global and comprehensive perspective to bear and to provide Congress with independent, authoritative, evenhanded assessments.

This approach provides Members of Congress with one means of stepping back from the near-term and more narrow issues which crowd their busy calendars to focus on longer term and more comprehensive issues which often crosscut the jurisdictions of several congressional committees.

OTA's projects are initiated on approval by its Technology Assessment Board of six Senators and six Congressmen. Requests for studies may be made to the Board from three different perspectives: by chairmen of congressional committees, by members of the Board, and by the Director of OTA upon consultation with the Board.

Until this year nearly all requests have come from congressional committees with a few from Board members. This report describes the first effort to complement the committee and Board perspectives with priorities suggested by the Director.

This new OTA priority-setting process has been open and broadly participatory. Between February and May 1978, over 5,000 people were asked to consider the critical technological issues that they thought were of especial importance to the United States and the world and to submit their top choices to us. People solicited included approximately 1,000 who have been advisors to OTA-consultants, contractors, and panel members. The staffs of OTA, the General Accounting Office, and the Congressional Research Service were deeply involved.

From these efforts to reach as broad and informed a public as possible, OTA received 1,530 suggested topics for study. Another 2,875 items were extracted from the published literature. To cope with this large list, OTA mobilized its staff to organize, combine, winnow, and rank the candidates into a manageable list of 30 items.

In this process the Technology Assessment Advisory Council played a major role devoting nearly all its efforts for 9 months to proposing, critiquing, and ranking items for the list. The Council members' expertise and broad experience made their contribution especially valuable to the process.

To facilitate the sorting and ranking process, OTA's senior staff developed criteria of what constitutes a preferred OTA project. The

• Does the assessment involve the impact of technology?
• Is there congressional interest?
• Does the technology impact significantly on human needs and

quality of life?
• Would the assessment provide foresight?
• Can OTA do the assessment?

All members of the Board as well as their staff liaison with OTA were involved in the priority-setting process. In addition, the staffs of nearly all congressional committees were consulted. At a joint meeting of the Board and the Advisory Council called to consider the priority list, unanimous support was received for the process.

During the year-long consideration of priorities, seven were selected for activation in 1978 and approved by the Board. They are as follows:

• Alternative National Energy Futures
• Regulations and Technological Innovation
• Effects of Nuclear War

Impacts of Telecommunications Technology
• Impacts of Applied Genetics
• Cost Effectiveness of Medical Technologies
• Potential for Advanced Air Transport

Three additional topics suggested by the priorities-determining process have been started as internal methodological studies. These are topics of broad interest to all OTA projects, and should influence the style and scope of our work as well as be of substantial interest to our congressional clients:

Effects of Technology on Risks to Humankind
• Technology and Centralization/Decentralization

• Measures of Quality of Life as a Basis for Assessing Technological Choices.

This booklet is divided into two parts. The first part covers the OTA Priorities, 1979, and includes a one-page description of each of the 30 priority projects arranged in descending order of priority. The second provides a list and brief descriptions of the active projects as of January 1, 1979.

The OTA Priorities will be used as a guide during 1979 in selecting projects for submittal by the Director to the Board for approval.

The priority-setting process will be ongoing. In the latter part of 1979 a new list will be developed for use in 1980. Your suggestions will be welcome.

Aussell W. Peterson

RUSSELL W. PETERSON

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